[ONATHAN POSL COMPAN|LS LLC

WALLACL PO8LPTS AND TODD
NOvLM8LP 2009
A PPO[LCT OF THL U.S. LNv|PONMLNTAL PPOTLCT|ON AGLNCY
SMAPT GPOWTH |MPLLMLNTAT|ON ASS|STANCL PPOGPAM &
THL CONNLCT|CUT CAP|TOL PLG|ON COUNC|L OF GOvLPNMLNTS
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C|oo,| ¬a·boo· 8 /ssoc|atos
ABOUY YHE $PON$OR$
´·o·t C·c.t· C.!e'·es |c· ´.sto·o!'e ¯es,· o·! ¯e.e'co·e·t |s soooso·oo bv t|o |.S. |ov|·oo¬oota| |·otoct|oo /,oocv aoo t|o
Cao|to| |o,|oo Coooc|| o¦ Covo·o¬oots.
|.S. ||V||C||||T/| ||CT|CT|C| /C||CY
O|ñce o| Pollcy, Lconomlcs, ano |nnovatlon's Smart Growtb Program
|oooooo |o +`¯0. ||/ |oaos t|o oat|oo's oov|·oo¬oota| sc|ooco. ·osoa·c|. ooocat|oo aoo assoss¬oot o¦¦o·ts. T|o ¬|ss|oo o¦ t|o
|ov|·oo¬oota| |·otoct|oo /,oocv |s to o·otoct |o¬ao |oa|t| aoo t|o oov|·oo¬oot. ||/'s S¬a·t C·o.t| |·o,·a¬ |o|os co¬¬oo|t|os
|¬o·ovo t|o|· oovo|oo¬oot o·act|cos bv .o·'|o, .|t| |oca|. stato. aoo oat|ooa| o×oo·ts to o|scovo· aoo oocoo·a,o soccoss¦o|.
oov|·oo¬oota||v-soos|t|vo oovo|oo¬oot st·ato,|os.
|o· ¬o·o |o¦o·¬at|oo. bttp://www.epa.gov/smartgrowtb
C/||TC| ||C|C| CC||C|| C| CCV||||||TS
T|o Cao|to| |o,|oo Coooc|| o¦ Covo·o¬oots (C|CCC) |s t|o |a·,ost o¦ Cooooct|cot's +5 ·o,|ooa| o|aoo|o, o·,ao|zat|oos. C|CCC
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o¦ ¬a·t¦o·o aoo 28 so··oooo|o, sobo·bao aoo ·o·a| co¬¬oo|t|os. C|CCC |s ,ovo·ooo bv t|o c||o¦ o|octoo o¦¦c|a|s o¦ t|o 2` ¬ot·o
¬a·t¦o·o ¬oo|c|oa||t|os. T|o ·o,|oo |s ¯60 sooa·o ¬||os |o s|zo aoo |oosos aoo·o×|¬ato|v ¯++.303 ·os|ooots. C|CCC |s ooo|catoo to
o×oaoo|o, t|o coocoot o¦ vo|oota·v coooo·at|oo a¬oo, |ts ¬o¬bo· ¬oo|c|oa||t|os as t|o ¬oaos to soccoss¦o||v ·osoooo to ¬aov o¦ t|o
·o,|oo's o·oss|o, ,ovo·o¬oota| aoo oob||c c|a||oo,os. C|CCC ¬o¬bo·s ·oco,o|zo t|at t|o ¦oto·o o¦ |oo|v|ooa| ¬oo|c|oa||t|os |s t|oo to
t|o ¦oto·o o¦ t|o ·o,|oo as a .|o|o aoo |avo co||abo·atoo ¦o· ¬o·o t|ao 30 voa·s oo a .|oo ·ao,o o¦ o·o|octs.
|o· ¬o·o |o¦o·¬at|oo. bttp://www.crcog.org/lnoe×.btml
ABOUY YHE AUYHOR$
[onatban Pose Companles |s a ,·ooo ·oa| ostato oo||cv. o|aoo|o,. oovo|oo¬oot. o.oo·'s ·oo·osootat|vo. aoo |ovost¬oot ¦·¬ .|oso
¬|ss|oo |s to ·ooa|· t|o ¦ab·|c o¦ co¬¬oo|t|os .|||o o·oso·v|o, t|o |aoo a·oooo t|o¬. T|o ¦·¬ .o·'s .|t| c|t|os. oot-¦o·-o·o¦t
o·,ao|zat|oos aoo o·|vato c||oots to oovo|oo c·oat|vo so|ot|oos to ·oa| ostato c|a||oo,os. / |oao|o, ,·ooo o·bao so|ot|oos o·ov|oo·. .o
oooo·staoo bo||o|o,s. oo|,|bo·|ooos. c|t|os. ·o,|oos. aoo t|o oat|oo as co¬o|o×. aoaot|vo. aoo |oto·oooooooot svsto¬s. Co· ,oa| |s to
|o|o ¬ot·ooo||tao ·o,|oos boco¬o ¬o·o ·os|||oot. co¬oot|t|vo. aoo ooo|tab|o. \o bo||ovo t|at oo· |oto,·atoo. ¬o|t|-o|sc|o||oa·v aoo·oac|
to oo||cv aoo o·act|co |s t|o 'ov to ac||ov|o, t·aos¦o·¬at|vo c|ao,o. |oooooo |o +`8` bv |ooat|ao |.|. |oso as a ¬|ss|oo-basoo o·act|co.
t|o ¦·¬ |s ·oco,o|zoo ¦o· |ts ab|||tv to ac||ovo v|s|ooa·v ,oa|s t|·oo,| o·act|ca| st·ato,|os aoo a¦¦o·oab|o ,·ooo o·bao so|ot|oos. |ooat|ao
|oso Co¬oao|os |as o¦¦cos |o t|o |ast Coast. Soot|.ost. aoo |oc'v |ooota|o ·o,|oos.
