You are on page 1of 67

Tcnicas de Ingeniera Inversa para diseo Producto

3D Scanning is a Powerful Engineering and Quality Control tool.


Javier Yasno Gutirrez
Noviembre del 2011

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Agenda

Quienes somos?
Quin usa estas tecnologas?
Que es la Ingeniera Inversa ?
Usos de la Ingeniera Inversa
Diseo tradicional vs Ingeniera Inversa
Aplicaciones basicas de un escaner 3D
Evolucion de los escaner 3D
Tipos de escaner 3D
Beneficios de un escaneo 3D

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Quienes somos ?

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Quin usa estas tecnologias?

Que es la Ingeniera Inversa?


Reverse Engineering (RE)

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

En la actualidad, la ingeniera inversa es un mtodo vlido para la creacin o recreacin


de nuevos productos a partir de productos existentes y a veces obsoletos, la copia de
modelos sin necesidad de planos y hasta para la evaluacin de conformidad de
modelos CAD 3D con modelos originales o pruebas de manufactura.

Aunque los nuevos sistemas de CAD facilitan el


diseo del producto, hay que desarrollar nuevas
aplicaciones que permitan obtener un diseo
confiable y funcional disminuyendo los tiempos
de diseo con objeto de minimizar el incremento
de coste de fabricacin.

Usos de la Ingeniera Inversa


La ingeniera inversa es un proceso un mtodo valido para la:

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Creacin o recreacin de nuevos productos (modelo/obsoleto)


Produccin en serie producto (Ausencia de datos del modelo)
Evaluacin conformidad modelo real vs CAD (control de calidad)
Reconstruccin y/o modelado superficies complejas (tipo A)
Modelado CAD 3D (parametrico/no parametrico)
Estudios de estilos (forma, dimensin, funcionalidad, etc)
Comparaciones con el mercado (Benchmarking)
Reproduccin dispositivos/herramental (desgaste moldes/troqueles)
6

Diseo tradicional vs Ingeniera Inversa


Toma las partes reales y las transforma en
conceptos y modelos para anlisis,
modificaciones o evaluacin

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Transforma conceptos
y modelos en partes reales

Para que se usa un escner 3D?

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Aplicaciones bsicas de un escner 3D

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Hay muchas aplicaciones para los escaner 3D, basicamente las podemos
agrupar en dos grandes grupos:

Ingenieria Inversa

Inspeccin dimensional
9

The Power of 3D Scanning

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Evolucin de los escner 3D

Application Development
Sofware Capabilites
Computer Power

3D Scanner Specifications
1990

1995

2000

2005

Research Tool

2010

Production Tool

10

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Tipos de escner 3D

11

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Otros tipos de tecnologas

12

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Que se puede escanear?

Facilities Planning

Aerospace

Building Design

Reconstruction

Defense

Heritage

13

Automotive & Shipbuilding

Survey As-Builts

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Cmo funciona un escner 3D?

14

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Beneficios de un escaneo en 3D

1 Dimension /
Minute

1 Point /
Second

15

1 Shape /
Second

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Beneficios de un escaneo en 3D

VS.

16

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Beneficios de un escaneo en 3D

VS.

17

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Beneficios de un escaneo en 3D

18

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Fases de un escaneo

1
2
3
4

19

20

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

21

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Paramtrico o NO Paramtrico ?

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

NO PARAMETRICO (NURBS)

PARAMETRICO

Modificable en
el futuro?

Requiere el modelo
con todos sus detalles?
22

Intencin de
diseo

Pos-procesamiento de datos escaneados

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Analisis FEA, CFD, duplicacin, inspeccin y diseo de forma libre

Datos
escaneados

Creacin de
superficies

Conversin a
poligonos

NO PARAMETRICO (NURBS)
23

Intencin de
diseo final

Pos-procesamiento de datos escaneados

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Modelo CAD parametrico 3D

Datos
escaneados

Conversin a
poligonos

Clasificacin
regiones

PARAMETRICO

24

Creacin de
superficies

Conversin a
modelo CAD
parametrico

Applications
Facilities Planning
Scanning by Long-Range
3D Scanner

Using Massive Numbers of


Point Clouds or Meshes

Extracting Feature Information


and 3D Feature Modeling

Cleaning & Editing


Analyzing Shapes using Various Viewing Tools
Aligning Scans

As-Built 3D Feature Modeling


Various Feature Modeling Wizards
Accuracy Confirmation
Exporting to Downstream

Iron Foundry Plant


Engineering Analysis & Simulation
Asset Management & Dimension Control
Facilities Renovation
Assessing Upgrade and Retrofit Benefits
Visualization

