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O LIN C OLLEGE OF E NGINEERING

Gearbox Study

Paul Titchener
October 23, 2014

Figure 0.1: Gearbox render

C ONTENTS
1 Executive Summary

2 Brief System Overviews


2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4

Mouth . . . . . . . . . .
Front Legs . . . . . . .
Rear Leg Transmission
Clock . . . . . . . . . .

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3 Tail Gearbox Mechanical Design

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3.1 Motor Selction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


3.2 Gear Ratio Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.3 Shaft Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 Analysis

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4.1 Housing Optimization . . . . . . .


4.2 Gear Pitch Selection . . . . . . . .
4.2.1 First Stage Calculations . .
4.2.2 Second Stage Calculations .
4.2.3 Third Stage Calculations . .

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5 Structure

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6 Power

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7 Appendix I: Free Body Diagrams for Force Calculation

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8 MatLab Bearing Reaction Force Solver

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L IST OF F IGURES
0.1
1.1
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6

Gearbox render . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Example of Gearbox Simulation . . . . . . . . . . .
Alligator Mouth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Alligator Legs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Alligator Back Leg Transmission . . . . . . . . . . .
Alligator Clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Example of a MiniBajaGearbox . . . . . . . . . . . .
One of the gearbox side plates. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nema 56 Face mount motor, McMaster 59845K540
Gear Ratios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Shaft Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Example Shaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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1
3
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4.1 Factor of Safety for the Gearbox Housing. The pocketing pattern is noticeable
in the coloring, but the FS never drops below 10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.2 Stress applied to the gearbox. Areas of high stress are made stronger by webbing
patterns. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.3 Displacement of the gearbox. This metric is why the gearbox was not lightened
further. Displacement does not excede .05mm (.002") . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.1 Free Body Diagram of Shaft 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.2 Free Body Diagram of Shaft 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.3 Free Body Diagram of Shaft 3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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1 E XECUTIVE S UMMARY
The purpose of this study was to design a gearbox to be used in a robotic fish. We decided
that we wanted to focus more on the gearbox side of the project than the aquatic fish, so we
designed five gearboxes and focused less on topics such as waterproofing, system integration
and buoyancy. With this end in mind, we decided to build a robotic alligator, and create a
large baseplate to mount everything on. The alligator is modeled after the alligator in Peter
Pan, so it also has a ticking clock inside of it.
The five gearboxes we designed were a gearbox to open the mouth, a gearbox to move the
front legs, a gearbox to move the back legs, a gearbox to move the hands on a clock inside the
alligator and a gearbox to actuate the tail.
My personal goal in this project was to use more of the analysis techniques that we learned
in Mechanics of Solids and Structures to drive mechanical design. Because of this, I chose to
design a simpler gearbox, that simply converted a high speed motor to a high torque output,
but to both use a very high power motor (2 horsepower) and to analyze the system to see if
and where if could fail. I calculated the radial and axial forces on the gears and used these
numbers to create a robust housing for a very high force gear-train.

Figure 1.1: Example of Gearbox Simulation

2 B RIEF S YSTEM O VERVIEWS


While we did not integrate all of our systems together, out team did design five discrete transmissions. A quick overview is provided here of their forms and functions.

2.1 M OUTH
Eric designed a mouth that can both open and stick out its tongue. This is accomplished
with a gearbox that both turns a rotary joint to open the mouth and pushes on a rack gear in
order to extend the tongue. The gearbox has a gear stacking of 12:72, 21:72, for a total ratio of
1:20.57.

Figure 2.1: Alligator Mouth

2.2 F RONT L EGS


David designed a pair of front legs that rotate. A clockcage gearbox converts low torque, high
speed motion from the motor to high torque, low speed motion at the legs.

Figure 2.2: Alligator Legs

2.3 R EAR L EG T RANSMISSION


Amanda was interested in creating a multiple speed transmission, so she designed a system
that can switch between different gear ratios for the rear leg transmission. The CAD for this
design is not quite finished at this point, but the current revision of it is pictured below.