|o· ¬o·o |o¦o·¬at|oo. bttp://www.rosecompanles.com
Wallace Poberts ano Tooo |s a co||abo·at|vo o·act|co o¦ c|tv aoo ·o,|ooa| o|aooo·s. o·bao oos|,oo·s. |aooscaoo a·c||tocts. aoo
a·c||tocts .|o c·oato v|b·aot. |¬a,|oat|vo. aoo sosta|oab|o o|acos at ¬aov sca|os. Co· .o·' ·o|o¦o·cos t|o |oto,·|tv o¦ c|t|os aoo
·o,|oos aoo soo's to oo|aoco t|o|· ooa||tv o¦ ||¦o÷.|ot|o· ·ota|o|o, a co¬¬oo|tv's |ooot|tv aoo sooso o¦ o|aco. o·o¬ot|o, ¬o·o
sosta|oab|o sobo·bao oatto·os. o·otoct|o, o·bao co¬¬oo|t|os ¦·o¬ so·a.|. |oto,·at|o, oato·o |oto o·bao oatto·os. o· ·ov|ta||z|o, c|tv
cooto·s. Soccoss¦o| o|aos ,|vo tao,|b|o o×o·oss|oo to t|o aso|·at|oos aoo va|oos o¦ c|t|zoos. aoo .o o¬o|ov a ·ao,o o¦ toc|o|ooos to
oo,a,o co¬¬oo|tv ¬o¬bo·s so t|at t|o o|aoo|o, o·ocoss ·o¦octs t|o|· o·|o·|t|os aoo bo||os coosoosos. |·bao oos|,o |s t|o c·oc|a|
¬|oo|o sca|o bot.ooo |a·,o-sca|o o|aoo|o, aoo t|o oos|,o o¦ |oo|v|ooa| s|tos. |·bao oos|,o ¦·a¬o.o·'s o·,ao|zo aoo ,o|oo t|o o¦¦o·ts
o¦ oos|,oo·s aoo oovo|ooo·s o¦ oob||c soaco aoo |oo|v|ooa| o·|vato oa·co|s so t|at t|oso .o·'s coot·|boto to t|o |a·,o· co||oct|vo
tas' o¦ co¬¬oo|tv bo||o|o,. \o bo||ovo t|at oovo|oo¬oot oatto·os a·o ¬ost soccoss¦o| .|oo t|ov ac'oo.|oo,o t|o v|ta| ¦ooct|oo o¦
oob||c soaco oot.o·'s. oov|·oo¬oota| svsto¬s. bo||o|o, tvoo|o,|os. aoo t|o ¬aov ocooo¬|c ¦acto·s t|at a¦¦oct t|o¬.
|o· ¬o·o |o¦o·¬at|oo. bttp://www.wrtoeslgn.com
|ot·oooct|oo +
Cvo·v|o. +
|ovo|oo¬oot
8 |os|,o Co|oo||oos
|·osoo·oos. S¬a· t C·o.t| |ocat|oos
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C·ooo 3o||o|o, 8 |o¦·ast·octo·o
|osoo·cos 22
CC|T||TS
EPA FACY$ & FIGURE$
|n [uly o| 1970, tbe Wblte House
ano Congress workeo togetber to
establlsb tbe LPA ln response to tbe
growlng publlc oemano |or cleaner
water, alr ano lano. Prlor to tbe
establlsbment o| tbe LPA, tbe |eoeral
government was not structureo to
make a coorolnateo attack on tbe
pollutants tbat barm buman bealtb
ano oegraoe tbe envlronment. Tbe
LPA was asslgneo tbe oauntlng task
o| repalrlng tbe oamage alreaoy
oone to tbe natural envlronment
ano to establlsb new crlterla to
guloe Amerlcans ln maklng a cleaner
envlronment a reallty.

¯
++
+6
1
/cco·o|o, to t|o |.S. Coosos 3o·oao. oooo|at|oo
|o t|o |o|too Statos |s o·o|octoo to ,·o. ¦·o¬
305 ¬||||oo |o 200` to +3` ¬||||oo oooo|o |o
2050. aoo ao ost|¬atoo 8` ¬||||oo |o¬os aoo
+`0 b||||oo sooa·o ¦oot o¦ oo. o¦¦cos. |ost|tot|oos.
sto·os. aoo ot|o· ooo-·os|ooot|a| bo||o|o,s .||| bo
bo||t. T|at ¬oaos t|at aoo·o×|¬ato|v t.o-t||·os
o¦ tota| oovo|oo¬oot oo t|o ,·oooo |o 2050 .|||
|avo booo bo||t bot.ooo oo. aoo t|oo. .||c|
c·oatos ,·oat oooo·too|t|os aoo ·osooos|b|||t|os to
oovo|oo |o a ¬aooo· t|at aoo·ossos t|o ·os|||oocv
o¦ oo· co¬¬oo|t|os to ·osoooo to t|o |¬oacts
o¦ a c|ao,|o, c||¬ato aoo ·osoo·co oo¬aoo aoo
o·oooct|oo ooo|tab|v aoo sosta|oab|v.
+
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|oc·oaso |o oooo|at|oo aoo oovo|oo¬oot o·osoots
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sovo·a| c·|t|ca| oooo·too|t|os ¦o· co¬¬oo|t|os.
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o×|st|o, co¬¬oo|t|os aoo |o¦·ast·octo·o. aoo
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¬o.ovo·. .|t|oot a coo·o|oatoo |oca|. ·o,|ooa|.
aoo oat|ooa| co¬¬|t¬oot to ,·ooo aoo sosta|oab|o
oovo|oo¬oot aoo |o¦·ast·octo·o o·act|cos
to soooo·t t·aos|t-o·|ootoo oovo|oo¬oot |o
s¬a·t |ocat|oos. costs assoc|atoo .|t| ooo·,v
cooso¬ot|oo aoo oo¬aoo. oato·a| ·osoo·co aoo
oooo soaco ooo|ot|oo. as .o|| as ,·ooo|ooso
,as o¬|ss|oos .||| coot|ooo to osca|ato at
ooo·ocooootoo ·atos.
