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Appendix A – Uncertainty Analysis

Measurement Uncertainties:
The uncertainties associated with various measurements are found in Table A.1:
Variable

Uncertainty

Source

Reactor Flow Rate

3 mL/min

Manufacturer

Reactor Temperature

1 ⁰C

Manufacturer

Room Pressure

.3 inHg

Reactor Pressure

.02 psig

Difference in Pressure
Transistors
Calibration

GC Area

.2

Standard Deviation of
Data

Table A.1: Measurement Uncertainties

Calibration Uncertainties:
No calibration was required for this experiment.
Analysis of Data:
The uncertainty in rate constant value, k, is found using the propagation of error as
in equation A.1. Measured uncertainties for reactor flow rate, reactor temperature,
room pressure, reactor pressure and gas chromatography can be found in Table A.1.

2
2
2
2
2
2
dk
dk
dk
dk
dk
dk
U k= (
∗U T ) +(
∗U P ) +(
∗U P ) +( ∗U v ) +(
∗U A ) +(
∗U A )
d T rxn
d Prxn
d Pamb
dv
d A ace
d A IPA
rxn

rxn

amb

ace

Data was analyzed using the slope of inlet IPA mole fraction vs corresponding rate
constant values. The uncertainty in this slope was found using a 95% confidence
interval.
Sample calculations can be found in Appendix D. Uncertainties in rate constant
values can be found in Tables C.9, C.11, C.13 and C.15 of Appendix C.

IPA