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The democratic

republic of Congo
history.
THE REGION THAT IS NOW THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO WAS FIRST SETTLED ABOUT 80,000 YEARS AGO. BANTU MIGRATION ARRIVED IN THE
REGION FROM NIGERIA IN THE 7TH CENTURY AD. THE KINGDOM OF KONGO REMAINED PRESENT IN THE REGION BETWEEN THE 14TH AND THE EARLY 19TH
CENTURIES. BELGIAN COLONIZATION BEGAN WHEN KING LEOPOLD II FOUNDED THE CONGO FREE STATE, A CORPORATE STATE RUN SOLELY BY KING
LEOPOLD. REPORTS OF WIDESPREAD MURDER AND TORTURE IN THE RUBBER PLANTATIONS LED THE BELGIAN GOVERNMENT TO SEIZE THE CONGO FROM
LEOPOLD II AND ESTABLISH THE BELGIAN CONGO. UNDER BELGIAN RULE, THE COLONY WAS RUN WITH THE PRESENCE OF NUMEROUS CHRISTIAN
ORGANIZATIONS THAT WANTED TO WESTERNIZE THE CONGOLESE PEOPLE.
AFTER AN UPRISING BY THE CONGOLESE PEOPLE, BELGIUM GRANTED THE CONGO ITS INDEPENDENCE IN 1960. HOWEVER, THE CONGO WAS LEFT
UNSTABLE BECAUSE TRIBAL LEADERS HAD MORE POWER THAN THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT. PRIME MINISTER PATRICE LUMUMBA TRIED TO RESTORE
ORDER WITH THE AID OF THE SOVIET UNION AS PART OF THE COLD WAR, CAUSING THE UNITED STATES TO SUPPORT A COUP LED BY COLONEL JOSEPH
MOBUTU IN 1965. MOBUTU QUICKLY SEIZED COMPLETE POWER OF THE CONGO AND RENAME THE COUNTRY ZAIRE. HE SOUGHT TO AFRICANIZE THE
COUNTRY, CHANGING HIS OWN NAME TO MOBUTO SESE SEKO, AND DEMANDED THAT AFRICAN CITIZENS TO CHANGE THEIR WESTERN NAMES TO
TRADITIONAL AFRICAN NAMES. MOBUTO SOUGHT TO REPRESS ANY OPPOSITION TO HIS RULE, IN WHICH HE SUCCESSFULLY DID THROUGHOUT THE 1980S.
HOWEVER, WITH HIS REGIME WEAKENED DURING THE EARLY 1990S, MOBUTO WAS FORCED TO AGREE TO A POWER-SHARING GOVERNMENT WITH THE
OPPOSITION PARTY. MOBUTO REMAINED THE HEAD OF STATE AND PROMISED ELECTIONS FOR THE NEXT TWO YEARS THAT NEVER HAPPENED.
IN THE FIRST CONGO WAR, RWANDA INVADED ZAIRE, WHICH OVERTHROW MOBUTO DURING THE PROCESS. LAURENT-DESIRE KABILA LATER TOOK POWER
AND RENAME THE COUNTRY BACK TO THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO. AFTER A DISAPPOINTING RULE UNDER KABILA, THE SECOND CONGO
WAR BROKE OUT, RESULTING IN A REGIONAL WAR WITH MANY DIFFERENT AFRICAN NATIONS TAKING PART. KABILA WAS ASSASSINATED BY HIS BODYGUARD
IN 2001, AND HIS SON, JOSEPH, SUCCEEDED HIM AND LATER ELECTED PRESIDENT BY THE CONGOLESE GOVERNMENT IN 2006. UPON TAKING OFFICE,
KABILA QUICKLY SOUGHT PEACE, ENDING THE ERA OF WAR IN AFRICA. SOLDIERS WERE LEFT IN THE CONGO FOR A FEW YEARS AND A POWER-SHARING
GOVERNMENT BETWEEN KABILA AND THE OPPOSITION PARTY WAS SET UP. KABILA LATER RESUMED COMPLETE CONTROL OVER THE CONGO AND WAS REELECTED IN A DISPUTED ELECTION IN 2011. TODAY, THE CONGO REMAINS DANGEROUSLY UNSTABLE.

