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# Unit 01 • Algebraic Tools for Operating with functions

Laws

## 1.2 Rational Exponents • a1n= na, when n is a natural number ||

if n is odd, a
can be any real number.

Equation
Half Life: •

## 1.4 Add, Subtract, Multiply, • a2 - b2 = (a - b)(a + b) • a2 + 2ab + b2 = (a + b)2

Divide Polynomials • a3 - b3 = (a - b)(a2 + ab + b2)
• a3 + b3 = (a + b)(a2 - ab + b2)

System

## 2.2 Max or Min of a • y= a( x-h) 2+ k if a> 0, K is

completing Square if a < 0, K is
Maximum
Equation

with >

## • y= -f(x) reflect in x-axis

Unit 03 • Transformations of Functions

## a>1, expand vertically

a<1, compress vertically
Verti
b>1, compress horizontally by a factor of
Y= - a f {-b ( x- h) } -1/bk
b<1, expand horizontally by a factor of 1/b
Horizo
Reflect in x k>0, Graph goes upward
k<0, Graph goes Downward

## h>0, then moves to the right

Reflect in y
h<0, then moves to left

Unit 04 • Trigonometry

1tanθ

## 4.3 Sine and Cosine Law • a/sinA= b/sinB

•when measure of two
angles and any sides are
given
•measure of two sides and
theAangle
• a2=b2+c2-2bccos opposite
• cosA= one of
b2+c2-a22bc

## • when measure of two sides and the

contained angle
• the measure three sides
4.4 The Sine Law: Obsicute Triangle (A≥90®)
The Ambiguous case If a≤b ( no triangle)
If a>b ( one solution)

## Acute Triabgle ( A<90®)

a≥b ( one triangle)
a<b
• a< bsinA ( No
triangle)
•a = bsinA ( One
triabgle)

## Unit 05 • Trigonometric Functions

1 measure
a/r
• To change radian measure to degree
measure, multiply the number of radians by
(180π)°

## • To change degree measure to radian

measure, multiply the number of degrees by
(π180)

## 5. Trigonometric ratios of • CAST law :

2 any Angle S A
Sine All
+ +

T C
Tangent Cosine +
+
• 30-60-90 triangle
( hyp=2, Adj= 1, Oppo= 3 )

## • 45- 45-90 Triangle

( hyp= 2, , Adj= 1, Oppo= 1)
Unit 05 Special Formula for Sine and Cosine Graph

## If A>1, graph expand vertically

If A<1, graph compressed
vertically

## If k>1, Graph compressed

horizontally by 1/k
If k<1, Graph expanded
Y = A sin k(x-θ)+b
horizontally by 1/k

b is
vertical
translatio

Θ is Phase shift,
relative to sin(kx)

K is period =
2π/k
A=
Amplitude

## Unit 06 • Sequences and Series

6. Arithmetic • tn=
a+ (n-1)d ( a, a+d, a+2d,
2 Sequnces
a+3d,..., …, )
6. Geometric • tn=arn-1 (a, ar, ar 2,ar3,…,…,..)
3 Sequence

6. Arithmetic • Sn=n2[2a+n-1d ]
5 Series

6. Geometric • Sn=a(rn-1)r-1
6 Series
Unit 07 • Compound Interest and Annuities

## 7.2 Compound Interest • A= P(1+i) n A= Amount

P= Principal Invested
• i= r÷N
i = Interest rate per
• n= yN compounding period
n= Number of compounding
period
r= Interest per annum
N= number of compounding
period/year
7.4 Present value • PV= A(1-i)n Y= number of years
PV= Present value
Or
• PV= A(1+i) -n

Annuity

ordinary Annuity