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Question Bank in DC Circuits

A. DC CIRCUITS: BASIC PRINCIPLES


1. REE Board Exam March 1998
The substation bus bar is made up of 2 inches
round copper bars 20 ft long. What is the resistance
-6
of each bar if resistivity is 1.724 x 10 ohm-cm.
-5
-5
A. 7.21 x 10
C. 5.185 x 10
-6
-5
B. 13.8 x 10
D. 2.96 x 10
2.

3.

4.

REE October 1997


Determine the resistance of a busbar made of
copper if the length is 10 meters long and the cross
2
section is a 4 x 4 cm . Use 1.7241 micro ohm-cm as
the resistivity.
-4
-5
A. 2.121 x 10
C. 3.431 x 10
-4
-4
B. 4.312 x 10
D. 1.078 x 10
EE Board Exam October 1991
One turn of a copper bar is produced by cutting
copper washer along a radius and spreading the
ends. The washer is cut from soft drawn copper
-6
having a resistivity at 20C of 1.732 x 10 ohm-cm.
The washer is 0.125 inch thick and has inside
diameter and outside diameter of 1 inch and 9
inches respectively. Calculate the exact resistance
between the two ends of the turn to direct current,
taking into account the non-uniform current
distribution. Assume the contact along the ends of
the turn to be perfect over the entire cross section.
-6
-6
A. 12.74 x 10
C. 17.22 x 10
-6
-6
B. 15.53 x 10
D. 14.83 x 10
EE Board Exam October 1990
Determine the resistance of a conductor 0.10 m
long, with a uniform diameter of 1.0 cm and having
a resistivity which varies as a function of length L
measured from the one end of the conductor
-4 2
according to = 0.003 + 10 L ohm-cm.
A. 0.0852 ohm
C. 0.0806 ohm
B. 0.0915 ohm
D. 0.0902 ohm

5.

EE Board Exam April 1992


A coil has 6,000 turns of wire and a resistance of
380 ohms. The coil is rewound with the same
quantity (weight) of wire, but has 13,400 turns. How
many ohms will the new coil have?
A. 1895 ohms
C. 1792 ohms
B. 1825 ohms
D. 1905 ohms

6.

EE Board Exam April 1992


A copper wire of unknown length has a resistance
of 0.80 ohm. By successive passes through drawing
dies, the length of the wire is increased by 2
times its original value. Assuming that resistivity
remains unchanged during the drawing process,
determine the new value of its resistance.
A. 4 ohms
C. 5 ohms
B. 3 ohms
D. 6 ohms

7.

REE Board Exam October 1998


A one-meter rod of 2-cm diameter is drawn until its
resistance is 100 times the initial resistance. Its
length afterwards is?
A. 10 m
C. 12.5 m
B. 100 m
D. 5 m

8.

EE Board Exam April 1993


A kilometer of wire having a diameter of 11.7 mm
and a resistance of 0.031 ohm is drawn down so
that its diameter is 5.0 mm. What does its
resistance become?
A. 0.85 ohm
C. 0.93 ohm
B. 0.78 ohm
D. 0.81 ohm

9.

EE Board Exam April 1995


A certain wire has a resistance R. The resistance of
another wire identical with the first except for having
twice its diameter is
A. 4R
C. 2R
B. R/2
D. R/4

10. REE Board Exam October 1996


2
What is the size in square millimeter (mm ) is the
cable of 250 MCM size?
2
2
A. 118.656 mm
C. 112.565 mm
2
2
B. 126.675 mm
D. 132.348 mm
11. REE Board Exam October 1998, September 2001
The resistance of a copper wire at 30C is 50 ohms.
If the temperature coefficient of copper at 0C is
0.00427, what is the resistance at 100C?
A. 72.26 ohms
C. 63.24 ohms
B. 54.25 ohms
D. 58.15 ohms
12. REE Board Exam March 1998
The resistance of a wire is 126.48 at 100C and
100 at 30C. Determine the temperature
coefficient of copper at 0C.
A. 0.00427/C
C. 0.0256/C
B. 0.00615/C
D. 0.365/C
13. EE Board Exam October 1991
Two heating elements which is 500 ohms and 250
ohms are connected in series with temperature
coefficients of 0.001 and 0.003 ohms per C,
respectively at 20C. Calculate the effective
temperature coefficient of the combination.
A. 0.00215
C. 0.00712
B. 0.00626
D. 0.00167
14. EE Board Exam October 1992
The insulation resistance of a kilometer of the cable
having a diameter of 2 cm and an insulation
thickness of 2 cm is 600 ohms. If the thickness of
the insulation is increased to 3 cm, find the
insulation resistance of the cable.
A, 725 ohms
C. 757 ohms
B. 850 ohms
D. 828 ohms
15. EE Board Exam April 1989
It is required that a loading of 3 kW be maintained in
a heating element at an initial temperature of 20C,

a voltage of 220 V is necessary for the purpose.


After the element has settled down to steady state,
it is found that a voltage of 240 volts is necessary to
maintain the 3 kW loading. The element resistance
temperature coefficient is 0.0006 per degree
centigrade at 20C. Calculate the final temperature
of the heating element.
A. 345.43C
C. 336.84C
B. 326.42C
D. 318.48C
16. REE Board Exam October 1999
How long must a current of 5 A pass through a 10
ohm resistor until a charge of 12000 coulomb
passes through?
A. 1 min
C. 3 min
B. 2 min
D. 4 min

B.

8.14

D.

0.814

24. REE Board Exam April 2001


The resistance of the field winding of a DC machine
is 0.25 at 25C. When operating at full-load, the
temperature of the winding is 75C. The
temperature coefficient of resistance of copper is
0.00427 per C at 0C. Find the resistance of the
field winding at full-load.
A. 0.298
C. 0.512
B. 0.315
D. 0.271
25. REE Board Exam October 2000
A coil of copper has resistance of 5.46 at 75C.
What will be its resistance at 25C?
A. 4.58
C. 5.02
B. 4.84
D. 4.35

17. REE Board Exam October 1999


What is the power required to transfer 97,000
coulombs of charge through a potential rise of 50
volts in one hour?
A. 0.5 kW
C. 1.3 kW
B. 0.9 kW
D. 2.8 kW

26. REE Board Exam April 2001


A certain generator generates 1,500,000 joules per
minute. What is the output in kW?
A. 50
C. 25
B. 500
D. 125

18. REE Board Exam April 2001


A round wire has 250 MCM. Find its diameter in
inches.
A.
C. 0.16
B.
D. 0.08

27. ECE BOARD NOV 2001


_____ is anything that has weight had occupies
space. It may be solid, liquid or gas.
A. Amalgam
C. Matter
B. Alloy
D. Compound

19. REE Board Exam September 2003


In the American wire gauge, as the number of
gauge increases, the diameter of wire ____
A. increases
B. decreases
C. does not change
D. become twice

28. ECE Board Exam April 2000


It is defined as anything that occupies space and
has weight.
A. atom
C. molecule
B. compound
D. matter

20. REE Board Exam September 2003


In cgs system, what is the unit of emf where I is in
abampere and P is in erg per second?
A. millivolt
C. abvolt
B. kilovolt
D. volt
21. REE Board Exam September 2002
One (1) kW is equal to ____ hp.
A. 0.746
C. 550
B. 1.34
D. 1.5
22. REE Board Exam October 1998
Two copper conductors have equal length. The
cross-sectional area of one conductor is three times
that of the other. If the resistance of the conductor
having smaller cross-sectional area is 20 , what is
the resistance of the other?
A. 20/3
C. 180
B. 60
D. 20/9
23. REE Board Exam October 2000
A copper bar has a length of 20 ft., width of 4 inches
and thickness of 0.5 inch. If the resistivity of copper
is 10.37 -CM/ft, what is the resistance of the bar?
A. 81.4
C. 814

29. ECE Board Exam November 1999


The lightest kind of atom or element
A. hydrogen
C. titanium
B. helium
D. oxygen
30. ECE Board Exam November 1998
In order to have a good conductor material, such
material shall have _____ valence electrons.
A. one
C. more than ten
B. five
D. twenty one
31. ECE Board Exam November 1997
Electric power refers to _____
A. volt ampere
C. volt coulomb
B. watt second
D. joule
32. ECE Board Exam November 1995
What composes all matter whether a liquid, solid or
gas?
A. electrons
C. protons
B. atoms
D. neutrons
33. ECE Board Exam November 2001
What is a physical combination of compounds or
elements NOT chemically combined that can be
separated by physical means?
A. substance
C. mixture

B.

atom

D.

molecule

34. ECE Board Exam April 1998


Determine the equivalent work of 166 watt-second.
A. 10 joules
C. 16.6 joules
B. 100 joules
D. 166 joules
35. ECE Board Exam November 2001
One of the following is the best conductor of
electricity.
A. Air
C. Carbon
B. Copper
D. Silicon
36. ECE Board Exam November 1999
What is the basic unit for measuring current flow?
A. coulomb
C. volt
B. ampere
D. atomic weight
37. ECE Board Exam November 1995
______ has a unit of electron volt
A. Energy
C. Current
B. Potential difference
D. Charge
38. ECE Board Exam November 2001
The motion of charged particles especially colloidal
particles through a relative stationary liquid under
the influence of an applied electric provided.
A. hysteresis
C. electrophoresis
B. electrolysis
D. electro analysis
39. ECE Board Exam April 2001
What is a symbol that represents a quantity or a
single object?
A. unit
C. item
B. number
D. base
40. ECE Board Exam April 2000
Determine which of the following has the least
number of electrons found at the outer shell.
A. semi-insulator
C. semiconductor
B. insulator
D. conductor
41. ECE Board Exam April 2001
The term describes a material whose resistance
remains relatively constant with changes in
temperature
A. positive temperature coefficient
B. negative temperature coefficient
C. neutral temperature coefficient
D. zero temperature coefficient
42. ECE Board Exam November 1998
Resulting effect when electron is made to move
A. dynamic electricity
C. lines of force
B. static electricity
D. magnetic lines
43. ECE Board Exam November 1997
One of the following characteristics of a resistive
material which do not change its resistive value with
respect to time is its _____
A. fidelity
C. stability
B. sensitivity
D. selectivity

44. ECE Board Exam November 2001


What do you call the element that conducts
electricity very readily?
A. semi-conductors
C. insulators
B. conductors
D. dielectric
45. ECE Board Exam April 2001
Which of the following material is referred to as a
medium whereby electrons can move easily from
atom to atom?
A. insulator
C. mica
B. dielectric
D. conductor
46. ECE Board Exam November 2001
A chemical combination of elements can be
separated by chemical means but not by physical
means. It is created by chemically combining two
or more elements.
A. molecules
C. matter
B. compound
D. mixture
47. ECE Board Exam April 2000
A substance which cannot be reduced to a simpler
substance by chemical means
A. atom
C. matter
B. molecule
D. element
48. ECE Board Exam November 2001
Calculate the equivalent power in watt of 100 joules
per second.
A. 1.66 watts
C. 16.66 watts
B. 100 watts
D. 1,000 watts
49. ECE Board Exam April 2001
It is a neutral particle that has no electrical charge.
A. atom
C. electron
B. proton
D. neutron
50. ECE Board Exam November 1999
Which material has more free electrons?
A. mica
C. conductor
B. insulator
D. dielectric
51. ECE Board Exam November 2001
The new and preferred term for conductance or
mho
A. Siemens
C. Seaman
B. She-man
D. ROM
52. ECE Board Exam April 2001
Represents the current flow produced by one volt
working across one ohm of resistance.
A. resistance
B. ampere
C. voltage
D. electromotive force
53. ECE Board Exam November 1995
When an atom gains an additional _____, it results
to a negative ion.
A. atom
C. proton
B. neutron
D. electron

54. ECE Board Exam November 1999


The definite discrete amount of energy required to
move an electron from a lower shell to higher shell.
A. quantum
B. positive energy
C. negative energy
D. quanta
55. ECE Board Exam November 1999
What will happen to an atom if an electron is either
taken out or taken into the same atom?
A. becomes a negative ion
B. becomes an ion
C. becomes a positive ion
D. nothing will happen
56. ECE Board Exam April 1999
The energy in an electron that is called the energy
of motion
A. electromotive force
B. kinematics
C. kinetic energy
D. potential energy
57. ECE Board Exam November 1996
Electric charge of neutron is the same as ______.
A. atom
C. current
B. electron
D. proton
58. ECE Board Exam April 1998
Ion is _____.
A. free electron
B. nucleus without protons
C. proton
D. an atom with unbalanced charges
59. ECE Board Exam November 1997
An insulating element or material has capability of
_____.
A. storing voltage
B. preventing
short
circuit
between
two
conducting wires
C. conducting large current
D. storing high current
60. ECE Board Exam April 1998
What is the value of a resistor with colors from left:
Orange, Blue, Gold and Silver?
A. 34 ohms + /-10%
B. 36 ohms +/-10%
C. 3.4 ohms +/-10%
D. 3.6 0hms +/-10%
61. ECE Board Exam April 2001
A three-terminal resistor with one or more sliding
contacts which functions as an adjustable voltage
divider
A. Rheostat
C. Potentiometer
B. Bleeder resistor
D. Voltage divider
62. ECE Board Exam November 2000
A resistor which is used to draw a fixed amount of
current

A.
B.

potentiometer
bleeder resistor

C.
D.

fixed resistor
rheostat

63. ECE Board Exam November 2001


Find the value of a resistor with the following color
codes: Orange, Yellow, Red, Red
A. 34 k ohms +/-5%
B. 3.4 ohms +/-2%
C. 3.4 k ohms +/-10%
D. 34 k ohms +/-20%
64. ECE Board Exam November 1996
Electric energy refers to ______.
A. Joules divided by time
C. Watt
B. Volt-ampere
D. Volt-coulomb
65. ECE Board Exam April 2001
What is the resistance of an open fuse circuit?
A. at least 1000 ohms
B. infinity
C. zero
D. 100 ohms at standard temperature
66. ECE Board Exam April 1998
When should a fuse be replaced with a higher rated
unit?
A. when the fuse of the original value is small in
size
B. when the original is not available
C. never
D. if it blows
67. ECE Board Exam November 2000
The ability to do work
A. energy
C. potential
B. kinetic
D. voltage
68. ECE Board Exam November 2001
Which type of variable resistor should you use for
controlling large amount of current?
A. Potentiometer
C. Variac
B. Adjustable wirewound
D. Rheostat
69. ECE Board Exam April 2000
What does the fourth loop of an electronic resistor
color code represent?
A. Multiplier
B. Temperature
C. First digit of the equivalent value
D. Tolerance
70. ECE Board Exam November 2000
Ten micro-microfarads is equivalent to _____
A. 100 picofarads
B. 100 nanofarad
C. 1000 milli microfarad
D. 10.0 picofarads
71. ECE Board Exam November 1995
How much is the resistance of a germanium slag 10
cm long and cross sectional area of 1 square cm?
A. 55 k ohms
C. 550 k ohms
B. 5.5 k ohms
D. 550 ohms

72. ECE Board Exam November 2001


A variable resistor normally used as a voltage
divider
A. Carbon film resistor
B. Potentiometer
C. Adjustable resistor
D. Metal film resistor
73. ECE Board Exam April 2001
Determine the equivalent horse power of 2.611
kilowatts.
A. 3.50 hp
C. 2.25 hp
B. 2.50 hp
D. 1.50 hp

81. ECE Board Exam November 1998


What is the value of a resistor having the following
colored bands: Yellow-Gray-Red-Silver?
A. 4800 ohms 10%
B. 480 ohms 10%
C. 3800 ohms 1%
D. 4.8 ohms 1%
82. ECE Board Exam November 1997
Find the value of resistor with the following color
codes; Brown, White, Orange, Red
A. 190 ohms 10%
B. 19 k ohms 2%
C. 1.9 k ohms 10%
D. 19 k ohms 20%

74. ECE Board Exam November 2000


Find the lowest resistance value of the following
resistors.
A. White, black, black
B. Violet, gray, yellow, silver
C. Red, black, gold
D. Gray, gray, black

83. ECE Board Exam November 1998


Resistor with colored bands in the body
A. Adjustable resistor
B. Wire-wound resistor
C. Variable resistor
D. Carbon composition resistor

75. ECE Board Exam November 1998


If the bands on a resistor are yellow, violet, red and
gold, what is the resistance value?
A. 470 ohms 5%
B. 470 ohms 10%
C. 47000 ohms 5%
D. 4700 ohms 5%

84. ECE Board Exam November 1998


If the bands on a resistor are red, red, orange and
silver, what is the resistance value?
A. 220 ohms 5%
B. 223 0hms 10%
C. 22,000 ohms 10%
D. 2200 ohms 20%

76. ECE Board Exam November 1997


Rust in electrical (wire) connections will result to
_____
A. Conductance
C. Voltage
B. Resistance
D. Inductance

85. ECE Board Exam November 1997


What does the second strip of an electronic resistor
color code represent?
A. Tolerance
B. Second digit of the value
C. Temperature
D. Multiplier

77. ECE Board Exam November 1996


The area of a conductor whose diameter is 0.001
inch is equal to
A. One micron
C. One circular mil
B. One angstrom
D. One steradian
78. ECE Board Exam November 1995
_____ is the term used to express the amount of
electrical energy in an electrostatic field.
A. Joule
C. Volt
B. Coulomb
D. Watt
79. ECE Board Exam November 1995
Which of the following statement is correct?
A. Potentiometer has two terminals
B. Transistor has two terminals
C. Typical power rating of a carbon-composition
resistor ranged from 0.125 W to 2 W
D. Open resistor has small resistance
80. ECE Board Exam November 1996
_____ is one factor that does not affect resistance.
A. Resistivity
C. Length
B. Cross sectional area
D. Mass

86. ECE Board Exam November 2000


The energy in an electron that is called the energy
of position
A. Kinetic energy
B. Kinematics
C. Electromotive force
D. Potential energy
87. ECE Board Exam April 1999
If an electronic resistor does not have the fourth
color strip it means it has a tolerance of _____.
A. 5%
C. 10%
B. 20%
D. 1%
88. ECE Board Exam April 1998
What happens to the resistance of a conductor wire
when its temperature is lowered?
A. Decreased
C. Zero
B. Steady
D. Increased
89. ECE Board Exam April 1998
Which of the following does not refer to electric
energy?
A. Joule
C. Volt coulomb

B.

Watt second

D.

