P. 1
Clastic Sedimentology Introduction

Clastic Sedimentology Introduction

|Views: 434|Likes:
Published by saptak1990

More info:

Published by: saptak1990 on Feb 05, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PPT, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less







Introduction to Clastic Sedimentology

Downloadable from: http://spartan.ac.brocku.ca/~rcheel/teaching/sedimentology/SedNotes/

Topics to be covered:

1. Grain Texture (fundamental descriptors of granular material)
Grain size

Grain shape
Porosity and permeability Grain orientation 2. Classification of terrigenous clastic rocks.

Rudite Lutite

3. Unidirectional fluid flow and sediment transport
Characteristics of unidirectional flows Simple fluid flow Fluid gravity flows Sediment transport Modes of transport Initiation of transport

4. Bed forms and stratification under unidirectional flows
Bed forms

The sequence of bed forms Bed form stability fields Cross-stratification formed by bed forms.

Origin of cross-stratification Cross-stratification and bed forms.

5. Flow, bed forms and stratification under oscillatory and combined flows
Characteristics of gravity waves Bed forms and stratification under symmetrically oscillating currents

Bed forms and stratification under combined flows
The enigma of Hummocky Cross-stratification

Clastic Sedimentology: The study of sediment and sedimentary rocks that are made up of particles that are the solid products of weathering at or near the Earth’s surface. Gravel Conglomerate Sand Sandstone Mud (silt and clay) Siltstone and Shale

Purpose of the course: To introduce terminology and fundamental concepts for the description and interpretation of clastic sediment and sedimentary rocks.

Why study clastic sediment? Sedimentary rocks make up only 7.9% of the Earth’s crust.

66% of the surface of the Earth is covered by sediment or sedimentary rocks. Humans interact with the Earth largely at or near its surface.

At the same time they…..

Hide garbage and other waste material in it.

Modify its physical and chemical properties so that it is no longer useable by them.

It is important to understand the various properties of the sedimentary cover and have systematic methods for describing these properties.

Sedimentary rocks record the history of changing environments on Earth. Based on the recognition of the signature of changing environments over time, as preserved in the rock record. Environmental interpretation of rocks

Age of rocks = Earth History

Large scale cross-bedding in 240 million year old rocks in the Central US.

= windblown sand dunes; the Central US was a desert at that time.

Environmental interpretation: The present is the key to the past.

By examining the characteristics of various environments on Earth today we can interpret the environments in which ancient sediments were deposited.

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->