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40] la uyskaog úreoaO

wehs''@
^,xld B ksõia 2010'fmn'07 fm'j'10'30 - mdGl u;hls&
ckdêm;sjrKh wjidk jqKs' m%;sM,h .ek flnÿ ;¾l ú;¾l u;=
jqjo oeka ish,a, ;SrKh ù wjidkh' ckdêm;s uyskao rdcmË
uy;d ;j;a jir lsysmhla Y%S ,xldfõ ckdêm;sjrhd jYfhka
lghq;= lrkq we;' oYl .Kkdjla mqrd Y%S ,xld OrKS;,h fooreï
ljñka mej;shdjQ úkdYldÍ hqoaOh wjidk jQ od ljqre ljqre;a
is;=fõ uyskao rdcmË uy;dg ;u fojeks ckjru b;d
myiqfjka ;rÕldÍ;ajhlska f;drj ,nd.; yelsjkq we;s njhs'
kuq;a udi 7la jeks flá ld,hla ;=, isÿjQ úm¾hdifha uysuh fujr
ckdêm;sjrKfha wjidk Èkh olajdu mej;s ;r.ldÍ;ajfhka
fudkjg meyeÈ,s fõ' wjidk Pkao m%;sM, j, fjki ,Ë 18lg
wdikak jqjo tjka fjkilska ;ud ch.%yKh lrkq we;s nj
ckdêm;sjrhd jqjo fkdis;=jdg iel ke;' tjka ;shqKq ;r.hlska
miqj ,enqKq m%;sM,h ms<sno fndfyda fokd iel my, l,o ksÍËK
uOHia:dk mjikafka idOdrKj yd iduldój ue;sjrKh mej;s
njhs'

tod ;u orejka .ek is;d tlu nia r:hl tlg .ufka fkdfhÿKq
foudmshkag tlaj i;=áka .ukla ìukla hkakg wjia:dj i,iñka
ÿjd orejkag fkdìhj wOHdmk lghq;= j, ksr; ùug iqÿiq
jgmsgdjla ilia lrñka hqoaOh wjidk lr,Sfï f.!rjh th
fufyhjQ rdcH kdhlhd jYfhka uyskao rdcmË ckdêm;s;=udg
ysñúh hq;= nj ms<s.; hq;= i;Hhls' kuq;a hqoaOh wjidk jQ iufha
t;=udg foúfhl=g fuka ie,l+ ck;djf.ka 40] lau hqo
ch.%yKfhka i;a uila blauhdug;a fmr t;=udj n,fhka fkrmd
yeÍug iyfhda.h oSug ;SrKh lf,a ukao@ cd;sfha mS;D ;k;=rg
m;aùug iqÿiqlï ,nkakdjQ ;rï W;=ï jQ NdrOQr l¾;jHhlg
kdhl;ajh iemhQ ;u wiydh kdhlhd isyiqfkka fmr,d oeóug
Y%S ,dxlSh ck;djf.ka 40] la fm<.eiqfKa wehs@ fï ioyd b;du
ir< tfy;a uq.aO jQ ms<s;=re fï Èk j, wdKavq mËh úiska
imhkq ,nhs' fuu 40]u B,dï jdoSka nj msßila mji;s' ;j;a
msßila mjikafka fï 40] flf,ys .=K fkdokakd msßila njhs' fuu
;¾l ish,a, i,ld ne,SfïoS fmkS hkafka tAjd yqfola wj,dou
ñi ;¾ldkql+, fya;+ka fkdjk njhs' tfiakï fuhg fjk;a
;¾ldkql+, fya;+ka iuqodhla mj;skafkao hkak úuid n,k úg fmkS
hkafka ckdêm;sjrhdf.a yd mj;sk ikaOdk rcfha l%shd l,dmh ;=,
mj;sk hï hï ldrKd iïnkaOfhka ck;dj oeä úfrdaOdl,amhla
wkq.ukh lsÍu fuhg mj;sk wdikak;u fya;=j njhs'

