You are on page 1of 7

DETERMINATION OF LATENT HEAT

OF VAPORIZATION OF WATER
Baniqued, J. R.1, Dimapilis, M. J.1, Parreo, F.1 and
Lao, T. L.2
Institute of Civil Engineering, University of the Philippines Diliman, Quezon City
Department of Mining, Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, University of the
Philippines Diliman, Quezon City

1
2

ABSTRACT
This study aims to determine the latent heat
of vaporization, Lv, of water experimentally
using Joseph Blacks formulated equation.
Four water samples were prepared. Each
sample was placed in a stove until boiling
and until complete evaporation. The time it
takes to reach each instance was observed
and was denoted as 1 and 2, respectively.
From the data gathered, average Lv, expt is
equal to 2740.65 J/g which deviated by
21.48% from the theoretical value of 2256
J/g.

INTRODUCTION
Latent Heat of Vaporization
LIQUID

GAS

Theoretical Lv = 2256 J/g =


539 cal/g

raph retrieved from http://www.alpcentauri.info/latent_heat.html

INTRODUCTION
Joseph Blacks equation
(accounting for heat losses):

where:
1 = time it took for the water to boil
2 = time it took for the water to evaporate completely
Ti = initial temperature of the water
BP = obtained experimental boiling temperature of water
cw = heat capacity of water (literature value)

METHODOLOGY
PREPARE WATER
SAMPLES

(Read Ti)

BOIL WATER

(Read BP and1)

EVAPORATE
WATER
COMPLETELY

(Read2)

REPEAT
PROCESS

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION


Mass, g
10
15
20
25
Average Lv, expt
Lv, theo
%deviation

Lv, J /g
2924.29
3240.47
2345.29
2452.55
2740.65
2,256
21.48%

Sources of Error:
Fluctuating heat from the stove
Heat absorbed by the beaker
Difficulty in measuring 1 and 2

REFERENCES

H. Young, R. Freedman, & A. Ford, University Physics with


Modern Physics 13th Edition, Chapter 17-18, Addison
Wesley, San Francisco, 2012.
J. Guemez, C. & M. Fiolhais, Revisiting Blacks Experiments
on the Latent Heats of Water, The Physics Teacher, 2002.
Retrieved from
http://nautilus.fis.uc.pt/personal/mfiolhais/artigosdid/did5.p
df.
http://www.alpcentauri.info/latent_heat.html