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CAMBRIDGE COLLEGE LIMA

IGCSE MATHS
Extended Curriculum
Straight-line Graphs
Worksheet 2
Finding the equation of a line from two coordinates
Diverse questions from past examination papers

Name:
Set:

Mathematics for IGCSE Reference


Pages 93 to 96

a. Find the equation of a straight line from


two coordinates.

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b. Calculate the gradient using the equation:


yA yB
xA xB
where A and B are points on the straight
line and with coordinates (xA, yA) and
(xB, yB).
c. Write down the equation of the straight
line drawn using the gradient and the y
intercept
y = mx + c

Finding the equation of a line from two coordinates

N (5, 6)

P (-8, 3)
O (1, 3)

Q (-4, -4)

Find the equation of the line joining N to O


Find the gradient, m, of NO

3/4 = 0.75

Replace m in the equation y = mx + c

y = 0.75x +c

Use the x and y coordinates of O to find c

3 = 0.75 x 1 +c
c = 3 0.75 = 2.25
y = 0.75x + 2.25

Find the equation of the line joining P to Q


Find the gradient, m, of PQ
Replace m in the equation y = mx + c
Use the x and y coordinates of P to find c