uyskao rdcmË uy;d 2005 oS ckdêm;s OQrhg m;ajQ Èk isg hqoaOh


wjidk jk ;=reu úmËfha uka;%S jreka ckdêm;sjrhd f.a oE;a
Yla;su;a lsÍug hehs lshñka rchg tlaùfï m%jK;djhla olakg
,enqKs' thg jrola lsj fkdyels jkafka hqoaOh ch.%yKh lsÍu
ioyd ckdêm;sjrhdg wjYH ffO¾h iïmdokh lsÍu il, Y%S ,xld
jdiSkaf.au hq;=lu jQ neúks' kuq;a fuysoS tfia wdKavq mËhg tk
uka;%S jreka ish¿fokdu mdfya wud;H OQrhlska fyda ksfhdacH wud;H
OQrhlska msÿï ,eîu rfÜ nyq;r ck;dj wkqu; fkdlrk ,oaola nj
meyeÈ,sh' kuq;a ck;dj ckdêm;sjrhd flfrys úYajdih ;enQ w;r
wud;H uKav,h tla milg;a ckdêm;sjrhd iu. iuia: ck;dj
wfkla mig;a oud —ckdêm;s wfma msf<a ˜ nj;a is;Sug mgka .;ay'
fuu wud;H OQr m%odkh lsÍu hqO ch.%yKh ,nd.kakd ;=re rcfha
ia:djr;ajh wdrËd lr.ekSug ckdêm;sjrhd úiska wkq.ukh lrk
Wml%uhla nj is;d ck;dj ksYaYío jQy' tu ksYaYío;djh ;=,ska
ck;dj n,dfmdfrd;a;= jQfha hqOuh ch.%yKfhka miqj fuu wud;H
uKav,h iq¿ ixLHdjlg iSudlr wkjYH úhoï lmdyeÍug
ckdêm;sjrhd lghq;= lrkq we;s njh' kuq;a isÿjQfha wkslls' hqO
ch.%yKfhka i;a uila blau.sho weu;s uKav,h jeäjQjd ñi wvq
jQfha ke;' fjklla ;nd ckdêm;sjrKhg i;s 3la mej;s iufhao
úmËfhka Y%S ,xld ksoyia mËhg tlajQ uka;%Sjreka fofofkl=go
wud;H OQr m%odkh flrefKa ck;d is;=ï me;=ï iqkalrñks' wud;H
jrfhl= fjkqfjka ck;dj f.jkq ,nk nÿ uqo,a j,ska orKq ,nk
úhou flf;la oehs ie.ùug W;aidy l,o th id¾:l jQfha ke;'
ckdêm;sjrhd ;ukaf.a msf,a fkdj ¥Is; weu;s jrekaf.a msf,a nj
wjfndaO lr.;a ck;dj oeä wfmaËd Nx.;ajhlg m;ajqKs'

;jo fuu wud;H uKav,h ;=, ck;dj ;=, b;du wm%shlrjQ ye.Sï
okjk mqoa.,hka" ñkSuereï jeks nrm;, fpdaokd fukau jeÜnÿ
jxpd yd fjk;a ¥IK ^fldama jd¾;dj& j,g iïnkaO mqoa.,hkao
;ndf.k isáñka Tjqkaf.a yeisÍu Èfkka Èk krl w;g yefroaoS
Tjqka flfrys úkhdkql+, l%shdud¾. .ekSu ckdêm;sjrhd úiska
È.ska È.gu fkdi,ld yßk ,oS' isxy, rcld,fha fuka fld;rï
jerÈ l,o rcqg ys;j;a m%N+ka ieuod jecfUkakdla fuka fuu ¥Is;
yd ifodia mqoa.,hka yqfola uyskao rdcmË uy;dg ys;j;a ùu
ms<sirK fldg.ksñka ;u ;;ajh /l .ksñka ;u wh:d wdodhï
ud¾.o È.gu mj;ajdf.k hdug iu;a ùu ckdêm;sjrhd flfrys
ck;dj ;nd ;snQ úYajdih l%ufhka oshù hdug fya;=úh' fuu
;¾lhg ms<s;=rla f,i we;euqka m%ldY lrkafka mËhl meje;aug
úúOdldr mqoa.,hskaf.a iydh wjYH ksid Tjqkaf.a jerÈ fkdi<ld
isàug ckdêm;s;=ud l%shd l< njhs' tfy;a hqO ch.%yKh;a iu.
fuu wud;H uKav,h ienE uy;ajreka 20lg iSud l<d kï weu;s
OQr wysñ jk foaYmd,k{hkaf.a iydhlska f;drj jqjo tjlg rfÜ
ck;djf.a wm%udK iafkayhlg md;%j isá uyskao rdcmË uy;dg
ckdêm;sjrKfhka 70] lg;a jeä m%;sY;hla ,nñka mdßY=oaO
úYsIag ch.%yKhla ,nd .ekSug ;snqKs'

