You are on page 1of 7

0KEEQN 2CICPKPK

(KP FCNNC RK IKQXCPG GV 0KEEQN CRRTGUG FCN RCFTG NG RTK


OG PQ\KQPK FK OWUKEC UWN OCPFQNKPQ G KP UGIWKVQ HW KP
FKTK\\CVQ UGORTG FCN RCFTG CNNQ UVWFKQ FGN XKQNKPQ 0QP
C VQTVQ KN 2CICPKPK EQPUKFGTCVQ CWVQFKFCVVC KP SWCPVQ K
UWQK FWG OCGUVTK HWTQPQ FK UECTUQ XCNQTG G PQP TKEGXGV
VG EJG WPC VTGPVKPC FK NG\KQPK FK EQORQUK\KQPG FC )CURC
TG )JKTGVVK /CNITCFQ EK CNN GV FK  CPPK IK UK HCEG
XC CUEQNVCTG PGNNG EJKGUG FK )GPQXC G FKGFG WP EQPEGT
VQ PGN  CN VGCVTQ FK 5CPV #IQUVKPQ GUGIWGPFQ FGNNG
UWG XCTKC\KQPK RGT EJKVCTTC G XKQNKPQ UWNN CTKC RKGOQPVGUG
-B $BSNBHOPMB CPFCVG RGTFWVG +N RCFTG NQ EQPFWUUG C
2CTOC PGN  CNN GV FK  CPPK # 2CTOC 0KEEQN UK
COOCN FK RQNOQPKVG G XGPPG EWTCVQ EQP KN UCNCUUQ EJG
NQ KPFGDQN G NQ EQUVTKPUG C WP RGTKQFQ FK TKRQUQ PGNNC ECUC
RCVGTPC C 4QOCKTQPG KP XCN 2QNEGXGTC XKEKPQ C 5CP 3WK
TKEQ 3WK CTTKX C UVWFKCTG PQ C  QTG CN IKQTPQ UW WP
XKQNKPQ EQUVTWKVQ FCN )WCTPGTK TGICNCVQINK FC WP COOKTC
VQTG FK 2CTOC 2CICPKPK KOKVCXC K UWQPK PCVWTCNK KN ECPVQ
FGINK WEEGNNK K XGTUK FGINK CPKOCNK K VKODTK FGINK UVTWOGP
VK EQOG KN CWVQ NC VTQODC G KN EQTPQ +P UGIWKVQ FKGFG
FGK EQPEGTVK PGNN +VCNKC 5GVVGPVTKQPCNG G KP 6QUECPC 4CI
IKWPVC WPC RQTVGPVQUC CDKNKV CPF FK PWQXQ KP 6QUECPC
FQXG QVVGPPG NG RK ECNQTQUG CEEQINKGP\G

/JDDPM 1BHBOJOJ SJUSBUUP




0GN  CNN GV FK  CPPK KPVGTTWRRG NC RTQRTKC CV


VKXKV FK EQPEGTVKUVC G UK FGFKE RGT SWCNEJG VGORQ
CNN CITKEQNVWTC G CNNQ UVWFKQ FGNNC EJKVCTTC

Niccol Paganini
)GPQXC  QVVQDTG  0K\\C
 OCIIKQ  UVCVQ WP XKQNKPKUVC EQORQUKVQTG G
EJKVCTTKUVC KVCNKCPQ HTC K RK KORQTVCPVK GURQPGPVK FGNNC
OWUKEC TQOCPVKEC

+P DTGXG VGORQ FKXGPV XKTVWQUQ CPEJG FK EJKVCTTC G


%QPVKPWCVQTG FGNNC UEWQNC KVCNKCPC FK 2KGVTQ #PVQPKQ .QEC UETKUUG OQNVG UQPCVG XCTKC\KQPK G EQPEGTVK PQP RWDDNKEC
VGNNK )CGVCPQ 2WIPCPK G )KQXCPPK $CVVKUVC 8KQVVK EQP VK KPUQFFKUHCVVQ UK OKUG C UETKXGTG UQPCVG RGT XKQNKPQ G
UKFGTCVQ WPQ HTC K OCIIKQTK XKQNKPKUVK FGNN 1VVQEGPVQ UKC EJKVCTTC VTKK G SWCTVGVVK KP WPKQPG CINK UVTWOGPVK CF CTEQ
RGT NC RCFTQPCP\C FGNNQ UVTWOGPVQ UKC RGT NG KPPQXC\KQPK 2CICPKPK UETKXGXC RGT EJKVCTTC C UGK EQTFG EJG KP SWGN RG
CRRQTVCVG KP RCTVKEQNCTG CNNQ TUBDDBUP G CN QJ[[JDBUP
TKQFQ UQRRKCPV SWGNNC URCIPQNC C EKPSWG EQTK
SWCVVTQ
.C UWC CVVKXKV FK EQORQUKVQTG HW NGICVC C SWGNNC FK GUGEW EQTFG FQRRKG G WPC UKPIQNC PGNNC RCTVG CNVC FGVVC ECPVKPQ 
VQTG KP SWCPVQ VTQXCXC KPPCVWTCNG GUGIWKTG OWUKEJG UWNNG G SWGUVQ URKGIC KN UWQ GUVTQ PGINK UEQRRKGVVCPVK RK\\KECVK
UWN XKQNKPQ
SWCNK PQP CXGXC WP EQORNGVQ EQPVTQNNQ
#NNC PG FGN  CNN GV FK  CPPK TKCRRCTXG C )GPQ
XC OC VQTP C .WEEC N CPPQ UWEEGUUKXQ FQXG CEEGVV KN
RQUVQ FK RTKOQ XKQNKPQ UQNKUVC CNNC EQTVG FGNNC RTKPEKRGUUC
'NKUC
FGVVC /CTKCPPC $CEKQEEJK UQTGNNC FK 0CRQNGQPG
1 Biograa
3WCPFQ NC EQTVG UK VTCUHGT C (KTGP\G PGN  2CICPKPK
NC UGIW OC RGT WP DCPCNG KPEKFGPVG UG PG CNNQPVCP G PQP
1.1 Debutto
XQNNG RK VQTPCTXK OCNITCFQ K PWOGTQUK KPXKVK # 6QTKPQ
HW KPXKVCVQ C UWQPCTG PGN ECUVGNNQ FK 5VWRKPKIK FC WP CNVTC
0CESWG C )GPQXC KN  QVVQDTG FGN  FC WPC OQFGUVC FGNNG UQTGNNG FK 0CRQNGQPG 2CQNKPC $QTIJGUG
HCOKINKC QTKIKPCTKC FK %CTTQ
PGNN QFKGTPC RTQXKPEKC FGNNC
0GNNC UWC XKVC 2CICPKPK RGTEQTUG N +VCNKC VTG XQNVG HCEGP
5RG\KC  +N RCFTG #PVQPKQ HCEGXC KODCNNCIIK CN RQTVQ GF
FQUK CRRNCWFKTG KP PWOGTQUG EKVV .C RTKOC FK SWGUVG EKVV
GTC CRRCUUKQPCVQ FK OWUKEC EQP NC OCFTG 6GTGUC CDKVCXC
HW /KNCPQ PGN  C  CPPK KN  QVVQDTG CN VGCVTQ %CT
PQ KP 8KEQ (QUUG FGN %QNNG CN 2CUUQ FGNNC )CVVC /QTC WP
ECPQ + ETKVKEK NQ CEENCOCTQPQ RTKOQ XKQNKPKUVC CN OQPFQ
DBSVHHJP FK )GPQXC PGNNC \QPC FK XKC FGN %QNNG