Applications
Building Design
Scanning by Long-Range
3D Scanner

Using Massive Numbers of


Point Clouds or Meshes

Extracting Feature Information


and 3D Feature Modeling

Cleaning & Editing


Analyzing Shapes using Various Viewing Tools
Aligning Scans & Constructing Mesh
Intelligently Recognizing Feature Regions

As-Built 3D Feature Modeling


Various Feature Modeling Wizards
Accuracy Confirmation
Exporting to Downstream

Building
Renovation and Structural Rehabilitation
Intelligent Transportation Systems
Visualization
Real Estate Applications

Applications
Building Design
Scanning by Long-Range
3D Scanner

Using Massive Numbers of


Point Clouds or Meshes

Extracting Feature Information


and 3D Feature Modeling

Cleaning & Editing


Analyzing Shapes using Various Viewing Tools
Aligning Scans

As-Built 3D Feature Modeling


Various Feature Modeling Wizards
Accuracy Confirmation
Exporting to Downstream

Old Buildings
Structural Testing & Validation
Renovation and Structural Rehabilitation
Visualization & Graphic Animations
GIS(Geographic Information System) Applications

Applications
Reconstruction
Scanning by Long-Range
3D Scanner

Using Massive Numbers of


Point Clouds or Meshes

Extracting Feature Information


and 3D Feature Modeling

Cleaning & Editing


Analyzing Shapes using Various Viewing Tools
Aligning Scans & Constructing Mesh
Intelligently Recognizing Feature Regions

As-Built 3D Feature Modeling


Various Feature Modeling Wizards
Accuracy Confirmation
Exporting to Downstream

Architecture
Structural Testing & Validation
Facility & Land Management
Land Information Systems
Visualization & Graphic Animations
GIS(Geographic Information System) Applications

Applications
Reconstruction
Scanning by Long-Range
3D Scanner

Using Massive Numbers of


Point Clouds or Meshes

Extracting Feature Information


and 3D Feature Modeling

Cleaning & Editing


Analyzing Shapes using Various Viewing Tools
Aligning Scans & Constructing Mesh
Intelligently Recognizing Feature Regions

As-Built 3D Feature Modeling


Various Feature Modeling Wizards
Accuracy Confirmation
Exporting to Downstream

Architecture
Structural Testing & Validation
Facility & Land Management
Land Information Systems
Visualization & Graphic Animations
GIS(Geographic Information System) Applications

Applications
Automotive
Scanning by Long-Range
3D Scanner

Using Massive Numbers of


Point Clouds or Meshes

Extracting Feature Information


and 3D Feature Modeling

Cleaning & Editing


Analyzing Shapes using Various Viewing Tools
Aligning Scans & Constructing Mesh
Intelligently Recognizing Feature Regions

Extracting Freeform Shape by


NURBS surface fitting method
As-Built 3D Feature Modeling
Various Feature Modeling Wizards
Accuracy Confirmation
Exporting to Downstream

Truck
Design Validation & Modification
Digital Mock-Ups
Engineering Analysis & Simulation
Repairing & Manufacturing Parts
Visualization & Graphic Animations
Making Miniatures

Applications
Automotive
Scanning by Long-Range
3D Scanner

Using Massive Numbers of


Point Clouds or Meshes

Extracting Feature Information


and 3D Feature Modeling

Cleaning & Editing


Analyzing Shapes using Various Viewing Tools
Aligning Scans & Constructing Mesh
Intelligently Recognizing Feature Regions

Extracting Freeform Shape by


NURBS surface fitting method
As-Built 3D Feature Modeling
Various Feature Modeling Wizards
Accuracy Confirmation
Exporting to Downstream

Truck
Design Validation & Modification
Digital Mock-Ups
Engineering Analysis & Simulation
Repairing & Manufacturing Parts
Visualization & Graphic Animations
Making Miniatures

Applications
Automotive
Scanning by Long-Range
3D Scanner

Using Massive Numbers of


Point Clouds or Meshes

Extracting Feature Information


and 3D Feature Modeling

Cleaning & Editing


Analyzing Shapes using Various Viewing Tools
Aligning Scans & Constructing Mesh
Intelligently Recognizing Feature Regions

Extracting Freeform Shape by


NURBS surface fitting method
As-Built 3D Feature Modeling
Various Feature Modeling Wizards
Accuracy Confirmation
Exporting to Downstream