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cooot·v a·o |oo'|o, ¦o· .avs to ,·o. s¬a·to·
t|at oso |oss |aoo aoo ooo·,v. o·ov|oo sa¦o.
| |T|C||CT| C|
2
a¦¦o·oab|o |oos|o, oot|oos ¦o· oooo|o o¦ a||
|oco¬os aoo a,os. aoo soooo·t t·aosoo·tat|oo
oot|oos soc| as .a|'|o,. b|'|o,. aoo oob||c t·aos|t.
/ ·ocoot stoov so,,osts t|at |oc·oas|o, oo¬bo·s
o¦ /¬o·|caos a·o soo'|o, to ||vo |o |ocat|oos t|at
o¦¦o· .a|'ab|||tv. ¬o·o t·aosoo·tat|oo c|o|cos. aoo
a ¬|× o¦ |oos|o,. ·ota||. |obs. aoo oo|,|bo·|ooo
so·v|cos.
2

|ovost|o, |o o×|st|o, bo||o|o,s. oo|,|bo·|ooos.
aoo |o¦·ast·octo·o t|at soooo·ts .a|'ab|o
co¬¬oo|t|os cooooctoo to t·aos|t. cao |oc·oaso
ocooo¬|c co¬oot|t|voooss ¦o· co¬¬oo|t|os aoo
·o,|oos. /s .o o|ao ¦o· t|o ¦oto·o o¦ co¬¬oo|t|os.
t|o ocooo¬|cs o¦ oovo|oo¬oot .||| oooo to
coos|oo· t|o ¦act t|at ¬aov /¬o·|caos co··oot|v
caooot a¦¦o·o to ||vo ooa· .|o·o t|ov .o·'. aoo
a·o soooo|o, o×coss|vo a¬ooots o¦ t|¬o aoo
t|o|· ||¬|too |oco¬os oo t·aosoo·tat|oo. o·|¬a·||v
o.o|o, aoo o·|v|o, ca·s. |o aoo|t|oo. |o¬os t|at
a·o oot ooo·,v o· .ato· o¦¦c|oot a|so t·aos|ato
to ¬o·o ¬ooov sooot oo ||,| ooo·,v aoo .ato·
b|||s. / co¬o·o|oos|vo o|aoo|o, aoo·oac| t|at
|oto,·atos t|o |ocat|oo o¦ oovo|oo¬oot .|t|
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t|at |ooso|o|os .|t| va·v|o, |oco¬o |ovo|s .|||
|avo accoss to ¬o·o |obs |o t|o ·o,|oo bocaoso
t|ov oo oot oooo a ca·. aoo bos|oossos .||| |avo
accoss to ¬o·o .o·'o·s.
S¬a·t ,·o.t| aoo ,·ooo bo||o|o, a·o a|so c·|t|ca|
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oo ,|oba| c||¬ato c|ao,o. Co¬b|ooo. bo||o|o,s
aoo t·aosoo·tat|oo co··oot|v ¬a'o oo aboot
¯+ oo·coot o¦ t|o cooot·v's ,·ooo|ooso ,as
o¬|ss|oos.
3
3v |ovost|o, |o oo· co¬¬oo|t|os aoo
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c|v|c cooto·s. aoo oo|,|bo·|ooo so·v|cos. aoo bv
c·oat|o, .a|'ab|o oo|,|bo·|ooos. .o .||| |o|o to
·oooco t|o a¬ooot o¦ o·|v|o, aoo t|o ,·ooo|ooso
,as o¬|ss|oos t|at ·oso|t. |a'|o, oo· bo||o|o,s
aoo |o¦·ast·octo·o ¬o·o ooo·,v o¦¦c|oot ¦o·t|o·
2 '200¯ C·o.t| aoo T·aosoo·tat|oo So·vov' |at|ooa| /ssoc|at|oo
o¦ |oa|to·s aoo S¬a·t C·o.t| /¬o·|ca. 200¯.
3 200` ||/ C·ooo|ooso Cas |ovooto·v. |tto.//....ooa.,ov/
c||¬atoc|ao,o/o¬|ss|oos/os|ovooto·v·ooo·t.|t¬|
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to ac||ovo ooo·,v sav|o,s aoo ,·ooo|ooso
,as o¬|ss|oos ·oooct|oos a·o o·ooosoo |o t||s
oob||cat|oo.
/ S|ST/| |/3|| /|||C/C¬ TC
¬C|S| |C /|| ||V||C||||T
C·ooo bo||o|o, st·ato,|os c·oato ¬o·o ooo·,v
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s|,o|¦caot sav|o,s |o |oos|o, costs. ¬o.ovo·. a
co¬o·o|oos|vo o|aoo|o, aoo oo||cv aoo·oac|
t|at |ooot|¦os s¬a·t |ocat|oos ¦o· oovo|oo¬oot.
oos|,o o¦ ¬|×oo-oso. .a|'ab|o oo|,|bo·|ooos.
aoo ,·ooo bo||o|o, st·ato,|os .||| |avo t|o
b·oaoost |¬oact oo c·oat|o, ocooo¬|ca||v v|ab|o
aoo sosta|oab|o oovo|oo¬oot oatto·os |o oo·
cooot·v. /cco·o|o, to t|o |.S. |ooa·t¬oot o¦
¬oos|o, aoo |·bao |ovo|oo¬oot (¬||). 't|o
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oo·coot o¦ t|o|· aoooa| |oco¬o oo |oos|o, aoo
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tota| o¦ 52 oo·coot o¦ t|o|· boo,ots |s .·aoooo
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sobo·bao aoo ·o·a| |ocat|oos. t·aosoo·tat|oo costs
a·o ||,|o·. 'aoo t|o co¬b|oat|oo o¦ |oos|o, aoo
t·aosoo·tat|oo avo·a,os 5¯ oo·coot ¦o· .o·'|o,
¦a¬|||os |o t|o ¬ot·ooo||tao a·oa'. T|o stoov c|too
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costs'.