* %10%'46+ 1&3 7*0-*/0

3WK PGN IKTQ FK FKXGTUK CPPK FKGFG  EQPEGTVK KP RCTVG CNNC PQ XGPVK HTC K OGFKEK RK HCOQUK F 'WTQRC OC EJG PGUUWPQ
5ECNC G KP RCTVG CN %CTECPQ
TKWUE C EWTCTG OKPKOCOGPVG +N FQVVQT 5KVQ $QTFC RGP
0GN OCT\Q  VTKQPH PGNNC UFC NCPEKCVCINK FC %JCTNGU UKQPCVQ FGNN #VGPGQ FK 2CXKC PCNOGPVG RQUG NC FKCIPQUK
2JKNKRRG .CHQPV G FWG CPPK FQRQ TKRGV KN VTKQPHQ KP FK VWDGTEQNQUK G NQ EWT EQP WP TKOGFKQ FGNN GRQEC KN NCVVG
WP EQPHTQPVQ EQP -CTQN .KRKUMK 5VTKPUG COKEK\KC EQP FK CUKPC 5QNQ KP UGIWKVQ RTQRQUG OGFKECOGPVK OGTEWTKCNK
)KQCEJKPQ 4QUUKPK G EQP .QWKU 5RQJT 0GN  C  CP G UGFCVKXK FGNNC VQUUG VKRKEK FGNN GRQEC EQP RQEQ TKUWNVCVQ
PK UWQP C 4QOC UWUEKVCPFQ WPC VCNG KORTGUUKQPG EJG KN G ITQUUK GGVVK EQNNCVGTCNK + FKUVWTDK CNNC IQNC UK RTGUGPVC
/GVVGTPKEJ NQ KPXKV C 8KGPPC /C IK CNNQTC NG RTGECTKG TQPQ OQNVQ VGORQ RTKOC EJG KPUQTIGUUG NC=?NCTKPIKVG XGTC
G RTQRTKC G NC PGETQUK FGNN QUUQ OCUEGNNCTG  %QOWPSWG
EQPFK\KQPK FK UCNWVG INK KORGFKTQPQ FK TGCNK\\CTG SWGN RTQ
NC TGC\KQPG FK 2CICPKPK CNNC OCNCVVKC HW OQNVQ FKIPKVQUC G
IGVVQ
EQORQUVC OCNITCFQ PQP CXGUUG WPC ITCPFG QRKPKQPG FGK
+PXGEG CPF CN 5WF C 2CNGTOQ FQXG KN  NWINKQ  XKFG
NC NWEG #EJKNNG
  KN INKQ CXWVQ EQP WPC OG OGFKEK EJG PQP GTCPQ TKWUEKVK C EWTCTNQ UK TKXQNIGXC UGO
RTG EQP FWEKC C SWCNEWP CNVTQ URGTCPFQ FK VTQXCTG WP
FKQETG ECPVCPVG G RGT IKWPVC PGXTQVKEC=?  #PVQPKC $KCP
EJK
%QOQ     2CICPKPK EQPXKUUG EQP NC $KCP OGFKEQ EJG RQVGUUG CKWVCTNQ 0QPQUVCPVG NC FKEQNV KP
EWK UK VTQXCXC PQP UK CDDCPFQP OCK CNNC FKURGTC\KQPG G
EJK FCN  CN  RTKOC EJG NGK XGPKUUG URQUCVC FCN
OKNCPGUG %CTNQ (GNKEG $TWPCVK 2WT PQP WEKCNK\\CPFQ DKUQIPC TKEQPQUEGTG EJG KP SWGUVK GUVTGOK HTCPIGPVK FKOQ
OCK KN NGICOG EQP NC OCFTG FK UWQ INKQ 2CICPKPK VWVVC UVT WPC ITCPFG HQT\C F CPKOQ #N VGORQ INK FKCIPQUVKEC
XKC UK FKOQUVT CGVVWQUQ XGTUQ SWGUVQ DKODQ KNNGIKVVKOQ TQPQ WPC NCTKPIKVG VWDGTEQNCTG FCINK UHQT\K FGNNC VQUUG PQP
VCPVQ EJG RGT CXGTNQ EQP U FQXGVVG UDQTUCTG  UEWFK RQVGXC RK RCTNCTG G FKXGPV EQORNGVCOGPVG CHQPQ )NK
CNNC OCFTG=? G RQK HCTUGNQ TKEQPQUEGTG OCPKRQNCPFQ NG UWG HCEGXC FC KPVGTRTGVG KN INKQNGVVQ #EJKNNG FK  CPPK EJG
UK GTC CDKVWCVQ C NGIIGTINK NG RCTQNG UWNNG NCDDTC G SWCPFQ
EQPQUEGP\G CNVQNQECVG
CPEJG SWGUVQ PQP HW RK RQUUKDKNG UK OKUG C UETKXGTG FGK
DKINKGVVKPK EJG UQPQ UVCVK EQPUGTXCVK G UQVVQRQUVK C GUCOG
ITCHQNQIKEQ /QT C 0K\\C KP ECUC FGN RTGUKFGPVG FGN 5GPC
VQ #EJKNNG FKXGPVCVQ CFWNVQ EGTEJGT FK FCTG EQPVKPWKV
CNN QRGTC FGN RCFTG EQPVKPWCPFQ C TKQTFKPCTG G C RWDDNK
ECTG NG UWG QRGTG CWVGPVKECPFQPG NC TOC +P UGIWKVQ K PK
RQVK EJG PQP CXGXCPQ EQPQUEKWVQ KN PQPPQ 0KEEQN XGPW
VK KP RQUUGUUQ FGNN KPVGTC QRGTC RCICPKPKCPC FGEKFGTCPPQ
FK XGPFGTNC CNNQ 5VCVQ G UQNQ FQRQ WP TKWVQ OGVVGTCPPQ
N QRGTC CNN CUVC