Truck
Design Validation & Modification
Digital Mock-Ups
Engineering Analysis & Simulation
Repairing & Manufacturing Parts
Visualization & Graphic Animations
Making Miniatures

Applications
Shipbuilding
Scanning by Long-Range
3D Scanner

Using Massive Numbers of


Point Clouds or Meshes

Extracting Feature Information


and 3D Feature Modeling

Cleaning & Editing


Analyzing Shapes using Various Viewing Tools
Aligning Scans & Constructing Mesh
Intelligently Recognizing Feature Regions

Extracting Freeform Shape by


NURBS surface fitting method
As-Built 3D Feature Modeling
Various Feature Modeling Wizards
Accuracy Confirmation
Exporting to Downstream

Boat
Design Validation & Modification
Digital Mock-Ups
Engineering Analysis & Simulation
Repairing & Manufacturing Parts
Visualization & Graphic Animations
Making Miniatures

Applications
Aerospace
Scanning by Long-Range
3D Scanner

Using Massive Numbers of


Point Clouds or Meshes

Extracting Feature Information


and 3D Feature Modeling

Cleaning & Editing


Analyzing Shapes using Various Viewing Tools
Aligning Scans & Constructing Mesh
Intelligently Recognizing Feature Regions

Extracting Freeform Shape by


NURBS surface fitting method
As-Built 3D Feature Modeling
Various Feature Modeling Wizards
Accuracy Confirmation
Exporting to Downstream

Airplane
Design Validation & Modification
Digital Mock-Ups
Engineering Analysis & Simulation
Repairing & Manufacturing Parts
Visualization & Graphic Animations
Making Miniatures

Applications
Aerospace
Scanning by Long-Range
3D Scanner

Using Massive Numbers of


Point Clouds or Meshes

Extracting Feature Information


and 3D Feature Modeling

Cleaning & Editing


Analyzing Shapes using Various Viewing Tools
Aligning Scans & Constructing Mesh by using the
Mesh Buildup Wizard
Intelligently Recognizing Feature Regions

As-Built 3D Feature Modeling


Intelligent Pipe Modeling Wizard
Various Feature Modeling Wizards
Accuracy Confirmation
Exporting to Downstream
Repairing & Supplementing Design

Gas Turbine
Design Validation & Modification
Digital Mock-Ups
Engineering Analysis & Simulation
Repairing & Manufacturing Parts
Visualization & Graphic Animations

Applications
Defense
Scanning by Long-Range
3D Scanner

Using Massive Numbers of


Point Clouds or Meshes

Extracting Feature Information


and 3D Feature Modeling

Cleaning & Editing


Analyzing Shapes using Various Viewing Tools
Aligning Scans & Constructing Mesh
Intelligently Recognizing Feature Regions

As-Built 3D Feature Modeling


Various Feature Modeling Wizards
Accuracy Confirmation
Exporting to Downstream
Repairing & Supplementing Design

Old Tank
Design Validation & Modification
Digital Mock-Ups
Engineering Analysis & Simulation
Repairing & Manufacturing Parts
Visualization & Graphic Animations

Applications
Heritage
Scanning by Long-Range
3D Scanner

Using Massive Numbers of


Point Clouds or Meshes
Cleaning & Editing
Analyzing Shapes using Various Viewing Tools
Aligning Scans & Constructing Mesh

Sculpture
Mock-Up Design
Rapid Prototyping (3D Printing)
Shape Restoration
Visualization & Graphic Animations
History Archival

Mesh Optimization
Intelligent Mesh Healing Wizard
Easy to fill Holes
Powerful Mesh Optimization Tools
Accuracy Confirmation
Exporting Section Curves in
AutoCAD DXF File Format

Applications
Heritage
Scanning by Long-Range
3D Scanner

Using Massive Numbers of


Point Clouds or Meshes

Extracting Feature Information


and 3D Feature Modeling

Cleaning & Editing


Analyzing Shapes using Various Viewing Tools
Aligning Scans & Constructing Mesh
Intelligently Recognizing Feature Regions

As-Built 3D Feature Modeling


Various Feature Modeling Wizards
Accuracy Confirmation
Exporting to Downstream

Tower
Structural Testing & Validation
Maintaining Sculpture & Dimension Controls
Shape Restoration
Visualization & Graphic Animations
History Archival