Volt ampere

90. ECE Board Exam March 1996


Which of the following statement is incorrect?
A. open transistor has three (3) terminals
B. transistors have three (3) terminals
C. typical power rating of carbon-composition
resistor ranged 0.001 W to 0.1 W
D. potentiometer has three (3) terminals
91. ECE Board Exam November 1997
Term used in electronic measuring device when a
metal increases resistance due to heat produced by
current flowing through them.
A. positive resistance coefficient
B. positive temperature coefficient
C. negative temperature coefficient
D. negative resistance coefficient
92. A 1 km cable consists of 12 identical strands of
aluminum each 3 mm in diameter. What is the
resistance of the cable?
A. 0.34 ohm
C. 0.44 ohm
B. 0.54 ohm
D. 0.24 ohm
93. A piece of wire has a resistance of 0.5 ohm. The
length is doubled and the area is increased four
times. What is its resistance?
A. 0.75 ohm
C. 0.25 ohm
B. 0.50 ohm
D. 1 ohm
94. Copper wire of certain length and resistance is
drawn out to four times its length without change in
volume. What is the resistance of the bar?
A. unchanged
C. 16R
B. R/16
D. 4R
95. Current is simply _____.
A. Flow of electrons
B. Flow of protons

C.
D.

Radiation
Emission

96. The resistance of a coil of wire is 1 k at 20C. If


the coil is immersed into oil, the resistance falls to
880 . If the wire has a temperature coefficient of
0.006 at 20C, how much is the temperature of the
liquid?
A. 0C
C. 17.6C
B. -20C
D. none of these
97. The copper field coils of a motor was measured at
21C and found to have a resistance of 68 . After
the motor has run for a given time, the resistance is
found to be 96 . What is the hot temperature of the
winding?
A. 106.36C
C. 103.66C
B. 166.30C
D. none of these
98. A wire has a resistance of 30 at 20C. What will
its resistance be at 60C? Assume the temperature
coefficient of resistance to be 0.000385 at 20C.
A. 34.26
C. 32.46
B. 36.42
D. none of these

99. Determine the length of a copper wire ( = 10.37 CM/ft) where diameter is 0.30 inch and resistance
of 0.5 at 20C.
A. 4,339 ft
C. 6,125 ft
B. 5.225 ft
D. none of these
100. An electric water heater has a rating of 1 kW, 230
V. The coil used as the heating element is 10 m
-6
long and has a resistivity of 1.724 x 10 ohm-cm.
Determine the required diameter of the wire in mils.
A. 2.43 mils
C. 3.21 mils
B. 2.52 mils
D. 1.35 mils
101. A certain wire 20 ft long and 100 circular mil area
has a resistance of 1.6 . What is its resistivity?
A. 10.3 ohm-CM/ft
B. 2.2 ohm-CM/ft
C. 8 ohm-CM/ft
D. 15.2 ohm-CM/ft
102. How many circular mils does a round copper rod of
0.25 inch diameter have?
A. 196,000
C. 1,963,500
B. 62,500
D. 49,000
103. A substance whose molecules consist of the same
kind of atoms is called ____.
A. mixture
B. element
C. compound
D. none of the above
104. The diameter of the atom is about ____.
-10
-2
A. 10 m
C. 10 m
-8
-15
B. 10 m
D. 10 m
105. The number of compounds available in nature is
____.
A. 105
C. 1000
B. 300
D. unlimited
106. The mass of a proton is ____ the mass of an
electron.
A. equal to
B. less than
C. about 1837 times
D. 200 times
107. The maximum number of electrons that can be
accommodated in the last orbit is ____.
A. 4
C. 18
B. 8
D. 2
108. The electrons in the last orbit of an atom are called
____ electrons.
A. free
C. valence
B. bound
D. thermionic
109. If the number of valence electrons of an atom is
less than 4, the substance is usually ____.
A. a conductor
B. an insulator
C. a semiconductor

D.

none of the above

110. If the number of valence electrons of an atom is


more than 4, the substance is usually ____.
A. a semiconductor
B. a conductor
C. an insulator
D. none of the above
111. If the number of valence electrons of an atom is
exactly 4, the substance is usually ____.
A. a semiconductor
B. an insulator
C. a conductor
D. a semiconductor
112. The number of valence electrons of an atom is less
than 4. The substance will be probably ____.
A. a metal
B. a non-metal
C. an insulator
D. a semiconductor
113. One coulomb of charge is equal to the charge on
____ electrons.
16
16
A. 628 x 10
C. 62.8 x 10
16
16
B. 6.28 x 10
D. 0.628 x 10
114. One cc of copper has about ____ free electrons at
room temperature.
22
A. 200
C. 8.5 x 10
10
5
B. 20 x 10
D. 3 x 10
115. Electric current in a wire is the flow of ____.
A. free electrons
B. bound electrons
C. valence electrons
D. atoms
116. EMF in a circuit is ____.
A. cause current to flow
B. maintains potential difference
C. increases the circuit resistance
D. none of these
117. EMF has the unit of _____.
A. power
B. energy

C.
D.

charge
none of these

120. If the length and area of cross-section of a wire are


doubled up, then its resistance ____.
A. becomes four times
B. remains unchanged
C. becomes sixteen times
D. none of the above
121. A length of wire has a resistance of 6 ohms. The
resistance of a wire of the same material three
times as long and twice the cross-sectional area will
be ____.
A. 36 ohms
C. 9 ohms
B. 12 ohms
D. 1 ohm
122. The SI unit of specific resistance is ____.
2
A. mho
C. ohm-m
B. ohm-m
D. ohm-cm
123. The specific resistance of a conductor ____ with
rise in temperature.
A. increases
B. decreases
C. remains unchanged
D. none of the above
124. The SI unit of conductivity is ____.
A. ohm-m
C. mho-m
B. ohm/m
D. mho/m
125. The SI unit of conductance is ____.
A. mho
C. ohm-m
B. ohm
D. ohm-cm
2

126. The resistance of a material 2 m long and 2 m in


-8
cross-sectional area is 1.6 x 10 . Its specific
resistance will be ____.
-8
A. 3.2 x 10 ohm-m
-8
B. 6.4 x 10 ohm-m
-8
C. 1.6 x 10 ohm-m
-8
D. 0.16 x 10 ohm-m
127. Conductors have ____ temperature coefficient of
resistance.
A. positive
B. negative
C. zero
D. none of the above

118. Potential difference has the unit of ____ .


A. charge
B. power
C. energy
D. none of the above

128. Semiconductors have ____ temperature coefficient


of resistance.
A. negative
B. positive
C. zero
D. none of the above

119. The resistance of a material is ____ its area of


cross-section.
A. directly proportional to
B. inversely proportional to
C. independent of
D. none of the above

129. The value of (i.e. temperature coefficient of


resistance) depends upon
A. length of the material
B. cross-sectional area of the material
C. volume of the material
D. nature of the material and temperature

Resistance
()

130. The temperature coefficient of resistance of a


conductor ____ with rise in temperature.
A. increases
B. decreases
C. remains unchanged
D. none of the above

45

20

132. Eureka has ____ temperature


resistance.
A. positive
B. negative
C. almost zero
D. none of the above

coefficient

of

A.
B.

t
40C Temperature
Fig. 1.2
C. 35 ohms
D. 50 ohms

70 ohms
40 ohms

137. Referring to Fig. 1.2, the value of 40 will be ____.


Resistance
()

131. Insulators have ____ temperature coefficient of


resistance.
A. zero
B. positive
C. negative
D. none of the above

45

20
t
40C Temperature
Fig. 1.2

Resistance
()

133. Fig. 1.1 shows the temperature/resistance graph of


a conductor. The value of 0 is ____.

40

A.
B.

0.005/C
0.004/C

A.
B.

50
t
50C Temperature
Fig. 1.1
C. 0.1/C
D. 0.4/C

Resistance
()

134. Referring to Fig. 1.1, the value of the 50 will be


____.

40

A.
B.

0.005/C
0.004/C

50
t
50C Temperature
Fig. 1.1
C. 0.1/C
D. 0.4/C

135. Referring to Fig. 1.2, the value of 0 is ____.


A. 1/30 per C
B. 1/40 per C
C. 1/1200 per C
D. none of the above
136. Referring to Fig. 1.2, the value of R40 will be ____.

1/30 per C
1/70 per C

C.
D.

1/50 per C
1/1200 per C

138. The value of 0 of a conductor is 1/236 per C. The


value of 18 will be ____.
A. 1/218 per C
B. 1/272 per C
C. 1/254 per C
D. none of the above
139. The value of 50 of a conductor is 1/230 per C. The
value of 0 will be ____.
A. 1/180 per C
B. 1/280 per C
C. 1/250 per C
D. none of the above
140. A good electric conductor is one that
A. has low conductance
B. is always made of copper wire
C. produces a minimum voltage drop
D. has few free electrons
141. Two wires A and B have the same cross-section
and are made of the same material, RA = 600 and
RB = 100 . The number of times A is longer than B
is
A. 6
C. 4
B. 2
D. 5
142. A coil has a resistance of 100 at 90C. At 100C,
its resistance is 101 . The temperature coefficient
of wire at 90C is
A. 0.01
C. 0.0001
B. 0.1
D. 0.001
143. Which of the following material has nearly zero
temperature-coefficient of resistance?
A. carbon
C. copper

B.

porcelain

D.

manganin

144. Which of the following material has a negative


temperature coefficient of resistance?
A. brass
C. aluminum
B. copper
D. carbon

153. REE Board Exam March 1998


Three resistors of 10, 15 and 20
connected in parallel. What is
resistance?
A. 45 ohms
C.
B. 17.2 ohms
D.

145. A cylindrical wire 1 m in length, has a resistance of


100 . What would be the resistance of a wire
made from the same material both the length and
the cross-sectional area are doubled?
A. 200
C. 100
B. 400
D. 50

154. REE Board Exam March 1998


Three resistors of 10, 15 and 20
connected in parallel. What
conductance?
A. 0.217 siemens
C.
B. 3.41 siemens
D.

146. Carbon composition resistors are most popular


because they
A. cost the least
B. are smaller
C. can withstand overload
D. do not produce electric noise

155. REE Board Exam October 1997


A 5-ohm resistance is connected in parallel with a
10-ohm resistance. Another set, a 6-ohm and an 8ohm resistances are also connected in parallel. The
two sets are connected in series. What is the
equivalent resistance?
A. 6.76 ohm
C. 14.4 ohms
B. 9.25 ohm
D. 21.2 ohms

147. A unique feature of a wire-wound resistor is its


A. lower power rating
C. high stability
B. low cost
D. small size

148. A coil has a resistance of 100 ohms at 90 C. At


100C, its resistance is 101 ohms. What is the

temperature coefficient of the wire at 90 C?


A. 0.01
C. 0.0001
B. 0.1
D. 0.001
149. What is the unit for charge (Q)?
A. Farad
C.
B. Joule
D.

Siemens
Coulomb

150. The charge delivered by a constant voltage source


is shown. Determine the current supplied by the
source at (a) t = 1 s (b) t = 3 s.

A.
B.

5 ma, -3.33 ma
5 ma, 3.33 ma

C.
D.

3.33 ma, 5 ma
3.33 ma, 5 ma

B. OHMS LAW AND ELECTRIC CIRCUITS


151. REE Board Exam October 1998
The resistance of 120 meters of wire is 12 ohms.
What is its conductance?
A. 0.0521 siemens
C. 6 siemens
B. 0.0833 siemens
D. 12 siemens
152. EE April 1981, October 1984
Two (2) 115-V incandescent lamps A and B are
connected in series across a 230-V source. If lamp
A is rated 75 watts and lamp B is rated 50 watts,
determine the current drawn by the series
connection.
A. 0.52 A
C. 0.48 A
B. 0.64 A
D. 0.57 A

ohms each are


the equivalent
0.22 ohm
4.62 ohms
ohms each are
is the total
4.52 siemens
0.562 siemens

156. REE Board Exam March 1998


Two resistances of 10 and 15 ohms each
respectively are connected in parallel. The two are
then connected in series with a 5-ohm resistance.
What is the equivalent resistance?
A. 11 ohms
C. 10 ohms
B. 12 ohms
D. 9 ohms
157. REE Board Exam October 1997
A 10-ohm and a 20-ohm resistance are connected
in parallel. Another resistance of 5-ohm is
connected in series with the two. If the supply
voltage is 48 volts, what is the current through the
10-ohm resistor?
A. 3.21 A
C. 4.02 A
B. 2.74 A
D. 5.72 A
158. REE Board Exam March 1998
Two resistances of 10 and 15 ohms, each
respectively are connected in parallel. The two are
then connected in series with a 5-ohm resistance. It
is then connected across a 12-V battery, what are
the current and power?
A. 1.2 A, 17.28 W
C. 1.09 A, 13.1 W
B. 0.96 A, 11.52 W
D. 1.5 A, 20.25 W
159. REE Board Exam September 2001
Three resistors 10-, 15- and 20- are connected
in series across a 48-V source. What is the voltage
across the 15- resistor?
A. 20 V
C. 24 V
B. 16 V
D. 12 V
160. REE Board Exam September 2001
Three resistors 10-, 15- and 20- are connected
in parallel. What is the total resistance?
A. 3.56
C. 0.217
B. 4.62
D. 45

161. REE Board Exam September 2000


Two 10- resistances are connected in parallel.
The two are then connected in series with a 5-
resistance. It is then connected across a 24-volt
battery; find the voltage across the 5- resistor.
A. 12 volts
C. 9 volts
B. 24 volts
D. 15 volts
162. REE Board Exam April 1997
A circuit consists of three resistors rated 3-, 4-
and 5- connected in parallel. If the circuit is
connected to a battery which has an internal
resistance of 0.2-, what would be the current
through the 4- resistor?
A. 2.04 A
C. 2.4 A
B. 4.8 A
D. 3.0 A
163. REE Board Exam September 2000
How many abvolts in 1 volt?
8
A. 10 abvolts
C. 1 abvolt
-8
B. 10 abvolts
D. 10 abvolt
164. REE Board Exam September 2003
A total current of 60 A is divided among 3 parallel
branches having resistances of 10 , 6 and 12 ,
respectively. What is the current that flows through
the branch with 10 resistance?
A. 17.1 A
C. 14.3 A
B. 28.6 A
D. 42.9 A
165. REE Board Exam October 2000
Two 10-ohm parallel resistors are connected in
series with a 5-ohm resistor. The combination is
then connected across a 24 volts battery. Find the
voltage drop across the 5-ohm resistor.
A. 6 V
C. 12 V
B. 18 V
D. 20 V
166. ECE Board Exam November 1998
The theory of Ohms law is applied in a _____
circuit.
A. linear
C. trivalent
B. exponential
D. unilateral
167. ECE Board Exam April 2000
Refers to the most important components in
controlling flow of electrons
A. voltage, electromotive force and current
B. reactance, current and resistance
C. conductance, resistance and reactance
D. voltage, resistance and current
168. ECE Board Exam November 1999
Which of the following is not a valid expression of
ohms law?
A. E = IR
C. R = E/I
B. R = PI
D. I = E/R
169. ECE Board Exam November 2000
A simple electronic equipment which takes a 2
amperes current from a power source has a total
load resistance of 100 ohms. How much power
does it use?

A.
B.

200 watts
100 watts

C.
D.

400 watts
50 watts

170. ECE Board Exam November 1996


What do you expect when you use the two 20
kohms, 1 watt resistor in parallel instead of one 10
kohms, 1 watt?
A. Provide lighter current
B. Provide wider tolerance
C. Provide more power
D. Provide less power
171. ECE Board Exam November 1999
The total resistance of a two similar wire conductors
connected in parallel is ______
A. same resistance of one wire
B. double the resistance of one wire
C. one half the resistance of one wire
D. resistance of one wire multiplied by 4
172. ECE Board Exam March 1996
When you increase the resistance in a circuit, the
flow of electrons will ______.
A. be constant
C. be stopped
B. flow faster
D. be decreased
173. ECE Board Exam April 2001
Which of the following allows more current if applied
to the same voltage?
A. 0.002 siemen
C. 0.004 siemen
B. 25 ohms
D. 2.5 ohms
174. ECE Board Exam April 1998
Ohms law refers to _____.
A. power is directly proportional to both voltage
squared and the resistance
B. power is directly proportional to the resistance
and inversely as the current squared
C. current varies directly as the voltage and
inversely as the resistance
D. current is directly proportional to both voltage
and resistance
175. ECE Board Exam November 2000
A circuit which a break exists in the complete
conduction pathway
A. Open circuit
C. Close circuit
B. Short circuit
D. Circuit
176. ECE Board Exam November 1997
How much is the equivalent power in watts can a 3
horse power provide?
A. 3000 watts
C. 1492 watts
B. 248.66 watts
D. 2238 watts
177. ECE Board Exam March 1996
The current needed to operate a soldering iron
which has a rating of 600 watts at 110 volts is
A. 18,200 A
C. 66,000 A
B. 0.182 A
D. 5.455 A

178. ECE Board Exam November 1997


Find the power across the resistor of 5 ohms
delivered from a battery of an internal resistance of
3 ohms and a constant emf of 4 volts.
A. 120 watts
C. 60 watts
B. 100 watts
D. 1.25 watts
179. ECE Board Exam April 2000
A series circuit in which desired portions of the
source voltage may be tapped off for use
equipment.
A. Voltage trap
B. Voltage selector
C. Voltage divider
D. Dividing network
180. ECE Board Exam April 1998
An electronic device draws 300 watts from its 24
volt power source. Find effective resistance.
A. 1.25
C. 19.20
B. 1.92
D. 12.50
181. ECE Board Exam November 1997
How much power does an electronic equipment
consume, assuming a 5.50 amperes current flowing
and a 120 volts power source?
A. 125.5 watts
C. 660 watts
B. 66 watts
D. 60 watts
182. ECE Board Exam March 1996
What type of circuit whose parameters are constant
which do not change with voltage or current?
A. Tuned circuit
C. Reactive circuit
B. Linear circuit
D. Lumped circuit
183. ECE Board Exam April 2000
If three circuits, each with a value of 560 ohms are
connected in parallel, what is the total resistance of
the combination?
A. 1680 ohms
C. 18567 ohms
B. 560 ohms
D. 187 0hms
184. ECE Board Exam November 1997
Other factors remaining constant, what would be
the effect on the current flow in a given circuit if the
applied potential were doubled?
A. It would double
B. It would increase 4 times
C. It would remain the same
D. It would be decrease by
185. ECE Board Exam April 1999
Find used power of a circuit whose power source
supplies 20 volts and a load resistance of 200
ohms.
A. 1 watt
C. 10 watts
B. 4 kilowatts
D. 2 watts
186. ECE Board Exam April 1998
When resistors are connected in series, what
happens?
A. Nothing

B.
C.
D.

The tolerance is decreased


The effective resistance is decreased
The effective resistance is increased

187. ECE Board Exam November 1999


A condition in which the heat in of around the circuit
increases beyond or to a higher than normal level.
A. Excessive heat condition
B. Open condition
C. Direct short
D. Grounded
188. ECE Board Exam November 1999
A 33 kilo ohms resistor is connected in a series
parallel combination made up of a 56 kilo ohm
resistor and a 7.8 kilo ohm resistor. What is the
total combined resistance of these three resistors?
A. 39067 ohms
C. 63769 ohms
B. 49069 ohms
D. 95800 ohms
189. ECE Board Exam April 2001
If 3,300 ohms resistor and a
are connected in series,
resistance?
A. 18,700 ohms
B. 25,300 ohms

22,000 ohms resistor


what is the total
C.
D.

5,500 ohms
2,870 ohms

190. ECE Board Exam November 2000


A device that draws current
A. Source
C. Load
B. No load
D. Shunt
191. ECE Board Exam April 1998
With the same voltage applied which of the
following allows more current?
A. 25 ohms
C. 2.5 ohms
B. 250 ohms
D. 0.25 ohms
192. ECE Board Exam April 1998
If 12 V are applied to a circuit that consumes 78 W,
what is the current flow through the circuits?
A. 6.5 A
C. 0.15 A
B. 936 A
D. 9.36 A
193. ECE Board Exam April 1998
Find the current that flows through the filament of a
400 watt flat iron connected to a 220 volt power line.
A. 50 mA
C. 5 mA
B. 500 mA
D. 5 A
194. Four equal resistances are connected in parallel
across a certain supply producing P power. How
much power will be produced if the resistances are
now connected in series across the same supply?
A. 16P
C. 4P
B. P/16
D. P/4
195. A resistor R is connected across a 120 V supply. A
voltmeter of 10,000 ohms resistance is connected
between the center of the resistor and one side of
the supply and reads 40 V. What is the value of the
resistance R?
A. 10,000
C. 30,000

B.

20,000

D.