Congos current issue/war

The central African country is bordered by numerous nations with whom it has had conflicts
There have been a number of complex reasons, including conflicts over basic resources such as water, access and control over rich minerals and other
resources as well as various political agendas.
This has been fueled and supported by various national and international corporations and other regimes which have an interest in the outcome of the
conflict.
Since the outbreak of fighting in August 1998,
Some 5.4 million people have died
It has been the worlds deadliest conflict since World War II
The vast majority have actually died from non-violent causes such as malaria, diarrhea, pneumonia and malnutritionall typically preventable in normal
circumstances, but have come about because of the conflict
Although 19% of the population, children account for 47% of the deaths
Although many have returned home as violence has slightly decreased, there are still some 1.5 million internally displaced or refugees
Some 45,000 continue to die each month
These shocking figures would usually be more than enough to get media attention the world over, especially if it were to threaten influential nations in so
way. Yet, perhaps as a cruel irony, influential nations in the world benefit from the vast resources coming from the DRC for which people are dying over.

The difference I could make

If I could make a difference in this countrie I would first make


sure

The people have a voice

The

Flag of the C
ongo; the color red represents the
sacrifice of the national heroes.
Yellow represents the countrys
opulence and wealth;the star is a
symbol of hope and ambition for
the country. The blue field
represents peace and harmony

The capital city of Congo Kinshasa

Kinshasa is the capital city of Congo and the largest city which is
located near the Congo river it was once a site of fishing village,
Kinshasa now is an urban area with a 2013 population of over 9
million. It faces the capital of the neighboring republic of
Congo,brazzavile, which can be seen in the distance across the
wide Congo river

Kinshasa is the third largest urban area in Africa after Cairo and
Lagos it is also the second largest francophone urban area in the
world after Paris, French being the language of
Government,schools,newspapers,public services, and high-end
commerce in the city, while lingala is used as a lingua franca in the
street.

Congo's Buildings and institutions


Major areas in the city include the cite de loua, home to the
government of the democratic republic of congo, quartier matonge,
known regionally for its nightlife, LONATRA, the impressive building of
the ministry of transport and the residential area of gombe
Notable features of the city include the Gecamines Commercial Building
(formerly SOZACOM) andHotel Memlingskyscrapers, the central market,
theKinshasa Museumand theKinshasa Fine Arts Academy. The face of
Kinshasa is changing as buildings are being built on the Boulvard du 30
Juin: Crown Tower (on Batetela) and Congofutur Tower. TheBoulevard
du 30 Juin(Boulevard of the 30 June) links the main areas of the central
district of the city. Kinshasa is home to the country's national stadium,
theStade des Martyrs(Stadium of the Martyrs).

Education

Kinshasa is home to several higher-level education institutes, covering a wide range of specialities,
from civil engineering to nursing and journalism. The city is also home to three large universities
and an arts school:

Acadmie de Design (AD)

Institut Suprieur d'Architecture et Urbanisme

Universit Panafricaine du Congo (UPC)

University of Kinshasa

Universit Libre de Kinshasa

Universit Catholique du Congo

Congo Protestant University

National Pedagogy University

National Institute of Arts

Allhadeff School

Prins van Luik School / Lyce Prince de Lige (primary and secondary education, Belgian curriculum)

Centre for Health Training (CEFA) [21]

Media

Kinshasa is home to a large number of media outlets, including multiple radio


and television stations that broadcast to nearly the entire country, including
state-run Radio-Television Nationale Congolaise (RTNC) and privately run Digital
Congo and Raga TV. The private channel RTGA is also based in Kinshasa.

Several national radio stations, including La Voix du Congo, which is operated


by RTNC,MONUC-backedRadio Okapiand Raga FM are based in Kinshasa, as
well as numerous local stations. The BBC is also available in Kinshasa on 92.6
FM.[23]

The state-controlled Agence Congolaise de Presse news agency is based in


Kinshasa, as well as several daily and weekly newspapers and news websites,
includingL'Avenir(daily),La ConscienceL'Observateur(daily),Le Phare,Le
Potentiel, andLe Soft.[24]

Most of the media uses French and Lingala to a large extent; very few use the
other national languages.

transport

Several private companies whose Urban Transport Company (STUC) and the Public City train
(12 cars in 2002[citation needed ]) serves the city. The bus lines are:

Gare centrale Kingasani (municipality ofKimbanseke, reopened in September 2005);

Kingasani March central

Matete Royale (reopened in June 2006);

Matete UPN (reopened in June 2006);

Rond-point Ngaba UPN (reopened in June 2006).

Rond-point Victoire clinique Ngliema (opened in March 2007)

Other companies also provide public transport: Urbaco, Tshatu Trans, Socogetra, Gesac and MB
Sprl. The city bus carries up to 67,000 passengers per day. Several companies operate taxis
and taxi-buses. Also available are fula-fula (trucks adapted to carry passengers). [28]The
majority (95.8%) of transport is provided by individuals.