1.2 Morte e sepoltura


$JNJUFSP EFMMB 7JMMFUUB B 1BSNB UPNCB EJ 1BHBOJOJ

0GN  PCNOGPVG CPF C 8KGPPC FQXG NG NQFK CK UWQK


EQPEGTVK HWTQPQ WPCPKOK . KORGTCVQTG (TCPEGUEQ ++ NQ
PQOKP UWQ XKTVWQUQ FK ECOGTC
&QRQ CXGT FCVQ  EQPEGTVK C 8KGPPC UK TGE C 2TCIC
FQXG UQTUGTQ CURTG FKUEWUUKQPK UWN UWQ XCNQTG

2CICPKPK OQT KN  OCIIKQ  # ECWUC FGNNG XQEK UWN


UWQ EQPVQ EKTEC WP UQURGVVQ RCVVQ EQP KN FKCXQNQ G FGNNC
UWC ECVVKXC TGRWVC\KQPG
FQXWVC UQRTCVVWVVQ CNNC UWC EQP
FQVVC CRRCTGPVGOGPVG KTTGNKIKQUC  KN XGUEQXQ FK 0K\\C
PG XKGV NC UGRQNVWTC KP VGTTC EQPUCETCVC +N UWQ EQTRQ HW
SWKPFK KODCNUCOCVQ EQP KN OGVQFQ )CPPCN G EQPUGTXC
VQ
KPK\KCNOGPVG C DCTC CRGTVC PGNNC ECPVKPC FGNNC ECUC
FQX GTC OQTVQ &QRQ XCTK URQUVCOGPVK PGN  HW UGRQN
VQ PGN EKOKVGTQ FK )CKQPG G UWEEGUUKXCOGPVG PGN EKOKVGTQ
FGNNC 8KNNGVVC FK 2CTOC FQXG TKRQUC VWVVQTC KP WPC VQODC
UGORTG RTQXXKUVC FK QTK HTGUEJK EJG CVVTCG OQNVK VWTKUVK

%QORQUG CPEJG FCN  CN  UGK EQPEGTVK RGT XKQ


NKPQ G QTEJGUVTC
HCOQUKUUKOQ KN PCNG FGN UGEQPFQ FGV
VQ -B $BNQBOFMMB  TKVQTPCVQ C )GPQXC PGN  KPK\K
NC EQORQUK\KQPG FGK HCOQUK %CRTKEEK RGT XKQNKPQ G PGN
 WPC UQPCVC RGT NC ITCPFG XKQNC XCTKC\KQPK UW VGOK FK
5UUOC[T G )KQCEJKPQ 4QUUKPK UGTGPCVG PQVVWTPK VCTCP 2 I $PODFSUJ per violino
VGNNG .C HSBO WJPMB KP SWGUVKQPG WPQ URGEKCNG UVTWOGP
VQ C EKPSWG EQTFG QIIK RWTVTQRRQ RGTFWVQ EJG 2CICPKPK + EQPEGTVK RGT XKQNKPQ G QTEJGUVTC RTGUGPVCPQ WPC UKPIQNC
CXGXC HCVVQ RTQFWTTG C (TCPEGUEQ $QTIJK NKWVCKQ FK (QTN G TKV FK EQPEG\KQPG EJG CNNC NQTQ GRQEC HW VCNXQNVC UECODKC
EJG FKXGPPG PQVC CPEJG EQN PQOG FK DPOUSPWJPMB 1BHBOJOJ VC RGT GUKDK\KQPKUOQ GUCIGTCVQ .G UGTKG FK CEEQTFK FK FKH
+N  UGIPC N KPK\KQ FGK UKPVQOK RK GENCVCPVK FK WPC OC EKNG KORQUVC\KQPG K VTKNNK G K UCNVK FK TGIKUVTQ UQPQ FQXWVK
NCVVKC RQNOQPCTG CNN GRQEC PQP FKCIPQUVKECVC UGIPCVC FC CPEJG CN HCVVQ EJG 2CICPKPK RGT SWGUVKQPK GEQPQOKEJG
CEEGUUK FK VQUUG KPEQGTEKDKNG EJG FWTCXCPQ CPEJG WP QTC XQNGXC GUUGTG NWPKEQ KP ITCFQ FK UWQPCTG NC RTQRTKC OWUK
EJG INK KORGFKXCPQ FK FCTG EQPEGTVK G EJG NQ URQUUCXCPQ KP EC KP OQFQ FC GUUGTG N WPKEQ C RQVGTXKEK NWETCTG 8QNGPFQ
OCPKGTC FGDKNKVCPVG RGT NC SWCNG HWTQPQ KPVGTRGNNCVK CNOG OCPVGPGTG UGITGVG NG RCTVKVWTG NG EQPUGIPCXC CN FKTGVVQTG


FQTEJGUVTC UQNQ SWCNEJG QTC RTKOC FGNN GUGEW\KQPG 3WG
UVK CXGXC SWKPFK NC RQUUKDKNKV FK UVWFKCTNG UQNQ RGT RQEQ
VGORQ RGTEK KN EQORQUKVQTG FQXGXC NKOKVCTUK C WPQT
EJGUVTC\KQPG FK HCEKNG KPVGTRTGVC\KQPG
N QTEJGUVTC FQXGXC
KPHCVVK GUUGTG KP ITCFQ FK RQVGT UWQPCTG KN DTCPQ C RTKOC
XKUVC  +P SWGUVQ OQFQ INK CUUQNK FK XKQNKPQ TKUWNVCPQ OCI
IKQTOGPVG EQORNKECVK CNN QTGEEJKQ FGNN CUEQNVCVQTG EJG PGN
HTCVVGORQ UK CDKVWCVQ CNN CEEQORCIPCOGPVQ UGORNKEC
VQ FGNN QTEJGUVTC 7P GUGORKQ FK SWCPVQ FGVVQ NQ UK VTQXC
PGN RTKOQ G PGN UGEQPFQ EQPEGTVQ RGT XKQNKPQ G QTEJGUVTC
+P RCTVKEQNCTG PGN UGEQPFQ KN OQXKOGPVQ FGPQOKPCVQ MB
$BNQBOFMMB EQPUKFGTCVQ FCNNC ETKVKEC WP ECRQNCXQTQ G
XGPPG VTCUETKVVQ RGT RKCPQHQTVG FC (TCP\ .KU\V