196. A 240 V motor requiring 2,000 W is located 1 km


from a power source. What diameter of copper wire
is to be used if the power loss is to be kept 5%?
A. 0.49 cm
C. 0.39 cm
B. 0.54 cm
D. 0.35 cm
197. Three resistors of 10, 12 and x ohms, respectively
are connected in parallel across a constant current
source of 8 A. Determine x if this resistor draws
2.5 A.
A. 10
C. 13
B. 12
D. 11
198. An arc lamp takes 10 A at 50 volts. A resistance R
is to be place in series so that the lamp my burn
correctly from a 110 V supply. Find the power
wasted in this resistor.
A. 800 watts
C. 700 watts
B. 600 watts
D. 900 watts
199. A 20 and 10 resistors are connected in parallel
and a 5 resistor is connected in series with the
parallel combination. The circuit is connected
across a 48 V source with an internal resistance of
0.2 . Calculate the current through the 5
resistor.
A. 5.57 amperes
C. 3.58 amperes
B. 4.04 amperes
D. 7.63 amperes

205. The hot resistance of an incandescent lamp is


about ____ its cold resistance.
A. 10 times
C. 100 times
B. 2 times
D. 50 times
206. A d.c. circuit usually has ____ as the load.
A. resistance
B. inductance
C. capacitance
D. both inductance and capacitance
207. The purpose of load in an electric circuit is to ____.
A. increase the circuit current
B. utilize electrical energy
C. decrease the circuit current
D. none of the above
208. Electrical appliances are not connected in series
because ____
A. series circuit is complicated
B. appliances have different current rating
C. power loss is more
D. none of the above
209. Electrical appliances are connected in parallel
because it ____
A. is a simple circuit
B. draws less current
C. results in reduce in power loss
D. makes the operation of appliances independent
of each other

200. A variable resistor R is connected in parallel with a


fixed resistor of 1.25 ohms. The combination is then
connected across a 12 V battery with internal
resistance of 0.25 . Solve for the maximum power
that can delivered to R.
A. 130.20 W
C. 120.21 W
B. 115.52 W
D. 142.42 W

210. Inductance and capacitance are not relevant in a


d.c. circuit because ____
A. frequency of d.c. is zero
B. it is a simple circuit
C. they do not exist in a d.c. circuit
D. none of the above

201. The hot resistance of an incandescent lamp is 10


ohms and the rated voltage is 50 V. Find the series
resistance required to operate the lamp from an 80
V supply.
A. 8
C. 6
B. 4
D. 10

211. The hot resistance of a 100 watt, 250 V


incandescent lamp would be
A. 2.5 ohms
B. 625 ohms
C. 25 ohms
D. none of the above

202. Ohms law is not applicable to


A. copper
B. silver
C. silicon carbide
D. aluminum
203. The practical unit of electrical energy is
A. watt
B. kilowatt
C. kilowatt-hour
D. megawatt
204. A 100 watt lamp working for 20 hours will consume
____ units.
A. 200
C. 2
B. 20
D. 5

212. The voltage drop across 14.5 ohm resistor in Fig.


2.1 is ____.
14.5

25.5
+

200 V

60
-

Fig. 2.1

A.
B.

29 V
14 V

C.
D.

30.5 V
18 V

213. The circuit shown in Fig. 2.1 is called a series circuit


because ____

14.5

25.5
+

60

4 ohms
6 ohms

C.
D.

3 ohms
9 ohms

219. The current in 2.5 ohm resistor in Fig. 2.4 will be


____

200 V

A.
B.

2.5

Fig. 2.1

7A

A.
B.

it contains a few resistances


it carries the same current throughout the
circuit
C. it is a simple circuit
D. none of the above
Referring to Fig. 2.2, the total circuit resistance will be
____
214.
100 W, 200 V 40 W, 200 V

4.5
Fig. 2.4

A.
B.

3A
4.5 A

C.
D.

2.5 A
2A

220. The current in 4.5 ohms resistor in Fig. 1.4 will be


____.
2.5
7A

Lamp A
+

Lamp B
200 V

Fig. 2.4

Fig. 2.2

A.
B.

1000 ohms
400 ohms

C.
D.

215. In Fig. 2.2 ____


100 W, 200 V

1400 ohms
135 ohms

40 W, 200 V

Lamp A

Lamp B
200 V

Fig. 2.2

A.
B.
C.
D.

4.5

the lamp A will be brighter than lamp B


the lamp B will be brighter than lamp A
the two lamps will be equally bright
none of the above

A.
B.

3.5 A
3A

218. The value of R that will give a total resistance of 1.5


ohms in Fig. 2.3 is ____
3

222. Two incandescent lamps of 100 W, 200 V are in


parallel across 200 V supply. The total resistance
will be ____.
A. 800 ohms
C. 400 ohms
B. 200 ohms
D. 600 ohms
223. The resistance across the terminals AB of the circuit
shown in Fig. 2.5 is ____
A
18

12
6

Fig. 2.5

A.
B.

36 ohms
18 ohms

C.
D.

9 ohms
15 ohms

224. If a d.c. supply of 180 V is connected across


terminals AB in Fig. 2.5, then current in 6 ohm
resistor will be ____.
A
18

12
6

Fig. 2.3

2A
2.5 A

221. If 18 resistances, each of value 36 ohms, are


connected in parallel, then the total resistance is
____
A. 2 ohms
B. 54 ohms
C. 36 ohms
D. none of the above

216. When a number of resistances are connected in


parallel, the total resistance is ____
A. less than the smaller resistance
B. greater than the smaller resistance
C. between the smaller and greatest resistance
D. none of the above
217. Two resistances of 6 ohms and 3 ohms are
connected in parallel. The total resistance is ____
A. 9 ohms
C. 0.5 ohm
B. 18 ohms
D. 2 ohms

C.
D.

Fig. 2.5

A.
B.

10 A
5A

C.
D.

12 A
6A

A
12
6
B

36 ohms
9 ohms

C.
D.

Fig. 2.6

6 mhos
2.5 mhos

10

Fig. 2.7

A.
B.

3 mhos
6 mhos

C.
D.

2 mhos
1.5 mhos

2.5

15 A

10

34 ohms
8 ohms

227. If a battery of 24 V is applied across terminals AB of


the circuit shown in Fig. 2.6, then current in 2 ohm
resistor will be ____
5
2
A
6

C.
D.

C.
D.

231. The voltage across the parallel circuit shown in Fig.


2.8 is ____

4 ohms
18 ohms

13 mhos
1.6 mhos

18 ohms
8 ohms

226. The resistance across terminals AB of the circuit


shown in Fig. 2.6 is ____
5
2
A
8

A.
B.

230. If 10 ohms resistance is removed in Fig. 2.7, then


total conductance of the circuit will be ____

Fig. 2.5

A.
B.

10

Fig. 2.7

18

A.
B.

225. The resistance across terminals AC in Fig. 2.5 is


____

Fig. 2.8

A.
B.

15 V
10 V

C.
D.

30 V
12. 5 V

232. The current in 10 ohms resistor in Fig. 2.8 is ____

2.5 A
1.5 A

228. If a battery of 24 V is applied across terminals AB in


Fig. 2.6, then power loss in 5 ohms resistor will be
____
5
2
A
8

Fig. 2.8

A.
B.

3A
2.5 A

C.
D.

Fig. 2.6

180 W
45 W

C.
D.

90 W
24 W

229. The total conductance of the circuit shown in Fig.


2.7 is ____

1.5 A
3.5 A

233. The total resistance between terminals 1 and 2 of


the circuit shown in Fig. 2.9 is ____

A.
B.

2.5

15 A

C.
D.

3A
6A

10

Fig. 2.6

A.
B.

Fig. 2.9

A.
B.

12 ohms
2.67 ohms

C.
D.

2 ohms
64 ohms

234. If a battery of 12 V is applied across terminals 1 and


2 of Fig. 1.9, then current through 4 ohms resistor
will be ____

2
4

Fig. 1.9

A.
B.

1.5 A
3A

C.
D.

2A
2.5 A

239. Two equal resistances are connected in series


across a certain supply. If the resistances are now
connected in parallel across the same supply, the
power produced will be ____ that of series
connection.
A. two times
C. one-half
B. four times
D. one-fourth
240. Referring to Fig. 1.13, the resistance across
terminals BE is ____

235. The resistance between terminals 1 and 2 of Fig.


1.10 is ____
2

13

72

12 ohms
8 ohms

C.
D.

16 ohms
3 ohms

236. The resistance between terminals 1 and 2 in Fig.


1.11 is ____
1

A.
B.
C.
D.

241. Referring to Fig. 1.13, the resistance across


terminals AF is ____
13

72

11

18

44 V

14

9 ohms
18 ohms
10 ohms
none of the above

E
Fig. 1.13

Fig. 1.10

A.
B.

2
2

14

2
1

18

44 V

11

Fig. 1.11

A.
B.

2 ohms
1.5 ohms

C.
D.

1 ohm
4 ohms

237. If a battery of 6 V is applied across terminals 1 and


2 in Fig. 1.11, then current in the horizontal 2 ohm
resistor will be ____
1
2

A.
B.
C.
D.

20.5 ohms
18 ohms
11 ohms
none of the above

242. Referring to Fig. 1.13, the current in 18 ohms


resistor will be ___
1

13

72

14

3A
0.5 A

238. The resistance across terminals 1 and 2 in Fig. 1.12


is ____
2

A.
B.

6 ohms
12 ohms

44 V

C.
D.

18

1A
2A

11

Fig. 1.11

A.
B.

Fig. 1.13

1
2

C.
D.

18 ohms
24 ohms

Fig. 1.13

A.
B.
C.
D.

2A
1.5 A
1A
none of the above

243. Referring to Fig. 1.13, the power loss in 11 ohms


will be ____

13

11

72

S1

40 W, 200 V
L1

18

100 W, 200 V
L2

S2

L3

14

44 V

100 W, 200 V
+ 200 V -

Fig. 1.14

Fig. 1.13

A.
B.
C.
D.

A.
B.
C.
D.

11 W
24 W
16 W
none of the above

244. If in Fig. 1.14, switches S1 and S2 are closed, then


total circuit resistance is ____
40 W, 200 V
L1

S1

248. If in Fig. 1.14 switches S1 and S2 are closed and the


supply voltage is increased to 400 V, then ____

100 W, 200 V
L2

S2

less than 40 W
more than 40 W
equal to 40 W
none of the above

S1

40 W, 200 V
L1

S2

L3

Fig. 1.14

Fig. 1.14

400 ohms
1200 ohms

C.
D.

1000 ohms
2400 ohms

245. If switch S1 is open and switch S2 is closed in Fig.


1.14, then circuit resistance will be ____
40 W, 200 V
L1

S1

L3

100 W, 200 V
+ 200 V -

100 W, 200 V
+ 200 V -

A.
B.

100 W, 200 V
L2

100 W, 200 V
L2

A.
B.
C.
D.

lamp L1 will burn out


lamp L2 will burn out
both lamps L2 and L3 will burn out
all the lamps will be safe

249. If in Fig. 1.1, resistor R2 becomes open-circuited,


the reading of the voltmeter will become
V

S2

L3

100 W, 200 V
+ 200 V -

R1

R2

R3

R4

20

20

20

20

Fig. 1.14

A.
B.

1200 ohms
1000 ohms

C.
D.

1400 ohms
2400 ohms

246. If in Fig. 1.14, both switches S1 and S2 are closed,


then ____
40 W, 200 V
L1

S1

100 W, 200 V
L2

S2

L3

200 V

Figure 1.1
A.
B.

zero
150 V

C.
D.

250. Whatever the battery voltage in Fig. 1.2, it is certain


that smallest current will flow in the resistance of
____ ohm.
300

100 W, 200 V
+ 200 V -

500

Fig. 1.14

A.
B.
C.
D.

50 V
200 V

L1 will be brighter than L2 or L3


L1 will be dimmer than L2 or L3
L1 will be as bright as L2 or L3
none of the above

100
200

247. If in Fig. 1.14 switches S1 and S2 are open, then


lamp L1 will give output ____

Figure 1.2
A.
B.

300
500

C.
D.

200
100

251. Which of the following statement is TRUE both for a


series and parallel d.c circuit?
A. powers are additive
B. voltages are additive
C. current additive
D. elements have individual currents
252. A 100-W, 110-V and a 50-W lamp are connected in
series across a 220-V dc source. If the resistances
of the two lamps are assumed to remain constant,
the voltage across the 100-W lamp is ____ volt.
A. 110
C. 146.7
B. 73.3
D. 220

24 V 3

A.
B.
C.
D.

Figure 1.6
the 3 resistor is short circuited
the 6 resistor is short circuited
nothing is wrong with the circuit
the 3 resistor is open-circuited

257. With reference to Fig 1.7, which of the following


statement is true?
R3

R1

253. In the parallel circuit of Fig.1.3, the value of V0 is


____ volt.
2
VO

R2

2
12 V

12 V

A.
B.
C.
D.

Figure 1.3
A.
B.

12
24

C.
D.

0
-12

254. In the series circuit of Fig 1.4, the value of V0 is


____ volt.
2

Figure 1.7
E and R1 form a series circuit
R1 is in series with R3
R1 is in series with R2
there is no series circuit

258. Which of the following statements is correct


concerning the Fig. 1.8?
R2

VO

R1
12 V

Figure 1.4
A.
B.

12
-12

C.
D.

0
6

255. In Fig 1.5, there is a drop of 20 V on each resistor.


The potential of point A would be ____ volt.
A

80 V

A.
B.
C.
D.

Figure 1.8
R2 and R3 form a series of path
E is in series with R1
R1 is in parallel in R3
R1, R2 and R3 form a series of circuit

259. What is the equivalent resistance in ohms between


points A and B of Fig. 1.9? All resistances are in
ohms
A
12

4 B

Figure 1.5
A.
B.

+80
-40

R3

C.
D.

+40
-80

256. From the voltmeter reading of Fig. 1.6, is it obvious


that

Figure 1.9
A.
B.

12
14.4

C.
D.

22
2

260. What do you call a resistor that does not obey


Ohms Law?
A. Potentiometer
B. Carbon-Film Resistor
C. Wire-Wound Type

D.

Non-linear Resistor

B.

261. A 100 W, 110 V and 50 W, 110 V lamps are


connected in series across a 220 V DC source. If
the resistances of the two lamps are assumed to
remain constant, the voltage across the 100 W lamp
is _____ volt?
A. 110 V
C. 146.7 V
B. 73.3 V
D. 220 V
262. A potential divider of resistance of 50 ohms is
connected across a 100 V DC source. A load
resistance of 10 ohms is connected across a tap in
the potential divider and the negative terminal of the
source. If a current of 4 A flows towards the load,
what is the current supplied by the source?
A. 5.32 A
C. 5.21 A
B. 5.05 A
D. 5.48 A
263. Two resistors A and B made of different materials
have temperature coefficients of resistance at 20C
of 0.004 and 0.006 respectively. When connected
across a voltage source at 20C, they draw current
equally. What percentage of the total current at
100C does resistor A carry?
A. 47.14%
C. 61.34%
B. 52.86%
D. 38.66%
264. A conductor has a resistance
20C, the resistance has
Calculate the temperature
conductor at 20C.
A. 1/300 /C
B. 1/400 /C

of 7 ohms at 0C. At
become 7.5 ohms.
coefficient of the
C.
D.

1/500 /C
1/600 /C

265. Which of the following is a non-linear element?


A. diode
B. heater coil
C. transistor
D. electric arc with unlike electrode
C. ELECTRICAL AND HEAT ENERGY
266. EE Board Exam April 1992
An electric kettle was marked 500 W, 230 V found
to take 15 minutes to bring 1 kilogram of water at
15C to boiling point. Determine the heat efficiency
of the kettle.
A. 79.1%
C. 72.4%
B. 75.3%
D. 74.8%
267. REE Board Exam October 1997
A process equipment contains 100 gallons of water
at 25C. It is required to bring it to boiling in 10
minutes. The heat loss is estimated to be 5%. What
is the kW rating of the heater?
A. 125 kW
C. 50.5 kW
B. 252 kW
D. 207 kW
268. EE October 1989
A total of 0.8 kg of water at 20C is placed in a 1-kW
electric kettle. How long a time in minute is needed
to raise the temperature of the water to 100C?
A. 4.46 min
C. 5.34 min

5.32 min

D.

4,.56 min

269. REE October 1998


How many calories does an electric heater of 100
watts generate per second?
A. 10
C. 23.88
B. 1000
D. 42.25
270. REE Board Exam October 1997
The electric energy required to raise the
temperature of water in a pool is 1000 kWh. If the
heat losses are 25%, the heating energy required
will be ____.
A. 1111 kWh
C. 1750 kWh
B. 1266 kWh
D. 1333 kWh
271. EE Board Exam April 1992
An electric heater carries 12 A at 110 V, is
submerged in 22.5 lbs of water for 30 minutes.
What will be the final temperature of the water if its
initial temperature is 35F?
A. 135.43F
C. 133.56F
B. 125.42F
D. 128.33F
272. EE Board Exam October 1990
In an electric heater the inlet temperature is 15C.
Water is flowing at the rate of 300 grams per
minute. The voltmeter measuring voltage across the
heating element reads 120 volts and an ammeter
measuring current taken reads 10 amperes. When
steady state is finally reached, what is the final
reading of the outlet thermometer?
A. 57.6C
C. 72.6C
B. 68.4C
D. 42.6C
273. EE Board Exam October 1991
Four cubic meters of water is to be heated by
means of four 1.5 kW, 230-V immersion heating
elements. Assuming the efficiency of the heater as
90%, determine the time required in boiling the
water if the initial temperature is 20C and if all four
elements are connected in parallel.
A. 71 hrs
C. 69 hrs
B. 63 hrs
D. 66 hrs
274. EE Board Exam October 1991
Four cubic meters of water is to be heated by
means of four 1.5 kW, 230-V immersion heating
elements. Assuming the efficiency of the heater as
90%, determine the time required in boiling the
water if the initial temperature is 20C and if the
elements are connected two in series in parallel
with two in series.
A. 275.6 hrs
C. 252.2 hrs
B. 295.3 hrs
D. 264.4 hrs
275. REE Board Exam September 2001
How many joules per second are then in 10 watts?
A. 10
C. 20
B. 5
D. 24.5
276. REE Board Exam September 2001
13
10 ergs/sec is equal to how many kilowatts?

A.
B.

1,000
250

C.
D.

100
10

277. REE Board Exam September 2000


What is 1 kW-hr in BTU?
A. 4,186
C. 746
B. 3,413
D. 1,000
278. REE Board Exam October 1998
What is the work in ergs needed to raise a 10 g
weight 100 m up?
5
7
A. 4.9 x 10
C. 98 x 10
7
7
B. 9.8 x 10
D. 1.96 x 10
279. REE Board Exam October 1999
The quantity of heat required to raise the
temperature of water by 1C.
A. energy
C. calorie
B. specific heat
D. BTU
280. REE Board Exam October 1999
When heat is transferred into any other form of
energy or when other forms of energy are converted
into heat, the total amount of energy is constant.
This is known as
A. First law of thermodynamics
B. Boyles law
C. Specific heat
D. Isothermal expansion
281. REE Board Exam September 2002
12
What is 10 ergs/sec in kW?
A. 100 kW
C. 10 kW
B. 1,000 kW
D. 10,000 kW
282. REE Board Exam October 2000
An electric heater is used to heat up 600 grams of
water. It takes 14 minutes to raise the temperature
of water by 40C. If the supply voltage is 220 volts,
what is the power rating of the heater neglecting
heat losses?
A. 180 W
C. 200 W
B. 120 W
D. 60 W
283. REE Board Exam April 2001
A 100 liter of water is heated
How many kWHR of electricity
no heat loss?
A. 4.2
B. 2.3

from 20C to 40C.


is needed assuming
C.
D.

5.6
3.7

284. REE Board Exam April 2002


Ten (10) kW is equal to ____ gram-cal/sec.
A. 156
C. 2,388
B. 436
D. 425
285. ECE Board Exam November 1995
Two heaters A and B are in parallel across supply
voltage V. Heater A produces 500 kcal in 20
minutes and B produces 1000 kcal in 10 minutes.
The resistance of A is 10 ohms. What is the
resistance of B, if the same heaters are connected
in series voltage V?

A.
B.

4.5 ohms
2.5 ohms

C.
D.

4.5 ohms
0.14 ohm

286. In the SI system of units, the unit of force is


A. kg-wt
C. Joule
B. Newton
D. N-m
287. The basic unit of electric charge is
A. ampere-hour
C. coulomb
B. watt-hour
D. farad
288. The SI unit of energy is
A. Joule
B. kWh

C.
D.

kcal
m-kg

289. The SI unit of energy is


A. Joule
B. kWh

C.
D.

kcal
m-kg

290. Two heating elements, each of 230-V, 3.5 kW rating


are first joined in parallel and then in series to heat
same amount of water through the same range of
temperature. The ratio of the time taken in the two
cases would be
A. 1:2
C. 1:4
B. 2:1
D. 4:1
291. If a 220 V heater is used on 110 V supply, heat
produced by it will be ____ as much
A. one-half
C. one-fourth
B. twice
D. four times
292. For a given line voltage, four heating coils will
produce maximum heat when connected
A. all in parallel
B. all in series
C. with two parallel pairs in series
D. one pair in parallel with the other two in series
293. The electric energy required to raise the
temperature of a given amount of water is 1000
kWh. If heat losses are 25%, the total heating
energy required is ____ kWh.
A. 1500
C. 1333
B. 1250
D. 1000
294. One kWh of energy equals nearly
A. 1000 W
C.
B. 860 kcal
D.

