5 views

Uploaded by Khoa Pham

anttena

- STT800N16P55
- el3c8
- ANTENNA AND WAVE PROPAGATIONS.pdf
- Fundamentals of Radiation
- Effect of Reflector on the Performance of Yagi patch antenna at S band
- Feedhorn vs Helix
- Apel_20_Oct QEX-1.pdf
- IRJET-Printed L-Slot Antenna for Wireless Application
- UWB Thesis
- Final Thesis(2)
- Lec 2 Terms and Definitions
- Ver93215
- AM Directional Antenna Patterns by Carl E. Smith, January, 1958.
- antennas in practice
- MTech(DCN) DEC-I Manual
- Side&End Girts Upn Channel
- Principles of Electromagnetics 6th Edition(Asian Edition) Solutions
- Lecture+01
- transmission line
- Class XII Physics DPP Set (01) - Previous Class XI Chapters-2

You are on page 1of 23

Antennas

Summer 2009

Jose E. Schutt-Aine

Electrical & Computer Engineering

University of Illinois

jesa@illinois.edu

ECE450,Summer2009

JoseE. SchuttAine

Vector Potential

G

G

(1)

E = j H

G G

G

H = J + j E (2)

G

D = /

(3)

G

(4)

B = 0

G

G G

G

B = 0 A such that A = B

G

A = 0

G

A : vector potential

G

G

G

G

E = j A E + j A = 0

ECE450,Summer2009

JoseE. SchuttAine

Vector Potential

vector = 0 vector =

G

G

E + j A = where is the scalar potential

divergence, we can choose the divergence of A

G

choose A such that

G

A + j = 0

ECE450,Summer2009

JoseE. SchuttAine

Lorentz

condition

3

Vector Potential

G

G

G

B = J + j E

G

G

G

A = J + j j A

G

G

G

G

2

A + A = J + A j

2

G

G

G

2 A + ( j ) = J + 2 A j

G

G

G

2

2

DAlemberts

A + A = J

equation

ECE450,Summer2009

JoseE. SchuttAine

Vector Potential

Three-dimensional free-space Greens function

G G

j r r '

e

G G

G ( r , r ') =

G G

4 r r '

Vector potential

G G j rG rG '

G G

J ( r ') e

A ( r ) =

dv '

G

G

V'

4 r r '

From A, get E and H using Maxwells

ECE450,Summer2009

JoseE. SchuttAine

Hertzian Dipole

For infinitesimal antenna, the current density is:

G G

o dl ( x ') ( y ') ( z ')

J ( r ') = zI

Calculating the vector potential,

G G

I o dl j r

A ( r ) = z

e

4 r

In spherical coordinates,

z = r cos sin

ECE450,Summer2009

JoseE. SchuttAine

Hertzian Dipole

G G

I o dl

j r

A ( r ) = z

r cos sin e

4 r

I o dl cos j r

Ar = z

e

r

4

I o dl sin j r

A =

e

r

4

ECE450,Summer2009

JoseE. SchuttAine

Calculate E and H fields

G

G 1

H = A

1

Hr =

sin

A

( A sin ) = 0

1 1 Ar

H =

( rA ) = 0

r sin r

ECE450,Summer2009

JoseE. SchuttAine

1

Ar

H = ( rA )

r r

I o dl

1 j r

sin

H =

j 1 +

e

4 r

j r

G

G

1

H

E=

j

1

Er =

r sin

ECE450,Summer2009

1

H

sin

(

) j

JoseE. SchuttAine

2cos I o dl

1 j r 1

Er =

j 1 +

e

2

j r

j

4 r

1

1

E = ( rH )

r r

j

j I o dl

1

1

1

j r

2 2 ( j ) e

sin 1 +

E =

4 r

j r r

j

ECE450,Summer2009

JoseE. SchuttAine

10

2cos I o dl

1 j r 1

Er =

j 1 +

e

2

j r

j

4 r

j I o dl j r

1

1

E =

e

sin 1 +

+

2

4 r

j r ( j r )

I o dl

1 j r

sin

H =

j 1 +

e

4 r

j r

ECE450,Summer2009

JoseE. SchuttAine

11

1

Far field : r 1 or r then, 2 0

r

Er = 0

j I o dl j r

E =

e

sin

4 r

j I o dl j r

H =

e

sin

4 r

ECE450,Summer2009

JoseE. SchuttAine

Characteristics of plane waves

Constant magnitude

Independent of

Does not decay

plane wave

(a) E and H are in phase

(b) E and H are related by

(c) E is perpendicular to H

ECE450,Summer2009

JoseE. SchuttAine

Poynting Vector

G

G

G

P (t ) = E (t ) H (t )

