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The Renaissance

Anthony Rushton
 The Renaissance stimulated medical
practice just as it did all other European
intellectual pursuits.
 Physicians and scholars began to
scientifically study medicine.
 Their discoveries corrected many of the
errors that had gone undetected for
centuries and were rapidly disseminated
through the new invention of printing.
 Andreas Vesalius was the premier
anatomist of this age and published many
illustrations of his discoveries.
 His great-great-grandfather, Peter, was a
physician who gathered an extensive
library which Vesalius inherited in part.
 Vesalius took his elementary studies in
Brussels most likely at the school of the
Brothers of the Common Life.
 Vesalius commenced his medical
schooling at the University of Paris two
years later.
 He left Paris in 1536 because of the war
between France and the Holy Roman
Empire.He was able to reintroduce
anatomical dissection at the local school.
He received his bachelor's in medicine the
following year. He acquired great skill in
dissection but remained under the
influence of the Galenic concepts of
 In 1537, Vesalius published his first book,
A Paraphrase of the Ninth Book of Rhazes
 Vesalius' anatomical researches were
beginning to call into question some of
Galen's findings. By 1540 he was certain
that Galen's research did not reflect
human anatomy; rather it was
the anatomy of an ape.