4186 J
735.5 W

295. A force of 10,000 N accelerates a body to velocity


0.1 km/s. The power developed is ____ kW.
A. 1,000,000
C. 3600
B. 36,000
D. 1000
296. A 100 W light bulb burns on an average of 10 hours
a day for one week. The weekly consumption of
energy will be ____ unit/s.
A. 7
C. 0.7
B. 70
D. 0.07
297. Two heaters, rated at 1000 W, 250 volts each, are
connected in series across a 250 volt, 50 Hz A.C.

mains. The total power drawn from the supply


would be ____ watt.
A. 1000
C. 250
B. 500
D. 2000
298. One watt is equal to ____.
A. 4.19 cal/sec
B. 778 BTU/sec

C.
D.

10 ergs/sec
-7
10 ergs/sec

299. The current in an electric lamp is 5 amperes. What


quantity of electricity flows toward the filament in 6
minutes?
A. 30 C
C. 72 C
B. 3600 C
D. 1800 C
300. An electric heater is rated at 120 volts, 1000 watts
and is used to boil water. Calculate the time in
minutes to raise the temperature of 1 liter of water
from 15C to boiling. The heater has an over-all
efficiency of 92%.
A. 6.4 minutes
C. 4.4 minutes
B. 5.4 minutes
D. 3.4 minutes
301. For a given line voltage, four heating coils will
produce maximum heat when connected
A. all in parallel
B. all in series
C. with two parallel pairs in series
D. one pair in parallel with the other two in series
302. Four heaters having the same voltage rating will
produce maximum heat if connected in
A. Series
C. Series-Parallel
B. Parallel
D. Parallel-Series
303. 1000 kW is equal to how many is ergs/sec.
13
13
A. 2 x 10
C. 1 x 10
16
10
B. 1 x 10
D. 2 x 10
304. When current flows through heater coil, it glows but
supply wiring does not glow because
A. supply wiring is covered with insulation wiring
B. current through supply line flows at slower
speed
C. supply wires are made of superior material
D. resistance of heater coil is more than that of
supply wire

A.
B.

174.5 ohms
145.7 ohms

C.
D.

147.5 ohms
157.4 ohms

307. REE Board Exam April 1997


If a resistor rated at 5 watts and 6 volts are
connected across a battery with an open circuit
voltage of 6 volts. What is the internal resistance of
the battery if the resulting current is 0.8 A?
A. 0.30 ohm
C. 0.23 ohm
B. 0.26 ohm
D. 0.03 ohm
308. REE Board Exam October 1998
A 12 V battery of 0.05-ohm resistance and another
battery of 12 V and 0.075 ohm resistance supply
power to a 2-ohm resistor. What is the current
through the load?
A. 5.85 A
C. 5.72 A
B. 5.63 A
D. 5.91 A
309. REE Board Exam October 1996
The lead batteries A and B are connected in
parallel. A has an open circuit voltage of 12 V and
an internal resistance of 0.2 ohm. Battery B has
an open circuit voltage of 12.2 V and an internal
resistance of 0.3 ohm. The two batteries together
deliver power to a 0.5 ohm power resistor.
Neglecting effects of temperature, how much
current is contributed by battery A?
A. 29.62 A
C. 12.85 A
B. 16.00 A
D. 25.24 A
310. EE Board Exam October 1981
A charger, a battery and a load are connected in
parallel. The voltage across the charger is 12.5
volts and the battery has an emf of 12 volts and
internal resistance of 0.1 ohm. The load consists of
a 2 ohms resistor. Find the current through the
charger.
A. 6.61 A
C. 6.42 A
B. 6.25 A
D. 6.50 A
311. REE Board Exam October 1996
A lead storage battery is rated at 12 volts. If the
internal resistance is 0.01 ohm, what is the
maximum power that can be delivered to the load?
A. 1,200 W
C. 7,200 W
B. 3,600 W
D. 1,800 W

D. ELECTRIC CELLS
305. REE Board Exam October 1997
A load of 10 ohms was connected to a 12-volt
battery. The current drawn was 1.18 amperes. What
is the internal resistance of the battery?
A. 0.35 ohm
C. 0.25 ohm
B. 0.20 ohm
D. 0.30 ohm

312. EE Board Exam April 1995


A 120-V battery having an internal resistance of 0.5
ohm is connected through a line resistance of 0.5
ohms to a variable load resistor. What maximum
power will the battery deliver to the load resistor?
A. 36 watts
C. 630 watts
B. 63 watts
D. 360 watts

306. REE Board Exam April 1997


The electromotive force of a standard cell is
measured with a potentiometer that gives a reading
of 1.3562 V. When a 1.0 megaohm resistor is
connected across the standard cell terminals, the
potentiometer reading drops to 1.3560 V, what is
the internal resistance of the standard cell?

313. REE Board Exam April 2002


A 12 volts battery has a 50 ampere-hour capacity.
The internal resistance is 0.1 ohm. A 5 ohm load is
connected for 5 hours. How many ampere-hours
are still left?
A. 28.51
C. 38.23
B. 41.24
D. 35.92

D.
314. REE Board Exam April 2002
Two-24 volt battery supply power to a 20 ohm load.
One battery has 0.2 ohm internal resistance while
the other has 0.4 ohm. What power does the load
draws?
A. 28.4 W
C. 30.8 W
B. 22.2 W
D. 18.6 W
315. ECE Board Exam March 1996
Which statement is not true?
A. Secondary cell can be recharged
B. The internal resistance of a cell limits the
amount of output current
C. The negative terminal of a chemical cell has a
charge of excess electrons
D. Two electrodes of the same metal provide the
highest voltage output
316. ECE Board Exam November 2001
In the operation of dry cell we normally refer to the
supply of current load resistance where its current
neutralizes the separated charges at the electrodes.
A. Aligning the cells
B. Charging the cells
C. Discharging the cells
D. Polarizing the cells
317. ECE Board Exam November 2000
Refers to a power source or cell which can be
rechargeable
A. Battery
C. Primary
B. Secondary
D. Storage
318. ECE Board Exam November 2001
In the operation of dry cell we normally refer to the
supply of current load resistance where its current
neutralizes the separated charge s at the
electrodes.
A. Aligning the cells
B. Charging the cells
C. Discharging the cells
D. Polarizing the cells
319. ECE Board Exam November 2000
The part of the cell of the solution that acts upon the
electrodes providing a path for electron flow
A. Container
C. Sealing way
B. Electrolyte
D. Electrolysis
320. ECE Board Exam April 1999
Type of cell used mostly for emergency equipment.
It is light, small, and has a large capacity of power
for its size.
A. Ni-Cd cell
C. Silver-zinc cell
B. Silver-cadmium cell
D. Mercury cell
321. ECE Board Exam March 1996
The purpose of cells connected in parallel is
to_____.
A. increase internal resistance
B. increase in voltage output
C. decrease current capacity

increase in current capacity

322. ECE Board Exam November 1995


Find the output of a four (4) lead acid cells.
A. 3.2 V
C. 5.8 V
B. 8.4 V
D. 1.6 V
323. ECE Board Exam November 1997
How many silver zinc cells in series are needed for
a 9V battery?
A. 9
C. 3
B. 6
D. 7
324. ECE Board Exam November 1995
_____ is the specific gravity reading for a good lead
acid cell.
A. 1170
C. 1070
B. 1270
D. 1370
325. ECE Board Exam November 1998
Refers to a power source or cell that is not
rechargeable?
A. Secondary
C. Storage
B. Primary
D. Battery
326. ECE Board Exam April 1998
Which of the following is not a primary type cell?
A. Zinc-chloride
C. Silver oxide
B. Silver-zinc
D. Carbon zinc
327. ECE Board Exam November 1997
A battery should not be charged or discharged at a
high current in order to avoid this defect.
A. Corrosion
C. Buckling
B. Sedimentation
D. Sulphation
328. ECE Board Exam April 2001
It is a cell in which the chemical action finally
destroys one of the electrons electrodes, usually
the negative and cannot be recharged.
A. Dry cell
C. Wet cell
B. Secondary cell
D. Primary cell
329. ECE Board Exam November 2001
Which of the following statements is not true?
A. Output of solar cell is normally 0.5 V
B. Edison cell is storage type
C. The Ni-Cd cell is primary type
D. Primary cells can be charged
330. ECE Board Exam April 2001
Which of the following statements is not true?
A. A primary cell has irreversible chemical
reaction
B. A carbon zinc cell has unlimited shelf life
C. A storage cell has irreversible chemical
reaction
D. A lead acid cell can be recharged
331. ECE Board Exam November 1999
A device that transforms chemical energy into
electrical energy
A. Battery

B.
C.
D.

Cell
Primary battery
Secondary battery

332. ECE Board Exam April 1999


What is the effect of connecting battery cells in
parallel?
A. Current decreases
B. Voltage increases
C. Voltage decreases
D. Current increases
333. ECE Board Exam November 1997
Determine how long a battery will last whose rating
is 100 Ah, 24 volts and will run a 300 watts
electronic equipment and a 50 watts light.
A. 6.85 hours
C. 26.65 hours
B. 50.05 hours
D. 12.00 hours
334. ECE Board Exam April 2001
The process of reversing the current flow through
the battery to store the battery to its original
condition
A. Electrolysis
C. Reverse flow
B. Ionization
D. Battery charge
335. ECE Board Exam November 2000
The type of cell commonly referred to as flashlight
battery
A. Nickel-cadmium battery
C. Dry cell
B. Mercury cell
D. Lead acid cell
336. ECE Board Exam November 1998
How does a battery behave whose cells are
connected in series?
A. Increase current supply
B. Reduces total voltage
C. Increases voltage supply
D. Reduces internal resistance
337. ECE Board Exam April 1998
Another very useful cell to solar cells however the
junction is bombarded by beta particles from
radioactive materials
A. Alkaline cells
C. Selenium cells
B. Nucleus cells
D. Lithium cells
338. ECE Board Exam November 2001
The continuation of current flow within the cell there
is no external load
A. Local action
C. Self-discharge
B. Polarization
D. Electrolysis
339. ECE Board Exam November 1998
Type of power source in electronics that cannot be
recharged after it has delivered its rated capacity
A. Cells
B. Primary cells
C. Battery
D. Secondary cells

340. ECE Board Exam November 1995


Which has the largest diameter of the following dry
cells?
A. Type C
C. Type AAA
B. Type AA
D. Type D
341. ECE Board Exam April 1998
How many nickel-cadmium cells are needed in
series for a 10 V battery?
A. 8
C. 5
B. 12
D. 10
342. ECE Board Exam March 1996
Current in a chemical cell refers to the movement of
_____.
A. Negative ions only
B. Negative and positive ions
C. Positive ions only
D. Negative hole charge
343. ECE Board Exam November 1998
Find the output of a two (2) lead acid cells.
A. 0.952 V
C. 3.2 V
B. 2.1 V
D. 4.2 V
344. ECE Board Exam November 2000
The liquid solution that forms ion charges in a lead
acid battery
A. Electrolyte
C. Sulfuric acid
B. Hydrochloric acid
D. Nitric acid
345. ECE Board Exam April 1998
Single device that converts chemical energy into
electrical energy is called
A. Battery
C. Solar
B. Generator
D. Cell
346. ECE Board Exam November 1995
There are _____ identical cells in parallel needed to
double the current reading of each cells.
A. 3
C. 2
B. 4
D. 1
347. ECE Board Exam April 2001
What is the effect of connecting battery cells in
series?
A. Voltage increases
B. Current increases
C. Voltage decreases
D. Current decreases
348. ECE Board Exam November 2000
How long can a battery last with capacity of 50
ampere-hour running equipment of 5 amperes?
A. 250 hours
C. 100 hours
B. 25 hours
D. 10 hours
349. ECE Board Exam April 1998
How long will a battery need to operate a 240-watt
equipment, whose capacity is 100 Ah and 24 volts
rating?
A. 10 hours
C. 1 hour
B. 5 hours
D. 0.10 hour

D.
350. ECE Board Exam November 2001
What is affected when a lead battery
overcharged?
A. Carbon
C. Plates
B. Grid
D. Electrolytes

is

351. ECE Board Exam November 1995


When the cells are in series voltages add, while
current capacity is _____.
A. The same as one cell
B. Zero
C. Infinite
D. The sum of each cell
352. ECE Board Exam April 1999
Refers to an action in the operation of secondary
cells reforming the electrodes in a chemical reaction
where dc voltage is supplied externally.
A. Polarizing cells
B. Charging cells
C. Aligning cells
D. Discharging cells
353. ECE Board Exam November 1999
What type of cell that cannot be recharged which
cannot restore chemical reaction?
A. Primary cell
B. Secondary cell
C. Lead-acid wet cell
D. Nickel-cadmium cell
354. ECE Board Exam November 2000
An ordinary flashlight battery is which of the
following?
A. A load
C. A storage cell
B. A dry cell
D. A wet cell
355. ECE Board Exam April 1998
Refers to dry storage cell carbon zinc.
A. cell
B. Edison cell
C. Mercury cell
D. Nickel cadmium cell
356. ECE Board Exam April 1998
What is the other term of the secondary cells
considering its capability to accept recharging?
A. Reaction cell
C. Storage cell
B. Primary cell
D. Dry cell
357. ECE Board Exam November 1996
Find the required battery capacity needed to
operate an equipment of 30 amperes at 5 hours.
A. 6
C. 3
B. 30
D. 150
358. ECE Board Exam March 1996
When batteries have cells connected in series the
effect is
A. Reduced output voltage
B. Increased current supply
C. Increased voltage supply

Reduced internal resistance

359. ECE Board Exam November 2000


Find the required battery capacity needed to
operate on electronic equipment with power rating
of 200 watts and 10 volts at 6 hours.
A. 60
C. 20
B. 1200
D. 120
360. ECE Board Exam November 2000
A cell(s) that can be operated or used in a
horizontal, vertical or any position where its
electrolyte cannot be spilled in any position
A. Primary cells
C. Dry cells
B. Secondary cells
D. Battery
361. ECE Board Exam April 1999
It is an indication of the current supplying capability
of the battery for a specific period of time, e.g. 400
ampere-hour.
A. Rating
C. Capability
B. Capacity
D. Current load
362. ECE Board Exam March 1996
Which of the following is not a secondary type cell?
A. Lithium
C. Silver cadmium
B. Lead-acid
D. Silver-zinc
363. ECE Board Exam March 1996
How many lithium cells in series are needed for a
12 V battery?
A. 12 cells
C. 8 cells
B. 4 cells
D. 10 cells
364. ECE Board Exam November 1996
Component of solar battery which uses light energy
to produce electromagnetic force
A. Alkaline cell
C. Lithium cell
B. Polymer cell
D. Selenium cell
365. ECE Board Exam March 1996
If a dry cell has an internal resistance of 0.50 ohm
and emf of 2 volts, find power delivered in a one
ohm resistor.
A. 1.33 watts
C. 3.66 watts
B. 1.66 watts
D. 1.77 watts
366. ECE Board Exam March 1996
Parallel cells have the same voltage as one cell but
have _____.
A. Unstable resistance
B. Less current capability
C. Fluctuating power output
D. More current capacity
367. ECE Board Exam April 1999
A battery with capacity of 100 Ah and 12 volts rating
will run an electronic equipment at exactly 20 hours,
how much power is needed?
A. 60 watts
C. 10 watts
B. 20 watts
D. 30 watts
368. ECE Board Exam March 1996

It is the output voltage of a carbon-zinc cell.


A. 3.5 V
C. 1.5 V
B. 2.5 V
D. 0.5 V
369. ECE Board Exam March 1996
What is the reason why more cells can be stored in
a given area with dynamic cells?
A. They consume less power
B. They are smaller
C. They are larger
D. They travel faster
370. ECE Board Exam November 1997
A radio equipment will be used at 70% at 50
amperes rating for 5 hours. How much capacity of
dry battery is needed?
A. 35
C. 250
B. 17.5
D. 175
371. The potential at the terminals of the battery falls
from 9 V on open circuit to 6 volts when a resistor of
10 ohms is connected across its terminals. What is
the internal resistance of the battery?
A. 5
C. 3
B. 4
D. 2
372. A battery is formed of five cells joined in series.
When the external resistance is 4 ohms, the current
is 1.5 A and when the external resistance is 9
ohms, the current falls to 0.75 A. Find the internal
resistance of each cell.
A. 0.5 ohm
C. 0.2 ohm
B. 1.0 ohm
D. 0.3 ohm
373. A 12 V source with 0.05 resistance is connected
in series with another 12 volt with 0.075
resistance with a load of 2 . Calculate the power
dissipated in the load.
A. 365 watts
C. 105 watts
B. 127 watts
D. 255 watts
374. A 24 V source with 0.05 resistance is connected
in parallel with another 24 V with 0.075 resistance
to a load of 2 . Calculate the current delivered by
the source with a 0.05 resistor.
A. 7 amperes
C. 5 amperes
B. 10 amperes
D. 12 amperes
375. A battery can deliver 10 joules of energy to move 5
coulombs of charge. What is the potential difference
between the terminals of the battery?
A. 2 V
C. 0.5 V
B. 50 V
D. 5 V
376. An ordinary dry cell can deliver about ____
continuously.
A. 3 A
B. 2 A
C. 1/8 A
D. none of the above
377. Cells are connected in series when ____ is
required.