Time-average Poynting vector or TA power density

G 1

G G

P = Re E H *

2

G

2

I o dl

r

2

P = Re

H = r

sin

2

2 4 r

ECE450,Summer2009

JoseE. SchuttAine

Time-Average Power

Total power radiated (time-average)

P=

P=

G G

P ds

G

2

with ds = rr sin d d

2

I o dl 2 2

0 2 4 r r sin sin d d

I o dl

P=

2 d sin 3

2 4

0

2

ECE450,Summer2009

JoseE. SchuttAine

Time-Average Power

4 I o dl

P=

3

4

Directive Gain =

Average Poynting Power Density

over area of sphere with radius r

Directive Gain =

ECE450,Summer2009

G

P

P / 4 r

JoseE. SchuttAine

Directivity

For infinitesimal antenna,

2

Directive Gain =

I o dl

2

sin

2 4 r

4 I dl

o

3 4

3 2

Directive Gain = sin

2

ECE450,Summer2009

JoseE. SchuttAine

/

4

r

Directivity

of maximum value

For Hertzian dipole, directivity = 1.5

ECE450,Summer2009

JoseE. SchuttAine

Radiation Resistance

Radiation resistance:

From

1 2

P = RI o

2

we have:

Rrad

2P

= 2

Io

Rrad

2 4

= 2

Io 3

ECE450,Summer2009

2 dl

I o dl

=

2

4

3

JoseE. SchuttAine

Radiation Resistance

= 120

Rrad

dl

= 80

a fictitious resistance that would dissipate an amount

of power equal to the radiated power Pr when the

current in the resistance is equal to the maximum

current along the antenna

A high radiation resistance is a desirable property

for an antenna

ECE450,Summer2009

JoseE. SchuttAine

Example

In free space, a Hertzian dipole located at the origin with a

radiation resistance of 1 and oriented in the z-direction, is

known to generate the instantaneous electric field intensity of

10sin ( 2 10 t ) ( mV / m )

8

dipole, the current amplitude and the total power radiated by

the antenna

c 0.3 10

= =

=3m

8

f

10

9

ECE450,Summer2009

JoseE. SchuttAine

Example (cont)

E in phasor form:

E = j10 ( mV / m )

sin =

j I o dl j r

sin

E =

e

4 r

300

( 300 ) + ( 400 )

2

r = 500

ECE450,Summer2009

JoseE. SchuttAine

3

=

5

Example (cont)

E 4 r

j10 4 500 10

=

I o dl =

500

j r

2

j

j e

sin

2 3

377 j

e

5

I o dl = 397.87 10 A m

2

dl

= 80 = 1

dl

dl =

= 0.1067 m

=

2

2

80

80

2

ECE450,Summer2009

JoseE. SchuttAine

- STT800N16P55Uploaded byZaegor
- el3c8Uploaded byRanel Abanto
- ANTENNA AND WAVE PROPAGATIONS.pdfUploaded byDamini
- Fundamentals of RadiationUploaded byrameshdurairaj
- Effect of Reflector on the Performance of Yagi patch antenna at S bandUploaded byInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Feedhorn vs HelixUploaded byjo
- Apel_20_Oct QEX-1.pdfUploaded byآكوجوي
- IRJET-Printed L-Slot Antenna for Wireless ApplicationUploaded byIRJET Journal
- UWB ThesisUploaded bymmasoumian
- Final Thesis(2)Uploaded byPratik Rewatkar
- Lec 2 Terms and DefinitionsUploaded byMuhammadwaqasnaseem
- Ver93215Uploaded byKunal Singh
- AM Directional Antenna Patterns by Carl E. Smith, January, 1958.Uploaded byBob Laughlin, KWØRL
- antennas in practiceUploaded byDamith Amarakoon
- MTech(DCN) DEC-I ManualUploaded byMallikarjun Deshmukh
- Side&End Girts Upn ChannelUploaded byHarjasa Adhi
- Principles of Electromagnetics 6th Edition(Asian Edition) SolutionsUploaded byAdeeb
- Lecture+01Uploaded byVatsal Pandya
- transmission lineUploaded byReza Gholami
- Class XII Physics DPP Set (01) - Previous Class XI Chapters-2Uploaded byAshish Ranjan
- Mach Ernst - The Science of MechanicsUploaded byÓscar Puentesporras
- HIP for AramcoUploaded byahsanhasan84
- Working With Transistor s ParametersUploaded byA. Villa
- Kim Kostere & Linda Malatesta - Maps, Models & the Structure of Reality - NLP in Psychotherapy (1990)(OCR)Uploaded bydpersk
- Mini Packer AllCase - 8Bars EAUploaded byAlvin Leong
- Class Note 30Uploaded byclaudio
- form_ex1_f10Uploaded byScott Burke
- Solved MDOF ExampleUploaded bynahan_khanehe_del
- Nova PHYS 2400Uploaded byLucas Ryan
- MANAURITE XM Material.pdfUploaded bykbc404