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·o·a| o|acos .|t||o t|o boooos o¦ ¬ot·ooo||tao
stat|st|ca| a·oas. ao |oto,·atoo o|aoo|o, aoo·oac|
t|at soacos |o·|so|ct|ooa| booooa·|os |s oooooo.
5

Soccoss¦o||v aoo·oss|o, t|o c|a||oo,os aoo
oooo·too|t|os o¦ ,·o.|o, s¬a·to· aoo bo||o|o,
,·oooo· .||| ·ooo|·o t|at co¬¬oo|t|os co||abo·ato
.|t| oac| ot|o·. as .o|| as .|t| ·o,|ooa|. stato.
aoo ¦ooo·a| a,ooc|os aoo o·,ao|zat|oos. T|o
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/¦¦o·oab|||tv o¦ a ¬oos|o, C|o|co.
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5 /¬o·|cao ¬oos|o, So·vov ¦o· t|o |o|too Statos. 200¯.
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|NTPODUCT|ON
3
|o¦·ast·octo·o aoo ocooo¬|c stab|||tv o¦ oo·
co¬¬oo|t|os a·o t|oo to .|at |aoooos at t|o
·o,|ooa| aoo stato |ovo|s. aoo v|co vo·sa. |o·
o×a¬o|o. o·ov|o|o, a ·o,|ooa| oob||c t·aos|t
svsto¬ |s a c·|t|ca| o|o¬oot o¦ t|o ·o,|ooa|
|o¦·ast·octo·o svsto¬ t|at ·ooo|·os coo·o|oat|oo
bot.ooo |oca| ¬oo|c|oa||t|os. ·o,|ooa| aot|o·|t|os.
aoo stato aoo ¦ooo·a| a,ooc|os. |a'|o, so·o t|at
t|oso ooc|s|oos v|o|o booo¦ts ¦o· |ooso|o|os÷
|o t|o ¦o·¬ o¦ ,·oato· c|o|co. |o.o· co¬b|ooo
|oos|o, aoo t·aosoo·tat|oo costs. aoo |oa|t||o·
co¬¬oo|t|os÷a|so st·oo,t|oos |oca| ocooo¬|os.
To acco¬o||s| t|oso ¬o|t|o|o ootco¬os. a,ooc|os
¬ost co||abo·ato to o¦¦c|oot|v s|a·o |o¦o·¬at|oo
aoo ·osoo·cos aoo to aoo·oo·|ato|v ta·,ot
o·o,·a¬s. oo||c|os. aoo ·osoo·cos.
|o Cooooct|cot. t|o Cao|to| |o,|oo Coooc|| o¦
Covo·o¬oots (C|CCC) oa·too·oo .|t| t|o
|.S. |ov|·oo¬oota| |·otoct|oo /,oocv (||/) to
aoo·oss t|oso c|a||oo,os÷¬aov o¦ .||c| a·o
s|a·oo bv co¬¬oo|t|os aoo ·o,|oos a·oooo t|o
cooot·v. C|CCC co||abo·atoo .|t| ||/'s S¬a·t
C·o.t| |·o,·a¬ to |ooot|¦v too|s aoo st·ato,|os
¦o· |¬o|o¬oot|o, a stato a¦¦o·oab|o |oos|o,
o·o,·a¬. ¬C||Cooooct|cot.
6
to ,·o. s¬a·to·.
ooso·o |oa|t|v aoo a¦¦o·oab|o |oos|o,. aoo
soooo·t |oo,-to·¬ ocooo¬|c co¬oot|t|voooss at
t|o |oca| aoo ·o,|ooa| |ovo|s. T|o ||/ aoo C|CCC









6 /ot|o·|zoo |o 200¯. t|o ¬C||Cooooct|cot o·o,·a¬ (|ob||c
/ct 0¯-+) c·oatos |ocoot|vos ¦o· ¬oo|c|oa||t|os to ostab||s| |aoo
oso ·o,o|at|oos t|at a||o. ||,|o· ooos|tv ·os|ooot|a| oovo|oo¬oot
.|t| a¦¦o·oab|o |oos|o, ·ooo|·o¬oots. T|o |o,|s|at|oo aot|o·|zoo
$+ ¬||||oo ¦o· toc|o|ca| ass|staoco aoo o|aoo|o, ,·aots to
to.os. ooo-o·o¦t oovo|ooo·s. |oos|o, ass|staoco o·,ao|zat|oos.
aoo ·o,|ooa| o|aoo|o, a,ooc|os aoo ¦o· zoo|o, aoo bo||o|o,
oo·¬|t |ocoot|vo oav¬oots.
||·oo a toa¬ o¦ o×oo·ts. .||c| |oc|oooo o·bao
oos|,oo·s ¦·o¬ \a||aco |obo·ts 8 Tooo aoo ·oa|
ostato o|aoo|o, aoo oovo|oo¬oot aov|so·s ¦·o¬
|ooat|ao |oso Co¬oao|os. T|o ,o|oo||oos |o t||s
ooco¬oot a·o a ·oso|t o¦ t|at co||abo·at|oo aoo
.||| |o|o ,o|oo oovo|oo¬oot |o t|o 2` o·bao.
sobo·bao. aoo ·o·a| ¬oo|c|oa||t|os t|at ¬a'o oo
t|o Cooooct|cot Cao|to| |o,|oo.
T|oso ,o|oo||oos .o·o oovo|oooo ¦o· co¬¬oo|t|os
|o Cooooct|cot aoo a·oooo t|o cooot·v st·|v|o, to
,ot oovo|oo¬oot aoo ¦oto·o ,·o.t| t|at ·oso|t
|o st·oo,o· oo|,|bo·|ooos. o·otoctoo oooo
soaco aoo .ato·s|oos. aoo |oa|t||o· aoo ¬o·o
a¦¦o·oab|o |o¬os. T|o ,o|oo||oos a·o a|so aoo||oo
to s|to-|ovo| coocootoa| o|aos ¦o· oovo|oo¬oot
t|at a·o ¦oato·oo |o a co¬oao|oo ·ooo·t.
To,ot|o· \o Cao C·o. 3otto·. S¬a·t C·o.t|
¦o· a Sosta|oab|o |o,|oo. T|at ·ooo·t aoa|vzos
¦oo· tvoos o¦ oovo|oo¬oot t|at ·oo·osoot ¬aov
o¦ t|o c|a||oo,os aoo oooo·too|t|os ¦acoo bv
co¬¬oo|t|os.
· |o¦|| ·ooovo|oo¬oot |o ao o×|st|o, ·os|ooot|a|
oo|,|bo·|ooo.
· C·ov¦o|o ·ooovo|oo¬oot o¦ a ooao s|ooo|o,
cooto· |o a ·ota|| co··|oo·.
· |o¦|| oovo|oo¬oot |o a ¦ooct|oo|o, bot oooo·osoo
s|ooo|o, cooto·. aoo
· |ovo|oo¬oot |o a ·o·a| cooto×t ao|acoot to a
v|||a,o cooto·.
|NTPODUCT|ON
4
||||CS| C| T¬| C|| |||| ||S |C|
S|ST/||/3|| ||S|C| 8 ||V||C||||T
T|oso ,o|oo||oos cao |o|o |oo|v|ooa|s. o·,ao|zat|oos.
aoo a,ooc|os |ovo|voo |o t|o o|aoo|o,. oos|,o.
aoo oovo|oo¬oot o¦ |o¬os. oo|,|bo·|ooos.
aoo co¬¬oo|t|os. T|ov a·o |otooooo ¬a|o|v
¦o· |oca| ,ovo·o¬oot o¦¦c|a|s .|o a·o at t|o
¦o·o¦·oot o¦ ¬a'|o, ooc|s|oos oo |aoo oso. s|to
aoo oo|,|bo·|ooo oos|,o. |oos|o,. ,·ooo bo||o|o,.
oovo|oo¬oot a,·oo¬oots. aoo oob||c-o·|vato
oa·too·s||os. |oo|c|oa| o|aooo·s. oo,|ooo·s.
co¬¬|ss|ooo·s. coooc|| ¬o¬bo·s. aoo ot|o·s
¬ost ,·aoo|o .|t| ¬a'|o, t|o ·|,|t ooc|s|oos oo
o·o|octs o¦ a|| s|zos as t|ov st·|vo to ¬a'o t|o|·
co¬¬oo|t|os ¬o·o ||vab|o aoo sosta|oab|o. T|oso
,o|oo||oos cao o·ov|oo a ¦·a¬o.o·' to |o|o
t|oso |oca| ooc|s|oo-¬a'o·s ,o|oo oovo|oo¬oot.
o·oso·vo oooo soaco. o·ov|oo |oos|o, t|at
|s a¦¦o·oab|o aoo ooo·,v o¦¦c|oot. aoo c·oato
oo|,|bo·|ooos t|at a·o oo|ovab|o aoo .a|'ab|o.
T|oso ,o|oo||oos a·o a|so a ·osoo·co ¦o· ·o,|ooa|
aoo stato o¦¦c|a|s ·osooos|b|o ¦o· t|o a||ocat|oo o¦
stato aoo ¦ooo·a| ·osoo·cos. |ooo|o, ¦o· ·o,|ooa|
|o¦·ast·octo·o÷·oaos. t·aos|t. so.o·s. .ato·.
otc.÷|s osoa||v a||ocatoo at t|o stato |ovo| bot
|as a s|,o|¦caot |¬oact oo t|o .av ·o,|oos aoo
co¬¬oo|t|os ,·o.. T|oso ,o|oo||oos oo¬oost·ato
t|o cooooct|oos bot.ooo |o¦·ast·octo·o
|ovost¬oots aoo |aoo oso aoo oovo|oo¬oot
ooc|s|oos aoo cao |o|o |ooot|¦v o·o|octs. ¦oato·os
o¦ o·o|octs. o· b·oaoo· a·oas t|at .a··aot ¬o·o
ta·,otoo stato |ovost¬oot.
CV||V| |\
Highlands' Garden Village Mi×ed-Use and Mi×ed-Income Community - Denver, Colorado
jonothon ßose Compon|es
5 OvLPv|LW
T|o ,o|oo||oos a·o a|so ¦o· oos|,oo·s. oovo|ooo·s.
aovocatos. aoo bo||oo·s o¦ att·act|vo bo||o|o,s aoo
oo|,|bo·|ooos. as .o|| as t|oso .|o a·o |oto·ostoo
|o oovo|oo|o, |o¬os aoo oo|,|bo·|ooos t|at
·osoooo to c|ao,|o, oo¬o,·ao||cs aoo ¬a·'ot
oo¬aoos. T|ov o¦¦o· |¬oo·taot coos|oo·at|oos
oo |o. to ,ooo·ato |oo,-|ast|o, va|oo ¦·o¬ |aoo
oso aoo oovo|oo¬oot ooc|s|oos. |oc|oo|o, |ocat|oo.
o·|ootat|oo aoo |avoot. co¬oos|t|oo aoo c|a·acto·.
aoo ,·ooo bo||o|o, ¬ato·|a|s aoo oos|,o.
||oa||v. t|oso ,o|oo||oos a·o |otooooo to |o|o
·os|ooots .|o .aot to ¬o·o o¦¦oct|vo|v oa·t|c|oato
|o t|o oovo|oo¬oot o¦ t|o|· oo|,|bo·|ooos aoo
to.os. T||s ooco¬oot o·ov|oos a ¦·a¬o.o·'
¦o· t|o¬ to oo,a,o .|t| t|o |oca| ,ovo·o¬oot
aoo oovo|ooo·s |o s|t|o,. o|aoo|o,. oos|,o|o,. aoo
oovo|oo|o, ||,|-ooa||tv o·o|octs t|at c·oato ,·oat
o|acos.
