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Copyright Law In UAE

Contents

Overview..........................................................................................................................................2
Copyright Law in UAE....................................................................................................................3
Legal measures in UAE...............................................................................................................4
Case related to copyright in UAE....................................................................................................5
Copyright law of Saudi Arabia........................................................................................................6
Legal issue...................................................................................................................................6
Conclusion.......................................................................................................................................7
Bibliography....................................................................................................................................8

Overview
It all started in the early 1500s when the British crown granted rights to the printing of books and
records, the crown wanted to set law to control the printing technology. So they came up with a
company name “Stationers” who control the legal printing of books and records. (Golvan, 2007).
Eventually every printed media registered with the Stationer which initiated the Act of Anne of
1709 which was a legislative act of protected copyrights. This act gave the authors the right to
avoid illegal copying of printed books.
In todays world copyright system acts as a serving tool to artists and writers who try to escape
piracy. The copyright system acts to protect the rights of authors their writings and it covers
around all the aspects like design, technology, pictures, graphics and recording of sound. The
holder of the copyright license has the rights to distribute his work. Copyrights provide the law
to protect the intellectual property rights of the owner, unrecognized use of copyrighted material
falls in copyright infringement.
In this report we will examine the UAE copyright law and see how they protect the rights of
people who own the publication through licensing. Copyrights could be of anything which is
related to both audio and visual or maybe in a form of book, software, shows, scripts which
cannot be alter. Certain rights are given to the users who make the effort to develop any
publication and the copyright law assures that there moral and financial rights are secured. There
is case mention in this report regarding copyrights in UAE which indicates the seriousness of this
issue and also in the end section the copyright law comparison with the GCC country Saudi
Arabia detailing about a general view of the policy in the country regarding the work such as ,
collective work and computer programs.

Copyright Law in UAE
The copyright law is a descriptive term used at the time of the Anne Act in 1709 which was
referred as ownership of book which was the right of the publisher. In UAE copyright law is
defined under chapter one and two of the constitution law and in Article 2 and 3 of the UAE
copyright law and its consequences’ in the later articles.

Federal law No 7 of 2002 amended by Law No 32 for the year 2006 regarding copyright and
related law.
Federal No 1 of 1972 which concerns the functions of the ministers and the powers of the
ministers. In Federal Law No 15 of 1980 which is regarding the printed matter and publication
and Federal Law No 40 of 1992 regarding the protection of intellectual property rights and
copyrights.
Article 2 of the Constitution the Scope of Copyright is the protection gave by this law shall be
cover to authors and related rights holders, if their rights are trespassed in the UAE. The work on
the audio visual will be protected by this law. Musicals play and work which is not accompanied
by dialogue.
The copyright law covers literary works such as books, computer software, database lectures,
speeches, dramatic works, musical works, audio visual and audio visual works, paintings,
sculptures, works of photographs, maps, and derivative works. This subjects matter is extended
by the later sections to sound recording in Article18, broadcasting in Article 19 and performance
in Article17. (Unesco, 2009). The financial rights of the authors and his beneficiaries or the
owner of the right of the writer are specified in Article 7 include the right to grant licenses for the
exploitation of the work, in any manner particularly for reproduction, electronic storage or
downloading, public performance or communication, alteration, rental, lending and publication
by means including provision of book through workstations or information.
The Article 3 of the copyright law does not protect the official document, news of current events
and issues that is strictly media coverage, ideas, procedures, methods of doing business
mathematical algorithm’s and works which have become public property.

Legal measures in UAE
The copyright law gave the authority to the court to stop piracy of related rights if the author
made an application to the court. The rights ensured under this law might initially be the property
of the creator or creators who made the grouped work to have the right to complete all or any of
the taking after actions of copyright, consistent with the nature of the grouped work in
appreciation.

Under the Copyright Law of UAE the writer or their successors may give licenses and exchange
some or the sum of their fiscal rights either to a regular or joint author gave that the exchange is
memorialized in writing. The exchange understanding must incorporate the detail of every right
that has been legally responsible to exchange, and a comment of the reason for every right and
the misuse period and place.

Penalties of copyright law
The penalties of the copyright law is describes under the articles 18, 19, and 42 of the code of
evidence in civil and commercial matters. (Abdulla, 2007). Misuse of the entire and taken
duplicates of the produce and also the material utilized for the reproduction or proliferation
provided that such material might be utilized just for such exchange under the Articles 34, 36 and
40 of the Law on Copyrights and Neighboring Rights and 135 to 137 of the GCC Unified
Customs Law.
Criminal sanctions may be influenced, specifically detainment for a least term of 2 months or a
fine differing from 10,000 to 50,000 Dirham. Sanctions have to be increased as per the amount of
violated copyright. The individual who carried out the wrongdoing have to be sentenced to a
least term of six months as well as a fine at least 50,000 Dirham. Assents are higher in particular
cases. Punishments might likewise be influenced opposite and criminal gatherings occupied with
intelligent property rights criminal offences under the Articles 37 to 41 of the Law on Copyrights
and Neighboring Rights and Article 51 of the Penal Code.

Case related to copyright in UAE
Last year UAE faces an illegal copying of films and music case against the digital piracy. The
UAE law enforcement has taken step under the copyright legislation and they have shutdown
websites in UAE which were facilitating the illegal channels of downloads of films and
television shows. (The National, 2011). The police in Abu Dhabi assisted to close down an UAEbased online site that aided unlawful downloads of pictures and broadcasted programs.