- Lect_02.pdfUploaded byKhoa Pham
- Lect_04Uploaded byKhoa Pham
- 437_F13_Exam1_v1.0_solUploaded byKhoa Pham
- IntroCtrlSys_Chapter5Uploaded byKhoa Pham
- IntroCtrlSys_Chapter5Uploaded byKhoa Pham
- Ece 210 Part 2013 Fall Part 1Uploaded byKhoa Pham
- IntroCtrlSys_Chapter3.pdfUploaded byKhoa Pham
- Exam1_ ece190_solutionUploaded byKhoa Pham
- 437_F13_finalprj_v1.1Uploaded byKhoa Pham
- Lect 03Uploaded byQuoc Nguyen
- Comparison of Converter Efficiency in LargeUploaded byKhoa Pham
- 437_F13_Exam1_v1.0_solUploaded byKhoa Pham
- ECE442-UIUC ReviewUploaded byKhoa Pham
- 437_F13_hw1_v1.0_solutionUploaded byKhoa Pham
- ECE442 Finalexam Solution - HCMUTUploaded byKhoa Pham
- 437_F13_hw1_v1.0.pdfUploaded byKhoa Pham
- ECE450_final1_UIUCUploaded byKhoa Pham
- Exam1_ ece190_solutionUploaded byKhoa Pham
- Exam1_ ece190_solutionUploaded byKhoa Pham
- 437_F13_finalprj_v1.1Uploaded byKhoa Pham

- A Novel Optimization Sizing Model for Hybrid Solar-wind Power Generating SystemUploaded byHegespo Mwanyika
- IEC 62621 Aisladores Para Catenaria (Índice)Uploaded byAnonymous geGzu6c
- Analysis of a novel bidirectional DC-to-AC inverter.pdfUploaded byalejo199424
- Mohamed.pdfUploaded byR. K Gupta
- LAC-M5500Uploaded byRenatoMaia
- Read 1958Uploaded byLuis Enrique Ulloa
- YD2822Uploaded byiammia
- Terex rt555Uploaded bycarlos ramirez
- myLecture6-mesh-analysis-.pptxUploaded bySalim San
- Lx 2000 Sub Service ManualUploaded bycesarlca
- Modelling of SOI-LDMOS TransistorUploaded bychaitudsc
- 9510Uploaded bycalripken
- POL 687.70Uploaded byvivamexico80
- Tda 4605Uploaded bybookreader1968
- 2016-ngpe-2016_part_c-quaestion_paper Experimental Skill.pdfUploaded bysyedsb
- Leuze Cubic 3 Series SensorsUploaded byNurcholis
- 6. Green Energy.fullUploaded byTJPRC Publications
- Basic PifaUploaded bymuhammadabid4u
- Smartpack2 Basic ControllerUploaded byJason Robinson
- A VK PR 2009 0139 GB MPower Geko UK Version DF 2009-10-150dpiUploaded byVlad Balan
- ElectricalUploaded bybharat_ravulapalli
- Datasheet for Induction motorUploaded byRohan Gurav
- Automatic Gain ControlUploaded byRaghu Raman
- Radio Receiver BC-348-B User and Service Tech ManualUploaded bydr7zyq
- HITACHI DW-3 Chassis Power Supply Operation ExplanationsUploaded byspeedyedu
- Volume Resistivity MeasurementUploaded byvvv
- BlakeUploaded byDeanneLaylay
- III-3.Wide Band Linearization of a Millimetre-Wave, Linear Frequency Modulated Radar Employing a Surface Acoustic Wave, Delay Line DiscriminatorUploaded byImtiaz Ahmed
- d sibe mccbUploaded bydevadas1976
- Simplex 4100-0035Uploaded byvlaya1984