C|| |||| ||S V||S|S C|| T||| /
T|o ,o|oo||oos .o·o oovo|oooo .|t| t|o sooc|¦c
|otoot o¦ o·ov|o|o, st·ato,|os ¦o· ooc|s|oo-¬a'o·s
aoo o·act|t|ooo·s |ovo|voo |o oo||cv-¬a'|o,.
o|aoo|o,. aoo oovo|oo¬oot o¦ oo· bo||o|o,s.
oo|,|bo·|ooos. aoo co¬¬oo|t|os. T|ov a·o oot
|otooooo to bo o·osc·|ot|vo o· to o¦¦o· oo|¦o·¬.
·|,|o ¬ot·|cs o· booc|¬a·'s. bot ·at|o· to o·ov|oo
a co¬o·o|oos|vo ovo·v|o. o¦ |o. to aoo·oac|
ooo|tab|o. sosta|oab|o oo|,|bo·|ooo bo||o|o,.
T|oso ,o|oo||oos o|¦¦o· ¦·o¬. bot co¬o|o¬oot.
ot|o· co·t|¦cat|oo o·o,·a¬s t|at coota|o
co¬o·o|oos|vo c·|to·|a to ac||ovo a co·ta|o
staooa·o o¦ sosta|oab|||tv. Co·t|¦cat|oo o·o,·a¬s
soc| as t|o |oto·o·|so C·ooo Co¬¬oo|t|os. t|o
|.S. |ooa·t¬oot o¦ |oo·,v aoo ||/'s ||||CY
ST/|. aoo t|o |.S. C·ooo 3o||o|o, Coooc||'s ||||
co·t|¦cat|oo svsto¬s (|SC3C ||||) |oc|ooo
sooc|¦c ·ooo|·o¬oots t|at t|o oovo|ooo· o·
|o¬obo||oo· ¬ost ¬oot |o o·oo· to ooa||¦v ¦o·
co·t|¦cat|oo. T|oso o·o,·a¬s o·ov|oo staooa·os
t|at a,ooc|os. |oo|v|ooa|s. aoo o·,ao|zat|oos
cao oso to ostab||s| booc|¬a·'s aoo ¬oaso·o
ootco¬os. T|ov |avo a|so |o|ooo to oooo|a·|zo
,·ooo bo||o|o, aoo oos|,o oot oo|v |o t|o ·oa|
ostato aoo oovo|oo¬oot |ooost·|os. bot a|so .|t|
·os|ooots. o·ooo·tv o.oo·s aoo bos|ooss tooaots.
\|||o so¬o o·o,·a¬s ¦ocos oo ,·ooo |o¬os o·
oovo|oo¬oots (soc| as ||||CY ST/|. |SC3C
||||-¬o¬os. aoo t|o |at|ooa| /ssoc|at|oo o¦
¬o¬o 3o||oo·s C·ooo 3o||o|o, |·o,·a¬). ot|o·
o·o,·a¬s (soc| as C·ooo Co¬¬oo|t|os aoo
|SC3C ||||-|o|,|bo·|ooo |ovo|oo¬oot)
o¬o|as|zo t|o c·oat|oo o¦ ,·ooo oo|,|bo·|ooos.
(Soo |osoo·cos ÷ Co·t|¦cat|oo |·o,·a¬s ¦o·
accoss to ¦o·t|o· |o¦o·¬at|oo).
T|o .avs |o .||c| co¬¬oo|t|os oso t|oso
o·o,·a¬s va·v .|oo|v. So¬o |oca| aoo stato
,ovo·o¬oots |avo bo,oo to ·ooo|·o t|at o·o|octs
¬oot ,·ooo co·t|¦cat|oo t|·os|o|os as oa·t
o¦ a oo||cv st·ato,v to ·oooco ,·ooo|ooso ,as
o¬|ss|oos. Ct|o· |o·|so|ct|oos |avo |oco·oo·atoo
o|o¬oots o¦ t|oso ,·ooo o·o,·a¬s |oto t|o|· |aoo
oso o·o|oaocos aoo bo||o|o, cooos. T|o ,o|oo||oos
|o t||s ooco¬oot o·ov|oo a ¦·a¬o.o·' ¦o· t|o
bas|c coos|oo·at|oos ¦o· ¬|×oo-|oco¬o. ¬|×oo-
oso. sosta|oab|o oovo|oo¬oot. T||s oob||cat|oo
a|so |oc|ooos a ||st o¦ ·osoo·cos t|at |||ost·ato |o.
t|o oos|,o ,o|oo||oos coo|o bo |oco·oo·atoo |oto
¬oo|c|oa| |aoo oso ·o,o|at|oos.