óg wu;rj uyskao rdcmË uy;dg m%ldY ùug ;snQ Pkao


hka;%dkqidrfhka fuka wêfõ.fhka wysñl, rdcH wdh;k 3la
;snqKs' tkï rEmjdyskS ixia:dj" .=jkaúÿ,s ixia:dj iy iajdëk
rEmjdyskshhs' fuu kd,sld ;%s;ajh yryd uyskao wfíiqkaor" yâika
iurisxy iy iqo¾uka ro<shf.dv bÈßm;a lrkq ,nk jevigyka
flf;la wka;jdoS yd mËmd;S ùo h;a ckm;sjrKfha wjidk iuh
jk úg Y%S ,xld ksoyia mdËslhka mjd fuu jevigyka m%;sfËam
lrk uÜgug m;aj ;snqKs' ;ud rgg w;súYd, fiajhla lr we;akï
yd ta ms<snoj ;udg wjxlj úYajdi kï rg fjkqfjka hqOuh
jYfhka Bg fkdfofjks fiajhla l, mqoa.,fhl= njg Tjqkau l<lg
fmr yqjd olajkq ,enQ wfhl=g fu;rï ks¾oh yd mokï úrys; f,i
myr fokafka ukaoehs nqoaêu;a ck;dj l,amkd l<y' úmËfha fmdÿ
wfmaËlhdg t,a, lrk ,o we;eï fpdaokd b;d nrm;< tAjd jqjo
tAjd Tmamq lsÍug idËs we;skï wêlrKh fj; fkdhkafka ukaoehs
ck;djg m%Yak u;=ù ;snqKs'

fï ms<snoj Y%S ,xld ksoyia mdËslhkaf.ka úuiQ úg Tjqka m%ldY


lrkafka —wms;a okakjd t;=ud ks¾fodaYS nj" tA;a fïjd úyska
lr.;a;= foaj,a" Pkafog tkake;sj mdvqfú ysáhdkï lsis m%Yakhla
kE˜ hkqfjks' thska .uH jQfha l=ulao@ furg m%cd;ka;jdÈ f,i
foaYmd,kh l< fkdyels nj fkdfõo@ furg foaYmd,kh lsÍug
whs;sh we;af;a Y%S ,xld ksoyia mdËslhkag muKlao@ wehs" wfkla
ck;djg fï rfÜ md,khg iïnkao ùug whs;shla ke;ao@ hk m%Yak
uyskao rdcmË uy;dg iydh ÿka Y%S ,xld ksoyia mdËslhska
fkdjk mqoa.,hka ;=, we;sjqKs' fï ksid fuu ;;ajh
tAldêm;sjdohla f,i i,ld tlfy<du m%;sfËam lsÍug Tjqyq
fm,.eiqKdy'

Y%S ,xld wdKavql%u jHjia:dfõ 12^2& j.ka;sh hgf;a olajd we;s mßÈ
foaYmd,k u;h ksid lsisu mqrjeisfhl= fjkialulg fyda
úfYaIhlg Ndckh fkdúh hq;af;ah' kuq;a ckdêm;sjrK
ld,iSudfõoS úreoaO mËfha fmdÿ wfmaËlhd fï rfÜ wfkl=;a
ckldj fukau ;ukao f.jkq ,nk nÿ uqo,a j,ska kv;a;= jk rdcH
udOH wdh;k j,ska yqfola uyskao rdcË uy;dg tfrysj
ckdêm;sjrKhg bÈßm;a ùfï jrog} kslrefKa fjkialï" wj,do
yd fodaIdfrdamK j,g ,laúh' fuh ksoyia rgl iajrEmho hk
m%Yakh W.;a nqoaèu;a ck;dj ;=, we;súh' fuu ;;ajh
fya;=fldgf.k foaYmd,k m;aùï ,o mqoa.,hka yereKq úg iuia:
Y%S ,dxlSh úYaj úoHd, m%cdfjka 90]g wêl m%udKhla yd wfkl=;a
W.;=ka yd nqoaêu;=kaf.ka w;suy;a nyq;rhla ckdêm;sjrK Èkh
jkúg uyskao rdcmË uy;d flfrys úfrdaOdl,amhla
f.dvk.df.k ;snqKs' tu ish¿u fpdaokd ioyd ms<s;=rla jYfhka
we;euqka m%ldY lf,a fuu fpdaokd lsisjla uyskao rdcmË uy;dg
iDcqju t,a, l< fkdyels nj;a tu ksid fuu jerÈ j,g t;=ud
jrolre fkdjk nj;a hqO ch.%yKfha kshuqjd t;=ud neúka t;=udg
Pkaoh fok nj;ah' kuq;a rfÜ nyq;r W.;a m%cdjf.a ye.Su jQfha
wm%udK n,;, iys; úOdhl ckdêm;s OQrho fydnjñka fuu
ldrKd lghq;= iïnkaoj úkhla mj;ajd .; fkdyels mqoa.,fhl=
rgla md,kh lsÍug kqiqÿiq njhs'