Figure 2.3: Alligator Back Leg Transmission

2.4 C LOCK
Alex wanted to design a system with an unusual gear mechanism, so he chose to look into
designing a Geneva drive. This mechanism was first developed by Swiss clockmakers, and is
used to make a clock tick. Fittingly, he used in in the clock that identifies our alligator as the
animal from Peter Pan. The clock is made up of a motor driving a gear train that controls the
speed of the three hands. The second hand moves 60 times as fast as the minute hand, which
in turn moves 12 times as fast as the hour hand.

Figure 2.4: Alligator Clock

3 TAIL G EARBOX M ECHANICAL D ESIGN


I was interested in making a very high torque, high power gearbox for this project and analyzing it to ensure that it can withstand the loads applied to it. To do this I mimicked the
style of many MiniBaja gearboxes. These gearboxes are generally created out of a CNC machined aluminum box with bearings on the box and on the "lid" of the box. The gearboxes
are entirely enclosed so that they can be filled with oil to reduce friction.

Figure 3.1: Example of a MiniBajaGearbox

With this inspiration in mind, I designed a gearbox that has two CNC machined aluminum
side plates. One of these side plates also integrates sidewalls that retain oil. Both side plates
are lightened using a triangular pattern of webbing.

Figure 3.2: One of the gearbox side plates.

The motor bolts to one of these side plates and drives the geartrain. Bearings are pressed into
each sideplate. They are located using precision bored bearing holes and the bearing flange.

3.1 M OTOR S ELCTION


Part of my goal in this project was to design a system with a very large amount of force. Because of this I chose a 2 HP motor to drive the tail. It spins at a rated speed of 1750 RPM and
can sustain a torque of 72 in-lbs at max power.

Figure 3.3: Nema 56 Face mount motor, McMaster 59845K540

3.2 G EAR R ATIO S ELECTION


The gear ratio used is a three stage system with an overall reduction of 1:150. This results in
a torque of 900.3 ft*lbs and a speed of 11.6 RPM at the output shaft. General gearing guidelines are not to use a gear larger than 80-100 teeth and to not use pinion gears smaller than
10-12 teeth because otherwise they will be undercut. Therefore the three ratios selected were:
14:84
14:70
12:60
These ratios gave the desired speed without exceeding either of the gear guidelines for sizing.
They also fit the physical profile of the gearbox well. The second stage is slightly larger than
it needs to be, however, it is this size because additional distance was needed between the
pinion and the driven gear to allow for clearance in the third stage.

Figure 3.4: Gear Ratios

3.3 S HAFT D ESIGN


The three shafts in the gearbox are all designed similarily. The shafts used are hex shafts in
order to transfer torque between the gears without introducing the stress concentration of a
key. They are held in place laterally using a boss machined into the shaft and spacers. The
bearings are flange bearings that have the inner race extended slightly from the outer race.
Therefore they can be used without bearing washers. Finally, there is a Belville washer on
each shaft that preloads the bearings and ensures that the bearings run precisely.

Figure 3.5: Shaft Design

Figure 3.6: Example Shaft

4 A NALYSIS
Loads were calculated on both the housing of the gearbox to determine how much weight
could reasonably be removed from the side plates. The gears themselves were also analyzed
to ensure that the gear teeth will not shear under the loads applied to them.

4.1 H OUSING O PTIMIZATION


The gearbox was first analyzed statically using F = M A = 0 and then the reaction forces determined through this analysis were used to simulate the system in Solidworks (The MatLab
code and free body diagrams for this process are located in Appendix I). Through this process, the weight of the main gearbox plate was reduced from 26 lbs to 16 lbs. The weight of
the outer plate was likewise reduced.
The final simulation shows the gearbox deflecting by less than .002". The minimum safety
factor is 10. Additional weight reduction could be accomplished without physically breaking
the gearbox. However, this point was determined acceptable because if the gearbox deforms
significantly more than it currently does the gears will not run as efficiently.

Figure 4.1: Factor of Safety for the Gearbox Housing. The pocketing pattern is noticeable in
the coloring, but the FS never drops below 10.

10

Figure 4.2: Stress applied to the gearbox. Areas of high stress are made stronger by webbing
patterns.