¬C\ TC |S| T¬| C|| |||| ||S
T|o ,o|oo||oos o¦¦o· st·ato,|os t|at a·o
aoo·oo·|ato ¦o· oac| sca|o o¦ oovo|oo¬oot÷
·o,|oo. oo|,|bo·|ooo. aoo bo||o|o,. |o,|ooa|
st·ato,|os ostab||s| t|o ¦ooooat|oo ¦o· ooto·¬|o|o,
||,|ost aoo bost |aoo oso oatto·os t|at ac||ovo
botto· oov|·oo¬oota| aoo ocooo¬|c booo¦ts.
|o|,|bo·|ooo st·ato,|os |av t|o ,·oooo.o·'
¦o· ||vab|||tv. ooo|tv. ,ooo oos|,o. aoo ¬a·'otab|||tv.
3o||o|o, st·ato,|os ooso·o t|at st·octo·os |oc|ooo
,·ooo. ooo·,v-o¦¦c|oot oos|,o t|at ·ooocos costs
aoo |¬o·ovos t|o ooa||tv aoo oo·ab|||tv o¦ t|o
bo||t oov|·oo¬oot.
6 OvLPv|LW
Slte Locatlon: T|o s|to |ocat|oo c·|to·|a cao bo
osoo as a c|oc'||st ¦o· o·osooct|vo oovo|oo¬oot
s|tos. T|ov o·ov|oo ¦ocosoo ,o|oaoco ¦o· t|o
¬ost c·|t|ca| ooc|s|oos t|at o|aooo·s aoo oo||cv-
¬a'o·s cao ¬a'o to |o|o ·oooco t|o |¬oacts
o¦ oovo|oo¬oot oatto·os oo c||¬ato c|ao,o.
oato·a| ·osoo·cos aoo oco|o,|ca| svsto¬s. ·oooco
|ooso|o|o costs aoo ||v|o, o×ooosos. aoo ¬o·o
o¦¦c|oot|v oso ||¬|too oob||c ·osoo·cos to bo||o
·o,|ooa| |o¦·ast·octo·o.
Nelgbborbooo Plan: T|o oo|,|bo·|ooo o|aoo|o,
,o|oo||oos a·o ¬o·o oota||oo. ¬atc||o, t|o sca|o
o¦ ooc|s|oos t|at cao bo ¬aoo at t|o b|oc' aoo
oo|,|bo·|ooo sca|o to c·oato ||vab|o. ooo|tab|o.
aoo o|vo·so co¬¬oo|t|os. T|o ,o|oo||oos |oc|ooo
a ||st o¦ st·ato,|os t|at coo|o bo coos|oo·oo ¦o·
oac| o·o|oct. T|ov ¬av oot a|| aoo|v. bot t|ov .|||
aoo boaotv aoo ¬a·'ot va|oo to o·o|octs. as .o||
as oo|aoco aoo o·oso·vo oov|·oo¬oota| ¦oato·os
t|at c·oato a sooso o¦ o|aco.
Deslgn ano Constructlon: T|o oos|,o aoo
coost·oct|oo ,o|oo||oos a·o t|o ¬ost oota||oo.
T|ov ¦ocos oo t|o bo||o|o, aoo s|to |o¦·ast·octo·o-
sca|o oos|,o ooc|s|oos aoo st·ato,|os t|at cao |o|o
·oooco ooo·,v aoo .ato· cooso¬ot|oo. |¬o·ovo
a|· ooa||tv. aoo c·oato ,·ooo |o¦·ast·octo·o
svsto¬s. |¬o|o¬ootat|oo o¦ t|o st·ato,|os .|||
va·v oooooo|o, oo s|to cooo|t|oos. ava||ab|||tv o¦
¬ato·|a|s. caoac|tv o¦ |oca| oos|,oo·s aoo bo||oo·s.
aoo ot|o· ·oasoos. ¬o.ovo·. a|| t|o st·ato,|os
s|oo|o bo coos|oo·oo as a ¬ooo o¦ oooo·too|t|os
to c·oato ||,|-oo·¦o·¬aoco bo||o|o,s |o .o||-
oos|,ooo oo|,|bo·|ooos |o s¬a·t |ocat|oos.
Co¬¬oo|tv oa·t|c|oat|oo |o t|oso |ssoos |s c·|t|ca|
aoo s|oo|o bo |oto,·atoo ¦·o¬ t|o sta·t |oto a||
oovo|oo¬oot aoo |aoo oso o|aoo|o, aoo oo||cv
act|v|t|os at t|o ·o,|ooa| aoo |oca| |ovo|s. T|oso
,o|oo||oos .||| o·ov|oo ·os|ooots .|t| too|s to
|ooot|¦v aoo aovocato ¦o· s¬a·t ,·o.t| o·o|octs
|o t|o|· ·o,|oo. to.o. o· c|tv so t|ov cao ¬o·o
o¦¦oct|vo|v oa·t|c|oato |o t|o o|aoo|o, o·ocoss.
T|o ocooo¬|c aoo ooa||tv o¦ ||¦o aovaota,os
co¬¬oo|t|os ,a|o ¦·o¬ os|o, s¬a·t ,·o.t| aoo
,·ooo bo||o|o, st·ato,|os a·o |oc·oas|o,|v ov|ooot.
/s t|o ¬a·'ot oo¬aoo ¦o· ooo·,v-o¦¦c|oot |o¬os
aoo ¬o·o a¦¦o·oab|o. sosta|oab|o oo|,|bo·|ooos
|oc·oasos. t|o caoac|tv o¦ |oca| bo||oo·s. oos|,oo·s.
aoo sooo||o·s .||| ,·o. to ¬oot t|at oo¬aoo.
T|o ·oso|t .||| bo .o||-oos|,ooo co¬¬oo|t|os t|at
coot·|boto to a st·oo,o· |oca| ocooo¬v. |oa|t||o·
·os|ooots. aoo a ¬o·o oov|·oo¬oota||v soooo
aoo·oac| to ,·o.t|.