PCTG RTQRTKQ C 6QTKPQ RGT TKPITC\KCTG %CTNQ #NDGTVQ RGT


NC EQPEGUUKQPG FK NGIKVVKOC\KQPG FGN INKQ #EJKNNG

2QK VWVVQ VCESWG PEJ PGN  INK GTGFK FK #EJKNNG 2CIC
PKPK FGEKUGTQ FK XGPFGTG CNNQ 5VCVQ NC EQNNG\KQPG FGK OCPQ
UETKVVK KPGFKVK .C EQOOKUUKQPG IQXGTPCVKXC KPECTKECVC FK
GUCOKPCTG K OCPQUETKVVK FKGFG RCTGTG PGICVKXQ EQU PQP
XGPPGTQ CESWKUVCVK

Paganini non ripete

&C CNNQTC NC XWNICVC l2CICPKPK PQP TKRGVG| XKGPG WUCVC RGT


OQVKXCTG KN TKWVQ FK TKRGVGTG WP IGUVQ Q WPC HTCUG

4 Le vicende delle opere di Paganini


0GINK CPPK  FGNN 1VVQEGPVQ 5EJWDGTV FK #ODWTIQ 4K
EQTFK G 5EJQVV RWDDNKECTQPQ CNEWPK VKVQNK +N TGUVQ IKCESWG
KPGFKVQ C ECUC FK #EJKNNG PQP CXGPFQ VTQXCVQ CNVTK GFKVQTK

0GN  K OCPQUETKVVK XGPPGTQ CESWKUVCVK CNN CUVC FC .GQ


1NUEJMK EJG TKXGPFGVVG CN EQNNG\KQPKUVC FK %QNQPKC 9K
NJGNO *G[GT RGT KN UWQ OWUGQ G FKXGPPGTQ FK HCVVQ KP
EQPUWNVCDKNK . CUVC EQORTGPFGXC VWVVK K OCPQUETKVVK VTCP
PG K  TGUKFWK EQPEGTVK RGT XKQNKPQ G QTEJGUVTC FGK  CNNQTC
EQPQUEKWVK
#NEWPK OCPQUETKVVK HCEGPVK Q PQP HCEGPVK RCTVG FGNN CUVC
HWTQPQ UVCORCVK PGK RTKOK FGEGPPK FGN UGEQNQ 0GN 
NC 7PKXGTUCN 'FKVKQP FK 8KGPPC FKGFG CNNC UVCORG CNEWPK
RG\\K RGT XKQNKPQ G RKCPQHQTVG . GFKVQTG <KOOGTOCPP FK
(TCPEQHQTVG UWN /GPQ PGN  UVCOR  EQORQUK\KQPK
RGT EJKVCTTC UQNC 0GN  WP CNVTC CUVC CUUGIP K OCPQ
UETKVVK C (TKV\ 4GWVJGT WP EQNNG\KQPKUVC FK /CPPJGKO 0GN
 VQEE C 5EJQVV G PGN  C 4KEQTFK

2CICPKPK PQP TKRGVG

3WGUVQ FGVVQ RQRQNCTG GDDG QTKIKPG PGN HGDDTCKQ FGN 


CN 6GCVTQ %CTKIPCPQ FK 6QTKPQ SWCPFQ %CTNQ (GNKEG FQ
RQ CXGT CUUKUVKVQ C WP EQPEGTVQ FK 2CICPKPK HGEG RTGIC
TG KN OCGUVTQ FK TKRGVGTG WP DTCPQ 2CICPKPK EJG COCXC
KORTQXXKUCTG OQNVQ FK SWGNNQ EJG UWQPCXC G CNEWPG XQNVG
UK NGUKQPCXC K RQNRCUVTGNNK INK HGEG TKURQPFGTG l2CICPKPK
PQP TKRGVG| 2GT SWGUVQ OQVKXQ INK HW VQNVQ KN RGTOGUUQ FK
GUGIWKTG WP VGT\Q EQPEGTVQ KP RTQITCOOC
+P UGIWKVQ C SWGUVQ CPPWNN K EQPEGTVK EJG FQXGXC CPEQ
TC VGPGTG C 8GTEGNNK G #NGUUCPFTKC +P FWG NGVVGTG KPXKCVG
CNN COKEQ CXXQECVQ )GTOK UETKUUG l.C OKC EQUVGNNC\KQPG
KP SWGUVQ EKGNQ EQPVTCTKC 2GT PQP CXGT RQVWVQ TGRNKECTG
C TKEJKGUVC NG XCTKC\KQPK FGNNC UGEQPFC #EECFGOKC KN 5KI
)QXGTPCVQTG JC ETGFWVQ DGPG UQURGPFGTOK NC VGT\C|
KN
 HGDDTCKQ  G RQK l+P SWGUVQ TGIPQ KN OKQ XKQNKPQ
URGTQ FK PQP HCTNQ RK UGPVKTG|
N  OCT\Q FGNNQ UVGUUQ
CPPQ  /C UK EQPVTCFFKUUG PGN  SWCPFQ VQTP C UWQ

5GORTG 5EJQVV PGN  GUVTCGPFQNK FCNNC EQNNG\KQPG


4GWVGT RWDDNKE CNEWPK RG\\K RGT XKQNKPQ G RKCPQHQTVG
<KOOGTOCPP PGN  OCPF KP UVCORC KORQTVCPVK EQO
RQUK\KQPK ECOGTKUVKEJG VTCVVG FCNNC EQNNG\KQPG RQUVWOC
#NEWPG EQUG HWTQPQ RWDDNKECVG KP )GTOCPKC G 5RCIPC PGN

0GN  G  NC $TDGP FK #PEQPC RWDDNKE CNEWPK
KPGFKVK RGT XKQNKPQ G RGT EJKVCTTC (KPCNOGPVG PGN 
KN IQXGTPQ KVCNKCPQ CESWKUV K  OCPQUETKVVK G FCN 
N +UVKVWVQ +VCNKCPQ RGT NC 5VQTKC FGNNC /WUKEC JC KPK\KCVQ

EQP PQVGXQNG NGPVG\\C NC RWDDNKEC\KQPG FGINK KPGFKVK 1TC


UK VTQXCPQ RTGUUQ NC $KDNKQVGEC %CUCPCVGPUG FK 4QOC
#NN KPK\KQ FGINK CPPK  FGN :: UGEQNQ HW TKVTQXCVQ
N CTEJKXKQ FGN XKQNKPKUVC G EQORQUKVQTG %COKNNQ 5KXQTK KP
EWK UQPQ RTGUGPVK  EQORQUK\KQPK RCICPKPKCPG FK CNEWPG
FGNNG SWCNK PQP UK UQURGVVCXC N GUKUVGP\C
5W KPECTKEQ FGN EQOWPG FK )GPQXC NG RTQH /CTKC 4QUC
/QTGVVK G #PPC 5QTTGPVQ PGN  UVKNCTQPQ KN %CVCNQIQ
VGOCVKEQ FGNNG OWUKEJG FK 0KEEQN 2CICPKPK FC SWK NC
FKEKVWTC /5 CUUGIPCVC WEKCNOGPVG CNNG UWG QRGTG
#VVWCNOGPVG KN ECVCNQIQ UWRGTC K  PWOGTK F QRGTC

