344 views

Uploaded by api-185034533

- Radiant Heated Bridge and Thermosyphon
- felix termodinamica quimica ch02
- introducton to thermodynamics
- Experimental and Numerical Investigations on Melting Behavior of PCM in Storage Tank
- Hydraulic - Cooling and Heating
- syllabus physics 2014-15
- Chem 101 chapter06 LEC
- CH182 Chemistry for Engineers - Energy
- 20030901
- kontrak latihan
- 2 SEM IT
- Laboratory Exercise No. 1
- Chapter 7 Note
- specific heat lab
- Ch17_sols
- lesson plan sci 319
- Law of Energy
- Amazing
- Faith
- IJETR033043

You are on page 1of 11

of the motion of heat energy

as it is transferred from the

system to the surrounding or

from the surrounding to the

system.

The transfer of heat could be due to a

physical change or a chemical

change.

There are three laws of chemical

thermodynamics.

CHEMICAL

THERMODYMANICS

The first law of thermodynamics:

Energy and matter can be neither created nor destroyed;

only transformed from one form to another. The energy

and matter of the universe is constant.

.

HEAT

system because of a difference in

temperature between the thermodynamic

system and its surrounding.

Symbolized by "q".

is lost and "q is negative (-).

energy is added and "q" is positive (+).

HEAT FLOW

Heat can flow in one of two directions:

Exothermic

To give off heat; energy is lost from the

system: (-q)

Endothermic

To absorb heat; energy is added to the

system: (+q)

SPECIFIC HEAT

HEAT CAPACITY: The quantity of heat

needed to raise the temperature of a

substance one degree Celsius (or one

Kelvin).

SPECIFIC HEAT: The quantity of heat

required to raise the temperature of one

gram of a substance by one degree

Celsius (or one Kelvin).

q = m c T

ENERGY

Heat energy is usually measured in either

Joules, given by the unit (J), and

kilojoules (kJ) or in calories, written

shorthand as (cal), and kilocalories (kcal).

1 cal = 4.184 J

NOTE: This conversion correlates to the specific heat of water which is 1

cal/g oC or 4.184 J/g oC.

SPECIFIC HEAT

raise the temperature of 100.0 g of water

from 20.0 oC to 85.0 oC?

m = 100.0 g

q = m x s x T

c (H2O) = 4.184 J/ g - oC

q = 27196 J (1 kJ / 1000J) = 27.2 kJ

unknown metal that required 10 kJ of heat

to raise the temperature of 150.00 g from

15.0 oC to 200.0 oC?

c = 0.36 J /g -oC

LAW OF CONSERVATION OF

ENERGY

of thermodynamics), when related to heat

transfer between two objects, can be stated

as:

The heat lost by the hot object = the heat gained

by the cold object

-qhot = qcold

-mh x ch x Th = mc x cc x Tc

where T = Tfinal - Tinitial

water at 0.00oC is needed to cool 100.0 g of

water at 97.6oC to 12.0 oC?

-mh x ch x Th = mc x cc x Tc

- (100.0g) (4.184 J/goC) (12.0-97.6oC) = m (4.184J/goC) (12.0-0.0 oC)

35 815.04 J = m (50.21/g)

m = 35 815.04 J / (50.21 cal/g)

m = 713.3 g

at 100.0oC is dropped into 175.0 mL of water at 17.8 oC. The final

temperature of the mixture was 39.4 oC.

PRACTICE PROBLEM #7

1. Iron metal has a specific heat of 0.449 J/g oC. How much heat is

transferred to a 5.00 g piece of iron, initially at 20.0 oC, when it is placed

in a beaker of boiling water at 1 atm?

180. J

2. How many joule of energy are given off to lower the temperature of 100.0

g of iron from 150.0 oC to 35.0 oC?

5146.32 J

3. If 3.47 kJ were absorbed by 75.0 g H 2O at 20.0 oC, what would be the final

temperature of the water?

31.1 oC

4. A 100. g sample of water at 25.3 oC was placed in a calorimeter. 45.0 g of

lead shots (at 100 oC) was added to the calorimeter and the final

temperature of the mixture was 34.4 oC. What is the specific heat of

lead?

1.28 J/g oC

5. A 17.9 g sample of unknown metal was heated to 48.31 oC. It was then

added to 28.05 g of water in an insulted cup. The water temperature rose

from 21.04 oC to 23.98oC. What is the specific heat of the metal in J/g oC?

0.792 J/goC

temperature from 22.0oC to 100.0oC. What is the specific heat of the

metal in J/goC?

100.0 g of iron from 75.0 oC to 25.0 oC?

would be the final temperature of the water?

at 5.0 oC. Calculate the final temperature of the mixture.

water at 22.0oC. The specific heat of gold is 0.131 J/g oC or 0.0312

cal/goC. Calculate the final temperature of the mixture assuming no

heat is lost to the surroundings.

