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Running head: ADOLESCENCE

Periods of Development Fact Sheets: Adolescence

Terrance White
ECE 497
Instructor Sandi Levinson
April 10, 2015


Periods of Development Fact Sheets: Adolescence

Two developmental milestones in the physical developmental domain of adolescence is

sexual orientation and self-identity. The importance of physical contact is attributed to increased
hormone production. Sexual attractiveness and confidence plays an importance factor. In
adolescence, experiences shape many physical characteristics, and pubertal development is more
heightened. Sexual activity is normal in most cases. Adolescence is the beginning of adulthood
for most children.

The intentional and unintentional physical factors of development can share many issues
of self-identity. Berk (2014) stated, Keep in mind, however, that both genetic and
environmental factors can alter prenatal hormones (p. 215). The impact of arousal that can be
presumed during infancy are as prevalent in adolescence. Sexuality is a debate of potential
consequences or risky behaviors in adolescence. School promotes physical development and
ensures that both sexes are motivated to ensure maturation.

Adolescence is a developmental stage that shares several cognitive periods. Adolescents

at this stage provide the insight vital to communication, coping skills, and emotional and
behavioral understandings. Abstract thinking is represented by inductive and deductive
reasoning. This allow children to use hypothetical logic. Children during adolescence model
psychological and emotional factors that further explains growth and maturation.

The setting of cognitive development during adolescence begins primarily with the result
of formal operative stages. Kuhn (2009) stated, Like other aspects of brain development, the
cognitivecontrol system is affected by experience (as cited in Berk, 2014, p. 257). Cultural


differences begin to explain comfort, security, and personal information. Tension also causes
rebellious attitudes and behaviors. The ability to express resilience and self-awareness provides a
model to understanding stable and intimate relationships.

In adolescence, atypical development explain the complication in learning abilities for

those with exceptionalities. The nature of atypical development is burgeoning on the attention
and emotional needs of the child. Mossler (2011) stated, Normal development is dependent on
biologically fixed periods during which specific behaviors (like imprinting or language) need
necessary stimuli in order to emerge appropriately (p. 38). Emotional and behavioral issues are
also associative to atypical development of adolescents. Early interventions help support desired
outcomes in learning environments like critical thinking and decision making of adolescent.

Family is a dynamic of sociocultural theories in cognition. The importance of

communication and family involvement is vital to the childs growth. Turner and Kelly (2012)
stated, Communication is most effective when active listening takes place (p. 122). Families
support many conflicts of their childs social environment and provide structure to the
developing individuality. Mutual respect and discipline are strategies that remain positive
reinforcement to adolescent development.



Berk, L.E. (2014). Child development, 9th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson
Education, Inc.
Mossler, R. (2011). Child and adolescent development. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint
Education, Inc.
Turner, P.H. & Welch, K.J. (2012). Parenting in contemporary society, 5th ed. Upper
Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc.