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Lime

CaCO3 (lime stone)=calcination=CaO(quick lime)+CO2


CaO+H2O(32%)=slaking=Ca(OH)2(hydrated lime)+heat
Ca(OH)2(slaked lime)+CO2=CaCO3+H2O
slaking-quick lime cracks+swells+falls in powder form
Sources of Lime-lime stones from hills,boulders of river,kankar below ground,shells of sea animals
Classification1)Fat lime-slakes vigorously+2-2.5 time volume increase+95% CaO+5% impurities / hardens slowly+high
plasticity+soluble in water+perfectly white+sets slowly
Uses-White washing+plastering,sand morter in thin joints,surki morter in thk walls
2)Hydraulic Lime-clay+ferrous oxide,sets under water,slaking difficult,as natural cement,not perfect white,not dissolve,
Feebly,Moderately,Eminently Hydraulic lime
a)Clay content=5-10 / 11-20 / 21-30,
b)Slaking action=few mnts/1-2 hrs/ difficult,
c)Setting action=sets in water 3 weeks/1 week/1 day
d)Hydraulicity =Feeble/Moderate/Eminent
e)Uses=strong+ordinary masonary/superior masonary/similar to cement+damp place
3)Poor Lime - clay>30%,shakes slowly,not dissolve,sets+hardens slowly,poor binder+muddy white,poor morter
Fat lime vs Hydraulic Lime
1)Composition=5% clayey impurity / 5-30 clay+ferrous oxide
2)Slaking = Vigorously+sound+heat / Slowly
3) Vol after slaking = 2-2.5 times / slight
4)Setting= in air / in water
5)Hydraulicity =not / posses
6)Color = Perfectly white / not so white
7)Strength = Not Very Strong/Strong
8)Uses=plastering, sand-surki mortar / mortar for thk wall,damp place,
Uses1)water purification+sewage
2)flux in metallurgical industry
3)matrix for concrete+ mortar
4)refractory material for open hearth furnace
5)Production of glass
6)Mortar
7)Plastering
8)production of artificial stone+lime sand brick
9)Soil stabilization
10)White washing+base coat for distempering
11)cement morter with portland
Precautions
1) Contact with water,2)Facilities for workers,3)Fire hazard,4)Instruction to the workers