fujka ;;ajhla hgf;a 60] lg wêl m%;sY;hla ,nñka ch.%yKh


lsÍug isá uyskao rdcmË uy;d ckdêm;sjrKhg i;shla ;sfnk
ld, jljdkqj jkúg 50(50 ;;ajhg;a jvd my< uÜgul isá nj
ms<s.;hq;= i;Hhls' kuq;a tu i;sh ;=, isÿjQ we;eï isÿùï iy
ue;sjrK l%shdj,sh ;=, isÿjQ idËs j,ska ikd: l< fkdyels hï
hï isÿùï u; tu m%;sY;h 58] olajd j¾Okh lrf.k t;=ud
ch.%yKh lrk ,oS' kuq;a ckdêm;sjrKfhka Èk .Kkdjla blau
f.dia we;s wo jeks Èkhl tu 58] ;ju;a ckdêm;s;=ud iu.
isá;aoehs ielhla u;=fõ' ukao ch.%yKfhka miq úmËfha fmdÿ
wfmaËlhdg i,lk ,o wdldrh b;du kskaÈ; yd uy;aud
iudchg ;rï fkdjk uÜgul mej;s njg iuia: Y%S ,dxlSh
ck;djf.a yo m;af,a /õ ms<s/õ fok neúks'
fmdÿ wfmaËl fckrd,a ir;a f*dkafiald uy;d hkq oYl .Kkdjla
Y%S ,xldj fm,k ,o hqoaOh ksud l, hq. mqreIhka lsysmfokdf.ka
flfkls' hqO ch.%yKfha jeä f.!rjh ckdêm;sjrhdgo ke;akï
fckrd,ajrhdgo hkak uekne,Su mjd ydiHhla jk ;rug Tyq hqO
ch.%yKh yd noaO ù we;af;ah' Tyqg ;ju;a cd;Hka;r uÜgfï
l%shd;aul jk t,a'à'à'B ys;jdoSkaf.ka urK ;¾ck we;' tu
wjodkï i,lñka Tyq úY%du hdfuka miqj ,ndoS ;snQ ks,OdÍka yd
jdyk ckdêm;sjrKhg bÈßm;a jk nj m%ldY l,d;a iu.u
Tyqf.ka bj;a flreKs' bkamiq ,nd ÿkafka ckdêm;s wfmaËlfhl=g
,ndfok wju wdrËdj muKs' kuq;a ckdêm;sjrK m%;sM, ksl=;a
ùu;a iu.u b;du widOdrK yd wlD;{ f,i fuu wNS; hqO
úrejdf.a Ôú;h wkdrËs; Ndjhg m;alrñka Tyqg ,ndoS ;snQ
ish¿u wdrËl úêúOdk bj;a lf,a —rdcmËjre tlal yemamqfKd;a
Tfydu ;ud˜ hk mKsjqvh ksyvj ,ndfoñks' ;jo lsisÿ ;¾ldkql+,
idËshla u; mokï fkdjQ —we.s,s i,l=K˜ kï wmydid;aul
jevigyk ckdêm;sjrKfhka miqj úldYh úh' idudkHfhka
myrfokafka ìh ksidh' —ckdêm;sjrKfhka Èkqjdg miq;a wehs
ckdêm;s;=ud fï ;rï fmdÿ wfmaËl ;=udg Nh˜ hk m%Yakh oeka
Y%S ,dxlSh nqoaêu;a ck;dj ;=, we;sù we;=jdg ielhla ke;'

oeka ish¿foa wjidk hehs is;d ckdêm;s;=udg úreoaO 40] fkdi,ld


yeÍu {dkdkaú; fkdjkafka by;ska oelajQ m%Yak yd .eg¿ muKla
fkdj ckm;sf.a nEkkqjkag jdisodhl f,i úydr foajd,.ï yd
Wreu wd{d mk; fjkia lsÍu" ;dreKHg fygla ixúOdkfha wdodhï
yd úhoï jeks ms<s;=re fkd,o m%%Yak yd .eg¿ rdYshla
uyck;djf.a is;a i;ka ;=, mj;S' fuu
m%Yak yels blaukska úi|d,Su rgla jYfhka wm ish¿ fokdgu
jeo.;a jkq we;' ukao rgl ck;dj flfuka fluka ckdêm;sjrhd
flfrys l<lsÍu Nhdkl m%;sM, we;slrjkakla úhyels neúks' bka
we;sjk wysxilu m%;súmdlh nqoaêu;=ka rg yerhduh' tjka
wjdikdjka; ;;ajhka we;s ùug m%:u fuu m%Yak yd
.eg¿ úksúoNdjhlska hq;=j úi|d ckm;s kej;;a ck;djf.a
me;a; .ekSu u.ska kej;;a —wfma ckdêm;s;=ud˜ hk wdor kdufhka
t;=udj y|qkajk ;;ajhg uyskao rdcmË uy;dg m;aúh yelskï
Y%S ,xldj jdikdjka; yd iaj¾Kuh hq.hla lr f.k hdug t;=udg
yelsjkq fkdwkqudkh'
ldxpk w;djqo - kS;s mSGh" fld<U úYaj úoHd,h