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6038883 Solved Problems of Jacksons Electrodynamics 01

# 6038883 Solved Problems of Jacksons Electrodynamics 01

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07/06/2013

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cylinders. For our Gaussian pillbox we take a disk of thickness dz and radius
r, a < r < b centered on the axis of the cylinders. By symmetry there is no
component of E normal to the top or bottom boundary surfaces, and the com-
ponent normal to the side surfaces (the radial component) is uniform around
the disc. Hence

E·dA = 2πrdzEρ = q
0

= 1

0

→Eρ(ρ) = aσ
0r

where σ is the surface charge on the inner conductor. This must integrate to
give the correct potential diﬀerence between the conductors:

V =−

b
a

Eρ(ρ)dρ =−aσ
0

ln b
a

which tells us that, to establish a potential diﬀerence V between the conductors,
the battery has to ﬂow enough charge to establish a surface charge of magnitude

σ = 0V
aln(b/a)

(17)

on the cylinder faces (the surface charges are of opposite sign on the two cylin-
ders).

It is useful to ﬁgure out the energy per unit length stored in the electric ﬁeld
between the cylinder plates here. This is just

Wv = 1
2

b
a

0

E·Dρdρdφ

= π 0

b
a

E2

(ρ)ρdρ

= πa2

σ2

0

ln(b/a)

= π 0V2
ln(b/a)

(18)

where the v subscript stands for ’vacuum’, since (18) is the energyper unit length
stored in the ﬁeld between the cylinders with just vacuum between them.
Now suppose we introduce a dielectric material between the cylinders. If the
voltage between the cylinders is kept at V, then the E ﬁeld must be just the
same as it was in the no-dielectric case, because this ﬁeld integrated from a to
b must still give the same potential diﬀerence. However, in order to establish
this same E ﬁeld in the presence of the retarding eﬀects of the dielectric, the
battery now has to establish a surface charge that is greater that it was before
by a factor ( / 0). With this greater charge on the electrodes, the D ﬁeld will
now be bigger by a factor ( / 0) than it was in our above calculation. So the

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