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Original Title: 4 2 properties of circles notes

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2 Properties of Circles

This lesson has a lot of information,

this presentation will break down the

key information for each slide.

Every circle is similar to every other circle.

The relationship can be defined in two ways:

The center of one circle is translated to be the center of the other one

One circle is a dilated version of another one, the length of their radii

can be used to determine the scale factor

Scale factor will equals 2 where 1 is the radius of the first circle and 2 is the

1

radius of the second circle.

Explain how circle A with the center at (2, 3) and a radius 1 is similar

to circle B with the center at (5, 6) and a radius 4.

- Going from (2,3) to (5,6) means the x value was increased by 3

and the y value was increased by 3. Rule of translation would be

(x+3,y+3).

2

- To find the dilation I need to use that fraction , my first radius is

1

for circle A, which is 1, and my second radius is for circle B, which

4

is 4, so I get or a scale factor of 4.

1

List of Definitions you want to be able to identify on a circle.

Circle: The set of all points that are the same distance away from

a fixed point

Radius: The distance between the center of a circle and any point

on the circle

Chord: A segment on the interior of a circle whose endpoints are

on the circle

Diameter: A chord that passes through the center of the circle

Minor Arc: An arc measuring less than 180

Major Arc: An arc measuring more than 180 but less than 360

Arc Length: The distance between two points on a circle

Tangent: A line that intersects a circle in exactly one point

Point of Tangency: The point where the tangent intersects the circle

Center of a Circle

Central Angle an angle on the interior of a circle with its vertex at the circles

center.

A central angle has the same measurement as the arc it creates

on the circle. So if is 80 then the arc PI is also 80.

Semi-Circle an arc where the central angle is created by a diameter of the circle.

It is always 180.

Central angle is 180 and arc PI is also 180. Arc PI

takes up half of the circle so it is called a semi-circle.

the circle, point L.

Arc Addition Postulate - The measure of an arc created by two adjacent arcs may

be found by adding the measures of the two adjacent arcs.

This will only work when you have two adjacent

arcs, if they are not adjacent, it will not work.

Example

+ =

- So we know by central angles CD = 81

- We were given that CE = 42

- Substitute the numbers we know:

42 + = 81

42

42

= 39

the Center of a Circle

Two Arcs Apart two arcs on a circle that do not share a common point.

Two arcs apart, look like the picture here.

Congruent Arcs Theorem If two central angles are equal in measure, then the

arcs they create have the same measurement.

The image above represents

what the Congruent Arcs

Theorem looks like and below

is how the theorem works:

So then ED FC

We already know that

4 7 = 3 + 2

Add 7 to both sides

4 = 3 + 9

Subtract 3x from both

=9

= 4 9 7 = 29

= 3 9 + 2 = 29

Interior (but NOT Center) of a Circle

Secant Angles two pairs of angles that are created by to secants of the same

circle intersecting

This is what secant angles look like

Secant Interior Angle Theorem The measure of a secant angle is equal to half

the sum of the arcs it and its vertical angle intercept.

Inscribed Angle a single angle that is located at a vertex on a circle created by

two secants.

Inscribed Angle Theorem The measure of an inscribed angle is equal to half the

measure of its intercepted arc.

Interior (but NOT Center) of a Circle

Tangent-Secant Intersection two pairs of angles that are created by to secants of

the same circle intersecting

the point of tangency, the angles created at the point of intersection are half the

measurement of the arcs they intersect.

Circle

Theorem If two secants, two

tangents, or a secant and a

tangent intersect outside a

circle, the measure of the

1

created angle between them is

2

the absolute value of the

difference of the measures of

the intercepted arcs

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