 &-&/$0 1"3;*"-& %&--& 46& 01&3& 1* '".04&

Premio Paganini

+N EQPEQTUQ FK PQVGXQNG FKEQNV


CN RWPVQ EJG VCNXQNVC KN
RTKOQ RTGOKQ PQP XKGPG CUUGIPCVQ  UK CTVKEQNC KP  RTQXG

PGNNG RTKOG FWG N KPITGUUQ KP VGCVTQ NKDGTQ  PGN EQTUQ


FGNNG SWCNK K EQPEQTTGPVK FGXQPQ GUGIWKTG XCTK RG\\K RGT
XKQNKPQ UQNQ Q EQP CEEQORCIPCOGPVQ FK RKCPQHQTVG G
PGNNC PCNG WP EQPEGTVQ RGT XKQNKPQ G QTEJGUVTC +N  QV
VQDTG CNN GXGPVWCNG XKPEKVQTG EQPEGUUQ N QPQTG FK UWQPC
TG KN %CPPQPG KN HCOQUQ XKQNKPQ FK 2CICPKPK EQUVTWKVQ
PGN  FCN NKWVCKQ $CTVQNQOGQ )KWUGRRG )WCTPGTK NC
UEKCVQ FCN OWUKEKUVC CNNC UWC EKVV PCVCNG QPFG HQUUG lRGT
RGVWCOGPVG EQPUGTXCVQ| 1IIK EQPUGTXCVQ C 2CNC\\Q
&QTKC6WTUK /WUGK FK 5VTCFC 0WQXC  )GPQXC

6 Curiosit
0GNN QTFKPCOGPVQ RTGXKIGPVG NC NGIIG FK 4KHQTOC FGK
%QPUGTXCVQTK FK /WUKEC P GTC QDDNKIQ CNN 'UCOG
FK &KRNQOC RTGUGPVCTG  %CRTKEEK FK 2CICPKPK C UEGNVC VTC
K  FGNN 1R
2CICPKPK GTC CGVVQ FC WPC UKPFTQOG OCTHCPQKFG RCVQNQ
IKC EJG EQNRKUEG N GNCUVKPC FGNNC OCVTKEG GZVTCEGNNWNCTG=?
3WGUVQ URKGIC NC UWC PQVC CTCEPQFCVVKNKC
FKVC GUVTGOC
OGPVG NWPIJG G OQDKNK  EJG INK JC RGTOGUUQ FK CTTKXCTG C
NKXGNNK FK GUGEW\KQPG VGEPKEC KPUWRGTCVK
2GT OQUVTCTG NG UWG FQVK FK XKQNKPKUVC 2CICPKPK CXGXC
N CDKVWFKPG FK KPEKFGTG NG EQTFG FGK XKQNKPK EJG WVKNK\\CXC
FWTCPVG K EQPEGTVK KP OQFQ VCNG EJG UK TQORGUUGTQ SWC
UK VWVVG VTCPPG N WNVKOC %K CXGXC NQ UEQRQ FK OQUVTCTG NC
UWC XGTUCVKNKV

7 Elenco parziale delle sue opere


pi famose
 %CRTKEEK RGT XKQNKPQ UQNQ QR
0Q  KP OK OCIIKQTG
0Q  KP UK OKPQTG

0Q  KP OK OKPQTG
0Q  KP FQ OKPQTG
0Q  KP NC OKPQTG

0Q  KP UQN OKPQTG


0Q  KP NC OKPQTG

0Q  KP OK DGOQNNG OCIIKQTG

0Q  KP OK OCIIKQTG
.C ECEEKC
*M $BOOPOF EJ 1BHBOJOJ

2GT RTQOWQXGTG N CVVKXKV EQPEGTVKUVKEC FGK XKQNKPKUVK FG


DWVVCPVK FCN  UK UXQNIG CPPWCNOGPVG
FCN  UQNQ
PGINK CPPK RCTK C )GPQXC PGN OGUG FK QVVQDTG RTGUUQ KN
6GCVTQ %CTNQ (GNKEG KN 2TGOKQ 2CICPKPK IKWPVQ PGN 
CNNC k GFK\KQPG

0Q  KP UQN OKPQTG

0Q  KP FQ OCIIKQTG

0Q  KP NC DGOQNNG OCIIKQTG

0Q  KP UK OCIIKQTG
.C TKUCVC
0Q  KP OK DGOQNNG OCIIKQTG
0Q  KP OK OKPQTG



4POBUF QFS 7JPMJOP F PSDIFTUSB F BMUSJ MBWPSJ


0Q  KP UQN OKPQTG

0Q  KP OK DGOQNNG OCIIKQTG


0Q  KP FQ OCIIKQTG

0Q  KP NC OKPQTG
 %QPEGTVK

0Q  KP OK DGOQNNG OCIIKQTG

%QPEGTVQ RGT XKQNKPQ G QTEJGUVTC P  KP TG


OCIIKQTG 1R 


0Q  KP NC OCIIKQTG

%QPEGTVQ RGT XKQNKPQ G QTEJGUVTC P  KP UK


OKPQTG 1R 

.C %CORCPGNNC

0Q  KP OK DGOQNNG OCIIKQTG

%QPEGTVQ RGT XKQNKPQ G QTEJGUVTC P  KP OK


OCIIKQTG


0Q  KP TG OCIIKQTG
0Q  KP HC OCIIKQTG

0Q  KP NC OKPQTG
6GOC G 8CTKC\KQPK
 UQPCVG RGT XKQNKPQ G EJKVCTTC
1R G 1R
1R  0Q  KP NC OCIIKQTG

1R  0Q  KP FQ OCIIKQTG


1R  0Q  KP TG OKPQTG

1R  0Q  KP NC OCIIKQTG

1R  0Q  KP TG OCIIKQTG


1R  0Q  KP NC OKPQTG

1R  0Q  KP NC OCIIKQTG

1R  0Q  KP UQN OCIIKQTG


1R  0Q  KP TG OCIIKQTG

%QPEGTVQ RGT XKQNKPQ G QTEJGUVTC P  KP TG


OKPQTG

%QPEGTVQ RGT XKQNKPQ G QTEJGUVTC P  KP NC OK
PQTG
  RCTVK QTEJGUVTCNK TKEQUVTWKVG FC
(GFGTKEQ /QPRGNNKQ
RWDDN 
%QPEGTVQ RGT XKQNKPQ G QTEJGUVTC P 
P  
KP OK OKPQTG
!  EQORNGVCOGOGPVQ G
QTEJGUVTC\KQPG C EWTC FK (GFGTKEQ /QPRGNNKQ G
(TCPEGUEQ (KQTG
RWDDN 
-F 4USFHIF
5IF 8JUDIFT %BODF  1R  FCP\C FGN
NG 5VTGIJG XCTKC\KQPK RGT QTEJGUVTC UW WP VGOC FK
5UUOC[T
 QVVQDTG  UWEEGUUQ CN 6GCVTQ CNNC
5ECNC FK /KNCPQ