- Radiant Heated Bridge and ThermosyphonUploaded byGavin Avery
- felix termodinamica quimica ch02Uploaded byAmilcar Pereira Cardoso
- introducton to thermodynamicsUploaded bydesi_paris
- Experimental and Numerical Investigations on Melting Behavior of PCM in Storage TankUploaded byEditor IJTSRD
- syllabus physics 2014-15Uploaded byapi-263675263
- Hydraulic - Cooling and HeatingUploaded byretrospect1000
- Chem 101 chapter06 LECUploaded bysaxman011
- CH182 Chemistry for Engineers - EnergyUploaded byKaye Reies
- 20030901Uploaded bySreenubabu Kandru
- kontrak latihanUploaded byMohd Jefri Sharif
- 2 SEM ITUploaded byatmadeep09
- Laboratory Exercise No. 1Uploaded byPhilip Christian Mandia Cudal
- Chapter 7 NoteUploaded bySiti Norahimmah Mbia
- specific heat labUploaded byapi-375147042
- Ch17_solsUploaded byonetimeupload
- lesson plan sci 319Uploaded byapi-296348428
- Law of EnergyUploaded byJeremy Poling
- AmazingUploaded bynaina93
- FaithUploaded byPham Nguyen Thuy Anh
- IJETR033043Uploaded byerpublication
- Practice ExamUploaded bydnukum
- R09220804-CHEMICALENGINEERINGTHERMODYNAMICSUploaded bysaiteja1234
- Hi 03 Two Streams.prUploaded byidm
- kkrUploaded byKaran Dogra
- Heat exchanger effectiveness.pdfUploaded byfrilofh
- Advance HMT and Thermo 2011.pdfUploaded byrushibmr19785604
- HT2Uploaded byNaveen Shetty
- HVAC Agustus 2017Uploaded byary
- WEEK 3-JUNE 18-22,2018_WEEK 3_G8Uploaded byMichelle Casayuran Regala
- 1 Lecture (a Thermodynamic Review)Uploaded byMuhammad Ahmad Khan Lodhi

- balancing equationsUploaded byapi-185034533
- mixedmediacollageUploaded byapi-185034533
- 11heatUploaded byapi-185034533
- the moleUploaded byapi-185034533
- academic goal- adc- 2014Uploaded byapi-185034533
- the moleUploaded byapi-185034533
- q4-f2 nervous system-modelingUploaded byapi-185034533
- rubric-performance task-energyUploaded byapi-185034533
- ens adc myp year 5 chemistry culminating projectUploaded byapi-185034533
- myp aimsUploaded byapi-185034533
- ens adc myp year 5 chemistry culminating projectUploaded byapi-185034533
- ens adc myp year 5 chemistry culminating projectUploaded byapi-185034533
- energyUploaded byapi-185034533
- invitation letter - ades-cr8Uploaded byapi-185034533
- performance taskUploaded byapi-185034533
- march-2015-calendarUploaded byapi-185034533
- book fair letter adc 2015Uploaded byapi-185034533
- book fair letter adc 2015Uploaded byapi-185034533
- grade 7 unit 3 rubricUploaded byapi-185034533
- personal project outlineand rubricUploaded byapi-185034533
- universalUploaded byapi-185034533
- mendeleev performance taskUploaded byapi-185034533
- mendeleev performance taskUploaded byapi-185034533
- grade 8 pe work q2Uploaded byapi-185034533
- grade 6 pe work q2Uploaded byapi-185034533
- grade 8 pe work q2Uploaded byapi-185034533
- electricity coulombs lawUploaded byapi-185034533
- coulombs lawUploaded byapi-185034533
- forces and newtons lawsUploaded byapi-185034533

- Biot 1955Uploaded bya_mohameden
- Nano PhysicsUploaded byApu
- Leaf Spring2Uploaded byYogi Bhimani
- Tabla Stanata- Propr. MecUploaded byCicic Diana
- Ni MOF SeUploaded byBidushi Sarkar
- Nature 09567Uploaded byJames Bateman
- Design Tip 2Uploaded byandreafarronato
- Static MixersUploaded byhwang2
- 2015 Ndoped Graphene_graphiteUploaded byHamza Islam
- 1001.3771v1Uploaded byNiraj Joshi
- Example CoagulFloccu1Uploaded byAdarsh Agrawal
- pg syllabusUploaded byNilasha Ghosh
- Absroption in EM WavesUploaded bySai
- Material Science SRM 1st year Unit 1 LECTURE NOTES-6Uploaded byECE A SRM VDP
- Ceramic StructuresUploaded bysaurabh2710singh
- Alcohol Pulsating HPUploaded byRichard Sapienza
- 4’ GENERATION SINGLE-CRYSTAL SUPERALLOYUploaded bynaderbahrami
- Active Vibration Control of Smart Piezo Cantilever Beam Using Pid ControllerUploaded byesatjournals
- I-40 Final Report-Exec SummaryUploaded bymargsilva78
- Heat Transfer Heat Ex ChangersUploaded byAbubakkar Siddiq
- Single Electron TransistorUploaded byAjay Kumar
- Industrial Microwave Plasma Polymerization AUploaded byptuan
- Armin EngleskiUploaded byArmin Kotoric
- Deflection Flat SlabUploaded byAjaykumar Mistry
- Physics 238 - Chapter 22.pdfUploaded byMuzamil Shah
- Nano SensorUploaded bypietzdeo
- Errata HB 17 E4Uploaded byDiego Fuentes Román
- Thermodynamic Analysis of Two Stage Cascade Refrigeration Systems Using R-1234ZE in High Temperature Circuit and R1234YF in Low Temperature CircuitUploaded byIjrei Journal
- Avesanietal 15thPCSMGE 2015 (1)Uploaded bySalman Mulani
- Quantum Numbers and Atomic OrbitalsUploaded byR-jayVenturillo