Figure 4.3: Displacement of the gearbox. This metric is why the gearbox was not lightened
further. Displacement does not excede .05mm (.002")

11

4.2 G EAR P ITCH S ELECTION


Given the amount of force moving through the gearbox, there is a risk that the gear teeth
will shear off of the gears or otherwise deflect and break the gearbox. Therefore, gear tooth
strength was calculated using the Lewis formula. This formula says that the strength of a
tooth is dependent on the pitch of the gear, the number of teeth on the gear, the face width of
the gear and a constant known as the lewis form factor. The lewis form factor is a measured
quantity and can be looked up for various tooth geometry.
Sa f eLoad =

(1/3 Tensi l eSt r eng t h) F aceW i d t h Lewi sF ac t or


P i t ch

(4.1)

4.2.1 F IRST S TAGE C ALCULATIONS


The first section had a pinion with radius of .583". There is a torque of 72 in-lbs generated by
the motor. Therefore:
72i n l bs
= 124l bs
(4.2)
.583"
From the lewis formula, we can calculate that the safe load for a gear with 14 teeth, face width
of .75" and pitch of 12 is 477lbs. Therefore, we have a safety factor of 3.85.
4.2.2 S ECOND S TAGE C ALCULATIONS
The first section had a pinion with radius of .875". There is a torque of 432 in-lbs generated
by the motor. Therefore:
432i n l bs
= 493l bs
(4.3)
.875"
From the lewis formula, we can calculate that the safe load a gear with 14 teeth, face width of
1.25 and pitch of 8 is 1835 Lbs. Therefore, we have a safety factor of 3.72.
4.2.3 T HIRD S TAGE C ALCULATIONS
The first section had a pinion with radius of .1". There is a torque of 2160 in-lbs generated by
the motor. Therefore:
2160i n l bs
= 2160l bs
(4.4)
1"
From the lewis formula, we can calculate that the safe load for a gear with 12 teeth, face width
of 1.5" and a DP of 6 is 3026 lbs. Therefore, we have a safety factor of 1.4.

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5 S TRUCTURE
All of the components of the alligator are mounted on a large extrusion. This gives us a very
large, open space to work with and also connects all of our components effectively.

6 P OWER
The motor selected was a 2 HP face mount, Nema 56 motor from McMaster. More details are
available in the Motor Power section.

7 A PPENDIX I: F REE B ODY D IAGRAMS FOR F ORCE C ALCULATION


Each free body diagram applies to one gear. From these diagrams (which were turned into
three dimensional free body diagrams not shown) bearing reaction forces were determined
using the MatLab script in Appendix II.

Figure 7.1: Free Body Diagram of Shaft 1.

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Figure 7.2: Free Body Diagram of Shaft 2.

Figure 7.3: Free Body Diagram of Shaft 3.

8 M AT L AB B EARING R EACTION F ORCE S OLVER


This MatLab code was used to solve for the force applied to the housing from the bearings.
%% Motor Torque Calcs
HP = 2;
W = HP * 745.699872;

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RPM = 1750
RadPS = 1750 /60 * 2*pi; %radians/second
%1 kg
um2/s3 - so watts/radps = torque
MaxTorque = W/RadPS;
T = MaxTorque * 8.8507457
%% Stage 1
T1 = T
DP1 = 12;
Teeth1 = 14;
FW1 = .75;
R1 = Teeth1/DP1/2;
F1 = T1/R1;
Fa1 = F1*tand(14.5);
%% Stage2
T2 = T1*6
DP2 = 8;
Teeth2 = 14;
FW2 = 1.25;
R2 = Teeth2/DP2/2;
F2 = T2/R2;
Fa2 = F2*tand(14.5);
%% Stage3
T3 = T2*5;
DP3 = 6;
Teeth3 = 12;
FW3 = 1.5;
R3 = Teeth3/DP3/2;
F3 = T3/R3;
Fa3 = F3*tand(14.5);
%% Output
Tout = T3*5

%% ForceSolver for Shaft 3


% origin is in the rear bearing
F31A = asin(.625/6);
F31 = [Fa3*cos(F31A) ; Fa3*sin(F31A); 0];
F31pos = [-5*cos(F31A) ; -5 * sin(F31A) ; (.1275 + 1.943)/2 ] ;

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%F2 is perpendicular to F1, so invert sin and cos


F32 = [-F3*sin(F31A) ; F3*cos(F31A) ; 0];
F32pos = F31pos;
syms F3b1x F3b1y F3b2x F3b2y
F3b1 = [F3b1x ; F3b1y ; 0];
F3b2 = [F3b2x ; F3b2y ; 0];
F3b2pos = [0 ; 0 ;2.7675];

SumF3 = F31 + F32 + F3b1 + F3b2;


SumM3B1 = cross(F31pos, F31) + cross(F32pos, F32) + cross(F3b2pos , F3b1);
SumM3B1(3) = 0;
B3Forces = solve(SumF3(1) == 0, SumF3(2) == 0, SumM3B1(1) == 0, SumM3B1(2) == 0, F3b1x, F3b1y,
%% Force Solver for Shaft 2
%origin is far bearing
F21A = F31A;
F21 = [-Fa3 * cos(F21A) ; -Fa3 * sin(F21A) ; 0];
F21pos = [cos(F21A) ; sin(F21A) ; .0975 + .75];

F22A = asin(2.125/5.25);
F22 = [Fa2 * cos(F22A) ; -Fa2 * sin(F22A) ; 0];
F22pos = [-3.75 * cos(F22A) ; 3.75 * sin(F22A) ; 2.8475 - 1.25/2];
F23A = F31A; %perpendicular, just switch cos and sin
F23 = [F3*sin(F23A) ; -F3 *cos(F23A) ; 0];
F23pos = F21pos;
F24A = F22A %perpendicular see above
F24 = [-F2*sin(F24A) ; -F2 *cos(F24A) ; 0];
F24pos = F22pos;

syms F2b1x F2b1y F2b2x F2b2y


F2b1 = [F2b1x ; F2b1y ; 0];
F2b2 = [F2b2x ; F2b2y ; 0];
F2b2pos = [0 ; 0 ;2.9875];

SumF2 = F21 + F22 + F23 + F24 + F2b1 + F2b2;


SumM2B1 = cross(F21pos, F21) + cross(F22pos, F22) + cross(F23pos, F23) + cross(F24pos, F24) + c
B2Forces = solve(SumF2(1) == 0, SumF2(2) == 0, SumM2B1(1) == 0, SumM2B1(2) == 0, F2b1x, F2b1y,

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%% Force Solver for Shaft3


%origin is far bearing
F11A = F22A;
F11 = [-Fa2 * cos(F11A) ; Fa2 * sin(F11A) ; 0];
F11pos = [14/12/2 * cos(F11A) ;-14/12/2* sin(F11A) ; 1.5475 + 1.25/2];

F12A =atan(1.5/3.798);
F12 = [Fa1 * cos(F21A) ; Fa1 * sin(F21A) ; 0];
F12pos = [-4.5 * cos(F12A) ; -4.5 * sin(F12A) ; .975 + .75/2];
F13A = F11A; %perpendicular, just switch cos and sin
F13 = [F2*sin(F13A) ; F2 *cos(F13A) ; 0];
F13pos = F11pos;
F14A = F12A %perpendicular see above
F14 = [-F1*sin(F14A) ; F1 *cos(F14A) ; 0];
F14pos = F12pos;

syms F1b1x F1b1y F1b2x F1b2y


F1b1 = [F1b1x ; F1b1y ; 0];
F1b2 = [F1b2x ; F1b2y ; 0];
F1b2pos = [0 ; 0 ;2.9875];

SumF1 = F11 + F12 + F13 + F14 + F1b1 + F1b2;


SumM1B1 = cross(F11pos, F11) + cross(F12pos, F12) + cross(F13pos, F13) + cross(F14pos, F14) + c
B1Forces = solve(SumF1(1) == 0, SumF1(2) == 0, SumM1B1(1) == 0, SumM1B1(2) == 0, F1b1x, F1b1y,

Result = [B1Forces.F1b1x , B1Forces.F1b1y, B1Forces.F1b2x, B1Forces.F1b2y;


B2Forces.F2b1x , B2Forces.F2b1y, B2Forces.F2b2x, B2Forces.F2b2y;
B3Forces.F3b1x , B3Forces.F3b1y, B3Forces.F3b2x, B3Forces.F3b2y;]
VPARES = vpa(Result,3)

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ITEM NO.