A.
B.
C.
D.

high voltage
high current
high voltage as well as high current
none of the above

378. Cells are connected in seriesparallel when ____ is


required.
A. high current
B. high voltage
C. high current as well a high voltage
D. none of the above
379. Four cells, each of internal resistance 1 ohm, are
connected in parallel. The battery resistance will be
____
A. 4 ohms
C. 2 ohms
B. 0.25 ohm
D. 1 ohm
380. The e.m.f. of a cell depends upon ____
A. nature of electrodes and electrolyte
B. size of electrodes
C. spacing between electrodes
D. none of the above
381. In order to get maximum current in series parallel
grouping, the external resistance should be ____
the total internal resistance of the battery.
A. less than
B. more than
C. equal to
D. none of the above
382. The positive terminal of a 6-V battery is connected
to the negative terminal of a 12-V battery whose
positive terminal is grounded. The potential at the
negative terminal of the 6V battery is ____ volt.
A. +18
C. -6
B. 12
D. -18
383. The positive terminal of a 6-V battery is connected
to the negative terminal of a 12-V battery whose
positive terminal is grounded. The potential at the
positive terminal of the 6-V battery is ____ volt.
A. +6
C. -12
B. -6
D. +12
384. Active materials of a lead-acid cell are
A. lead peroxide
B. sponge lead
C. dilute sulfuric acid
D. all of the above
385. During the charging of lead-acid cell
A. its cathode becomes dark chocolate brown in
colour
B. its voltage increases
C. it gives out energy
D. specific gravity of H2SO4 is decreased
386. The ratio of Ah efficiency to Wh efficiency of a leadacid cell is
A. always less than one
B. just one

C.
D.

always greater than one


either A or B

387. The capacity of a cell is measured in


A. watt-hours
C. amperes
B. watts
D. ampere-hours
388. The capacity of a lead-acid cell does NOT depend
on its
A. rate of charge
B. rate of discharge
C. temperature
D. quantity of active materials
389. As compared to constant-current system, the
constant-voltage system of charging a lead-acid cell
has the advantage of
A. avoiding excessive gassing
B. reducing time of charging
C. increasing cell capacity
D. both B and C
390. Sulphation in a lead-acid battery occurs due to
A. trickle charging
B. incomplete charging
C. heavy discharging
D. fast charging
391. The active materials of a nickel-iron battery are
A. nickel hydroxide
B. powdered iron and its oxides
C. 21% solution of caustic potash
D. all of the above
392. During charging and discharging of a nickel-iron cell
A. its e.m.f. remains constant
B. water is neither formed nor absorbed
C. corrosive fumes are produced
D. nickel hydroxide remains unsplit
393. As compared to a lead-acid cell, the efficiency of a
nickel-iron cell is less due to its
A. lower e.m.f.
B. smaller quantity of electrolyte used
C. higher internal resistance
D. compactness
394. Trickle charging of a storage battery helps to
A. prevent sulphation
B. keep it fresh and fully charged
C. maintain proper electrolyte level
D. increase its reserve capacity
395. A dead storage battery can be revived by
A. a dose of H2SO4
B. adding so-called battery restorer
C. adding distilled water
D. none of the above
396. The sediment which accumulates at the bottom of a
lead-acid battery consist largely of
A. lead-peroxide
B. lead-sulphate

C.
D.

antimony-lead alloy
graphite

397. The reduction of battery capacity at high rates of


discharge is primarily due to
A. increase in its internal resistance
B. decrease in its terminal voltage
C. rapid formation of PbSO4 on the plates
D. non-diffusion of acid to the inside active
materials
398. Floating battery system are widely used for
A. power stations
B. emergency lighting
C. telephone exchange installation
D. all of the above
399. Any charge given to the battery when taken off the
vehicle is called
A. bench charge
C. float charge
B. step charge
D. trickle charge
400. Storage battery electrolyte is formed by the
dissolving of ____ acid in water.
A. hydrochloric
C. acetic
B. sulfuric
D. atric
401. The central terminal of a dry cell is said to be
A. positive
C. neutral
B. negative
D. charged
402. A 24 V battery of internal resistance r = 4 is
connected to a variable resistance R, the rate of
heat dissipation in the resistor is maximum when
the current drawn from the battery is I. Current
drawn from the battery will be I/2 when R is equal to
A. 8
C. 16
B. 12
D. 20
403. What is the other term used for rechargeable
battery?
A. primary
B. lead-acid
C. storage
D. nickel-cadmium
E. NETWORK THEOREMS
404. REE Board Exam April 1997
A circuit consisting of three resistors rated: 10
ohms, 15 ohms and 20 ohms are connected in
delta. What would be the resistance of the
equivalent wye connected load?
A. 0.30, 0.23 & 0.15 ohm
B. 3.0, 4.0 & 5.0 ohms
C. 3.33, 4.44 & 6.66 ohms
D. 5.77, 8.66 & 11.55 ohms
405. EE Board Exam October 1994
The equivalent wye element of a 3 equal resistors
each equal to R and connected in delta is
A. R
C. R/3
B. 3R/2
D. 3R

406. EE Board Exam April 1988


A Barangay power station supplies 60 kW to a load
2
over 2,500 ft, 100 mm , two-conductor copper
feeder, the resistance of which is 0.078 ohm per
1000 ft. The bus bar voltage is maintained constant
at 600 V. Determine the load current.
A. 105 A
C. 110 A
B. 108 A
D. 102 A
407. EE Board Exam October 1986
An LRT car, 5 km distance from the Tayuman
station, takes 100 A over a 100 mm hard drawn
copper trolley wire having a resistance of 0.270
ohm per km. The rail and ground return has a
resistance of 0.06 ohm per km. If the station voltage
is 750 V, what is the voltage of the car?
A. 585 V
C. 595 V
B. 590 V
D. 580 V
408. EE Board Exam April 1989
The LRT trolley system 10 miles long is fed by two
substations that generate 600 volts and 560 volts,
respectively. The resistance of the trolley wire and
rail return is 0.3 ohm per mile. If the car is located 4
miles from the 600 volt station draws 200 A from the
line. How much is the current supplied by each
station?
A. 133.33 A, 66.67 A
B. 123.67 A, 76.33 A
C. 117.44 A, 82.56 A
D. 125.54 A, 63.05 A
409. EE Board Exam April 1992
In Manila, the LRT runs between Gil Puyat Station
and Tayuman Station, which is 4 km apart and
maintains voltages of 420 volts and 410 volts
respectively. The resistance of go and return is 0.05
ohm per km. The train draws a constant current of
300 A while in motion. What are the currents
supplied by the two stations if the train is at the
distance of minimum potential?
A. 175 A, 125 A
C. 164 A, 136 A
B. 183 A, 117 A
D. 172 A, 123 A
410. EE Board Exam October 1986
An LRT car, 5 km distance from the Tayuman
station, takes 100 A over a 100 mm hard drawn
copper trolley wire having a resistance of 0.270
ohm per km. The rail and ground return has a
resistance of 0.06 ohm per km. If the station voltage
is 750 V, what is the efficiency of transmission?
A. 78%
C. 74%
B. 81%
D. 79%
411. EE Board Exam April 1988
A barangay power station supplies 60 kW to a load
over 2,500 ft of 0002-conductor copper feeder the
resistance of which is 0.078 ohm per 1,000 ft. The
bus bar voltage is maintained constant at 600 volts.
Determine the maximum power which can be
transmitted.
A. 220.35 kW
C. 242.73 kW
B. 230.77 kW
D. 223.94 kW

412. EE Board Exam April 1991


Twelve similar wires each of resistance 2 ohms are
connected so as to form a cube. Find the resistance
between the two diagonally opposite corners.
A. 1.45 ohms
C. 2.01 ohms
B. 1.66 ohms
D. 1.28 ohms
413. EE Board Exam April 1991
Twelve similar wires each of resistance 2 ohms are
connected so as to form a cube. Find the resistance
between the two corners of the same edge.
A. 1.133 ohms
C. 1.125 ohms
B. 1.102 ohms
D. 1.167 ohms
414. EE Board Exam October 1991
Twelve identical wires each of resistance 6 ohms
are arranged to form the edge of a cube. A current
of 40 mA is led into the cube at one corner and out
at the other diagonally opposite corners. Calculate
the potential difference developed between these
corners.
A. 0.20 V
C. 0.22 V
B. 0.28 V
D. 0.24 V
415. EE Board Exam August 1976
Find the value of the voltage V.
1

0.1

+
24 V

Lamp
60 W
12 V

V
12 V

A.
B.

12.34 V
11.24 V

C.
D.

12.19 V
11.66 V

416. EE Board Exam April 1982


Referring to the circuit diagram below, if the charger
voltage is 130 volts and the battery voltage is 120
volts, solve for the current Ib.
3
+

Battery
Charger

A.
B.

Ib

40
Battery

-0.215 A
0.215 A

C.
D.

-0.306 A
0.306 A

417. EE Board Exam August 1977


In the figure below R1 = 1 ohm, R2 = 1 ohm, R3 = 3
ohms, I2 = 2 A and VB = 120 V. Find Eg.
R1

R2

I2
R3

+
Eg

VB

A.
B.

182.41 V
153.32 V

C.
D.

164.67 V
157.22 V

418. EE Board Exam October 1980, April 1984


In the dc circuit as shown, the high resistance
voltmeter gives a reading of 0.435 volt. What is the
value of the resistance R?

12 V

10

20

A.
B.

50

4 ohms
5 ohms

C.
D.

3 ohms
2 ohms

419. EE Board Exam April 1980


Determine I in the figure.
20

10
50

12 V
40

A.
B.

0.028 A
0.010 A

30

C.
D.

0.025 A
0.014 A

420. ECE Board Exam April 1999


In Kirchhoffs current law, which terminal of a
resistance element is assumed to be at a higher
potential (more positive) than the other?
A. The terminal where the current exits the
resistance elements
B. The terminal where the current enters the
resistance elements
C. Either A or B can be arbitrarily selected
D. The terminal closest to the node being
analyzed
421. ECE Board Exam April 2000
According to Kichhoffs current law, what is the
algebraic sum of all currents entering and exiting a
node.
A. zero
B. a negative value
C. the algebraic sum of all currents
D. a positive value
422. ECE Board Exam November 1997
Find the Thevenins impedance equivalent across
R2 of a linear close circuit having 10 volts supply in
series with the resistors (R1 = 100 ohms and R2 =
200 ohms).
A. 6.66 ohms
C. 66.6 ohms
B. 6.666 kohms
D. 666 ohms
423. ECE Board Exam April 1999
What is a node?

A.
B.
C.
D.

A terminal point for a loop current


A connection point between two or more
conductors
A formula
A mathematical fiction

424. ECE Board Exam November 1998


If a resistance element is part of two loops, how
many voltage drops must be calculated for that
component?
A. Two
C. One
B. Three
D. None
425. ECE Board Exam April 1998
How many nodes are needed to completely analyze
a circuit according to Kirchhoffs current law?
A. One
B. Two
C. One less than the total number of nodes in the
circuit
D. All nodes in the circuit
426. ECE Board Exam November 1996
Find the Thevenins impedance equivalent across
R2 of a linear close circuit having 10 volt supply in
series with two resistors (R1=50 ohms and R2 = 200
ohms).
A. 400 ohms
C. 4 ohms
B. 40 ohms
D. 4 kohms
427. ECE Board Exam November 1995
In order to match the load to the generator means
making load resistance ______.
A. lower than generators internal resistance
B. increased to more generators internal
resistance
C. decreased
D. equal to generators internal resistance
428. A circuit contains a 5 A current source in parallel
with an 8 ohm resistor. What is the Thevenins
voltage and Thevenins resistance of the circuit?
A. 40 V, 8
C. 5 V, 8
B. 5/8 V, 40
D. 5/8 V, 8
429. In the Nortons equivalent circuit, the source is a
A. constant voltage source
B. constant current source
C. constant voltage, constant current
D. none of these
430. The superposition theorem requires as many
circuits to be solved as there are
A. meshes
B. source
C. nodes
D. all of the above
431. Three resistors of 6-ohm resistance are connected
in delta. Inside the delta another 6-ohm resistors
are connected in wye. Find its resistance between
any two corners.
A. 2 ohms
C. 4 ohms

B.

3 ohms

D.

1 ohm

432. A 2-wire dc distribution line has sending end


voltage of 240 V and total line resistance of 0.4
ohm. The maximum kW that can be transmitted by
the line is ____.
A. 108
C. 36
B. 72
D. 144
433. An active element in a circuit is one which ____.
A. receives energy
B. supplies energy
C. both receives and supplies energy
D. none of the above

437. In the circuit shown in Fig. 3.1, the number of nodes


is ____

E1

C
E2

R2
D
Fig. 3.1

A.
B.

one
two

C.
D.

two
four
three
none of the above

440. The circuit shown in Fig. 3.1 has ____ loops.

R1

R3

E1

R2
D

R3

E1

C
E2

R2
D

two
four
three
none of the above

441. In the circuit shown in Fig. 3.1, there are ___


meshes.

three
four
two
none of the above

439. The circuit shown in Fig. 3.1 has ____ branches.

C
E2

R2
D
Fig. 3.1

A.
B.
C.
D.

two
three
four
none of the above

442. To solve the circuit shown in Fig. 3.2 by Kirchhoffs


laws, we require ____
3
4

I1
I3

I2

40 V

Fig. 3.2
A.
B.

E2

R3

E1

35 V

R1

three
four

Fig. 3.1
A.
B.
C.
D.

R1

438. In the circuit shown in Fig. 3.1, there are ____


junctions.

E2

R2
D
Fig. 3.1

A.
B.
C.
D.

A.
B.
C.
D.

436. A linear circuit is one whose parameters (e.g.


resistances etc.) ____.
A. change with change in current
B. change with change in voltage
C. do not change with change in voltage and
current
D. none of the above

R3

Fig. 3.1

435. An electric circuit contains ____.


A. active elements only
B. passive element only
C. both active and passive elements
D. none of the above

R1

R3

E1

434. An passive element in a circuit is one which ____.


A. supplies energy
B. receives energy
C. both receives and supplies energy
D. none of the above

R1

one equation
two equations

C.
D.

three equations
four equations

443. To solve the circuit shown in Fig. 3.2 by nodal


analysis, we require ____
3
4

35 V

I1
I3

2
Fig. 3.2

I2

40 V

A.
B.
C.
D.

one equation
two equation
three equations
none of the above

448. In order to solve the circuit shown in Fig. 3.3 by


nodal analysis, we require
3 B
2

35 V

A.
B.
C.
D.

I1
I3

I2

40 V

Fig. 3.2
one circuit
two circuits
three circuits
none of the above

445. To solve the circuit shown in Fig. 3.2 by Maxwells


mesh current equation, we require
3
4

35 V

I1
I3

I2

A.
B.
C.
D.

450. Fig. 3.4(b) shows the Thevenins equivalent circuit


of Fig. 3.4(a). The value of Thevenins voltage V th is
____.
4

Rth

A
RL

RL
B

(a)

(b)
Fig. 3.4

A.
B.

2
D

I2

20 V
24 V

C.
D.

12 V
36 V

451. The value of Rth in Fig. 3.4(b) is ____.


4

40 V

Rth

A
RL

RL
B

(a)

(b)
Fig. 3.4

A.
B.

15
3.5

C.
D.

6.4
7.4

452. The open-circuited voltage at terminals AB in Fig.


3.4(a) is
4

447. The current in 2 horizontal resistor in Fig. 3.3 is


____.
3 B
2

40 V

Rth

A
RL

2
D

I2

20 V

RL
B

10 A
5A

(a)

(b)
Fig. 3.4

Fig. 3.3

A.
B.

Vth

I1
I3

Vth

20 V

2A
5A
2.5 A
none of the above

30 V

Vth

Fig. 3.3

A.
B.
C.
D.

20 V

one equation
two equation
three equations
none of the above

40 V

446. In the circuit shown in Fig. 3.3, the voltage at node


B wrt D is calculated to be 15 V. The current in the 3
resistor will be
3 B
2
30 V

I2

449. The superposition theorem is used when the circuit


contains
A. a single voltage source
B. a number of passive source
C. passive elements only
D. none of the above

40 V

one equation
three equations
two equations
none of the above

I1
I3

2
D
Fig. 3.3

Fig. 3.2
A.
B.
C.
D.

I1
I3

30 V

444. To solve the circuit shown in Fig. 3.2 by


superposition theorem, we require ____
3
4

C.
D.

2A
2.5 A

A.
B.

12 V
20 V

C.
D.

24 V
40 V

453. For transfer of maximum power in the circuit shown


in Fig. 3.4(a), the value of RL should be ____.

40 V

Rth

A
RL

C.
D.

Vth

RL
B

B
(a)

(b)
Fig. 3.4

A.
B.

3.5
6.4

C.
D.

7.4
15

12 V

RL

IN

RN

Rth

RL

(a)

A.
B.

5
4.5
10.5
none of the above

Vth
B

1.5 V
0.866 V

C.
D.

IN = 2 A

Rth

RN

(a)

RL

B
(b)

Fig. 3.5

3A
1A
2A
none of the above

456. Thevenins theorem is ____ form on an equivalent


circuit.
A. voltage
B. current
C. both voltage and current
D. none of the above
457. Nortons theorem is ____ Thevenins theorem.
A the same as.
B. converse of
C. equal to
D. none of the above
458. In the analysis of a vacuum tube circuit, we
generally use ____.
A. superposition
C. Thevenins
B. Nortons
D. reciprocity
459. Nortons theorem is ____ form of an equivalent
circuit
A. voltage
B. current

Vth
B

B
(b)

Fig. 3.6

A.
B.

3
2

C.
D.

1.5
6

463. If in Fig. 3.6(a), the value of IN is 3 A, then value of


Vth in Fig. 3.6(b) will be ____.
Rth
RN = 3

IN

IN = 2 A

RL

6
B

A.
B.
C.
D.

3V
6V

(a)

12 V

B
(b)

462. The value of Rth in Fig. 3.6(b) is ____.

455. The value of IN in Fig. 3.5(b) is ____.


3

Fig. 3.6

(b)
Fig. 3.5

(a)

A.
B.
C.
D.

461. Fig. 3.6(a) shows Nortons equivalent circuit of a


network whereas Fig. 3.6(b) shows its Thevenins
equivalent circuit. The value of Vth is ____.

460. In the analysis of a transistor circuit, we generally


use ____.
A. Nortons
C. reciprocity
B. Thevenins
D. superposition

IN = 2 A

454. Fig. 3.5(b) shows Nortons equivalent circuit of Fig.


3.5(a). The value of RN is ____.

both voltage and current


none of the above

RN = 3

RN = 3

Vth
B

(a)

B
(b)

Fig. 3.6

A.
B.
C.
D.

1V
9V
5V
none of the above

464. For maximum power transfer, the relation between


load resistance RL and internal resistance Ri of the
voltage source is ____.
A. RL = 2Ri
C. RL = 1.5Ri
B. RL = 0.5Ri
D. RL = Ri
465. Under the conditions of maximum power transfer,
the efficiency is ____.
A. 75%
C. 50%
B. 100%
D. 25%

466. The open-circuited voltage at terminals of load RL is


30 V Under the conditions of maximum power
transfer, the load voltage would be ____.
A. 30 V
C. 5 V
B. 10 V
D. 15 V
467. The maximum power transfer theorem is used in
____.
A. electronic circuits
B. power system
C. home lighting circuits
D. none of the above
468. Under the conditions of maximum power transfer, a
voltage source is delivering a power of 30 W to the
load. The power generated by the source is ____.
A. 45 W
C. 60 W
B. 30 W
D. 90 W
469. For the circuit shown in Fig. 3.7, the power
transferred will be maximum when RL is equal to
____.
3
4 A

18 V

RL

6
B
Fig. 3.7

A.
B.
C.
D.

470. The open-circuited voltage at terminals AB in Fig.


3.7 is ____.
3
4 A

RL

6
B
Fig. 3.7

A.
B.

12 V
6V

C.
D.

15 V
9.5 V

471. If in Fig. 3.7, the value of RL = 6 , then current


through RL is ____.
3
4 A

18 V

RL

6
B
Fig. 3.7

A.
B.

2A
1.5 A

18 V

A
RL

6
B
Fig. 3.7

A.
B.

6V
4V

C.
D.

9V
12 V

473. The output resistance of a voltage source is 4 . Its


internal resistance will be ____.
A. 4
C. 1
B. 2
D. infinite
474. Delta/star of star/delta transformation technique is
applied to ___.
A. one terminal
B. two terminal
C. three terminal
D. none of the above
475. Kirchhoffs current law is applicable to only
A. closed loops in a network
B. electronic circuits
C. conjunctions in a network
D. electric circuits
476. Kirchhoffs voltage law is concerned with
A. IR drops
B. battery e.m.f.s.
C. junction voltages
D. both A and B

4.5
6
3
none of the above

18 V

C.
D.

1.75 A
1A

472. Under the conditions of maximum power transfer,


the voltage across RL in Fig. 3.7 is ____.

477. According to KVL, the algebraic sum of all IR drops


and e.m.f.s in any closed loop of a network is
always
A. zero
B. positive
C. negative
D. determined by the battery e.m.f.s
478. The algebraic sign of an IR drop is primarily
dependent upon the
A. amount of current flowing through it
B. value of R
C. direction of current flow
D. battery connection
479. Maxwells loop current method of solving electrical
networks
A. uses branch currents
B. utilizes Kirchhoffs voltage law
C. is confined to single-loop circuits
D. is a network reduction method
480. Point out the WRONG statement. In the nodevoltage technique of solving networks, choice of a
reference node does not
A. affect the operation of the circuit
B. change the voltage across any element
C. alter the p.d. between any pair of nodes

D.

affect the voltages of various nodes

481. The nodal analysis is primarily based on the


application of
A. KVL
C. Ohms Law
B. KCL
D. both B and C

B.

D.

489. The Norton equivalent circuit for the network of Fig.


2.2 between A and B is ____ current source with
parallel resistance of ____.
A

482. Superposition theorem is can be applied only to


circuits having ____ elements.
A. non-linear
C. linear bilateral
B. passive
D. resistive
483. The Superposition theorem is essentially based on
the concept of
A. duality
C. reciprocity
B. linearity
D. non-linearity

18

6
3
18 V

Fig. 2.2
A.
B.

