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6038883 Solved Problems of Jacksons Electrodynamics 01|Views: 6,741|Likes: 105

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cylinders. For our Gaussian pillbox we take a disk of thickness dz and radius

r, a < r < b centered on the axis of the cylinders. By symmetry there is no

component of E normal to the top or bottom boundary surfaces, and the com-

ponent normal to the side surfaces (the radial component) is uniform around

the disc. Hence

E·dA = 2πrdzEρ = q

0

= 1

0

(2πadz)σ

→Eρ(ρ) = aσ

0r

where σ is the surface charge on the inner conductor. This must integrate to

give the correct potential diﬀerence between the conductors:

V =−

b

a

Eρ(ρ)dρ =−aσ

0

ln b

a

which tells us that, to establish a potential diﬀerence V between the conductors,

the battery has to ﬂow enough charge to establish a surface charge of magnitude

σ = 0V

aln(b/a)

(17)

on the cylinder faces (the surface charges are of opposite sign on the two cylin-

ders).

It is useful to ﬁgure out the energy per unit length stored in the electric ﬁeld

between the cylinder plates here. This is just

Wv = 1

2

b

a

2π

0

E·Dρdρdφ

= π 0

b

a

E2

(ρ)ρdρ

= πa2

σ2

0

ln(b/a)

= π 0V2

ln(b/a)

(18)

where the v subscript stands for ’vacuum’, since (18) is the energyper unit length

stored in the ﬁeld between the cylinders with just vacuum between them.

Now suppose we introduce a dielectric material between the cylinders. If the

voltage between the cylinders is kept at V, then the E ﬁeld must be just the

same as it was in the no-dielectric case, because this ﬁeld integrated from a to

b must still give the same potential diﬀerence. However, in order to establish

this same E ﬁeld in the presence of the retarding eﬀects of the dielectric, the

battery now has to establish a surface charge that is* greater* that it was before

by a factor ( / 0). With this greater charge on the electrodes, the D ﬁeld will

now be bigger by a factor ( / 0) than it was in our above calculation. So the

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