PART NUMBER

DESCRIPTION

QTY.

CROC-920

TailMotor 59845K540

CROC-402

14T 12DP Spur Gear

CROC-404

SecondStagePinion

CROC-405

GEAR 8DP 60 TEETH

CROC-403

8DP 60 TOOTH SPUR GEAR

CROC-406

GEAR 6DP X 60 TEETH

CROC-407

GEAR 6 DP 12 TEETH

95584A211

3/8 TOOTH LOCK WASHER

91251A621

SHCS - 3/8-16 x .625

10

9712K82

BELVILLE WASHER 5/8 ID

11

CROC-409

Stage 1 Shaft

12

.625x.0775

Stage 1 Spacer

13

.75 x .035

Stage 1 Spacer

14

1x.065

Stage 1 Spacer

15

CROC-411

2nd Stage Shaft

16

9712K86

NONE

17

9712K94

BELVILLE WASHER 1" ID

18

CROC-412

Output Shaft

19

CROC-413

LargeGearboxSideAssembly

20

CROC-414

SmallSideAssembly

19

10

11

14

10

17

18

20

13

12

15

16

DO NOT SCALE OFF DRAWING

NOTES:
F

1.
2.
3.

SolidWorks Student Edition.


For Academic Use Only.
1

0.XX
0.01
0.XXX
0.005
0.XXXX
0.0005

10/14/2014

10/23/2014

ANGULAR: MACH () 0.5 BEND ()


CONCENTRICITY (TIR): 0.125

REMOVE ALL BURRS


AND BREAK ALL EDGES

DATE

F. SCHENEIDER

MACHINED SURFACES (OR BETTER): 64

PROJECTION

DATE

APPROVED BY

"DESIGNED BY" DESIGNEE


PROPRIETARY AND CONFIDENTIAL

DRAWN BY

P.TITCHENER

STANDARD TOLERANCES

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY

DATE

P.TITCHENER

ALL DIM. ARE [IN] AND APPLY AFTER FINISH

DIMESNIONS APPLY AFTER FINISH


INSPECTION REPORT REQUIRED FOR ALL SPECIFIED DIMENSIONS.
REFERENCE SOLID GEOMETRY FOR ALL UNSPECIFIED DIMENSIONS. STANDARD
TOLERANCE 0.005

DESIGNED BY

10/23/2014

MATERIAL

ASSEMBLY

TailGearBox

FINISH

SIZE

FILENAME

PART #

NONE

CROC-400

CROC-400

1000 OLIN WAY, NEEDHAM, MA 02492


TITLE (PART NAME)

SCALE

1:8

SHEET

REV

10

1 OF 1
A-000

ITEM NO.

PART NUMBER

10

DESCRIPTION

QTY.

TailGearBoxHousingA

CROC-401

6383K244

5/8ID ROLLER BEARING 6383K244

6383K251

.75ID BALL BEARING 6383K251

6383K257

1"ID BALL BEARING

97395A485

DOWEL PIN .25 x .75

3
D

DO NOT SCALE OFF DRAWING

NOTES:
F

1.
2.
3.

SolidWorks Student Edition.


For Academic Use Only.
1

0.XX
0.01
0.XXX
0.005
0.XXXX
0.0005

10/23/2014

10/23/2014

ANGULAR: MACH () 0.5 BEND ()


CONCENTRICITY (TIR): 0.125

REMOVE ALL BURRS


AND BREAK ALL EDGES

DATE

F. SCHENEIDER

MACHINED SURFACES (OR BETTER): 64

PROJECTION

DATE

APPROVED BY

"DESIGNED BY" DESIGNEE


PROPRIETARY AND CONFIDENTIAL

DRAWN BY

P.TITCHENER

STANDARD TOLERANCES

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY

DATE

P.TITCHENER

ALL DIM. ARE [IN] AND APPLY AFTER FINISH

DIMESNIONS APPLY AFTER FINISH


INSPECTION REPORT REQUIRED FOR ALL SPECIFIED DIMENSIONS.
REFERENCE SOLID GEOMETRY FOR ALL UNSPECIFIED DIMENSIONS. STANDARD
TOLERANCE 0.005

DESIGNED BY

10/23/2014

MATERIAL

ASSEMBLY

LargeGearboxSideAssembly

FINISH

SIZE

FILENAME

PART #

NONE

CROC-413

CROC-413

1000 OLIN WAY, NEEDHAM, MA 02492


TITLE (PART NAME)

SCALE

1:4

SHEET

REV

10

1 OF 1
B

ITEM NO.

PART NUMBER

10

DESCRIPTION

QTY.

TailGearBoxTopPlate

CROC-408

6383K244

5/8ID ROLLER BEARING 6383K244

6383K251

.75ID BALL BEARING 6383K251

6384K373

1" SEALED BALL BEARING

2
C

1
3
D

DO NOT SCALE OFF DRAWING

NOTES:
F

1.
2.
3.

DIMESNIONS APPLY AFTER FINISH


INSPECTION REPORT REQUIRED FOR ALL SPECIFIED DIMENSIONS.
REFERENCE SOLID GEOMETRY FOR ALL UNSPECIFIED DIMENSIONS. STANDARD
TOLERANCE 0.005

SolidWorks Student Edition.


For Academic Use Only.

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY


1

ANGULAR: MACH () 0.5 BEND ()


CONCENTRICITY (TIR): 0.125

REMOVE ALL BURRS


AND BREAK ALL EDGES

"DESIGNED BY" DESIGNEE


PROPRIETARY AND CONFIDENTIAL

DRAWN BY

DATE

APPROVED BY

DATE

10/23/2014

FIRST INITIAL DOT LAST NAME

MACHINED SURFACES (OR BETTER): 64

PROJECTION

DATE

FIRST INITIAL DOT LAST NAME

STANDARD TOLERANCES

0.XX
0.01
0.XXX
0.005
0.XXXX
0.0005

DESIGNED BY

P.TITCHENER

ALL DIM. ARE [IN] AND APPLY AFTER FINISH

MATERIAL

1000 OLIN WAY, NEEDHAM, MA 02492


TITLE (PART NAME)

ASSEMBLY

SmallSideAssembly

FINISH

SIZE

FILENAME

PART #

NONE

CROC-414

CROC-414

SCALE

1:8

SHEET

REV

10

1 OF 1
A

A
5.086
5.063
4.906
4.883

2.077
1.500

C
B

.000
C

10

MACHINE ACCORDING TO SOLID FILE AT:


P:\CROC\CROC-401
stANDARD PROFILE TOLERANCE
OF .010" APPLIES

3.500

6.000
6.500

2.707

3.632

4.132

7.994
7.494

5.967

10.768

12.489

14.566

16.643

17.816
17.316

2.077

.625
C

.003 A B C
3.288
3.772

.397 THRU ALL


.625
.375
.010 A B C

.003 A B C
.003 A B C

6X

RIGHT

+.000
.250 - .001

1.
2.
3.

.500

.005 A B C

ISO FOR REFERENCE ONLY

DO NOT SCALE OFF DRAWING

NOTES:
F

BACK

6X
.313
1.500
3/8-16 UNC
.750
.005 A B C

3.201

4X

3.274

12.489
12.202
12.075

16.643

4.998
5.493

SolidWorks Student Edition.