1R  0Q  KP NC OKPQTG

*M DBSOFWBMF EJ 7FOF[JB
1 /COOC OCOOC ECTC
0Q 

1R  0Q  KP OK OKPQTG

/QVQ 2GTRGVWQ KP UQN OCIIKQTG 1R  RGT XKQNKPQ


G RKCPQHQTVG
Q QTEJGUVTC

1R  0Q  KP NC OCIIKQTG


 3WCTVGVVK RGT %JKVCTTC 8KQNKPQ 8KQNC G 8KQNQP
EGNNQ
0Q  KP NC OKPQTG
1R 0Q

0QP RK /GUVC 1R 

0Q  KP FQ OCIIKQTG
1R 0Q

+ 2CNRKVK 1R  +PVTQFW\KQPG G 8CTKC\KQPG UW


WP VGOC FK 4QUUKPK RGT 8KQNKPQ G 1TEJGUVTC
Q
RKCPQHQTVG

0Q  KP TG OCIIKQTG
1R 0Q

 8CTKCVKQPU QP $CTWECDC HQT XKQNKP CPF IWKVCT 1R


 

0Q  KP TG OKPQTG
1R 0Q

%CPVCDKNG KP TG OCIIKQTG 1R 

0Q  KP NC OCIIKQTG
1R 0Q

0Q  KP FQ OCIIKQTG
1R 0Q
0Q  KP OK OCIIKQTG
0Q  KP NC OCIIKQTG

0Q  KP TG OCIIKQTG

%CPVCDKNG  8CNUG
YCNV\  1R  D 

 %GPVQPG FK 5QPCVG HQT XKQNKP CPF IWKVCT

0Q  KP NC OCIIKQTG

)TCPF UQPCVC HQT XKQNKP CPF IWKVCT KP # OCLQT 1R




0Q  KP NC OKPQTG

&WGVVQ COQTQUQ 1R  D 

0Q  KP UK OCIIKQTG
0Q  KP HC OKPQTG

0Q  KP NC OCIIKQTG
0Q  KP NC OKPQTG

 3WCTVGVVK RGT #TEJK


 8KQNKPK 8KQNC G 8KQNQPEGNNQ
0Q  KP TG OKPQTG

0Q  KP OK DGOQNNG OCIIKQTG

7.1 Sonate per Violino e orchestra e altri


lavori
.C 2TKOCXGTC  UQPCVC EQP XCTKC\KQPK
5QPCVC EQP XCTKC\KQPK
4POBUB .JMJUBJSF
0CRQNGQP 5QPCVC


4QOCP\C KP NC OKPQTG
6CTCPVGNNC KP NC OKPQTG
5QPCVC RGT NC )TCPF 8KQNC KP UQN OKPQTG
5QPCVC KP UQN RGT XKQNKPQ UQNQ
5QPCVC 8CTUCXKC
5QPCVC /CTKC .WKUC
$CNNGVVQ %CORGUVTG  XCTKC\KQPK UW WP VGOC EQOKEQ
2QNCEEC EQP XCTKC\KQPK
 )JKTKDK\\K RGT %JKVCTTC
2GTRGVWGNC
5QPCVC /QXKOGPVQ 2GTRGVWQ
.CTIJGVVQ
#PFCPVG #OQTQUQ
+PVTQFW\KQPG VGOC G XCTKC\KQPK FC 2CKUKGNNQ .C DGNNC
OQNKPCTC
/FM DPS QJ OPO NJ TFOUP KP UQN OCIIKQTG
1R 
+PVTQFW\KQPG G XCTKC\KQPK UWNNC %GPGTGPVQNC FK
4QUUKPK
/PO QJ NFTUB
+PVTQFW\KQPG G XCTKC\KQPK UWN /QU FK 4QUUKPK
%BM
UVP TUFMMBUP TPHMJP
+PVTQFW\KQPG G XCTKC\KQPK UWN 6CPETGFK FK 4QUUKPK

%J UBOUJ QBMQJUJ
/CGUVQUC UQPCVC UGPVKOGPVCNG
8CTKC\KQPK UWNN KPPQ
PC\KQPCNG FGNN #WUVTKC
5QPCVC EQP XCTKC\KQPK UW WP VGOC FK ,QUGRJ 9GKIN
8CTKC\KQPK UWNN KPPQ KPINGUG (PE 4BWF UIF ,JOH 1R


Onoricenze

Film su Paganini
,JOTLJ 1BHBOJOJ FK -NCWU -KPUMK

*M WJPMJOJTUB EFM EJBWPMP FK $GTPCTF 4QUG


10

Note

=? 'FYCTF 0GKNN/PDPM 1BHBOJOJ JM DBWBMJFSF MBSNPOJ


DPR
=? 'FYCTF 0GKNN/JDPM 1BHBOJOJ JM DBWBMJFSF MBSNPOJ
DPR
=? &KCIPQUK FGNNC OCNCVVKC FK 2CICPKPK
=? .CUUKV NGICOGPVQUC 74. EQPUWNVCVQ KN  OCT\Q 

$0--&(".&/5* &45&3/*

11 Bibliograa
&CPKNQ 2TGHWOQ  /JDDPM 1BHBOJOJ . 'RQU  
+5$0
'FYCTF 0GKNN  /JDPM 1BHBOJOJ JM DBWBMJFSF MBSNP
OJDP &G (GTTCTK GFKVQTG 
2KGVTQ $GTTK  1BHBOJOJ MB WJUB F MF PQFSF $QORKCPK

2JKNKRRG $QTGT 5IF 5XFOUZ'PVS $BQSJDFT PG /JD
DPM 1BHBOJOJ 5IFJS TJHOJDBODF GPS UIF IJTUPSZ
PG WJPMJO QMBZJOH BOE UIF NVTJD PG UIF 3PNBOUJD
FSB 5VKHVWPI <GPVTCNUVGNNG FGT 5VWFGPVGPUEJCHV FGT
7PKXGTUKVV <TKEJ <WTKEJ 
.GQRQNFQ (QPVCPCTQUC -B UFDOJDB EFMMBSDP EJ /J
DPM 1BHBOJOJ KP l# VWVVQ CTEQ|
TKXKUVC W
EKCNG FK '56# +VCNKC'WTQRGCP 5VTKPI 6GCEJGTU
#UUQEKCVKQP  CPPQ  PWOGTQ   RR 