Police approached the man out of date and he consented to pay an unspecified settlement to
dodge a penitentiary term. Others were not so lucky. In November, Dubai powers imprisoned a
man for three months for pitching pilfered Xbox 360 diversions.
Scott Butler, the head official of the Arabian Anti-Piracy Alliance, stated the cases indicated the
UAE was taking after a "zero-tolerance" arrangement on robbery. With practically all copyright
cases in the UAE, the design is that the privateer is sentenced to jail, even first-time offenders.
(The National, 2011)
At the same time numerous different nations in the area are not as strong on the privateers, with
jail sentences uncommon or unheard of for such wrongdoings. As The National reported this
month, the Ministry of Economy plans to restructure the scholarly property framework and
present new copyright laws. The arrangements are stated to accommodate harder policing and
exceptional robbery courts.
UAE officials face a strong challenge. In the US, the Sopa bill has experienced a kickback from
innovation. Sopa sets out disciplines for streaming pilfered substance. The aforementioned
incorporate up to five years in jail for the first offence of streaming 10 bits of music or motion
picture in a six-month period.
Numerous states the suggested representation goes excessively far, with any aspect of Google
and Facebook guaranteeing that Sopa might give the US legislature a lot of force to close down
genuine online sites.

Copyright law of Saudi Arabia
The copyright law in Saudi Arabia under the Law no M/41 on the protection of copyright which
refer to authors, classifies work, publishing, creation, copying and national traditional stories.
These terms are defined in the 7 chapters of the constitution law by the ministry of information
under 34 articles. (MCI, n.d). In chapter one of the copyright law in Saudi Arabia and under the
article 2 the security under the authority of this law shall be given to authors who has conducted
classified work in the form of writing, sound, books, dramatic work, plays, shows, paintings,
photography. This chapter explains the term mention above in detail so that it can be understood
individual what the term stated.

The chapter 2 of the copyright law provides the protection to the written material such as books,
booklets, work which are in words delivered in lectures, speeches, poetry, dramatics, plays,
drawings, architecture, audio visual form, photography is given protection. In chapter 2 of the
article 3 any changes done to modify the work of the author such as translation, editing or any
form of alteration is given protected rights.
In the article 4 the classified work title which is used to indicate the subject matter is given
protection under the copyright law. Article 5 summarizes that any individual who has the
permission from the author can translate the language or can extract material or interpret it shall
be given protection. Moreover the articles cover each and every detail to protect the writer,
author, producer to avoid any kind piracy to there work.

Legal issue
Republishing the work by the maker, the distributer or the printer without getting earlier
composed assent of the copyright holder, or having the records approving the reproduction.
Evacuating and breaking any defensive electronic code that assurances the utilization of the
definitive duplicates of the work, for example coding or information recorded by the utilization
of laser or different methods.
Producing or importing tools with the end goal of deal or rental of any methods which help
gaining or misusing works through methods other than those resolved by owner of the rights
Reproducing or captivating parts of a book or parts of any work, with or without repayment,
without acquiring the composed assent of the copyright possessors and the capable powers of the
Ministry, with the special case of instances of legitimate duplicating specified in Article (15) of
this Law.
Any individual who abuses a procurement of this Law should be liable to one or a greater
amount of the following punishment at Notifying and fine not surpassing two hundred and fifty
thousands riyals. Confiscation of all duplicates of the work on top of the materials utilized or
proposed for utilization within the infringement on the copyrights.

Conclusion
Due to the rise in the improvement of technology copyright is presently a key to everything we
do from entertainment to research. Today every nation copyright law perceived this issue as a
root element of the enhancement framework. UAE in comparison to Saudi Arabia is more
advance regarding information channels or in entertainment so they are making there moves
against any pirated amusement whether they are in the form of books, movie, and software. Both
UAE and Saudi Arabia has secured copyright administration with most appropriate global
practice and is actively supported and embraced by the elected courts and authorities. Due to the
development of copyright law UAE and Saudi Arabia are well aware of the situation of global
piracy. So they are protecting their art, culture, writers, in order to encourage innovation and
restrict any one from tempering it. The individual who carried out the wrongdoing ought to be
sentenced to an imprisonment for period of six months in each country with a heavy fine up to 50
thousand dirhams in UAE and more than 250 thousand riyals in Saudi Arabia. Both countries are
making sure that the financial rights of the owner are protected through legal texts and licensing.

References

Abdulla, A. D. (2007, April 3). Copyright and Knowledge . Retrieved March 16, 2013, from
IPAC: http://ipac.kacst.edu.sa/eDoc/2007/165396_1.pdf
Golvan, C. (2007). Copyright: Law and Practice. Sydney: The Fedral Press.
MCI.

(n.d).

Saudi

Arbia

Legislation

.

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March

16,

2013,

from

MCI:

http://www.mci.gov.sa/en/LawsRegulations/SystemsAndRegulations/CopyrightLaw/Page
s/default.aspx
The National. (2011, December 28). News. Retrieved March 16, 2013, from Emirates' policy of
zero

tolerance

is

well

worth

copying:

http://www.thenational.ae/thenationalconversation/industry-insights/technology/emiratespolicy-of-zero-tolerance-is-well-worth-copying
Unesco.

(2009).

Diversity.

Retrieved

march

16,

2013,

from

Unesco:

http://www.unesco.org/new/fileadmin/MULTIMEDIA/HQ/CLT/diversity/pdf/WAPO/uae
_cp_en.pdf