For Academic Use Only.
1

0.XX
0.01
0.XXX
0.005
0.XXXX
0.0005

10/21/2014

10/23/2014

ANGULAR: MACH () 0.5 BEND ()


CONCENTRICITY (TIR): 0.125

REMOVE ALL BURRS


AND BREAK ALL EDGES

DATE

F.SCHNEIDER

MACHINED SURFACES (OR BETTER): 64

PROJECTION

DATE

APPROVED BY

"DESIGNED BY" DESIGNEE


PROPRIETARY AND CONFIDENTIAL

DRAWN BY

P.TITCHENER

STANDARD TOLERANCES

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY

DATE

P.TITCHENER

ALL DIM. ARE [IN] AND APPLY AFTER FINISH

DIMESNIONS APPLY AFTER FINISH


INSPECTION REPORT REQUIRED FOR ALL SPECIFIED DIMENSIONS.
REFERENCE SOLID GEOMETRY FOR ALL UNSPECIFIED DIMENSIONS. STANDARD
TOLERANCE 0.005

DESIGNED BY

10/23/2014

MATERIAL

6061-T6 (SS)

TailGearBoxHousingA

FINISH

SIZE

FILENAME

PART #

NONE

CROC-401

CROC-401

1000 OLIN WAY, NEEDHAM, MA 02492


TITLE (PART NAME)

SCALE

1:3

SHEET

REV

10

2 OF 3
A

1.80

+.000
2.000 - .001

10

2.750
2.813
3.200
3.225

2.750
2.813
3.320
3.345

0
2.750
2.830
3.280
3.305
3.438
3.500

+.020
1.520 - .000

+.000
1.375 - .001

+.020
1.875 - .000

+.000
1.750 - .001

+.020
2.125 - .000

1.18

1.55

SECTION B-B
SCALE 1 : 3

SECTION A-A
SCALE 1 : 3

SECTION C-C
SCALE 1 : 3

DO NOT SCALE OFF DRAWING

NOTES:
F

1.
2.
3.

SolidWorks Student Edition.


For Academic Use Only.
1

0.XX
0.01
0.XXX
0.005
0.XXXX
0.0005

10/21/2014

10/23/2014

ANGULAR: MACH () 0.5 BEND ()


CONCENTRICITY (TIR): 0.125

REMOVE ALL BURRS


AND BREAK ALL EDGES

DATE

F.SCHNEIDER

MACHINED SURFACES (OR BETTER): 64

PROJECTION

DATE

APPROVED BY

"DESIGNED BY" DESIGNEE


PROPRIETARY AND CONFIDENTIAL

DRAWN BY

P.TITCHENER

STANDARD TOLERANCES

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY

DATE

P.TITCHENER

ALL DIM. ARE [IN] AND APPLY AFTER FINISH

DIMESNIONS APPLY AFTER FINISH


INSPECTION REPORT REQUIRED FOR ALL SPECIFIED DIMENSIONS.
REFERENCE SOLID GEOMETRY FOR ALL UNSPECIFIED DIMENSIONS. STANDARD
TOLERANCE 0.005

DESIGNED BY

10/23/2014

MATERIAL

6061-T6 (SS)

TailGearBoxHousingA

FINISH

SIZE

FILENAME

PART #

NONE

CROC-401

CROC-401

1000 OLIN WAY, NEEDHAM, MA 02492


TITLE (PART NAME)

SCALE

1:3

SHEET

REV

10

2 OF 3
A

10

0
.300
.430

14.566

6.875
4.500

SECTION D-D
SCALE 1 : 3

LEFT

DO NOT SCALE OFF DRAWING

NOTES:
F

1.
2.
3.

SolidWorks Student Edition.


For Academic Use Only.
1

0.XX
0.01
0.XXX
0.005
0.XXXX
0.0005

10/21/2014

10/23/2014

ANGULAR: MACH () 0.5 BEND ()


CONCENTRICITY (TIR): 0.125

REMOVE ALL BURRS


AND BREAK ALL EDGES

DATE

F.SCHNEIDER

MACHINED SURFACES (OR BETTER): 64

PROJECTION

DATE

APPROVED BY

"DESIGNED BY" DESIGNEE


PROPRIETARY AND CONFIDENTIAL

DRAWN BY

P.TITCHENER

STANDARD TOLERANCES

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY

DATE

P.TITCHENER

ALL DIM. ARE [IN] AND APPLY AFTER FINISH

DIMESNIONS APPLY AFTER FINISH


INSPECTION REPORT REQUIRED FOR ALL SPECIFIED DIMENSIONS.
REFERENCE SOLID GEOMETRY FOR ALL UNSPECIFIED DIMENSIONS. STANDARD
TOLERANCE 0.005