2 A, 6
3 A, 2

C.
D.

2 A, 3
3 A, 9

484. While Thevenizing a circuit between two terminals,


Vth equals
A. short-circuit terminal voltage
B. open circuit terminal voltage
C. EMF of the battery nearest to the terminal
D. net voltage available in the circuit

490. The Norton equivalent of a circuit consists of a 2 A


current source in parallel with a 4 resistor.
Thevenin equivalent of this circuit is a ____ volt
source in series with a 4 resistor.
A. 2
C. 6
B. 0.5
D. 8

485. Thevenin resistance Rth is found


A. between any two open terminals
B. by short-circuiting the given two terminals
C. by removing voltage sources along with their
internal resistance
D. between same open terminals as for Vth

491. If two identical 3 A, 4 Norton equivalent circuits


are connected in parallel with like polarity to like,
the combined Norton equivalent circuit is
A. 6 A, 4
C. 3 A, 2
B. 6 A, 2
D. 6 A, 8

486. While calculating Rth, constant-current sources in


the circuit are
A. replaced by opens
B. replaced by shorts
C. treated in parallel with other voltage sources
D. converted into equivalent voltage sources

492. Two 6 V, 2 batteries are connected in series


aiding. This combination can be replaced by a
single equivalent current generator of ____ with a
parallel resistance of ____ ohm.
A. 3 A, 4
C. 3 A, 1
B. 3 A, 2
D. 5 A, 2

487. Thevenin resistance of the circuit of Fig. 2.1 across


its terminals A and B is ____ ohm.
3
A
12 V

Fig. 2.1
A.
B.

6
3

C.
D.

9
2

493. Two identical 3 A, 1 batteries are connected in


parallel with like polarity with like polarity to like.
The Norton equivalent circuit of the combination is
A. 3 A, 0.5
C. 3 A, 1
B. 6 A, 1
D. 6 A, 0.5
494. Thevenin equivalent circuit of the network shown in
Fig. 2.3 is required. The value of the open-circuit
voltage across terminals a and b of this circuit is
____ volt.
5
a

488. The load resistance needed to extract maximum


power from the circuit of Fig. 2.2 is ____ ohm.

+
-

10

2i

6
3

Fig. 2.3
A.
B.

18 V

Fig. 2.2
A.

C.

zero
2i/10

C.
D.

2i/5

495. For a linear network containing generators and


impedance, the ratio of the voltage to the current
produced in other loop is the same as the ratio of

voltage and current obtained when the positions of


the voltage source and the ammeter measuring the
current are interchanged. This network theorem is
known as ____ theorem.
A. Millmans
C. Tellegens
B. Nortons
D. Reciprocity
496. A 12 volt source with an internal resistance of 1.2
ohms is connected across a wire-wound resistor.
Maximum power will be dissipated in the resistor
when its resistance is equal to
A. zero
C. 12 ohms
B. 1.2 ohm
D. infinity
497. Three 3.33 resistors are connected in wye. What
is the value of the equivalent resistors connected in
delta?
A. 3.33
C. 6.67
B. 10
D. 20

A.
B.

14 V
12 V

C.
D.

0V
1V

502. What should be the value of R so the resistor will


receive the maximum power? All resistances are in
ohms.

498. Find the equivalent resistance between terminals a


& b of the circuit shown. Each resistance has a
value of 1 ohm.
A.
B.

10.0 ohms
3.875 ohms

C.
D.

0.968 ohms
1.60 ohms

503. Determine the value VO in the ideal op-amp circuit


below.
A.
B.

5/6 ohms
5/11 ohms

C.
D.

5/14 ohms
5/21 ohms

499. What do you call the head to tail connection of two


or more op-amp circuits wherein the output of one
op-amp is the input of another op-amp?
A. Parallel Op-Amps
B. Follow-Thru Connection
C. Cascade Connection
D. Series Op-Amps

A.
B.

-8 V
-6 V

C.
D.

-4 V
-3 V

504. Determine the value VO in the op-amp circuit below.

500. Find the power dissipation in the 6 ohms resistor in


the next figure.

A.
B.

54 W
216 W

C.
D.

121.5 W
150 W

501. Determine the value of node voltage V2. All


resistances are in ohms.

A.
B.

-4 V
-8 V

C.
D.

-2 V
-3 V

505. If the voltage source (dependent or independent) is


connected between two non-reference nodes, the
two non-reference nodes form a ______
A. Common Node
B. Supernode
C. Complex Node
D. Reference node
506. The theorem that states that the voltage across or
current through an element in a linear circuit is the

algebraic sum of the voltages across or current


through that element due to each independent
source acting alone.
A. Superposition Theorem
B. Thevenins Theorem
C. Nortons Theorem
D. Reciprocity Theorem
507. Kirchhoffs Current Law states that
A. the algebraic sum of the currents flowing into
any point in a circuit must equal zero
B. the algebraic sum of the currents entering and
leaving any point in a circuit must equal zero
C. the algebraic sum of the currents flowing away
from any point in a circuit must equal zero
D. the algebraic sum of the currents around any
closed path must equal zero
508. When applying Kirchhoffs Current Law,
A. consider all the currents flowing into a branch
point positive and all currents directed away
from that point negative
B. consider all the currents flowing into a branch
point negative and all currents directed away
from that point positive
C. remember that the total of all the currents
entering a branch point must always be greater
than the sum of the currents leaving that point
D. the algebraic sum of the currents entering and
leaving a branch point does not necessarily
have to be zero
509. When applying Kirchhoffs Voltage Law, a closed
path is commonly referred to as a
A. node
C. loop
B. principal node
D. branch point
510. Kirchhoffs Voltage Law states that
A. the algebraic sum of the voltage sources and
IR voltage drops in any closed path must total
zero
B. the algebraic sum of the voltage sources and
IR voltage drops around any closed path can
never equal zero
C. the algebraic sum of all the currents flowing
around any closed path must equal zero
D. none of the above
511. When applying Kirchhoffs Voltage Law
A. consider any voltage whose positive terminal is
reached first as negative and any voltage
whose negative terminal is reached first as
positive
B. always consider all voltage sources as positive
and all resistor voltage drops as negative
C. consider any voltage whose negative terminal
is reached first as negative and any voltage
whose positive terminal is reached first as
positive
D. always consider all resistor voltage drops as
positive and all voltage sources as negative
512. The algebraic sum of +40 V and -30 V is

A.
B.

-10 V
+10 V

C.
D.

+70 V
-70 V

513. A principal node is


A. a closed path or loop where the algebraic sum
of the voltages must equal zero
B. the simplest possible closed path around a
circuit
C. a junction where branch current can combine
or divide
D. none of the above
514. How many equations are necessary to solve a
circuit with two principal nodes?
A. 3
C. 4
B. 2
D. 1
515. The difference between a mesh current and a
branch current is
A. a mesh current is an assumed current and a
branch current is an actual current
B. the direction of the current themselves
C. a mesh current does not divide at a branch
point
D. both A and B above
516. Using the method of mesh currents, any resistance
common to two meshes has
A. two opposing mesh currents
B. one common mesh current
C. zero current
D. none of the above
517. The fact that the sum of the resistor voltage drops
equals the applied voltage in a series circuit is the
basis for
A. Kirchhoffs Current Law
B. node voltage analysis
C. Kirchhoffs Voltage Law
D. the method of mesh currents
518. The fact that the sum of the individual branch
currents equals the total current in a parallel circuit
is the basis for
A. Kirchhoffs Current Law
B. node voltage analysis
C. Kirchhoffs Voltage Law
D. the method of mesh currents
519. If you do not go completely around the loop when
applying Kirchhoffs Voltage Law, then
A. the algebraic sum of the voltages will always
be positive
B. the algebraic sum is the voltage between the
start and finish points
C. the algebraic sum of the voltages will always
be negative
D. the algebraic sum of the voltages cannot be
determined
520. A resistor is an example of a(n)
A. bilateral component
B. active component

C.
D.

passive component
both A and C

B.
C.

521. To apply Superposition theorem, all components


must be
A. the active type
B. both linear and bilateral
C. grounded
D. both nonlinear and unidirectional
522. When converting from a Norton-equivalent circuit to
a Thevenin equivalent circuit or vice versa
A. RN and RTH have the same value
B. RN will always be larger than RTH
C. IN is shorted-circuit to find VTH
D. VTH is short-circuited to find IN
523. When solving for the Thevenin equivalent
resistance, RTH,
A. all voltage sources must be opened
B. all voltage sources must be short-circuited
C. all voltage sources must be converted to
current sources
D. none of the above
524. Thevenins Theorem states that an entire network
connected to a pair of terminals can be replaced
with
A. a single current source in parallel with a single
resistance
B. a single voltage source in parallel with a single
resistance
C. a single voltage source in series with a single
resistance
D. a single current source in series with a single
resistance
525. Nortons Theorem states that an entire network
connected to a pair of terminals can be replaced
with
A. a single current source in parallel with a single
resistance
B. a single voltage source in parallel with a single
resistance
C. a single voltage source in series with a single
resistance
D. a single current source in series with a single
resistance
526. With respect to terminals A and B in a complex
network, the Thevenin voltage, VTH, is
A. the voltage across terminals A and B when
they are short-circuited
B. the open-circuit voltage across terminals A and
B
C. the same as the voltage applied to the complex
network
D. none of the above
527. With respect to terminals A and B in a complex
network, the Norton current, IN, is
A. the current flowing between terminals A and B
when they are open

D.

the total current supplied by the applied voltage


to the network
zero when terminals A and B are shortcircuited
the current flowing terminals A and B when
they are short-circuited

528. Which theorem provides a shortcut for finding the


common voltage across any number of parallel
branches with different sources?
A. The Superposition Theorem
B. Thevenins Theorem
C. Nortons Theorem
D. Millmans Theorem
529. A d.c. circuit usually has ____ as the load
A. Resistance
B. Capacitance
C. Inductance
D. both inductance and capacitance
530. Electrical appliances are connected in parallel
because it ____
A. is a simple circuit
B. draws less current
C. results in reduce in power loss
D. makes the operation of appliances independent
of each other
531. The purpose of load in an electric circuit is to ____
A. increase the circuit current
B. utilize electrical energy
C. decrease the circuit current
D. none of the above
532. A passive network has
A. no emf source
B. no current source
C. neither emf nor current source
D. none of these
533. The relationship between voltage and current is the
same for two opposite directions of current in case
of
A. bilateral network
B. active network
C. unilateral network
D. passive network
534. Which of the following statement is not correct?
A. voltage source is an active element
B. current source is a passive element
C. resistance is a passive element
D. conductance is a passive element
535. A resistance R is connected across two batteries, A
and B connected in parallel. The open circuit emfs
and internal resistances of the batteries are 12 V, 2
ohms and 8 V, 1 ohm respectively. Determine the
ohmic value of R if the power absorbed by R is
7.656 watts.
A. 10
C. 9
B. 12
D. 8

536. A network has 7 nodes and 5 independent loops.


The number of branches in the network is
A. 13
C. 11
B. 12
D. 10

A.
B.

3
4

C.
D.

6
7

546. Equivalent impedance seen across terminals a, b is

537. The nodal method of circuit analysis is based on


A. Kirchhoffs Voltage Law & Ohms law
B. Kirchhoffs Current Law & Ohms law
C. Kirchhoffs Current Law & Kirchhoffs Voltage
Law
D. Kirchhoffs Current Law & Kirchhoffs Voltage
Law & Ohms law
538. For a network of seven branches and four nodes,
the number of independent loops will be
A. 11
C. 7
B. 8
D. 4

A.
B.

16/3
8/3

C.
D.

8/3 + j12
none of these

547. What is the Rab in the circuit when all resistors


values are R?

539. A network has b branches and nodes. For this


mesh analysis will be simpler then node analysis if
n is greater then
A. b
C. (b/2) + 1
B. b + 1
D. b/2
540. The number of independent loops for a network with
n nodes and b branches is
A. n - 1
B. b - n
C. b - n + 1
D. independent no. of nodes

A.
B.

2R
R

C.
D.

R/2
3R

548. Find Rab. All values are in ohms.

541. The following constitutes a bilateral element


A. Resistor
C. Vacuum Tube
B. FET
D. metal rectifier
542. Kirchhoffs Laws fail in the case of
A. linear networks
B. non-linear networks
C. dual networks
D. distributed parameter networks
543. Ohms law, Kirchhoffs Current Law & Kirchhoffs
Voltage will fail at
A. Low frequency
C. high power
B. high frequency
D. none of these

A.
B.

22.5
40

C.
D.

30
none of these

549. Find the equivalent resistance of the circuit in the


figure.

544. Total no, of mesh equations required is equal to


A. number of links
B. number of tree branches
C. number of nodes
D. none of these
545. The minimum number of equations required to
analyze the circuit

A.
B.

3 ohms
4 ohms

C.
D.

5 ohms
6 ohms

550. Find the equivalent resistance of the circuit in this


figure.

A.
B.

R
2R

C.
D.

3R
4R

A.
B.

2V
3V

C.
D.

1V
none of these

C.
D.

2V
none of these

C.
D.

2V
none of these

C.
D.

97.3 V
103 V

557. Find V in the circuit shown.

551. Find the total resistance Rin is in the circuit shown .

A.
B.

C.
D.

none of these

552. What is the value of i1?

A.
B.

3V
+3 V

558. Find V in the circuit shown.

A.
B.

0
6

C.
D.

6
none of these

553. Find Ix in the circuit shown.

A.
B.

+3V
3V

559. Determine VX of this circuit

A.
B.

3A
3 A

C.
D.

0
none of these

554. Find value of R in the given circuit.


A.
B.
A.
B.

8.2
6

C.
D.

10
none of these

42.2 V
83.3 V

560. Find voltage eo in the fig shown.

555. The voltage V in the figure always equal to


A.
B.

2V
4/3 V

C.
D.

4V
8V

C.
D.

0V
10 V

561. Find VX in the circuit shown


A.
B.

9V
5V

556. Find V in the circuit shown.

C.
D.

1V
none of these
A.
B.

2.5 V
-2.5 V

562. Find voltage eo in the fig shown

B.

30 V

D.

10 V

568. In the circuit of the given figure. The value of the


voltage source E is

A.
B.

48 V
24 V

C.
D.

36 V
28 V

C.
D.

ae be
at
bt
ae + be

563. The voltage v(t) is

A.
B.

at

-bt

e e
at
bt
e +e

at

bt

564. Find current through 5 resistor

A.
B.

16 V
4V

C.
D.

6 V
16 V

C.
D.

-2/3 A
none of these

569. Find i2 in the figure shown.

A.
B.

0
2A

C.
D.

3A
7A

565. Find Vxy

A.
B.

10 V
46 V

A.
B.

C.
D.

13 V
58 V

566. What is VAB?

A.
B.

3V
54V

20 V

570. When a resistor R is connected to a current source,


it consumes a power of 18 W. When the same R is
connected to a voltage source having same
magnitude as the current source, the power
absorbed by R is 4.5 W. The magnitude of the
current source & value of R are
A. A & 1 ohm
C. 1 A & 18 ohms
B. 3 A & 2 ohms
D. 6 A & 0.5 ohms
571. In the circuit shown in the figure. If I = 2, then the
value of the battery voltage V will be

C.
D.

24 V
none of these

567. What is Vxy?

A.

4A
2/3 A

A.
B.

5V
3V

C.
D.

572. Find E and I in the figure shown.

C.

10 V

A.

I = 13 A and E = 31 V

2V
1V

B.
C.
D.

I = 31 A and E = 13V
E = 31 V and I = 31A
none of these

A.
B.

573. Find the voltage across the terminals a and b.

A.
B.

0.5 V
3.0 V

C.
D.

3.5 V
4.0 V

574. What is the current supplied by 1 V source when


each resistance is 1 ohm?

8/15 A
15/4 A

C.
D.

4/15 A
none of these

C.
D.

5V
none of these

C.
D.

4A
8A

578. In the circuit shown in the given figure, the potential


difference V2 V1 is

A.
B.

4.5 V
0

C.
D.

4.5 V
6V

C.
D.

40 V
none of these

C.
D.

-4 V
4V

579. Find V in the figure shown.

A.
B.
A.
B.

1A
2A

56.25 V
85 V

580. What is VA?

575. The voltage V is equal to

A.
B.

3V
3 V

576. The voltage across 15 ohms resistor is

A.
B.

-105 V
+105 V

C.
D.

15 V
+ 15 V

577. In the circuit of the given figure. The current I will be

A.
B.

-2 V
2V

581. What is the value of I4 in the fig shown?

A.
B.
C.
D.

4 A
2 A
known only if V1, V2 and R are known
known only if V1, V2 are known

582. If the voltage of each source in the given network is


doubled, then which of the following statement
would be true?

1.
2.
3.
4.
A.
B.

Current flowing in the network will be doubled


Voltages across each resistor will be doubled
Power absorbed by each resistor will be
doubled
Power delivered by each source will be
doubled
1, 2, 3, 4
C. 2, 3
1, 2
D. 1, 3, 4

583. For a given network, the number of independent


mesh equation (Nm) and the number of
independent node equation (Nn) obey the following:
A. Nm = Nn
B. Nm > Nn
C. Nm < Nn
D. any one of the above, depending on the
network

A.
B.

2A
1.5 A

C.
D.

0.5 A
0A

588. In the circuit shown in the given figure, current I is

A.
B.

2/5
24/5

C.
D.

18/5
2/5

589. A 35 V source is connected to a series circuit of


600 and R as shown. If a voltmeter of internal
resistance1.2 k is connected across 600
resistor it reads 5 V, find the value of R.

584. In the circuit of the given figure. What is the current


I?

A.
B.
A.
B.

1A
4/3 A

C.
D.

2A
3A

1.2 k
2.4 k

C.
D.

3.6 k
7.2 k

590. Find the current in RL in the circuit below.

585. Find the value of R for which the power supplied by


the voltage source is zero.

A.
B.

0
1.5 ohms

C.
D.

6 ohms
0.667 ohms

586. What value of R which ensures that the current


through the 60 ohm resistor of this circuit is 1 A?

A.
B.

5 ohms
10 ohms

C.
D.

15 ohms
20 ohms

587. The current I in the circuit of the figure is

A.
B.

0
2/3

C.
D.

1/3
none

591. The current flowing through the voltage source in


the given circuit is

A.
B.

1.0 A
0.75 A

C.
D.

0.5 A
0.25 A

592. In the circuit shown, the voltage across 2 resistor


is 20 V. The 5 resistor connected between the
terminals A and B can be replaced by an ideal

B.

2 A

D.

none of these

597. A particular resistor R dissipates a power of 4W


when V alone is active. The same resistor R
dissipates a power of 9 watts when I alone is active.
The power dissipated by R when both sources are
active will be
A.
B.
C.
D.

Voltage source of 25 V with +ve terminal


upward
Voltage source of 25 V with +ve terminal
downward
Current source of 2 A upward
Current source of 2A downward

593. In the circuit shown in the figure. The effective


resistance faced by the voltage source is

A.
B.

1
2

C.
D.

1A
0.5 A

C.
D.

1W
5W

C.
D.

13 W
25 W

598. The linear network contains only resistors if is1 = 8A,


is2 = 12A, Vx is found to be 80v. If is1 = -8A, is2 = 4A,
Vx = 0 . Find Vx when is1 = is2 = 20A.

3
3.3

594. If a resistance R of 1 is connected across the


terminals AB as shown in the given fig. Then the
current flowing through R will be

A.
B.

A.
B.

0.25 A
0.125 A

A.
B.

150
150

C.
D.

100
50

599. When R = 10 ohms, VR = 20 V, when R = 20 ohms


VR = 30 V. Find VR when R = 80 ohms.

A.
B.

40
160

C.
D.

48
none

C.
D.

6 V, 6 V
12 V, 12 V

600. Find V1 & V2.

595. Find VL across the ohm resistor of this circuit.

A.
B.
A.
B.

1/52 V
2/52 V

C.
D.

3/52 V
5/52 V

4 V, 8 V
8 V, 4 V

601. The network shown in the figure draws current I


when ab is open. If the ends ab were shorted, the
current drawn would be

596. Find Ix in the fig shown

A.
B.
A.

1A

C.

2A

4I

C.
D.

2I
I

602. In the figure below, the voltage across the 18 ohm


resistor is 90 volts. What is the total voltage across
the combined circuit?