During the early years of the 21st century, the city's planners considered creating a tramway in
collaboration with public transport in Brussels (STIB), whose work would start in 2009. That
work has not moved beyond the planning stage, partly due to lack of a sufficient electrical
supply.

External transport

Kinshasa is the majorriver portof the Congo. The port, called 'Le Beach
Ngobila' extends for about 7km (4mi) along the river, comprising scores
ofquaysandjettieswith hundreds of boats and barges tied up. Ferries
cross the river toBrazzaville, a distance of about 4km (2mi). River
transport also connects to dozens of ports upstream, such asKisangani
andBangui.

There are road andraillinks toMatadi, thesea portin the Congo estuary
150km (93mi) from the Atlantic Ocean.

There are no rail links from Kinshasa further inland, and road connections
to much of the rest of the country are few and in poor condition.

The city has two airports:N'djili Airportis the main airport with connections
to other African countries as well as to Brussels, Paris and some other
destinations.N'Dolo Airport, located close to the city center, is used for
domestic flights only with small turboprop aircraft.

geography

Kinshasa is a city of sharp contrasts, with affluent residential and


commercial areas and three universities alongside sprawling slums. It
is located along the south bank of theCongo River, directly opposite
the city ofBrazzaville, capital of theRepublic of the Congo. This is the
only place in the world where two national capital cities face one
another, and are in sight of each other on opposite banks of a river.

The Congo river is the second longest river in Africa after theNile, and
has the continent's greatestdischarge. As awaterwayit provides a
means of transport for much of the Congo basin, being navigable for
large river barges between Kinshasa andKisangani, and many of its
tributaries are also navigable. The river is an important source of
hydroelectric power, and downstream of Kinshasa it has the potential
to generate power equivalent to the usage of roughly half of Africa's
population.[8]

Congos interesting facts

Despite being a poor and conflict-ridden country, the DRC boasts


a space program. Privately financed by the Dveloppement Tous
Azimuts (DTA), with significant government support, the
Troposphere rockets are expected to send cargo to outer space in
the near future.

At 2,344,858 square kilometers, the DRC covers a land area


larger than the combined territories of Spain, France, Germany,
Sweden, and Norway. Congo is the second largest country in the
African continent.

main features of the economy


of the Congo

The major industries of the Democratic Republic of the Congo


include agriculture, clothing, foodstuffs, forestry, mining, oil
refining, and textiles. Mining plays an important role in the
country's economy. The country exports cobalt, coffee, copper,
and diamonds. Congo is the largest producer of cobalt ore in the
world. Belgium, Luxembourg, France, the USA, Canada, Germany,
the Netherlands, Japan and the United Kingdom are the major
trading partners.

clothing

inshasa's climate is warm and typically tropical, with a dry and rainy season. During the dry season, when the weather is
cooler, long-sleeved clothing is sometimes needed. Also a sweater or wrap is convenient in air-conditioned homes, offices,
and public buildings.

Dress in Kinshasa is generally casual. Most of the time social functions are either jacket and tie or more casual.

There is very little local clothing available, although fabric is plentiful; but there are local tailors and seamstresses who are
good at copying a garment directly or from a photograph and are reasonable in cost. The brightly patterned African fabric
can be used to create attractive clothing for men, women and children.

During the rainy season, an umbrella and light raincoat are very useful. Bring appropriate gear for your favorite sports such
as tennis or golf. There is one good 18-hole golf course centrally located in Gombe with membership easy to obtain but
somewhat expensive.

Men generally wear lightweight suits to the office and dark business suits for evening occasions. Because of security/safety
reasons, night life consists generally of domestic entertaining (dinners, cocktails, video showings, etc., in private homes).
Many men wear casual American sport shirts or African-style shirts made from cotton cloth manufactured in DRC.

Women wear summer dresses and slacks during the day. Long and short dresses, often made from African cotton prints,
long skirts and blouses, cocktail dresses or dressy slacks outfits are worn to evening functions. Sandals, comfortable
walking shoes, and canvas sport shoes are all useful. Also bring sweaters, umbrellas, and wind-breakers. A sunhat is useful.

Fabric and sewing supplies are available, but the selection is scanty and prices are not in line.

Children's clothing should be summer weight and washable. Cottons and cotton blends are recommended. Girls usually
wear jeans, shorts, and long-and short-sleeved shirts. Boys wear shorts, jeans, cut-offs and T-shirts. Don't forget raincoats.