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Supercapacitors Based on ECP-CNTs Composites

Supercapacitors Based on ECP-CNTs Composites

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Published by Karthikeyan G
This presentation deals with the idea of increasing the capacitance by increase in surface area. Taken from Journal of Power Sources 153 (2006) 413–418 by E. Frackowiak , V. Khomenko , K. Jurewicz, K. Lota , F. Beguin.
This presentation deals with the idea of increasing the capacitance by increase in surface area. Taken from Journal of Power Sources 153 (2006) 413–418 by E. Frackowiak , V. Khomenko , K. Jurewicz, K. Lota , F. Beguin.

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Published by: Karthikeyan G on Feb 08, 2010
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Supercapacitors based on conducting polymers/nanotubes composites

E. Frackowiak , V. Khomenko , K. Jurewicz, K. Lota , F. Beguin
Poznan University of Technology, Poland CRMD, CNRS-University, France
Journal of Power Sources 153 (2006) 413–418

Karthikeyan G (09MS6021)
February 1, 2010 © Karthikeyan G 1

What is a Supercapacitor?
•High surface area – high energy density •Capacitance range – order of farads •Activated carbons •Carbon Nanotubes •CNTs impregnated Conductive Polymers

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© Karthikeyan G

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Use of conducting polymers
•Polyaniline (PANI) •Polypyrrole (PPy) •Poly-(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) Advantages: •High capacitance •High charge storage Disadvantages: •Poor stability during cycling – swelling, shrinkage, cracks •Polymer degradation

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Chemical Polymerisation
PANI/CNTs: •0.4 ml of aniline + 0.4 gm of K2Cr2O7 in 50 ml of 1 mol/L HCl PPy/CNTs: •0.5 ml of pyrrole + 1.2 gm of FeCl3 in 50 ml of 0.1 mol/L HCl PEDOT/CNTs: •1 mol/L EDOT + 1.2 mol/L FeCl3 in acetonitrile ECP – 80 wt.% CNTs – 20 wt.%

Capacitance characterization: •Electrodes – pellets of 5-20 mg •Dielectric – glassy fibrous paper •Capacitance characterized by Impedance Spectroscopy using C=−(1/(2πfZ)) •Frequency – 0.001-100000 Hz

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SEM analysis

SEM, HITACHI S 4200

SEM of composites from CNTs with PANI (a), PPy (b) and PEDOT (c)
February 1, 2010 © Karthikeyan G 5

Capacitance properties
•Pure CNTs – 20 F/g •PANI/CNT composite – 300 F/g •Ppy/CNT composite – 200 F/g •PEDOT/CNT composite – 100 F/g

Impedance spectroscopy of PANI/CNTs

•Current load – 300 mA/g •Voltage – 0.6 V •3000 cycles

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Capacitance properties
PANI/CNTs composites Current load – 300 mA/g

Cycling life of capacitor decreases after increase in operating voltage

PPy/CNTs composites Current load – 2 mA/g
February 1, 2010 © Karthikeyan G 7

Capacitance properties
PANI/CNTs and Ppy/CNTs: •Lower operating voltage – 10-15% loss of capacitance after 100 cycles •Higher operating voltage – 40% loss of capacitance after 500 cycles PEDOT/CNTS: •Perfect stability of capacitance at lower operative voltage

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Conclusion
•CNT impregnated conducting polymers – unique micro structural, good mechanical properties, conducting properties •Application of CNTs enables to extract fully the energy from the conducting polymers •We have to optimize the voltage and capacitance for the required application

•Good stability in capacitance even after 3000 cycles in PANI/CNTs
•Use of hybrid systems shows the very high capacitance up to 320 F/g •Addition enhanced voltage was achieved using activated carbon as negative electrode and conducting polymer/CNTs composites as positive electrode

February 1, 2010

© Karthikeyan G

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