A.
B.

1A
2A

C.
D.

2.5 A
3A

C.
D.

24 ohms
12 ohms

607. In the figure, the value of R is


A.
B.

125 V
16 V

C.
D.

24 V
40 V

603. Find the current transfer ratio I2/I1 for the network
shown in the figure. All resistors are given as 2
ohms.

A.
B.

0.25
0.40

C.
D.

0.50
0.75

604. In the network shown in the given figure, the


effective resistance faced by the voltage source is

A.
B.

4 ohms
3 ohms

C.
D.

2 ohms
1 mega ohms

605. The V-I relation for the network shown in the given
box is V = 4I - 9. If now a resistor R = 2 ohms is
connected across it, then the value of I will be

A.
B.

10 ohms
18 ohms

608. An ideal constant voltage source is connected in


series with an ideal constant current source.
Considered together, the combination will be a
A. constant voltage source
B. constant current source
C. constant voltage source and constant current
D. source or a constant power source
609. A network contains only independent current
sources and resistors. If the values of all the
resistors are doubled, the values of the node
voltage
A. will become half
B. will remain unchanged
C. will become double
D. cannot be determined unless the circuit
configuration and the values of the resistors
are known
610. A network N is a dual of network N if
A. both of them have same mesh equations
B. both of them have same node equations
C. mesh equations of one are the node equations
of the other
D. KCL and KVL equations are the same

A.
B.

4.5 A
1.5 A

C.
D.

1.5 A
4.5 A

606. In the circuit shown in the figure, for R = 20 ohms


the current I is 2 A. When R is 10 ohms the current I
would be

611. A certain network consists of two ideal voltage


sources and a large number of ideal resistors. The
power consumed in one of the resistor is 4 W when
either of the two sources is active and the other is
replaced by a short circuit. The power consumed by
the same resistor when both the sources are
simultaneously active would
be
A. zero or 16 W
C. zero or 8 W
B. 4W or 8 W
D. 8 W or 16 W

612. All the resistances in the circuit are R ohms each.


The switch is initially open. What happens to the
lamp intensity when the switch is closed?

A.
B.

1 A, 2.73
2.73 A, 1

C.
D.

5A, 30/11
none of these

617. The value of equivalent voltage and resistance


across a and b.
A.
B.
C.
D.

increases
decreases
remain constant
depends on the value of R

613. If R1 = R2 = R4 = R and R3 = 1.1R in the bridge


circuit shown in figure, then the reading in the ideal
voltmeter connected across a and b is

A.
B.

0.238 V
0.138 V

C.
D.

614. A network has b branches and n


mesh analysis will be simpler than
n is greater than
A. b
C.
B. b + 1
D.

0.238 V
1V
nodes. For this
node analysis if
b/2 +1
b/2

I1/I2
P1/P2
P1 in Watts
P2 in Watts

A.
B.

ABCD
3541
2341

100 V, 30
- 2 V, 30

C.
D.

10/3 V, 30
none of these

618. Identify correct statement with respect to fig. (a) and


(b).

A.
B.
C.
D.

power supplied by both the sources is same


current flowing through 5 resistors are same
current flowing through 1 resistors are same
all are correct

619. Practical current source internal resistance should


be
A. Less than RL
C. equal to RL
B. greater than RL
D. none of these
620. The equivalent circuit of the following circuit is

615. Match the following

A.
B.
C.
D.

A.
B.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
C.
D.

600
0.3
2
500
1.2
ABCD
3514
1314

616. Find single current source equivalent.

A.
B.
C.
D.

V in series with 3R
3V in series with 3R
V in series with R/3
3V in series with R/3

621. Obtain potential of node B with respect to G in the


network shown in figure.

626. Find the total power absorbed by all resistors in the


circuit shown.

A.
B.

15 W
20 W

C.
D.

25 W
30 W

627. What will be the power consumed by the voltage


source, current source and resistance respectively
A.
B.

64/63 V
1V

C.
D.

63/64 V
32/63 V

622. Find power dissipated in resistor 1 .

A.
B.

1 W, 1 W, 2 W
0 W, -1 W, 1 W

C.
D.

1 W, 0 W, 1 W
0 W, 0 W, 0 W

628. Power absorbed by 6 resistor is 24 W. Determine


Io
A.
B.

0
6W

C.
D.

9W
none of these

623. Find power delivered at t = 0.8 s.

A.
B.

51 W
34.68 W

C.
D.

A.
B.
34.68 W
none of these

4A
-4 A

C.
D.

2A
none of these

629. The dependent current source shown

624. The total power consumed in the circuit shown in


the figure is
A.
B.

Delivers 80 W
absorbs 80 W

C.
D.

delivers 40 W
absorbs 40 W

630. Find power absorbed by dependent source.

A.
B.

10 W
12 W

C.
D.

16 W
20 W

625. In the circuit shown in the given figure, power


dissipation in the 5 resistor is

A.
B.

3 W
3W

C.
D.

0W
none of these

631. What is the power supplied by 2 A current source.

A.
B.

zero
80 W

C.
D.

125 W
405 W

A.
B.

R
R-1

C.
D.

R/2
(6/11) R

637. What is the equivalent resistance between AB when


each branch resistance is 2 ohms?

A.
B.
A.
B.

70 W
70 W

C.
D.

50 W
none of these

632. Each branch resistance is 1 ohm. Find equivalent


resistance in each path out of 3 paths.

3.23 ohm
2 ohm

C.
D.

difficult to find
none of these

638. Superposition theorem is not applicable in the


network when it is
A. Linear
C. Time varying
B. non-linear
D. Time invarying
639. The superposition theorem is valid for
A. all linear networks
B. linear and symmetrical networks only
C. only linear networks having no dependent
sources
D. linear as well as nonlinear networks

A.
B.

15/6 ohms
5/6 ohms

C.
D.

6/5 ohms
none of these

633. If each branch of a delta circuit has impedance


Z, then each branch of the equivalent Wye circuit
has impedance
A. Z/
C. 3 Z
B. 3Z
D. Z/3
634. A deltaconnected network with its WYE-equivalent
is shown. The resistances R1 R2 & R3 are

A.
B.

1.5 , 3 , 9
3 , 6 , 1.5

C.
D.

9 , 3 , 1.5
3 , 1.5 , 9

635. When all resistances in delta connection are having


equal value of R. What is the equivalent resistance
in star connection?
A. RY = R
C. RY = R/3
B. R = RY/3
D. none of these
636. The effective resistance between the terminals A
and B in the circuit shown in the figure is (all
resistors are equal to R)

640. Substitution theorem is not used in the analysis of


networks in which they contain elements as
A. Linear
C. Time varying
B. non-linear
D. none of these
641. Thevenins theorem is not applicable when
1. Load is coupled with the network
2. Linear
3. Time invariant
4. none of these
5. Non linear
6. Time varying
A. 1, 5, 6
C. 1, 5
B. 5, 6
D. 1, 3, 5, 6
642. Tellegens theorem is applicable when
A. Nature of elements is irrelevant
B. Elements are linear time varying
C. KVL and KCL is not satisfied
D. none of these
643. Reciprocity theorem is applicable when network is
1. Linear
2. Time invariant
3. Passive
4. Independent source
5. Dependent source
6. Mutual inductors
Identify the correct combination
A. 1, 2, 6
C. 1, 2, 4
B. 1, 2, 3, 6
D. 1, 2, 3
644. Consider the following statements:
1. Tellegens theorem is applicable to any
lumped networks
2. The reciprocity theorem is applicable to
linear bilateral networks

3.

Thevenins theorem is applicable to two


terminal linear active networks
4. Nortons theorem is applicable to two
terminal linear active networks
Which of these statements are correct?
A. 1, 2 and 3
C. 1, 2 and 4
B. 1, 2, 3 and 4
D. 3 and 4
645. Match ListI with List-II and select the correct
answer using the codes given below the lists:
List I
List II
Network Theorems
Most
distinguished
property of network
A. Reciprocity
1. Impedance Matching
B. Tellegens
2. Bilateral
C. Superposition
3.
D. Maximum power
4. Linear
Transfer
5. Non linear
CODES:
CODES:
ABCD
ABCD
A. 1 2 3 4
C. 2 3 4 1
B. 1 2 3 5
D. 2 3 5 1
646. In a linear circuit the super position principle can be
applied to calculate the
A. Voltage and power
B. voltage and current
C. current and power
D. voltage, current and power
647. In applying Thevenins theorem, to find the
Thevenin impedance, some sources (call them set
S1) have to be replaced by their internal
impedances, while others (call them set S2) should
be left undisturbed.
A. S1 consists of independent sources while S2
includes all independent sources
B. S1 consists of dependent sources while S2
includes all independent sources
C. S2 is a null set
D. S1 is a null set
648. In the network shown, which one of the following
theorems can be conveniently used to calculate the
power consumed by the 10 ohm resistor.

A.
B.

0.2
0.4

C.
D.

2
none of these

650. A dc current source is connected as shown in below


figure. The Thevenins equivalent of the network at
terminals a b will be

A.
B.
C.
D.

4 V voltage source parallel with 2 ohms resistor


4 V voltage source
2 V voltage source parallel with 2 ohms resistor
none of these

651. In the network shown in the given figure current i= 0


when E = 4 V, I = 2 A and I = 1 A when E = 8 V, I =
2A. The Thevenin voltage and the resistance
looking into the terminals AB are

A.
B.

4 V, 2
4 V, 4

C.
D.

8 V, 2
8 V, 4

652. A battery charger can drive a current of 5A into a 1


ohm resistance connected at its output terminals. If
it is able to charge an ideal 2V battery at 7A rate,
then its Thevenins equivalent circuit will be
A. 7.5V in series with 0.5 ohm
B. 12.5 V in series with 1.5 ohms
C. 7.5V in parallel with 0.5 ohm
D. 12.5V in parallel with 0.5 ohm
653. Find Va for which maximum power is transferred to
the load.

A.
B.
C.
D.

Thevenins theorem
Maximum power transfer theorem
Millmans theorem
Superposition theorem

649. Find the Thevenin equivalent resistance of the


circuit to the left of the terminals marked a and b in
the figure.

A.
B.

7.5 V
20 V

C.
D.

10 V
none of these

654. If the networks shown in fig. I and II are equivalent


at terminals A-B, then the values of V (in volts) and
Z (in ohms), will be

A.
B.

V
100
60

Z
12
12

C.
D.

V
100
60

Z
30
30

655. In the circuit shown, the power dissipated in 30 ohm


resistor will be maximum if the value of R is

A.
B.

30 ohms
16 ohms

C.
D.

9 ohms
zero

656. In the circuit shown, the power consumed in the


resistance R is measured when one source is
acting at a time. These values are 18 W, 50 W and
98 W. When all the sources are acting
simultaneously, the possible maximum and
minimum values of power in R will be

A.
B.

98W and 18 W
166 W and 18 W

C.
D.

A.
B.

2.75
7.5

C.
D.

25
27

659. For the circuit shown, identify the correct statement.

A.
B.
C.
D.

Efficiency of power transmission is maximum


when RS = RL
efficiency of power transmission is maximum
when RS < RL
efficiency of power transmission is maximum
when RS > RL
none of these

660. The V-I characteristics as seen from the terminalpair (A, B) of the network of figure (a) is shown in
figure (b). If a variable resistance RL is connected
across the terminal pair (A, B) the maximum power
that can be supplied to RL would be

450 W and 2 W
166 W and 2 W

657. The value of Rx so that power dissipated in it is


maximum

A.
B.
C.
D.

80 W
40 W
20 W
Indeterminate unless the actual network is
given

661. In the lattice network, find the value of R for the


maximum power transfer to the load.

A.
B.

33.4 kohms
17.6 kohms

C.
D.

10 kohms
5 kohms

658. In the circuit shown in the given figure RL will


absorb maximum power when its value is

A.
B.

5
6.5

C.
D.

8
9

662. In the network of the given figure, the maximum


power is delivered to RL if its value is

667. Find the value of R and r. Thevenins equivalent


circuit is given by circuit as shown

A.
B.

16 ohms
40/3 ohms

C.
D.

60 ohms
20 ohms

663. Find the current I in the given figure.

A.
B.
C.
D.

R = r = 20 ohms
R = r = 5 ohms
R = 10 ohms; r = 5 ohms
R = r = 10 ohms

668. Thevenins equivalent of the circuit shown in the


figure: Vth, Zth values are

A.
B.

1.5 A
2.0 A

C.
D.

1.2 A
4/5 A

664. In the circuit of the given figure, the maximum


power will be delivered to RL and RL equals

A.
B.

6
2

C.
D.

4/3
1

665. The maximum power that can be transferred to the


load resister RL from the voltage source in the figure
is

A.
B.

1W
10 W

C.
D.

0.25 W
0.5 W

666. For the circuit shown, Thevenins voltage and


Thevenins equivalent resistance at terminals a and
b is

A.
B.
C.
D.

5 V and 2 ohms
7.5 V and 2.5 ohms
4 V and 2 ohms
3 V and 2.5 ohms

A.
B.

20 V, 9 ohms
40 V, 19/3 ohms

C.
D.

40 V, 9 ohms
40 V, 8 ohms

F. ELECTRICAL TRANSIENTS
669. EE Board Exam April 1979, October 1982
In an RL circuit, Kirchhoffs law gives the following
relation: E = Ldi/dt + Ri where:
E = supply voltage (200 volts)
R = resistance (20 ohms)
L = inductance (1 Henry)
t = time in seconds
i = current in amperes
If i = 0 when t = 0, find i when t = 0.02 second.
A. 3.3 A
C. 3.2 A
B. 3.1 A
D. 3.0 A
670. EE Board Exam October 1980
In an RL circuit, Kirchhoffs law gives the following
relation: E = Ldi/dt + Ri where:
E = supply voltage (200 volts)
R = resistance (20 ohms)
L = inductance (1 Henry)
t = time in seconds
i = current in amperes
If i = 0 when t = 0, find i after a long time.
A. 10 A
C. 0
B. 11.2 A
D. infinite
671. EE Board Exam October 1990
A 6 H coil whose resistance is 12 ohms is
connected in series with a 24 ohms resistor and to a
144 V battery and a switch. The switch is closed at t
= 0. Determine the time constant and the steady
state current of the circuit.
A. 0.36 sec, 12 A
C. 0.66 sec, 3 A
B. 0.45 sec, 4 A
D. 0.50 sec, 6 A
672. EE Board Exam April 1990

A time of 10 milliseconds is required for the current


on a series RL dc circuit to reach 90% of its final
steady state value. Assume at t = 0, i(0) = 0. What
is the time constant in seconds for the circuit?
A. 4.25 ms
C. 3.39 ms
B. 3.86 ms
D. 4.34 ms
673. EE Board Exam April 1995
The shunt winding of a machine has a resistance of
80 ohms and an inductance of 4 H is suddenly
switched on to a 220 V supply. Find the time taken
for the current to rise to half its steady state value.
A. 0.0512 sec
C. 0.0251 sec
B. 0.0346 sec
D. 0.0172 sec
674. EE Board Exam October 1990
A 6 H coil whose resistance is 12 ohms is
connected in series with a 24 ohms resistor and to a
144 V battery and a switch. The switch is closed at t
= 0. Determine the current at t = 0.1 second.
A. 1.538 A
C. 1.805 A
B. 1.750 A
D. 1.624 A
675. EE Board Exam October 1992
An uncharged capacitor in series with a 120 volt
voltmeter of 10,000 ohms resistance is suddenly
connected to a 100 V battery. One second later, the
voltmeter reads 60 volt. Determine the capacitance
of the capacitor.
A. 187.54 F
C. 195.76 F
B. 190.62 F
D. 192.23 F
676. REE Board Exam April 1999
A 20 ohm resistance R and a 0.001 farad
capacitance C are in series. A direct current voltage
E of 100 volts is applied across the series circuit at t
= 0 and the initial current i(0) = 5 A. Determine the
resulting current i(t) at t = 0.01 second.
A. 3.34 A
C. 2.78 A
B. 3.67 A
D. 3.03 A
677. EE Board Exam October 1991
A series RC circuit consist of R = 2 M and an
uncharged capacitor C = 5 F. The circuit is
connected across a 100 V DC source at t = 0.
Determine the voltage across the resistor 5 seconds
later.
A. 63.31 V
C. 66.24 V
B. 60.65 V
D. 69.22 A
678. EE Board Exam October 1991
An uncharged capacitor in series with a 120 volt
voltmeter of 10,000 ohms resistance is suddenly
connected to a 100 V battery. One second later, the
voltmeter reads 60 volt. Determine the rate at which
the voltage across the capacitor is charging.
-0.55t
-0.55t
A. 51 e
C. 55 e
-0.51t
-0.51t
B. 51 e
D. 55 e
679. EE Board Exam October 1981
In a circuit consisting of a series resistance and
capacitance and connected to a DC source, R = 20

ohms, C = 250 microfarad and E = 100 volts, find i


after a long time.
A. 1 A
C. infinity
B. 0 A
D. 5 A
680. EE Board Exam April 1993
A 100 F capacitor initially charged to 24 V is
discharge across a series combination of a 1 k
resistor and a 200 F capacitor. Find the current
after 1 sec.
A. 7.34 nA
C. 8.43 nA
B. 7.24 nA
D. 8.84 nA
681. EE Board Exam October 1991
A series RC circuit consist of R = 2 M and an
uncharged capacitor C = 5 F. The circuit is
connected across a 100 V DC source at t = 0. What
is the initial rate of change of voltage across the
resistor?
A. -10 V/s
C. -12.4 V/s
B. 10 V/s
D. none of these
682. REE Board Exam March 1998
A 10 ohm resistance R and a 1 Henry inductance L
are connected in series. An AC voltage e(t) = 100
sin 377t is applied across the connection. Solve for
the particular solution (without the complementary
solution) and determine the amplitude of the
resulting sinusoidal current i(t).
A. 0.321 A
C. 0.241 A
B. 0.292 A
D. 0.265 A
683. EE Board Exam April 1991
A certain electric welder has a basic circuit
equivalent to a series RL with R = 0.1 and L = 1
mH. It is connected to an AC source e through a
switch s operated by an automatic timer, which
closes the circuit at any desired point on the 60
cycle, sinusoidal wave e. Calculate the magnitude
of the transient current resulting when s closes as
e is passing through its peak value of 100 volts.
A. 256.41 A
C. 80.54 A
B. 65.74 A
D. 76.32 A
684. REE Board Exam October 1999
A series RL circuit is connected to an AC source of
100 sin 377t. Where L = 0.1 Henry, R = 10 ohms
and i(0) = 0. Determine the current at t = 0.01
second.
A. 2.784 A
C. 2.531 A
B. 2.301 A
D. 3.062 A
685. REE Board Exam April 1999
A series circuit has R = 10 ohms. L = 0.1 Henry and
C = 0.0001 Farad. An AC voltage e = 100 sin 377t
is applied across the series circuit. Solve for the
particular solution (without the complementary
solution) and determine the amplitude of the
resulting sinusoidal current i(t).
A. 5.51 A
C. 6.67 A
B. 6.06 A
D. 7.34 A
686. REE Board Exam October 1999

