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11.

1 Reaction Rates

Warm Up

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11.1 Reaction Rates

Notes

Kinetics and Equilibrium

11.1 Reaction Rates


11.2 Equilibrium
11.3 Entropy

11.1 Reaction Rates

Notes

11.1 Reaction Rates


Essential Question: What makes a reaction
spontaneous?
Mastery Skill: I can explain collision theory and
evaluate potential energy diagrams.

11.1 Reaction Rates

Practice

Arrange these reactions in


order from fastest to slowest.
1

Reaction Rate

Gravestone erosion
Rusting

2
Exploding

Dissolving

11.1 Reaction Rates

Notes

Successful Collisions Require:


1. Correct orientation
2. Sufficient energy to react

11.1 Reaction Rates

Notes

Factors that impact chemical kinetics:

Surface area more frequent collisions


Concentration more frequent collisions
Temperature higher energy collisions
Catalyst alternate reaction pathway

11.1 Reaction Rates

#1

Why can an increase in temperature lead to more


effective collisions between reactant particles and an
increase in the rate of a chemical reaction?

A. The activation energy of the reaction


increases.
B. The number of molecules with sufficient
energy to react increases.
C. The activation energy of the reaction
decreases.
D. The number of molecules with sufficient
energy to react decreases.

11.1 Reaction Rates

#2

Each of four test tubes contains a different


concentration of HCl(aq) at 25oC. A 1-gram cube of
Zn is added to each test tube. In which test tube is
the reaction occurring at the fastest rate?

11.1 Reaction Rates

#3

Given the balanced equation representing a reaction:


Zn(s) + 2HCl(aq) H2(g) + ZnCl2(aq)
Which set of reaction conditions produces H2(g) at the
fastest rate?

A. a 1.0-g lump of Zn(s) in 50. mL of 0.5 M


o
HCl(aq) at 20. C
B. 1.0 g of powdered Zn(s) in 50. mL of 1.0 M
o
HCl(aq) at 20. C
C. a 1.0-g lump of Zn(s) in 50. mL of 0.5 M
o
HCl(aq) at 30. C
D. 1.0 g of powdered Zn(s) in 50. mL of 1.0 M
o
HCl(aq) at 30. C

11.1 Reaction Rates

Notes

Potential Energy Diagram

Copy from the white board.

11.1 Reaction Rates

Notes

Potential Energy Diagram

11.1 Reaction Rates

Notes

Catalyst

11.1 Reaction Rates

#4

When a spark is applied to a mixture of hydrogen


and oxygen, the gases react explosively. Which
potential energy diagram best represents the
reaction?

11.1 Reaction Rates

#5

For a given reaction, adding a catalyst increases


the rate of the reaction by

A. providing an alternate reaction pathway that


has a higher activation energy
B. providing an alternate reaction pathway that
has a lower activation energy
C. using the same reaction pathway and
increasing the activation energy
D. using the same reaction pathway and
decreasing the activation energy

11.1 Reaction Rates

#6

Which interval on this diagram represents the


difference between the potential energy of the
products and the potential energy of the
reactants?

11.1 Reaction Rates

#7

Each interval on the axis labeled "Potential Energy


(kJ)" represents 40 kilojoules. What is the heat of
reaction?

A.
B.
C.
D.

-120 kJ
+40 kJ
-40 kJ
+160 kJ

11.1 Reaction Rates

#8

The activation energy of a chemical


reaction can be decreased by the
addition of
A.
B.
C.
D.

a catalyst
electrical energy
an indicator
thermal energy

11.1 Reaction Rates

Notes

Table I
Gives information about the heat of reaction for selected
reactions.
-H means the reaction is exothermic
+H means the reaction is endothermic

11.1 Reaction Rates

#9

Given the balanced equation representing a


reaction at 101.3 kPa and 298 K: Which statement
is true about this reaction?
N2(g) + 3H2(g) 2NH3(g) + 91.8kJ

A.
B.
C.
D.

It is exothermic and H equals 91.8 kJ.


It is exothermic and H equals +91.8 kJ.
It is endothermic and H equals 91.8 kJ.
It is endothermic and H equals +91.8 kJ.

11.1 Reaction Rates

#10

According to Table I, which potential energy


diagram best represents the reaction that forms
H2O(l) from its elements?

11.1 Reaction Rates

#11

Given the potential energy diagram and equation


representing the reaction between
substances A and D: (see accompanying diagram)
According to Table I, substance G could be

A.
B.
C.
D.

HI(g)
CO2(g)
H2O(g)
C2H6(g)

11.1 Reaction Rates

#12

Draw the potential energy diagram


for the following reaction
Label the following:
reactants
products
heat of reaction (H)
activation energy ( )
activated complex
Both axes (potential energy vs. reaction progress)

11.1 Reaction Rates

Reflect

11.1 Mastery Skill: I can evaluate reactions


using collision theory.
Professional-4 Practitioner-3 Apprentice-2

Novice-1

Quantity

Most-All questions
answered correctly

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answered correctly

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questions
answered
correctly

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always used.

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final answer is
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