DESIGNED BY

10/23/2014

MATERIAL

6061-T6 (SS)

TailGearBoxHousingA

FINISH

SIZE

FILENAME

PART #

NONE

CROC-401

CROC-401

1000 OLIN WAY, NEEDHAM, MA 02492


TITLE (PART NAME)

SCALE

1:3

SHEET

REV

10

2 OF 3
A

10

MODIFY FROM RUSH GEARS A884 OR EQUIVALENT


84 TOOTH, 8 DP ,14.5 DEGREE
PRESSURE ANGLE SPUR GEAR

1.25
4.50 BCD

+.005
.750 - .000

4X

2.36

DO NOT SCALE OFF DRAWING

NOTES:
F

1.
2.
3.

SolidWorks Student Edition.


For Academic Use Only.
1

0.XX
0.01
0.XXX
0.005
0.XXXX
0.0005

10/20/2014

10/23/2014

ANGULAR: MACH () 0.5 BEND ()


CONCENTRICITY (TIR): 0.125

REMOVE ALL BURRS


AND BREAK ALL EDGES

DATE

F.SCHNEIDER

MACHINED SURFACES (OR BETTER): 64

PROJECTION

DATE

APPROVED BY

"DESIGNED BY" DESIGNEE


PROPRIETARY AND CONFIDENTIAL

DRAWN BY

P.TITCHENER

STANDARD TOLERANCES

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY

DATE

P.TITCHENER

ALL DIM. ARE [IN] AND APPLY AFTER FINISH

DIMESNIONS APPLY AFTER FINISH


INSPECTION REPORT REQUIRED FOR ALL SPECIFIED DIMENSIONS.
REFERENCE SOLID GEOMETRY FOR ALL UNSPECIFIED DIMENSIONS. STANDARD
TOLERANCE 0.005

DESIGNED BY

10/23/2014

MATERIAL

4130 STEEL

GEAR 8 DP 60 TEETH

FINISH

SIZE

FILENAME

PART #

NONE

CROC-405

CROC-405

1000 OLIN WAY, NEEDHAM, MA 02492


TITLE (PART NAME)

SCALE

1:2

SHEET

REV

10

1 OF 1
A

10

.625" HEX

1.250

.625
+.000
.625 - .003

.625

3.813

3.313

1.235

.582

DO NOT SCALE OFF DRAWING

NOTES:
F

1.
2.
3.

SolidWorks Student Edition.


For Academic Use Only.
1

0.XX
0.01
0.XXX
0.005
0.XXXX
0.0005

10/21/2014

10/23/2014

ANGULAR: MACH () 0.5 BEND ()


CONCENTRICITY (TIR): 0.125

REMOVE ALL BURRS


AND BREAK ALL EDGES

DATE

F.SCHENEIDER

MACHINED SURFACES (OR BETTER): 64

PROJECTION

DATE

APPROVED BY

"DESIGNED BY" DESIGNEE


PROPRIETARY AND CONFIDENTIAL

DRAWN BY

P.TITCHENER

STANDARD TOLERANCES

FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY

DATE

P.TITCHENER

ALL DIM. ARE [IN] AND APPLY AFTER FINISH

DIMESNIONS APPLY AFTER FINISH


INSPECTION REPORT REQUIRED FOR ALL SPECIFIED DIMENSIONS.
REFERENCE SOLID GEOMETRY FOR ALL UNSPECIFIED DIMENSIONS. STANDARD
TOLERANCE 0.005

DESIGNED BY

10/23/2014

MATERIAL

AISI 4130 Steel, normalized at 870C

Stage 1 Shaft

FINISH

SIZE

FILENAME

PART #

NONE

CROC-409

CROC-409

1000 OLIN WAY, NEEDHAM, MA 02492


TITLE (PART NAME)

SCALE

1:1

SHEET

REV

10

1 OF 1
A