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NAME: Jessica Nguyen

UNIT: Consciousness
DUE: 2015 April 8th
TERM

DEFINITION

Circadian
Rhythm

The biological clock; regular


bodily rhythms (for example,
of temperature and
wakefulness) that occur on a
24-hour cycle.
Rapid eye movement sleep; a
recurring sleep stage during
which vivid dreams
commonly occur. Also known
as paradoxical sleep,
because the muscles are
relaxed (except for minor
twitches) but other body
systems are active.
The relatively slow brain
waves of a relaxed, awake
state.
False sensory experiences,
such as seeing something in
the absence of an external
visual stimulus.
The large, slow brain waves
associated with deep sleep.
Nonrapid eye movement
sleep.
Recurring problems in falling
or staying asleep.
A sleep disorder
characterized by
uncontrollable sleep attacks.
The sufferer may lapse
directly into REM sleep, often
at inopportune times.
A sleep disorder
characterized by temporary
cessations of breathing
during sleep and repeated
momentary awakenings.
A sleep disorder

REM Sleep

Alpha Waves
Hallucinations

Delta Wave
NREM sleep
Insomnia
Narcolepsy

Sleep Apnea

Night Terrors

APPLICATION OF
TERM/SIGNIFICANCE (IN
YOUR OWN WORDS AND
IN A SENTENCE)
The circadian rhythm gets
out of balance when youre
jetlagged.
Youre not easily woken up
at this stage.

Stages 1 and 2 of sleep.


You can hallucinate when
youre on drugs or sleep
deprived.
Stages 3 and 4 of sleep.
All sleep stages that is not
REM sleep.
Not being able to sleep at
night.
Lasts about 5 minutes, and
can not be controlled.

Causes snoring.

Night terrors happen in

Manifest Content

Latent Content

REM Rebound

Hypnosis

Posthypnotic
Suggestion

Dissociation

Psychoactive
Drug
Tolerance

characterized by high arousal


and an appearance of being
terrified; unlike nightmares,
night terrors occur during
Stage 4 sleep, within two or
three hours of falling asleep,
and are seldom remembered.
According to Freud, the
remembered story line of a
dream (as distinct from its
latent, or hidden, content).
According to Freud, the
underlying meaning of a
dream (as distinct from its
manifest content).
The tendency for REM sleep
to increase following REM
sleep deprivation (created by
repeated awakenings during
REM sleep).
A social interaction in which
one person (the hypnotist)
suggests to another (the
subject) that certain
perceptions, feelings,
thoughts, or behaviors will
spontaneously occur.
A suggestion, made during a
hypnosis session, to be
carried out after the subject
is no longer hypnotized; used
by some clinicians to help
control undesired symptoms
and behaviors.
A split in consciousness,
which allows some thoughts
and behaviors to occur
simultaneously with others.
A chemical substance that
alters perceptions and
moods.
The diminishing effect with
regular use of the same dose
of a drug, requiring the user
to take larger and larger
doses before experiencing

stage 4 of sleep.

It is very unlikely that you


remember the full story
line, instead you are more
likely to remember the
most important things.
Thinking that something
bad is going to happen
because you had a dream
about it.
So if you dont get much
sleep at night, you might
take longer to wake up in
the morning because of so.
Being hypnotized to do
something like clap your
hands, and being unaware
that youre doing it.

Used to help control


undesired behaviors.

Multitasking.

LSD, or marijuana.
Taking more of a drug to
get the high you want.

Withdrawal
Physical
Dependence
Psychological
Dependence
Depressants
Barbiturates

Opiates

Stimulants

Amphetamines

Methamphetami
nes

Ecstasy (MDMA)

the drugs effect.


The discomfort and distress
that follow discontinuing the
use of an addictive drug.
A physiological need for a
drug, marked by unpleasant
withdrawal symptoms when
the drug is discontinued.
A psychological need to use a
drug, such as to relieve
negative emotions.
Drugs that reduce neural
activity and slow body
functions.
Drugs that depress the
activity of the central
nervous system, reducing
anxiety but impairing
memory and judgment.
Opium and its derivatives,
such as morphine and heroin;
they depress neural activity,
temporarily lessening pain
and anxiety.
Drugs (such as caffeine,
nicotine, and the more
powerful amphetamines,
cocaine, and Ecstasy) that
excite neural activity and
speed up body functions.
Drugs that stimulate neural
activity, causing speeded-up
body functions and
associated energy and mood
changes.
A powerfully addictive drug
that stimulates the central
nervous system, with
speeded-up body functions
and associated energy and
mood changes; over time,
appears to reduce baseline
dopamine levels.
A synthetic stimulant and
mild hallucinogen. Produces
euphoria and social intimacy,
but with short-term health

What happens when you


stop using the drug, could
be fatal.
Someone getting
headaches or nausea after
they quit doing a drug or
drinking.
Getting depressed after
not doing a specific drug or
drinking.
Such as alcohol,
barbiturates, and opiates.
Amytal, or seconal.

Heroin.

Caffeine.

Ecstasy.

This drug could be very


addicting.

Usually taken at parties or


bars.

Hallucinogens

LSD

Near-Death
Experience

risks and longer-term harm to


serotonin-producing neurons
and to mood and cognition.
Psychedelic (mindmanifesting) drugs, that
distort perceptions and evoke
sensory images in the
absence of sensory input.
A powerful hallucinogenic
drug; also known as acid
(lysergic acid diethylamide).
An altered state of
consciousness reported after
a close brush with death
(such as through cardiac
arrest); often similar to druginduced hallucinations.

LSD (Acid).

Distorts the image of


reality, giving the person a
very interesting and
extreme high.
Can experience seeing a
bright light of some sort.