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ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM

& RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN


ENERGY, FREQUENCY, AND
WAVELENGTH OF LIGHT
By: Omar Coronado & Celeste Ly

ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM

Is the range of all possible frequencies of electromagnetic radiation.

Electromagnetic waves are produced by a vibrating electrical charge and travel


through a vacuum at a constant speed, c, of 3.00 x 10^8 m/s

A continuum of all electromagnetic waves arranged according to frequency and


wavelength.

An object has different meaning of electromagnetic spectrum.

Characteristic distribution of electromagnetic radiation emitted or absorbed by


that particular object.

Mostly used in science for spectroscopic and other probing interactions, and to
study and characterize matter.

Most physicist thought spectrum were continuous and infinite.

When light travels through a medium, it slows down.

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ENERGY,


FREQUENCY, AND WAVELENGTH OF LIGHT

Greater energy, the larger the frequency and the shorter the
wavelength.

Higher the frequency, the shorter the wavelengths.

Short wavelengths are more energetic than long wavelengths.

Wavelength, (lambda)- distance between corresponding points


on a continuous wave

Frequency, f number of waves that pass a given point in a


certain period of time

Crest- the highest point on a wave

Trough- the lowest point of a wave.

CALCULATING LIGHT FREQUENCY


OR WAVELENGTH

The speed of light,3.00 x 10^8m/s = frequency x wavelength


If your given the frequency then you just have to divide it by
the speed of light
If your given the wavelength then you just have to divide it by
the speed of light.

CALCULATE THE FREQUENCY &


WAVELENGTH OF LIGHT USING PLANCKS
CONSTANT

Equation: Energy = hf
H = Plancks constant (6.626 x 10^-34 Js)
F =Frequency
Using this equation the only thing you have to plug in is the
frequency of the light.
To find the highest frequency you will have to compare the
lights frequency result and also you do the same in order to
find the highest energy.

CALCULATING THE FREQUENCY OF


LIGHT
Calculate the frequency of red light with a wavelength of 650nm.

3.00 x 10^8 m/s = frequency x 650nm

(3.00 x 10^8 m/s)/(650nm) = frequency x (650nm)/(650nm)

F = 4.62 x 10^5 Hz

The frequency of red light with a wavelength of 650nm is 4.62 x 10^5 Hz.

Calculate the frequency of blue light with a wavelength of 475nm.

3.00 x 10^8 m/s = frequency x 475nm

(3.00 x 10^8 m/s)/(475nm) = frequency x (475nm)/(475nm)

F = 6.32 x 10^5 Hz

The frequency of blue light with a wavelength of 650nm is 6.32 x 10^5 Hz.

EXAMPLES OF CALCULATIONS ACHIEVED


BY APPLYING PLANCKS CONSTANT
Calculating for Red light

E = hf

F = 4.62 x 10^5 for red light

E = (6.626 x 10^-34 Js)(4.62 x 10^5 Hz)

E = 3.06 x 10^-28
The energy for red light is 3.06 x 10^-28.

Calculating for Blue light

E = hf

F = 6.32 x 10^5 for red light

E = (6.626 x 10^-34 Js)(6.32 x 10^5 Hz)

E = 4.19 x 10^-28

The energy for blue light is 4.19 x 10^-28.

Blue light has more frequency than Red light

DATA

What problems did you encounter in your experimental design?


Taking an accurate temperature of the colors was a problem that was not

to be expected.
What changes could be made to improve the results?
A larger prism can improve the results of the temperature accuracy .

Summary:
Upon concluding the lab, we observed the temperature of each color

increased as the time passed. The longer the prism stayed out in the
sun, the temperature increased. Including, the size of the prism also
effected the size of the rainbow.

QUESTIONS