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POLDI HARDNESS TEST

AIM: To determine the hardness of a given sample by using poldi hardness tester.

APPARATUS: Standard test bar, test specimen, moderate hammer, instrument.

THEORY: Poldi hardness test is a dynamic hardness test and can be used at any stage of processing
of metals. The instrument consists of a hardened steel ball of 10mm diameter fixed to a
hollow cylindrical casing; a movable plunger is fixed rigidly in the casing by means of
spring. A standard test bar is inserted in the gap provided between the plunger bottom and
the steel ball. The test bar is hardened for a predetermined value and is tapered for easy
insertion.

ADVANTAGES:

1) It is fast and simple


2) The indentation on the object is small.
3) It is portable and easily operated.
4) It can be used at any stage of processing of metals.
5) It is useful when the specimen is too large or cannot be mounted.

DISADVANTAGES:

1) Poldi hardness value is no substitute for the bench value. It is 10% of accurately measured
Hardness value.

2) it is not accurate

PROCEDURE:

1) The sample is cleaned and placed on a clean, smooth and flat surface.

2) The standard test bar is inserted between the bottom of the plunger and the steel ball.

3) The instrument is placed vertically on the metal surface.

4) A load of ½ kg is applied by hammer blow on the specimen which results in the two
indentations, one on the metal surface and the other on the standard test bar.

5) The diameters of indentations are measured by a magnifier supplied along with the tester.

6) The hardness of the specimen is equal to the value given in the grid formed by the
indentation diameters on the standard test bar and specimen respectively from a book supplied with
the machine.
7) Tensile strength for steels can be calculated by

UTS (mpa) = 3.4×BHN

8) The hardness values of aluminum, brass and steel are determined.

PRECAUTIONS:

1) The hammer blow should be moderate.

2) The instrument should be held vertically.

3) The gap between the neighboring indentations should be at least 15mm.

RESULT AND DISCUSSION:

The hardness values of the given samples (BHN) are

Aluminium-

Brass -

Steel -

Tensile strength of steel is

Hence an increasing trend is observed in the hardness values. Steel has the highest value while
aluminum has the least hardness value.