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Wind Turbine

To convert wind energy to


mechanical energy

Schematic diagram of a
wind turbine

Features
It

has blades which are


aerodynamics
Difference in pressure
A force that spins the turbine
Bernoullis principles: High
speed, low pressure
Betz Limit: 59.3% efficiency

Wind Turbines Supply


Power
The

power supply of a wind


turbine is calculated by this
formula:

Mechanical Lost
Varies

the speed of the shaft


Contact losses
Viscous oil losses
Varies with design of gear box

Electromagnetic induction

Law Of Induction
The

induced EMF is equal to the


negative of the rate of change of
magnetic flux.

Suitable Site To Build Wind


Turbine
Around

the city, on top of the


buildings and houses.

USA
Leading

country in wind energy.


About 27.7% of worlds wind
energy.
Produces 18179 TW as 2014
(4.44%)
Wind farms build mainly on land,
at farms.
Conventional tri-blade design,
that uses a lot of space, requires
high wind speed and average

Wind energy has grown rapidly in the last decade, with an


average increase of 29.7%/year.

Germany
Most

of Germany wind turbine is


onshore but they are trying
offshore.
Germany is trying to not be fossil
fuel dependent by using wind
energy.
High wind speed at offshore.

Energiewende
Energiewende(German

for

Energy transition) is the


transition by Germany to an
energy portfolio dominated by
renewable energy, energy
efficiency and sustainable
development. The final goal is the
abolition of coal and other nonrenewable energy sources.

Denmark, Copenhagen
Denmark

plans to build 100 units


of wind turbines by the year 2025
to become fossil fuel dependent.
Denmark have completed 2 wind
turbines park within city limits.

Average Wind Speed in


Penang

Honeywell Windtronics WT6500


Starts

working at 0.2 m/s wind

speed
$6000 per unit
540kWh in a year, with Penangs
average wind speed

Honeywell Wind Turbine output


curve

How efficient is Honeywell Wind


Turbine?

Economics
Try

to cover 30% of Penangs


average total electricity(2.1GWh)
used in a year, which is 630MWh.
Only RM26 million is needed to
execute this project.

Social
NO

POLLUTIONS

Human Capital
Development
It

helps to increase citizens


incomes in the long term,
because this saves a lot of
electricity.

Advantages
Can

be placed at locations that


have limited space.
Environmental friendly.
Easy maintenance, small and
light.
Able to be used on low wind
speed.
Any wind direction and it is safe.
Efficient, cost effective.