A 10 ohm resistance R and a 0.001 Farad


capacitance C are in series. An AC voltage e(t) =
100 sin 377t is applied across the series circuit.
Solve for the particular solution (without the
complementary solution) and determine the
amplitude of the resulting sinusoidal current i(t).
A. 9.67 A
C. 8.79 A
B. 10.63 A
D. 11.70 A
687. REE Board Exam October 1999
If R = 50 ohms, C = 0.0001 Farad, E = 100 volts
and i(0) = 2 amperes, determine the Laplace
transform expression for I(s).
A. I(s) = 2/(s + 200)
C. I(s) = 2/(s + 50)
B. I(s) = 2/[s(s + 2)]
D. I(s) = 2/(s + 2)
688. REE March 1998
A generator has a field winding with an inductance
L = 10 Henry and a resistance Rf = 0.1 ohm. To
break the initial field current of 1000 amperes, the
field breaker inserts a field discharge resistance Rd
across the field terminals before the main contacts
open. As a result, the field current decays to zero
according to the differential equation.
Where: R = Rf + Rd
preventing a sudden decrease of i to zero, and a
resulting high inductive voltage due to L. Solve the
differential equation and determine the value of Rd
that would limit the initial voltage across it to 1,000
volts
A. 0.90 ohm
C. 0.85 ohm
B. 0.80 ohm
D. 0.95 ohm
689. EE Board Exam April 1995
The growth of current in an inductive circuit follows
A. Linear law
C. Ohms law
B. Exponential law
D. Hyperbolic law
690. EE Board Exam April 1994
The time constant of an RL series circuit is
A. R + L
C. L/R
B. R/L
D. RL
691. EE Board Exam April 1998, April 1995
If a dc voltage is applied to an initially uncharged
series RC circuit, the initial value of the current is
A. zero
C. infinite
B. V/R
D. CV
692. ECE Board Exam April 1999
What is the voltage drop across the resistor in an
RC charging circuit when the charge on the
capacitor is equal to the battery voltage?
A. 0.10 volt
C. zero
B. 1.0 volt
D. 10 volts
693. ECE Board Exam April 2000
What is the RC time constant of a series RC circuit
that contains a 12 M resistor and a 12 F
capacitor?
A. 144 seconds
C. 14.4 seconds
B. 1.44 seconds
D. 1440 seconds

694. ECE Board Exam April 2000


What is the time constant of a 500 mH coil and a
3,300 ohm resistor in series?
A. 0.0015 sec
C. 1650 secs
B. 6.6 secs
D. 0.00015 sec
695. ECE Board Exam November 2000
In RL circuit, the time constant is the time required
for the induced current to reach what percentage of
its full value?
A. 100%
C. 37%
B. 63%
D. 0%
696. EE Board Exam April 1990, October 1990
A 6 H coil whose resistance is 12 ohms is
connected in series with a 24 ohms resistor and to a
144 V battery and a switch. The switch is closed at t
= 0. Determine the time constant of the circuit and
the steady-state current.
A. 0.5 sec; 6 A
C. 0.1667 sec; 4 A
B. 0.25 sec; 12 A
D. 0.131 sec; 6 A
697. EE Board Exam October 1991
A series RC circuit consist of R = 2 M and an
uncharged capacitor C = 5 F. The circuit is
connected across a 100 V DC source at t = 0.
Determine the voltage across the resistor at the
instant the switch is closed and 5 seconds after the
switched has been closed.
A. 100 V, 60.65 V
C. 100 V, 0 V
B. 0 V, 60.65 V
D. 0 V, 100 V
698. The rate of rise of current through an inductive coil
is maximum
A. after 1 time constant
B. at the start of current flow
C. near the final maximum value of current
D. at 63.2% of its maximum steady state value
699. Energy stored by a coil is doubled when its current
is increased by ____.
A. 100%
C. 50%
B. 41.4%
D. 25%
700. The initial current in an RL series circuit when a dc
source is suddenly applied
A. unity
C. infinite
B. V/R
D. zero
701. At steady state in an RL circuit, the inductance will
act as
A. open circuit
C. transient circuit
B. short circuit
D. coupled circuit
702. The rise of the current in an RL series circuit is
what?
A. linear
C. exponential
B. sinusoidal
D. symmetrical
703. The transient current is undamped if
A. R = 0
2
B. [R/2L] > [1/(LC)]

C.
D.

[R/2L] = [1/(LC)]
2
[R/2L] < [1/(LC)]

704. The transient current is oscillatory if


A. R = 0
2
B. [R/2L] > [1/(LC)]
2
C. [R/2L] = [1/(LC)]
2
D. [R/2L] < [1/(LC)]
705. The capacitor in a series RC circuit at steady state
is
A. open circuit
C. transient circuit
B. short circuit
D. coupled circuit
706. What is the time constant in an RC series circuit?
A. C/R
C. RC
B. R/C
D. C
707. A circuit of resistance and inductance in series has
an applied voltage of 200 volts across it. What is the
voltage drop across the inductance at the instance
of switching?
A. 200 V
C. 20 V
B. 0 V
D. 2,000 V
708. The current in series RC circuit at steady state is
A. zero
C. constant
B. infinite
D. V/R
709. Transient disturbance is produced in a circuit
whenever
A. it is suddenly connected or disconnected from
the supply
B. it is shorted
C. its applied voltage is changed suddenly
D. all of the above
710. There are no transients in pure resistive circuits
because they
A. offer high resistance
B. obey Ohms law
C. have no stored energy
D. are linear circuits
711. Transient currents in electrical circuit are associated
with
A. inductors
C. resistors
B. capacitors
D. both A and B
712. The transients which are produced due to sudden
but energetic changes from one steady state of a
circuit to another are called ____ transients.
A. initiation
C. relaxation
B. transition
D. subsidence
713. In a R-L circuit connected to an alternating
sinusoidal voltage, size of transient current primarily
depends on
A. the instant in the voltage cycle at which circuit
is closed
B. the peak value of steady-state current
C. the circuit impedance
D. the voltage frequency

714. Double-energy transients are produced in circuits


consisting of
A. two or more resistors
B. resistance and inductance
C. resistance and capacitance
D. resistance, inductance and capacitance
715. The transient current in a loss-free L-C circuit when
excited from an ac source is a/an ____ sine wave.
A. over damped
B. undamped
C. under damped
D. critically damped
716. Transient currents in an R-L-C circuit is oscillatory
when
A.
C.

B.
D.

717. A coil has a time constant of 1 second and an


inductance of 8 H. If the coil is connected to a 100 V
dc source, determine the rate of rise of current at
the instant of switching.
A. 8 amp/sec
C. 0.25 amp/sec
B. 12.5 amp/sec
D. 0.04 amp/sec
718. A 20 ohm resistor, a 0.01 H inductor and a 100 uF
capacitor are connected in series to a 200 V DC
supply. The capacitor is initially uncharged. Find the
maximum instantaneous current.
A. 8.44 A
C. 6.44 A
B. 7.44 A
D. 5.44 A
.
719. A 10,000 ohms voltmeter connected in series with
80 F capacitor is suddenly connected to a 100 V
dc source at t = 0. At what time does the voltmeter
read 40 volts?
A. 0.654 sec
C. 0.733 sec
B. 0.51 sec
D. 0.1 sec
720. A series RLC circuit with inductance of 100 Henry
has a transient resonant frequency of 5 cps. Solve
the capacitance of the circuit if the effect of R on the
frequency is negligible.
A. 10.1 F
C. 400 F
B. 0.104 F
D. 4 F
721. A 60 F capacitor is connected in series with a 400
ohm resistor. If the capacitor is initially uncharged,
determine the resistor and capacitor voltages when
t = 1.5 times the time constant for a suddenly
applied source emf of 120 volts.
A. 26.78 V, 93.22 V
B. 120 V, 0 V
C. 93.22 V, 26.78 V
D. 0 V, 120 V
722. A series RL network, with R = 2 ohms and L = 0.5
H, has an applied voltage v(t). Find the time
constant for the circuit current.
A. 4 sec
C. 2 sec

B.

0.5 sec

D.

0.25 sec

723. A coil having a resistance of 10 ohms and an


inductance of 4 H is switched across a 20-V dc
source. Calculate the time taken by the current to
reach 50% of its final steady state value.
A. 151.8 V
C. 88.2 V
B. 189.4 V
D. 101.2 V
724. A constant voltage is applied to a series RL circuit
at t = 0 by closing the switch. The voltage across L
is 25 volts at t = 0 and drops to 5 volts at t = 0.025
second. If L = 2 H, what must be the value of R in
ohms?
A. 188.30
C. 128.80
B. 1288
D. 182.80
725. A circuit whose resistance is 20 ohms and
inductance of 10 H has a steady state voltage of
100 volts suddenly applied to it. For the instant of
0.50 second after the voltage is applied, determine
the total power input to the circuit.
A. 200 watts
C. 316 watts
B. 116 watts
D. 500 watts
726. A circuit of resistance R ohms and inductance L
Henry has a direct voltage of 230 volts applied to it.
0.30 second after switching on, the current was
found to be 5 ampere. After the current had reached
its final value, the circuit was suddenly shortcircuited. The current was again found to be 5
ampere at 0.30 second after short-circuiting the coil.
Find the value of R and L.
A. 230 , 10 H
C. 10 ohms. 23 H
B. 23 , 10 H
D. 10 , 32 H

closing the switch. The value of current 2 seconds


after the switch is closed is
A. 1.74 A
C. 1.17 A
B. 1.47 A
D. 1.71 A
731. A DC voltage of 80 volts is applied to a circuit
containing a resistance of 80 ohms in series with an
inductance of 20 Henry. Calculate the growth of
current at the instant of completing the circuit.
A. 4 A/s
C. A/s
B. 2 A/s
D. A/s
732. A 200 volt DC supply is suddenly switched to a
relay coil which has a time constant of 3 ms. If the
current in the coil reaches 0.20 ampere after 3 ms
determine the steady state value of the current.
A. 0.361 A
C. 0.316 A
B. 0.163 A
D. 0.631 A
733. A relay has a resistance of 300 ohms and is
switched to a 100 V DC supply. If the current
reaches 63.2% of its final value at 0.02 sec,
determine the inductance of the circuit.
A. 5 H
C. 4 H
B. 6 H
D. 13 H
734. Energy stored by a coil is doubled when its current
is increased by ____ percent.
A. 100
C. 50
B. 141.4
D. 25
735. A 60 volt potential difference is suddenly applied to
a coil of inductive 60 mH and resistance 180 ohms.
At what rate is it rising after 0.005 sec?
A. 322 A/sec
C. 22.3 A/sec
B. 223 A/sec
D. 32.2 A/sec

727. The field winding of a separately-excited DC


generator has an inductance of 60 H and a
resistance of 30 ohms. The discharge resistance of
50 ohms is permanently connected in parallel with
winding which is excited from a 200 volt supply.
Find the value of the decay current 0.60 sec after
the supply has been switched off.
A. 4.94 A
C. 1.12 A
B. 3.67 A
D. 3 A

736. A voltage rise linearly form zero to 100 volts in 1


second, falls instantaneously to zero at t = 1
second and remains zero thereafter. This voltage is
applied to an RL series circuit in which R = 5 ohms
and L = 100 mH. What is the current when t = 0.50
second?
A. 6.90 A
C. 9.60 A
B. 96 A
D. 69 A

728. A 5 microfarad capacitor is discharged suddenly


through a coil having an inductance of 2 H and a
resistance of 200 ohms. The capacitor is initially
charge to a voltage of 10 volts. Find the additional
resistance required just to be prevent oscillation.
A. 1625 ohms
C. 1265 ohms
B. 1065 ohms
D. 1025 ohms

737. A capacitance of 10 microfarad is connected in


series with a resistance of 8,000 ohms. If the
combination is suddenly connected to a 100 V DC
supply. Find the initial rate of rise in potential across
the capacitor.
A. 12500 V/s
C. 1250 V/s
B. 125 V/s
D. 12.50 V/s

729. The rate of rise of current through an inductive coil


is maximum
A. after 1 time constant
B. at the start of current flow
C. near the final maximum value of current
D. at 63.2% of its maximum steady state value

738. A 25 microfarad capacitor is connected in series


with a 0.50 M-ohm resistor and a 120 volt storage
battery. What is the potential difference in the
capacitor 6 sec after the circuit is closed?
A. 64 volts
C. 4.60 volts
B. 46 volts
D. 6.40 volts

730. A coil of 15 H inductance and 10 ohms resistance is


suddenly connected to a 20 volts DC source by

739. A capacitor of 2 microfarad with an initial charge q0


is connected across the terminals of a 10 ohm

resistor and the switch is closed at t = 0. Find q0


(micro-coulomb) if the transient power in the
resistor is known to be
A. 1200
C. 102
B. 120
D. 2100
740. The transient current in a loss-free L-C circuit when
excited from an ac source is ____ a/an sine wave .
A. overdamped
B. undamped
C. underdamped
D. critically damped
741. A series RLC circuit with R = 5 ohms, L = 0.10 H, C
= 500 microfarad has a constant voltage V = 10
volts applied at t = 0. Find the resulting transient
current.
-50t
A. 0.707e sin 139t
-25t
B. 0.272e sin 278t
-25t
C. 0.720e sin 139t
D. none of these
742. A circuit consisting of 20 ohms resistor, 20 mH
inductor and a 100 microfarad capacitor in series is
connected to a 200 V DC supply. The capacitor is
initially
uncharged.
Find
the
maximum
instantaneous current.
A. 6.45 A
C. 8.45 A
B. 7.45 A
D. 9.45 A
743. A time of 10 ms is required for the current in an RL
circuit to reach 90% of its final value. If R is 10
ohms, find the value of C to be inserted in series
with the RL circuit so that the frequency of
oscillation of the resulting current is 1000 cycles per
second.
-8
A. 5.38 x 10 Farad
-7
B. 5.83 x 10 Farad
-6
C. 5.83 x 10 Farad
-5
D. 5.83 x 10 Farad
744. A series RLC circuit with R = 1 k, L = 1 H and C =
6.25 F is suddenly connected across a 24 V dc
source. At t = 0, i= 0 and q = 0. Determine the
current after 0.01 sec.
A. 3.45 mA
C. 5.40 mA
B. 4.61 mA
D. 5.05 mA
745. A series RLC circuit has R = 200 , L = 0.1 H and a
capacitor C = 10 F. If a 100 V dc source is
connected across the terminals of the series circuit
at t = 0, determine the current after 1 millisecond.
Assume zero initial conditions.
A. 0.353 A
C. 0.253 A
B. 0.229 A
D. 0.368 A
746. Double energy transient are produced in circuits
consisting of
A. two or more resistors
B. resistance and inductance
C. resistance and capacitance
D. resistance, inductance and capacitance

747. A DC voltage source is connected across a series


RLC circuit, under steady state conditions, the
applied DC voltage drops entirely across the
A. R only
B. L only
C. C only
D. R & L combinations
748. Consider a DC voltage source connected to a
series RC circuit. When the steady state reaches,
the ratio of energy stored in the capacitor to the
total energy supplied by the voltage source is equal
to
A. 0.362
C. 0.632
B. 0.500
D. 1.00
749. An inductor at t = 0 with initial current I0 acts as
A. short
C. current source
B. open
D. voltage source
750. An inductor L carries steady state current I0,
suddenly at time t = 0 the inductor is removed from
circuit and connected to a resistor R. The current
through the inductor at time t is equal
-Rt/L
+Rt/L
A. I0e
C. I0e
-Rt/L
+Rt/L
B. I0 (1-e )
D. I0 (1-e
)
751. Transient current in a circuit results from
A. voltage applied to the circuit
B. impedance of the circuit
C. changes in the stored energy in inductors and
capacitors
D. resistance of the circuit
752. A two terminal black box contains a single element
which can be R, L, C or M. As soon as the box is
connected to a dc voltage source, a finite non-zero
current is observed to flow through the element.
The element is a/an
A. resistance
B. inductance
C. capacitance
D. Mutual inductance
753. In a circuit the voltage across an element is v(t) =
-100t
10 (t - 0.01)e
V. The circuit is
A. un-damped
B. under damped
C. critically damped
D. Over damped
754. A unit step voltage is applied at t = 0 to a series RL
circuit with zero initial conditions
A. It is possible for the current to be oscillatory
B. The voltage across the resistor at t = 0+ is zero
C. The energy stored in the inductor in the steady
state is zero
D. The resistor current eventually falls to zero
755. A 1 F capacitor charged through a 2 k resistor by
a 10 V dc source. The initial growth of capacitor
voltage will be at the rate
A. 316 V/ms.
C. 6.32 V/ms

B.

5.0 V/ms

D.

10.0 V/ ms

756. A series R-C circuit has a capacitor with an initial


voltage of 11 V. A 15 V dc source is now connected
across the R-C circuit. The initial rate of change of
capacitor voltage can be
A. 15 0.368 / RC
C. 11/RC
B. 15 0.632 / RC
D. 4/RC

0
V

C.
D.

cant find
none of these

758. The switch K opened at t = 0 after the network has


attained a steady state with the switch closed. Find
vs (0+) across the switch.

A.
B.

VR1/R2
V

C.
D.

V + VR1/R2
0

759. The switch SPST is closed at t = 0, find d/dt i1 (0+).

A.
B.

0
40

C.
D.

20/3 V
none of these

C.
D.

50
none of these

50 C
100 C

C.
D.

250 C
none of these

763. Switch K is opened at t = 0, find IL (0+).

A.
B.

5A
0

C.
D.

2A
none of these

764. Given L1 = 1 H, R = 10 , L2 = 2 H , iL1 (0-) = 2A.


Find iL2 ().

A.
B.
A.
B.

7.5 V
0

762. Given initial charge in C0 = 500 C. In the steady


state find charge in 1 f capacitor?

757. What is vc (o+)?

A.
B.

A.
B.

2/3 A
0

C.
D.

4/3 A
1A

765. What is VL (0 +), when switch K is closed at t = 0.

760. SPST is closed at t = 0.What is the time constant of


the circuit?

A.
B.

A.
B.

26/7
7/26

C.
D.

7/13
none of these

761. Given VC1 (0-) = 10 V, VC2 (0-) = 5 V find VC2 () = ?

2V
-2 V

C.
D.

0
none of these

766. An impulse current 2 (t) A, with t in second, is


made to flow through an initially relaxed 3 F
capacitor. The capacitor voltage at T = 0+ is
A. 6V
C. 2/3 V
B. 2V
D. zero
767. The circuit of the given figure is initially relaxed. At t
= 0+, ____.

A.
B.

v =0 V
i=0A

C.
D.

v = 100 V
i=

768. The time constant of the circuit shown in figure is

A.
B.

0.5 ohm
2.0 ohm

C.
D.

4.0 ohm
12 ohm

772. In the circuit shown below, the switch is closed at t


= 0. The current through the capacitor will decrease
exponentially with a time constant
A.
B.

C(R1 +R2 )
CR1R2/(R1+R2 )

C.
D.

CR1
CR2

769. If i1(t) is 5 A at t = 0, find i1(t) for all t when is(t) = 10


-2t
e .

A.
B.

0.5 s
1s

C.
D.

2s
10s

773. In the network shown, the switch is opened at t = 0.


Prior to that, network was in the steady- state, Vs (t)
at t =0 is
A.
B.

-2t

e
-2t
20e

C.
D.

-2t

30e
-2t
6.67e - 1.67

770. The switch in the circuit of the figure has been


closed for a long time. It is opened at t = 0.
A.
B.

A.
B.
C.
D.

v(0+) = 1 V, i (0+) = 0 A
v(0+) = 0 V, i(0+) = 0 A
v(0+) = 0 V, i (0+) =1 A
v (0+) = 1 V, i(0+) = 1 A

0
5V

C.
D.

10V
15V

774. For the circuit shown different time constants are


given. What are the charging and discharging times
respectively?
-3
1. 0.5 x 10 S
-3
2. 2 x 10 S
-3
3. 0.25 x 10 S
-3
4. 10 S

771. In the circuit shown, the switch is moved from


position A to B at time t = 0. The current i through
the inductor satisfies the following conditions
1. i(0) = -8A
2. di/dt (t = 0) = 3 A/s
3. i() = -4A
The value of R is
A.
B.

1, 2
2, 3

C.
D.

775.
A.
B.

C.
D.

1, 3
2, 4

776.
A.
B.

C.
D.

A.
B.

C.
D.

A.
B.

C.
D.

A.
B.

C.
D.

777.

778.

779.

780. If Vs = 40t V for t > 0 and iL (0) = 5A, what is the


value of i(t) at t = 2sec?
A.
B.

24A
34A

C.
D.

29A
39A

781.
A.
B.

C.
D.

A.
B.

C.
D.

A.
B.

C.
D.

782.

783.

784. Consider the following units:


-1
1. sec
2
-2
2. rad -sec
3. second
4. Ohm
The units of R/L, 1/LC, CR and
are
respectively ____.
A. 1, 2, 4 and 3
C. 2, 4, 1 and 3
B. 3, 2, 1 and 4
D. 1, 2, 3 and 4