Barriers to Communication

BARRIERS TO COMMUNICATION

Presented By : Vidushi Kanwar

Barrier
Anything that obstructs the free flow of communication process can be termed as a ‘barrier’ to communication.

CLASSIFICATION OF BARRIERS
 Physical Barriers
Semantic barriers  Psychological Barriers

PHYSICAL BARRIER
These relate to defects in the system and are easily removed by minimum effort.  Source : from which the message originates .The source must not be preoccupied with thoughts.  Distance : Sometimes distance can also be a barrier.
 Time : If message gets delayed it becomes useless and creates confusion.

PHYSICAL BARRIERS (Cont’d)
 Noise : Physical noise that creates disturbance in the environment.  Defects in the medium : Defects in the devices which are being used.

SEMANTIC BARRIERS
These are to do with language. It is not very easy to do away with these barriers.  Bad expressions : Vague and unclear messages. Excess of words. Unnecessary repetitions Irrelevant matter in the expression can lead to it becoming a barrier.  Inaccurate translations : It is necessary to speak in the language that is understood by the receiver.

SEMANTIC BARRIER (Cont’d)
 Semantics : It is the study of words and signs. Sender must make sure that the receiver understands the same meaning of the words he is going to use.  Words having different connotations : Words having two different meaning.

PSYCHOLOGICAL BARRIERS
Barriers related to mind are known as psychological barriers.
 Inattention : The receiver is distracted and not paying attention to the sender.  Distrust : Distrust on the part of the sender for the receiver or the receiver towards the sender can give rise to another barrier.  Premature evaluation : Immediately framing judgment and replies, even before the message is completed.

PSYCHOLOGICAL BARRIER (Cont’d)
 Emotions : If the sender is excited, worried, tense or nervous, his thinking will be confused and he will not be able to organize and transmit his message properly.

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