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Chapter 10-2
Functions of the Skeletal
Provides shape and support
Enables you to move
Protects your internal organs
Produces blood cells

Stores certain materials until your body

Structures of an organism’s organs and

Vertebrae- 26 small bones that make up

Bones- Strong and
Bone Strength
 Bone Growth

Bones are strong and Bones contain cells and

Structure enables
Bones are alive, and

Bones are hard because

Bones contain both

The Structure of Bones
Thin, tough membrane covers all of the bone except the
Blood vessels and nerves enter and leave the bone
Compact bone- dense layer beneath the membrane that

Spongy bone- layer of bone found inside the compact

Marrow- soft connective tissue found in spaces in bone;
Red bone marrow produces blood cells
Yellow marrow stores fat and serves as an energy
How Bones Form
Cartilage- connective

Cartilage is usually

Cartilage still remains

Joints of the Skeleton
Immovable Joints
 Movable Joints

Joint- place in the body Movable joints-

Immovable joints- joints

Ball and

Example- skull, ribs Pivot joint

Hinge joint
Gliding joint
Taking Care of Your
Skeleton performs many necessary functions
Eating a well-balanced diet includes calcium

Meats, beans, and leafy green veggies are all

Dairy products are excellent sources of Ca
Exercise builds and maintains strong bones
Mineral loss with age can lead to osteoporosis-