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Kala Burwick

2.19.2015
211C: English Comp
Professor Sipin

Is history really repeating?

Tolmin is a type of writing that is structured to help back up data and find a claim. This
article is based on facts. In the article Was Obama right about the Crusades and Islamic
extremism? by Jay Michaelson there is no common ground to be met, because there are many
different viewpoints. In this case, I do believe that that Was Obama right about the Crusades
and Islamic extremism? was structured by Tolmin. It was successful because the author got to
explore how religion of Christianity was not the enemy and all history is doing is repeating itself.
The pathos of this rhetorical situation is understanding and relatability. The ethos is the person
writing the article, Jay Michaelson, and the newspaper he is writing first, The Washington Post.
This article says that most religions, but mainly Christian, are the root of all evil. In all reality,
history is just repeating itself. In the bible, there are things that have happened that are happening
now.
In the article Was Obama right about the Crusades and Islamic extremism? the logos
was religion is used as an excuse and also everyone is in a disagreement. The ethos is the person
writing the article and the newspaper they are writing for. The pathos is understanding and
relatability. This author had the chance to state his own opinion and others opinions based on
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facts and how the others felt. Most people take their opinions to social media such as twitter. In
the article, the author used some of the tweets that people posted such as Humanity has been
grappling with these questions throughout human history. And lest we get on our high horse and
think this is unique to some other place, remember that during the Crusades and the Inquisition,
people committed terrible deeds in the name of Christ. In our home country, slavery, and Jim
Crow all too often was justified in the name of Christ. This goes to show that people used
religion for the means.
In my opinion, religion is not the enemy. Religion is just a repeat of history. The
statement Hey American-Christians, Obama just threw you under the bus in order to defend
Islam, is disturbing because he is not necessarily trying to defend a country, he is trying to stop
a powerful country from doing something to harm people of their country or of their same
religion. They may even do something to harm people of other religions such as Christians. All
religions are not the enemy. Some just know the back ground of their religion really well, and
react to some of the stuff that they are taught. In all reality, all religions have the same
background. All of the Bibles, or whatever the different religions call them, say the same thing,
each religion is just taught to react to them different. Some religions are just more dangerous or
violent. Christians are taught to just believe and pray and everything will be fine. Obama, being a
Christian himself, in my eyes was just trying to defuse a situation that had a strong possibility of
becoming a problem. Another statement that was bothering was Obamas ignorance and his
comparison is pernicious , said by Donohue, speaking of the crusades. Obama was speaking
of something that happened many many years ago. The Crusades was when the Pope were telling
Christians that basically their religion was wrong, which was not fair. Obama was most likely
bring that up to show that the Pope today, is fine with all religions. In my opinion, this writer Jay
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Michaelson, was just trying to make Obama look bad, as many are also trying to do now. That is
also not fair because he was President for so long. In the beginning of his Presidency, it was not
as bad as it is today.
History is showing to repeat itself through the Crusades, Jim Crow laws, and slavery. The
Crusades was basically when Pope Urban II told Christians that they needed to recapture the
Holy Land. He was throwing in the Christians face that The Crusaders were promised absolution
from sin and eternal glory. Each person is talking about the same thing so it was not fair that he
through it in their face. In the bible, the Pope brought up the Crusades. Jim Crow laws and
slavery were also mentioned in the Bible. In the New Testament it states, Slaves, obey your
masters three times, how the people of the Bibles age would know that there was going to be
slavery, it had to have happened in that time as well. Christians were also taught by the Jim Crow
laws to justify their actions. By the writer saying that Obamas point was all religions have
their hateful extremist and their prophets of justice is basically true, but how does he know that
Obama was trying to say that.
Was Obama right about the Crusades and Islamic extremism? by Jay Michaelson was
successful because the author got to explore how religion of Christianity was not the enemy and
all history is doing is repeating itself. The pathos of this rhetorical situation is understanding and
relatability. The ethos is the person writing the article, Jay Michaelson, and the newspaper he is
writing first, The Washington Post. This article says that most religions, but mainly Christian, are
the root of all evil. In all reality, history is just repeating itself. In the bible, there are things that
have happened that are happening now. All of the things said in this article were proof that
everything happened many times before. Everything that Obama was saying was being taken out
of context and twist to the writers advantage.
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