12 Voci correlate
-KPUMK 2CICPKPK

13 Altri progetti

Wikiquote EQPVKGPG EKVC\KQPK FK Q UW Niccol


Paganini

Wikimedia Commons EQPVKGPG KOOCIKPK Q


CNVTK NG UW Niccol Paganini

14 Collegamenti esterni
5KVQ FGNN #UUQEKC\KQPG #OKEK FK 2CICPKPK
2CIKPG YGD UW 2CICPKPK PGN UKVQ FGN %QOWPG FK
)GPQXC
%QPUGTXCVQTKQ 5VCVCNG FK /WUKEC 0KEEQN 2CICPKPK
.G QRGTG RWDDNKECVG FCNN +UVKVWVQ +VCNKCPQ RGT NC 5VQTKC
FGNNC /WUKEC

'0 5RCTVKVK NKDGTK FK 2CICPKPK KP +PVGTPCVKQPCN
/WUKE 5EQTG .KDTCT[ 2TQLGEV 2TQLGEV 2GVTWEEK ..%

15
15.1

Fonti per testo e immagini; autori; licenze


Testo

Niccol Paganini 'POUF JVVRKVYKMKRGFKCQTIYKMK0KEEQN%$2CICPKPK!QNFKF $POUSJCVUPSJ 6YKEG 5PQYFQI


)CE .GQPCTF 8GTVKIJGN #NDGTVQ FC %CNXCKTCVG #T[ &QP2CQNQ 8KCOGU 5VCTNKIJV / 4GVCIIKQ #NQDQV %KXX 6KGTTC[.KDGTVCF #TGU
<GTQ$QV #PFTGCIH %COKNNQ (T#P%K5 *GNKQU .WMK$QV 2KN /CNGOCT $KQRTGUVQ <GPQ #NGE ;WTKM$QV /DQV 8KRGTC #EEWTKODQ
PQ $QWPEG[M 4QIGT (NC$QV $GVC %TWEEQ$QV #N 2GTGKTC 5GPRCK )KCEQOQ 4KVWEEK '[GUDQOD`KVYKMK &GFFC *QOGT ;NGDTW
'UMKODQV )RXQUDQV 4QIGT )KCPPK`KVYKMK ,CEQRQ #N-CUKO UPQQR[ 'NYQQF (KUJDQPG 4QLGNKQ %QFCU /QNQEJ 2CWNCV\ DQV 5CKN
MQ -NCWFKQ 5CUJCVQ$QV /CTTCNRJ /KETQUQKMQU 6QQDC\ +IPKUFGNCXGIC .QODCTFGNNK #VVQ4GPCVQ %CWNGNF 1PQH 2[QVT 6JKLUDQV (WT
TKCFTQZKW 6TKSWGVTC &CTFQTQUUQ 'UECTDQV (KNDQV .KG 4KEECTFQDQV )KQXCPPKIQDDKP CPCEQPFCDQV 1NCPFQ 0KEQNK ,#P&DQV 8KVW\\W
4GOWNC\\ 6GM$QV %NUENCUUKE $TCOHCD /CNCHC[C$QV 'NECKTQ #NGZFQPPQNK 1NKXC 2CPCRR )KCP`KVYKMK 7PQ5& 4GKDQV 4KEECT
FQ2 4KMYKMK .WEC <\C %QVVQP /CW FD $KQDQV 8QNMQX$QV )URKPQ\C .WMG9KNNGT (TCPEGUEQUV #PQKZG $GVC$QV #DDQV )NKW
/WPKEQ .CPEKQPK (QPVGOC %CNCDCUJ #TCEWCPQ 9KUDQV 5CPPK$QV 9KYK )GTCMKDQV 0KMDQV .QTGP\Q (TCVVK +PIFQZ 2JCPVQOCU
2TCEEJKC &CTVJ /CUVGT 5QRTCPQ 9KMK$QVCU ;C(-$16 <GPGK\G(QTGUVQ 6GPGT $WIIKC &T <KODW 2TCO\CP 5CNXCVQTG 6CNKC
0Q 4KEEG 6KEMGV  (KZ$QV 4QDQV3WKUVPKZ 5CPTGOQNQ $DTWPQ /QUECKEQ8KVTKQN &KPQ /C\\QEEJK .CCMPQT$QV
4KQVVQUQ <CPFGI (KTG )WKFQOCE .WEMCUDQV &CTKQVGT\Q 6KPQ 0CNNKODQV (TGUEQ$QV /CRK8CP2GNV #VVQ$QV /WUKECNYQTFU #T
VJWT$QV 0KXQNC :SDQV .WEKGP$16 5XGNNQ )KCEQOQ 5EKQOOGTK 8GTOKNNQ & QJ$QV #PFTGCIQQ 6QDG$QV +UUT *QTETWZ 6L$QV
#NRJ $QV +N 5QOOQ /CGUVTQ %NQEJCTF &QEOCTK /CTKCOCTVGNNK /KEJK 'OCWU$QV .QTGO +RUWO <TQ$QV %QQN,C\\ 6CWGTGU (KWV
VC 5JKXCPCTC[CPC )KCPNWEC )QTPK %JWKURCUVQP$QV #PFTGC 8GPVWTC /QXUGUDQV 6KLFLR $QJGOKCP4JCRUQF[ (CDTK\KQUKOQPEKPQ /CU
UKOKNKCPQ 2CPW /CTM *[OCPP#FNGT /WFF[OWIIU[ 0QVK\KCTKQOCUUQPKEQKVCNKCPQ /KPUDQV %QNQODCTQU (TCPEKCKQ $QVETWZ .GIQDQV
#NGUUKQ$QV ,CTGMV$QV 5COQC$QV #FFDQV &CTLC 'WRCTMGTKC 'RGUUKPC /CTMQJ G #PQPKOQ 