Applications
Survey As-Builts
Scanning by Long-Range
3D Scanner

Using Massive Numbers of


Point Clouds or Meshes

Extracting Feature Information


and 3D Feature Modeling

Cleaning & Editing


Analyzing Shapes using Various Viewing Tools

Surveying As-Built
As-Built 3D Feature Modeling
Various Feature Modeling Wizards
Accuracy Confirmation
Exporting to Downstream

Bridge
Structural Testing & Validation
Engineering Analysis & Simulation
Renovation and Structural Rehabilitation
Repairing & Manufacturing Parts
Visualization & Graphic Animation

Applications
Survey As-Builts
Scanning by Long-Range
3D Scanner

Using Massive Numbers of


Point Clouds or Meshes

Extracting Feature Information


and Surveying As-Built

Cleaning & Editing


Analyzing Shapes using Various Viewing Tools

Measuring Distance & Height


Extracting Feature Profiles
Exporting to Downstream

Station
Structural Testing & Validation
Engineering Analysis & Simulation
Renovation and Structural Rehabilitation
Repairing & Manufacturing Parts
Visualization & Graphic Animations

41

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Como se involucra la RE en un proceso de diseo

Tristan Adam
Accidente a los 5 aos
Sindrome de Compartimento
A los 9 aos perdida funcionalidad mano izquierda
Movimiento limitado de la mano y dedos
Mueca cerrada y doblada a un solo lado
Mal crecimiento del brazo izquierdo
Brazo izquierdo mas corto que brazo derecho

Antes

Despus
42

El antes.

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Lamina metalica recubierto con protector termoplastico


Sujetadores y ajustes de velcro
NO funcional, solo esta adaptado a la forma de la mano
y el brazo con poca proteccin

43

Como mejorar esto?


La Inspiracin
IronMan

La Experiencia
Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

17 aos como diseador industrial (David Adam)

Herramientas
Equipos disponibles y software de diseo
o Observacin
o Brainstorming (Lluvia de ideas)
o Conceptualizacin/Bocetos
o Escaneo 3D
o Molde
o Software de diseo

Meta
Disear y construir un dispositivo novedoso, adaptable,
liviano, funcional, seguro y ajustable para el brazo de Tristan
44

Proceso de diseo
Fases

Que usar?

Idea

Geometra existente

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Brazo izquierdo

Concepto

Que hacer?

Que modelar en 3D?

Molde

Modelo solido

Fundicin

Vistas de
dibujo

Escaneo
Plantillas

Procesado
Dibujos impresos

Croquis

Modelacin

Croquizar Bocetos

Alineacin
Croquis basados en
modelo escaneado

Superficies

Solidos

Prototipado

Impresora 3D

Ensamble
Pruebas reales del
prototipo

Modificacin
45

Creando la idea: Donde empezar?

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Geometria de referencia existente


Creacin del molde
Fundicion (yeso)

46

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Creando la idea: Escaneo

47

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Formatos de salida
.txt

.pdf

Nube de puntos

Inspeccin

Poligonos

Ingenieria

Prototipado

Animacin

.sldprt

.stl

.obj

.x_t / .x_b

.3ds

.stp

.wrl

.igs

+ muchos otros formatos para guardar!


48

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Creando la idea: Pos-procesamiento

49

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Creando la idea: Modelo final en SolidWorks

50

Pre-croquizado de conceptos

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Observacin de resultados preliminares

51

1.Soporte superior mano


2. Soporte ante-brazo
3. Base de la mano (palma)
4. Parte posterior ante-brazo
5. Conectores

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Croquizado de conceptos

52

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Mas intenciones de diseo.

53

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Boceto final preliminar

54

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Teora de modelacin

CAD Model with History Tree

55

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Croquis de imagen: Primer referencia

56

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Planos de referencia, croquis 2D y 3D

57

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Modelacin de superficies

58

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Modelacin de piezas individuales

59

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Ensamble de partes

60

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Primer prototipo

61

Modificaciones al modelo

Fork attachment
Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Splint hand bottom

Splint bottom forearm

Splint top of forearm

62

63

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Renderizado al diseo final

64

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Diseo final: Listo para el segundo prototipo

65

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Listo para fabricacin.

66

Cada vez mas cerca.

Dassault Systmes Confidential Information

Bogot D.C | Carrera 11A No. 93A-62 Oficina 303 Parque de la 93


Telfono/Fax: (+57-1) 742 6638
Envigado (Antioquia) | Calle 35 Sur No. 43A-31 Oficina 201
Telfono/Fax: (+57-4) 332 1032
info@ategroup.biz
www.ategroup.biz
www.solidworks.com
www.creaform3d.com
www.zcorp.com
www.rapidform.com
67