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You are on page 1of 2

Due: Beginning of class, March 20th, 2014

Instructions:

is a parameter related to your student ID, with 1 corresponding to the last

digit, 2 to the last two digits, 3 to the last three digits, etc. For instance, if

your ID is 199225962, then 1 = 2, 2 = 62, 3 = 962, 4 = 5962, etc.

For each problem, list all assumptions made.

Keep a copy of the assignment the assignment will not be handed back to

you.

You must be able to remember your solutions.

Problems:

1. A flat wall is exposed to an environmental temperature of 38 C. The wall is covered with a layer of insulation

2.5 cm thick whose thermal conductivity is 1.4 W/m C, and the temperature of the wall on the inside of the

insulation is 315C. The wall loses heat to the environment by convection. Compute the value of the convection heat-transfer coefficient which must be maintained on the outer surface of the insulation to ensure that the

outer-surface temperature does not exceed 41 C.

Answer: h 5115 W/m2 C

2. A black 20-by-20 cm plate has air forced over it at a velocity of 2 m/s and a temperature of 0 C. The plate is

placed in a large room whose walls are at 30 C. The back side of the plate is perfectly insulated. Calculate the

temperature of the plate resulting from the convection-radiation balance. Take the convective heat transfer h as

12 W/m2 C. Are you surprised at the result?

Answer: 9.6 C

3. Two large black plates are separated by a vacuum. On the outside of one plate is a convection environment of

T = 80 C and h = 100 W/m2 C, while the outside of the other plate is exposed to 20 C and h = 15 W/m2 C.

Make an energy balance on the system and determine the plate temperatures.

Answer: 350 K and 312 K

qx = k

T

x

qy = k

T

y

qz = k

T

z

with

r

5kB 3RT

.

k=

4

2

with k the thermal conductivity, the collision cross-section, kB the Boltzmann constant and R the gas constant.

5. Starting from the first law of thermo d(me) + PdV = Q W and Fouriers law qx = k T / x derive the heat

equation:

( cT )

T

k

+

k

+

k

=

t

x

x

y

y

z

z

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