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k o r i d a

xarebTan brZola (espaneTi)

korida (espanurad: corrida (de toros)) xarebTan


brZolis yvelaze gavrcelebuli tradiciuli
espanuri sanaxaoba. igi SeiZleba sxva qveynebSic
Segvxvdes (igulisxmeba safrangeTis samxreTi,
portugalia, laTinoamerikuli saxelmwifoebi). am
TamaSis mizania xarTan erTad garkveuli ileTebis
Tanamimdevruli Sesruleba, romelic saboolood
cxovelis mkvlelobiT mTavrdeba.
koridaze gansakuTrebuli iberiuli jiSis
sabrZolo xarebi gamohyavT, romlebsac zrdian da wvrTnina Sesabamisi wesiT.

am sastiki Sejibris ramodenime saxe arsebobs: fexosanTa korida,


cxenosanTa korida, korida zrdasrul (2-4 wlis) xarebTan (igive novilada _
novillada) da korida 2 wlamde xarebTan (igive besero _ becerro). noviladas
Catarebis wesebSi aris erTi Tavisebureba: 2-3 wlis xarebTan brZolisas
dauSvebelia e.w. pikaderebis (cxenosani Subosnebis) monawileoba; 3-4 wlis
xarebTan ki korida yvela elementis gamoyenebiT mimdinareobs. korida
espanuri cnebis tavromaxiis Semadgeneli nazilia. es ukanaskmeli gamoiyeneba
yvela im sanaxaobis aRmniSvnelad, romlebic brZoliT mimdinareobs.

xarebTan brZolas Tavisi istoria


aqvs da fesvebiT brinjaos xanaSi
iberiul tomebTan1 midis, romlebic
pirineis naxevarkunZulze saxlobdnen
(sadac axla espaneTia). isini xars
wminda cxovelad Tvlidnen da
eTayvanebodnen mas. Semonaxulia kldeze
gamosaxuli xaris suraTebi, romlebic
ramdenime aTasi wlis siZvelisaa.
savaraudoa, rom Tavdapirvelad xaris mokvla ritualur xasiaTs atarebda.
msgavsi ceremoniebi `Zveli evropis~ sxva xalxebSic iyo gavrcelebuli.
kerZod berZnebs hqondaT tavrokatapsia.

1 iberiuli tomebi _ tomebi, romlebic Cvens welTaRricxvamde me-3 aTaswleulidan


cxovrobdnen Tanamedrove espaneTis samxreT, samzreT-aRmosavleT da aRmosavleT
regionebSi. nawilobriv Tanamedrove safrangeTis samxreT-dasavleT teritoriebze.
Sua saukuneebSi korida sanaxaobiT saxes iRebs. cnobilia, rom am
brZolis yurebis moyvarulebi iyvnen karlos didi, alfonso X kastilieli,
sidi. XV saukunis bolos, espaneTis gaerTianebisa da rekonstruqciis dros
korida didgvarovanTa gasarTobi gaxda. XVI saukunidan am sanaxaobis gareSe
arcerTi RonisZieba ar mimdinareobda. madridSi korida mTavar moedanze, _
plasa maiorze tardeboda.
meoce saukuneSi espaneTSi daiwyo moZraoba koridas akrZalvis
moTxovniT. igi sul ufro met momxres iZens. amJamad daaxloebiT 50%-mde
mosaxleoba am sisxliani sanaxaobis winaaRmdegia