You are on page 1of 6

Mbsskl 2010

MOVEMENT OF SUBSTANCES ACROSS THE PLASMA MEMBRANE


1) Figure 1 shows the structure of the plasma membrane:

B
G
C

D
E

Figure 1
(a) Label the diagram above:

[8m]

A.

B.

C.

D.

E.

F.

G.

H.

(b) (i) Name the model of the plasma membrane in Figure 1.

[1m]

.
(ii) Based on b(i), explain the characteristics of the membrane plasma.

[3m]

..

..................
......................................................................................................................................................
(iii) State the arrangement of components A and B in Figure 1.

(2 marks)

Mbsskl 2010
..

(c) (i) State the functions of the plasma membrane.

[2m]

..

(ii) State the function of D in the Figure 1.

[1m]

..
(iii) State the characteristics of substances that can easily pass through the phospholipid
bilayer.

[1m]

..
(iv) Name the process by which these substances in c(iii) cross the membrane.

[1m]

.....
(v) Give 2 examples of such substances stated in c(iii).

[2m]

..
..
(d) (i) State the characteristics of substances that find difficulty going through the
phospholipid bilayer.

[1m]

..
(ii) Name 2 examples of such substances mentioned in d (i) above.

[2m]

..

Mbsskl 2010

(2) Figure 2 shows two solutions separated by a semi-permeable membrane.


(a) (i) Complete the diagram to show what happens after 2 hours.

[2 m]

Semi-permeable
membrane

9.00 am
Note :

11.00 am

= water molecule
= sucrose molecule
Figure2

(ii) Name the process that takes place in a(i):

[1 m]

..
(iii) Define the process you have named in a(ii):

[2m]

..
..
(iv) Name two processes in living organisms which use the process in a(ii)

[2m]

..
..
(b) How do the pore proteins carry out their functions?

[1m]

..
(c) Compare how carrier proteins help in active transport and passive transport.
Active transport:

[4m]

Mbsskl 2010
..
..
..
..
Passive transport:

[4m]

..
..
..
..
(d) A red blood cell is placed into the following mediums. State you observation.

[3m]

(i) hypotonic solution:


.
(ii) isotonic solution:
.
(iii) hypertonic solution:
.
(e) What happens when a plant cell is placed into a :

[3m]

(i) hypotonic solution?


.
(ii) isotonic solution?
.
(iii) hypertonic solution?
.
(iv) What happens when the plant cell in e(iii) is placed in hypotonic solution?

[3m]

.
(f) Why do we use salt to preserve fish?

[3m]

Mbsskl 2010

( g) Figure 3 shows different modes of transport across the plasma membrane.


Complete the figure:

[6m]

MOVEMENT OF
SUBSTANCES
ACROSS THE PLASMA
MEMBRANE

PASSIVE
TRANSPORT

A)

Assisted by (D)
______________ proteins
Osmosis

B)

C)

Assisted by

E) ________
proteins

F) ________
proteins

Figure 3

Mbsskl 2010