15.2

Immagini

File:Bartolomeo_giuseppe_guarneri,_violino_cannone,_appartenuto_a_niccol_paganini,_cremona_1743.JPG
'POUF
JVVRWRNQCFYKMKOGFKCQTIYKMKRGFKCEQOOQPU$CTVQNQOGQAIKWUGRRGAIWCTPGTK%AXKQNKPQAECPPQPG%ACRRCTVGPWVQACA
PKEEQN%$ARCICPKPK%AETGOQPCA,2) -JDFO[B %% $;5#  $POUSJCVUPSJ 1RGTC RTQRTKC "SUJTUB PSJHJOBMF 5CKNMQ
File:Commons-logo.svg 'POUF JVVRWRNQCFYKMKOGFKCQTIYKMKRGFKCEQOOQPUC%QOOQPUNQIQUXI -JDFO[B 2WDNKE FQOCKP $PO
USJCVUPSJ 6JKU XGTUKQP ETGCVGF D[ 2WODCC WUKPI C RTQRGT RCTVKCN EKTENG CPF 58) IGQOGVT[ HGCVWTGU
(QTOGT XGTUKQPU WUGF VQ DG UNKIJVN[
YCTRGF "SUJTUB PSJHJOBMF 58) XGTUKQP YCU ETGCVGF D[ 7UGT)TWPV CPF ENGCPGF WR D[  DCUGF QP VJG GCTNKGT 20) XGTUKQP ETGCVGF D[
4GKFCD
File:Crystal_Clear_app_Login_Manager.png 'POUF JVVRWRNQCFYKMKOGFKCQTIYKMKRGFKCEQOOQPUEEC%T[UVCNA%NGCTACRRA
.QIKPA/CPCIGTRPI -JDFO[B .)2. $POUSJCVUPSJ #NN %T[UVCN %NGCT KEQPU YGTG RQUVGF D[ VJG CWVJQT CU .)2. QP MFGNQQM "SUJTUB PSJHJOBMF
'XGTCNFQ %QGNJQ CPF ;GNNQY+EQP
File:Exquisite-kfind.png 'POUF JVVRWRNQCFYKMKOGFKCQTIYKMKRGFKCEQOOQPUHH'ZSWKUKVGMHKPFRPI -JDFO[B )2. $POUSJCVUPSJ
YYYMFGNQQMQTI "SUJTUB PSJHJOBMF )WRRGVVQ
File:Harp2_ganson.svg 'POUF JVVRWRNQCFYKMKOGFKCQTIYKMKRGFKCEQOOQPUE*CTRAICPUQPUXI -JDFO[B %% $POUSJCVUPSJ
QRGPENKRCTV "SUJTUB PSJHJOBMF )GTCNFA)
File:Niccolo_Paganini.jpg 'POUF JVVRWRNQCFYKMKOGFKCQTIYKMKRGFKCEQOOQPU0KEEQNQA2CICPKPKLRI -JDFO[B 2WDNKE FQOCKP
$POUSJCVUPSJ ! "SUJTUB PSJHJOBMF !
File:Niccolo_Paganini01.jpg 'POUF JVVRWRNQCFYKMKOGFKCQTIYKMKRGFKCEQOOQPU0KEEQNQA2CICPKPKLRI -JDFO[B 2WDNKE
FQOCKP $POUSJCVUPSJ 6TCPUHGTTGF HTQO DIYKMKRGFKC "SUJTUB PSJHJOBMF 5GG JVVRYYYDTKFIGOCPCTVEQOKOCIGCURZ!MG[0KEEQNQ
2CICPKPKHKNVGT%$21+*8VJWODZPWORCIGKOIDDEDDCECHCG
File:Nota_disambigua.svg 'POUF JVVRWRNQCFYKMKOGFKCQTIYKMKRGFKCEQOOQPUDDE0QVCAFKUCODKIWCUXI -JDFO[B 2WDNKE FQOCKP
$POUSJCVUPSJ 1TKIKPCNN[ HTQO KVYKMKRGFKC FGUETKRVKQP RCIG KUYCU JGTG "SUJTUB PSJHJOBMF 1TKIKPCN WRNQCFGT YCU -TFCP +GNCNKT CV KVYKMKRGFKC
File:Otto_Scholderer_Der_Geiger_am_Fenster.jpg 'POUF JVVRWRNQCFYKMKOGFKCQTIYKMKRGFKCEQOOQPU1VVQA5EJQNFGTGTA
&GTA)GKIGTACOA(GPUVGTLRI -JDFO[B 2WDNKE FQOCKP $POUSJCVUPSJ WUGT4NDDGTNKP "SUJTUB PSJHJOBMF 1VVQ 5EJQNFGTGT
File:Paganini_Moto_perpetuo_in_sol_maggiore_opera_11.ogg 'POUF JVVRWRNQCFYKMKOGFKCQTIYKMKRGFKCKVCC2CICPKPKA
/QVQARGTRGVWQAKPAUQNAOCIIKQTGAQRGTCAQII -JDFO[B 2WDNKE FQOCKP $POUSJCVUPSJ ! "SUJTUB PSJHJOBMF !
File:Sacro_Militare_Ordine_Costantiniano_di_San_Giorgio.png 'POUF JVVRWRNQCFYKMKOGFKCQTIYKMKRGFKCEQOOQPUDD
5CETQA/KNKVCTGA1TFKPGA%QUVCPVKPKCPQAFKA5CPA)KQTIKQRPI -JDFO[B 2WDNKE FQOCKP $POUSJCVUPSJ JVVRKVYKMKRGFKCQTIYKMK(KNG
5CETQA/KNKVCTGA1TFKPGA%QUVCPVKPKCPQAFKA5CPA)KQTIKQRPI "SUJTUB PSJHJOBMF #4%*+UCXKQ
File:Tomba_Paganini,_Parma.jpg 'POUF JVVRWRNQCFYKMKOGFKCQTIYKMKRGFKCKVD6QODCA2CICPKPK%A2CTOCLRI -JDFO[B
2WDDNKEQ FQOKPKQ $POUSJCVUPSJ JQ UECPPGTK\\CVQ ECTVQNKPC FGN  "SUJTUB PSJHJOBMF #PVQPKQ )WGTTC
File:Turner,_J._M._W._-_The_Fighting_Tmraire_tugged_to_her_last_Berth_to_be_broken.jpg
'POUF
JVVR
WRNQCFYKMKOGFKCQTIYKMKRGFKCEQOOQPU6WTPGT%A,A/A9AA6JGA(KIJVKPIA6%#O%#TCKTGA
VWIIGFAVQAJGTANCUVA$GTVJAVQADGADTQMGPLRI -JDFO[B 2WDNKE FQOCKP $POUSJCVUPSJ JVVRYYYPCVKQPCNICNNGT[QTIWMRCKPVKPIU
LQUGRJOCNNQTFYKNNKCOVWTPGTVJGHKIJVKPIVGOGTCKTG "SUJTUB PSJHJOBMF 9KNNKCO 6WTPGT
File:Wikiquote-logo.svg 'POUF JVVRWRNQCFYKMKOGFKCQTIYKMKRGFKCEQOOQPUHHC9KMKSWQVGNQIQUXI -JDFO[B 2WDNKE FQOCKP
$POUSJCVUPSJ ! "SUJTUB PSJHJOBMF !

15.3

Licenza dell'opera

%TGCVKXG %QOOQPU #VVTKDWVKQP5JCTG #NKMG