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Plants can use light energy to convert carbon dioxide and water into glucose and
oxygen. To do this they must have chlorophyll. Photosynthesis takes place in the
green parts of plant; we call these the leaves !!!!! You know that there is no
chlorophyll in the cells in the roots because you know that roots are NOT green.
Anyway, roots are usually underground and therefore in the dark so photosynthesis
would not be possible even if the root cells did contain chlorophyll.
All of the last paragraph was totally obvious: so it should be obvious that the
following diagram shows a plant cell even though it does not contain chloroplasts.
Here is a “root hair” cell:

Osmosis and turgidity Osmosis is very important in root hair cells. As these cells develop they absorb water by osmosis and the hair can be pushed between soil particles. Actually examiners like to give you marks. The most important thing to remember about root hairs is that they increase the surface area between the root and the soil: this is necessary for the absorption of water and mineral salts. but only if you know the right answer.) Water passes from a region of high water concentration (wet soil) through a semi-permeable membrane (the cell membrane) to a region of lower water concentration (the cytoplasm). .” Poor old examiner will have to give you a mark. (See my Osmosis Page if you have forgotten about this. Providing that the soil is moist. This makes the cell turgid. Examiners like to ask you what is special about this cell. it is possible for water to enter the root hair by osmosis. They put a diagram like this in the exam paper (perhaps without the labels) and then ask “How is this cell specialized or adapted for its function?” You will write down “It has a large surface area to speed up the absorption of water and mineral salts from the soil.