0 views

Uploaded by Ajmal Salam

Turbulence

- MEC403 2009
- Part 2 Cram Session Rev3
- Financial Performance Metrics- Financial Ratios
- Capital Budgeting Process
- Analytical Issues in Financial Accounting Done
- Cost of Capital Done
- Account Opening
- Visa Application Form 2012
- Full Text 01
- 'Home Centre 2014 Uae Eng.pdf'
- Design, Manufacturing and Testing of a HALE-UAV Structural Demonstrator
- Basic Financial Statements Analysis Done
- Risk Analysis in Capital Investment Done
- A Hybrid Cold Gas Microthruster System for Spacecraft
- Financial Instruments Done
- Outcomes of the Rio Earth Summit
- Comparison of STudy of Active Head Restraints
- Form1a
- Pulsed Plasma Thruster
- Earth Summit

You are on page 1of 4

Data Provided:

The Little Book of Thermofluids by S B M Beck et al

urbulence

Semester 2010

2010-2011

2 hours

All symbols and notations have their usual meaning unless otherwise stated.

MEC427

1.

(a) Explain why Navier-Stokes equations are

i) non-linear

[2 marks]

ii) non-local,

[3 marks]

iii) and are not differential equations, but a set of integro-differential

equations.

[2 marks]

(b) What is meant by energy cascade in turbulence?

[4 marks]

(c) What is meant by space ergodicity?

[3 marks]

(d) Define the integral time scale from the velocity autocorrelation function.

[4 marks]

(e) What is the main advantage of laser anemometry over hotwire anemometry?

[4 marks]

(f) What is the main difference between a mathematically defined fractal and

fractal objects found in nature?

[2 marks]

2. State whether the following statements are false or true.

(a) The vorticity measures the global rotation of the fluid.

[2 marks]

(b) If a turbulent flow has an integral length scale L and a rms velocity fluctuation

u then its energy dissipation rate depends on its viscosity only.

[2 marks]

3. For a flow velocity given by

U ( x) = 3 sin (20 x + 5)

where x is the horizontal direction,

find the Fourier transform of U(x).

[6 marks]

MEC427

CONTINUED

MEC427

4)

(a) Find the Fourier transform of the velocity v(t) = sin (2 fot) + sin (2 f1t).

[2 marks]

(b) Plot its amplitude and phase spectra.

[2 marks]

5. Find the fractal dimension of Cantor dust (figure Q5).

[8 marks]

Figure Q5

6. A turbulent flame is burning fuel in a cylinder, assuming that

- locally the flame propagates with its laminar speed ul = 0.3 m s-1,

- its thickness is not altered by turbulence l = 1 mm,

- it has a fractal shape D = 2.4

- the largest scale involved is the piston diameter (10 cm)

- the smallest scale involved is the flame thickness

- the fuel density is = 0.5 kg m-3

(a) What is the burning rate?

[8 marks]

(b) If the turbulence Reynolds number were to be increased, explain which

hypothesis (es) would be invalid.

[2 marks]

MEC427

TURN OVER

MEC427

7. From measurement of a turbulent air flow, an integral length scale L= 0.1 m and a

rms value of the velocity fluctuation u = 10 m s-1 are found.

Find the smallest length-scale of turbulence to be expected.

[2 marks]

END OF QUESTION PAPER

MEC427

CONTINUED

- MEC403 2009Uploaded byAjmal Salam
- Part 2 Cram Session Rev3Uploaded byAjmal Salam
- Financial Performance Metrics- Financial RatiosUploaded byAjmal Salam
- Capital Budgeting ProcessUploaded byAjmal Salam
- Analytical Issues in Financial Accounting DoneUploaded byAjmal Salam
- Cost of Capital DoneUploaded byAjmal Salam
- Account OpeningUploaded byAjmal Salam
- Visa Application Form 2012Uploaded byHoney Oliveros
- Full Text 01Uploaded bymahnaj1
- 'Home Centre 2014 Uae Eng.pdf'Uploaded byAjmal Salam
- Design, Manufacturing and Testing of a HALE-UAV Structural DemonstratorUploaded byVU Dinh-Quy
- Basic Financial Statements Analysis DoneUploaded byAjmal Salam
- Risk Analysis in Capital Investment DoneUploaded byAjmal Salam
- A Hybrid Cold Gas Microthruster System for SpacecraftUploaded byAjmal Salam
- Financial Instruments DoneUploaded byAjmal Salam
- Outcomes of the Rio Earth SummitUploaded byAjmal Salam
- Comparison of STudy of Active Head RestraintsUploaded byAjmal Salam
- Form1aUploaded byNicholas Brown
- Pulsed Plasma ThrusterUploaded byAjmal Salam
- Earth SummitUploaded byAjmal Salam
- Malaysian Visa Application FormUploaded bydrshuja911
- Bbm for Ios-1-0 User GuideUploaded bytambunbungai
- CoNGO CSD Earth Summit 2012 Discussion PaperUploaded byJan Dash
- Concept Evaluation - NotesUploaded byAjmal Salam
- Rio Earth SummitUploaded byAjmal Salam
- Design and Fabrication of a Resonant Micro Reciprocating Engine for Power GenerationUploaded byAjmal Salam
- Rtm PaperUploaded byRebecca Turner
- Compo EconomicsUploaded byAjmal Salam
- statistical description of turbulenceUploaded byAjmal Salam