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11.

1 Reaction Rates

Warm Up

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Be as detailed as possible!

Notes

11.2 Equilibrium
11.3 Entropy

Notes

11.1 Reaction Rates

Essential Question: What makes a reaction
spontaneous?
Mastery Skill: I can explain collision theory and
evaluate potential energy diagrams.

Practice

Arrange these reactions in

order from fastest to slowest.
1

Reaction Rate

Gravestone erosion
Rusting

2
Exploding

Dissolving

Notes

Successful Collisions Require:

1. Correct orientation
2. Sufficient energy to react

Notes

Surface area more frequent collisions

Concentration more frequent collisions
Temperature higher energy collisions
Catalyst alternate reaction pathway

#1

Why can an increase in temperature lead to more

effective collisions between reactant particles and an
increase in the rate of a chemical reaction?

A. The activation energy of the reaction

increases.
B. The number of molecules with sufficient
energy to react increases.
C. The activation energy of the reaction
decreases.
D. The number of molecules with sufficient
energy to react decreases.

#2

Each of four test tubes contains a different

concentration of HCl(aq) at 25oC. A 1-gram cube of
Zn is added to each test tube. In which test tube is
the reaction occurring at the fastest rate?

#3

Given the balanced equation representing a reaction:

Zn(s) + 2HCl(aq) H2(g) + ZnCl2(aq)
Which set of reaction conditions produces H2(g) at the
fastest rate?

A. a 1.0-g lump of Zn(s) in 50. mL of 0.5 M

o
HCl(aq) at 20. C
B. 1.0 g of powdered Zn(s) in 50. mL of 1.0 M
o
HCl(aq) at 20. C
C. a 1.0-g lump of Zn(s) in 50. mL of 0.5 M
o
HCl(aq) at 30. C
D. 1.0 g of powdered Zn(s) in 50. mL of 1.0 M
o
HCl(aq) at 30. C

Notes

Notes

Notes

Catalyst

#4

When a spark is applied to a mixture of hydrogen

and oxygen, the gases react explosively. Which
potential energy diagram best represents the
reaction?

#5

For a given reaction, adding a catalyst increases

the rate of the reaction by

A. providing an alternate reaction pathway that

has a higher activation energy
B. providing an alternate reaction pathway that
has a lower activation energy
C. using the same reaction pathway and
increasing the activation energy
D. using the same reaction pathway and
decreasing the activation energy

#6

Which interval on this diagram represents the

difference between the potential energy of the
products and the potential energy of the
reactants?

#7

Each interval on the axis labeled "Potential Energy

(kJ)" represents 40 kilojoules. What is the heat of
reaction?

A.
B.
C.
D.

-120 kJ
+40 kJ
-40 kJ
+160 kJ

#8

The activation energy of a chemical

reaction can be decreased by the
A.
B.
C.
D.

a catalyst
electrical energy
an indicator
thermal energy

11.1 Reaction Rates

Notes

Table I
Gives information about the heat of reaction for selected
reactions.
-H means the reaction is exothermic
+H means the reaction is endothermic

#9

Given the balanced equation representing a

reaction at 101.3 kPa and 298 K: Which statement
N2(g) + 3H2(g) 2NH3(g) + 91.8kJ

A.
B.
C.
D.

It is exothermic and H equals 91.8 kJ.

It is exothermic and H equals +91.8 kJ.
It is endothermic and H equals 91.8 kJ.
It is endothermic and H equals +91.8 kJ.

#10

According to Table I, which potential energy

diagram best represents the reaction that forms
H2O(l) from its elements?

#11

Given the potential energy diagram and equation

representing the reaction between
substances A and D: (see accompanying diagram)
According to Table I, substance G could be

A.
B.
C.
D.

HI(g)
CO2(g)
H2O(g)
C2H6(g)

#12

Draw the potential energy diagram

for the following reaction
Label the following:
reactants
products
heat of reaction (H)
activation energy ( )
activated complex
Both axes (potential energy vs. reaction progress)

Reflect

11.1 Mastery Skill: I can evaluate reactions

using collision theory.
Professional-4 Practitioner-3 Apprentice-2

Novice-1

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questions
correctly

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