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CAMBRIDGE COLLEGE LIMA

IGCSE MATHS

Probability

Worksheet 1

Simple Probabilities

Self Assessment

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By the end of this worksheet you should be

able to:

  • a. Calculate the probability of a single event either as a fraction or a decimal.

  • b. Understand and use the probability scale from 0 to 1.

  • c. Understand, transform and use the equation:

P an event occurring + P the same event not occurring = 1

  • d. Understand, transform and use the equation:

Probability = number of favourable outcomes total number of outcomes

The probability of an event occurring = The number of favourable outcomes The total number of outcomes

The probability of an event occurring = The number of favourable outcomes The total number of
Rolling a dice Write down the probability of the following events: P = P = 6
Rolling a dice
Write down the probability of the following events:
P
=
P
=
6
3
=
=
P 1 or 2
P 1 or 3 or 5
P
=
=
7
P 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 or 6
The probability of an impossible event occurring
=
The probability of a certain event occurring
=
P 4 = 1 5 P not 4 = 6 6 P 4 + 1 +
P 4 = 1 5 P not 4 = 6 6 P 4 + 1 +
P 4
=
1
5
P not 4 =
6
6
P 4
+
1
+
5
=
6
= 1
P not 4 =
6
6
6
The probability of an event occurring + The probability of the same event not occurring =
1

P 5

=

6

1

If the dice is rolled 60 times, how many 5s would you expect?

1

x

60

=

10

6

Find the following probabilities: 1. P = 4. P 3rd 12 = 7. P multiple of
Find the following probabilities: 1. P = 4. P 3rd 12 = 7. P multiple of

Find the following probabilities:

1.

P 1 =

4.

P 3rd 12

=

7.

P multiple of 3 =

10. P 7 + P not 7 =

2.

P odd =

5.

P 1 18 =

8.

P factor of 36 =

11.

P square number =

3.

P red =

6.

P prime number =

9.

P 37 =

12.

P cube number =