7 SMAPT GPOWTH GU|DLL|NLS FOP SUSTA|NA8LL DLS|GN & DLvLLOPMLNT
||aoo|o, at t|o ·o,|ooa| sca|o |s t|o ¦·st c·|t|ca|
stoo |o c·oat|o, ||vab|o co¬¬oo|t|os. |ocat|o,
oovo|oo¬oot oo oooo·osoo. vacaot. abaoooooo.
o· coota¬|oatoo |aoo |o o×|st|o, to.os aoo c|t|os
·ooocos oovo|oo¬oot o·osso·o oo ·o·a| o· o·|¬o
a,·|co|to·a| |aoos. T|oso s|tos. tvo|ca||v |o¦|| s|tos
o· oa·co|s ao|acoot to o×|st|o, oovo|oo¬oot. a·o
o¦too t|o co·oo·stooos cata|vz|o, ¦o·t|o· o·|vato
|ovost¬oot |o ot|o· oooo·osoo o·ooo·t|os ooa·bv.
T|o booo¦ts o¦ t||s aoo·oac| a·o ¬aov. |o· o×a¬o|o.
·ov|ta||z|o, oo|,|bo·|ooos aoo oo.oto.o o|st·|cts
st·oo,t|oos t|o ¬oo|c|oa| ta× baso aoo o·oos
co¬¬oo|t|os to |¬o·ovo o×|st|o, |o¦·ast·octo·o.
/ ·o,|ooa| aoa|vs|s o¦ oovo|oo¬oot oooo·too|t|os
||,|||,|ts oo. .avs to |oc·oaso accoss|b|||tv to
o¬o|ov¬oot cooto·s. ·oooco t|o t|¬o aoo ooo·,v
·os|ooots soooo co¬¬ot|o,. aoo |¬o·ovo a|· aoo
.ato· ooa||tv. Co¬o|o¬oota·v |aoo o·oso·vat|oo
aoo cooso·vat|oo st·ato,|os at t|o ·o,|ooa| sca|o
|ooot|¦v vo|oo·ab|o |aoos aoo |o|o o·otoct t|o¬
¦·o¬ oovo|oo¬oot. .||c| ¦ocosos |oca| aoo
·o,|ooa| ¬a·'ot ¦o·cos oo o×|st|o, oo|,|bo·|ooos.
Co¬b|o|o, ·ov|ta||zat|oo st·ato,|os .|t| |aoo
o·oso·vat|oo oo||c|os .o·' to,ot|o· to st·oo,t|oo
t|o v|ta||tv aoo ocooo¬|c v|ab|||tv o¦ ¬|×oo-oso
to.o cooto·s aoo oo|,|bo·|ooos.
|oca| ,ovo·o¬oots. o|aooo·s. oovo|ooo·s. aoo
ot|o·s .|o a·o |ovo|voo |o so|oct|o, aoo aoo·ov|o,
||CS|||C|S.
S|/|T C|C\T¬ |CC/T| C|S
E×ample Regional Yransit Planning Analysis
Wo||oce ßo5erts & 7odd, LLC
8
s|tos ¦o· ¦oto·o oovo|oo¬oot ¬a'o t|o|· ooc|s|oos
basoo oo ¬aov coos|oo·at|oos. T|o ,o|oo||oos oo
t|o ¦o||o.|o, oa,os cao bo t|o ¦ooooat|oo oooo
.||c| to baso |ocat|oo ooc|s|oos ¦o· ·os|ooot|a|.
co¬¬o·c|a|. ¬|×oo-oso. o· ot|o· oovo|oo¬oot
to ac||ovo |oo,-to·¬ ocooo¬|c aoo sosta|oab|o
oovo|oo¬oot ob|oct|vos. |ov ·o,|ooa| st·ato,|os
¦o· |ocat|o, oovo|oo¬oot aoo ¬a'|o, |aoo-oso
oo||cv a·o.
· |ato·a| |osoo·cos |·oso·vat|oo
· |ov|·oo¬oota||v Soos|t|vo /·oas |·otoct|oo
· |×|st|o, |ovo|oo¬oot aoo |o¦·ast·octo·o
Cooooct|oos
· T·aosoo·tat|oo aoo T·aos|t Svsto¬s /ccoss
· Co¬¬oo|tv-C·|ootoo So·v|cos |·o×|¬|tv
YHE LINK BEYWEEN VEHICLE MILE$
YRAVELED {VMY} AND CLIMAYE CHANGE
Transportatlon accounts |or 1/3 o| CO2 emlsslons ln tbe
Unlteo States.
1
Transportatlon relateo CO2 reouctlon
e||orts can be unoerstooo as a tbree-leggeo stool. Tbe
ñrst leg ls |uel e|ñclency, tbe secono leg ls oeveloplng
cleaner, lower carbon |uels, ano tbe tblro leg ls tbe
reouctlon o| veblcle mlles traveleo (vMT).
To oate, most pollcy attentlon bas been palo to tbe
ñrst two legs o| tbe stool, tbe galns o| wblcb bave been
canceleo out by tbe aooltlonal vMT growtb attrlbuteo to
ongolng conventlonal oevelopment patterns. || current
oevelopment patterns oo not cbange, vMT ln tbe Unlteo
States wlll e×perlence a rlse o| 48° by 2030 ano 102°
by 2050.
2
8y creatlng walkable compact communltles
connecteo to local ano reglonal translt, Smart Growtb
oevelopment can e||ectlvely slow tbe growtb ln vMT by
slgnlñcantly reouclng tbe neeo to orlve.
+ 'C·o.|o, Coo|o· . T|o |v|oooco oo |·bao |ovo|oo¬oot aoo C||¬ato
C|ao,o' |||. \as||o,too |C. 2008
2 |!!
9 SMAPT GPOWTH GU|DLL|NLS FOP SUSTA|NA8LL DLS|GN & DLvLLOPMLNT
Locate tbe oevelopment on a slte tbat ooes not bave:
- Wetlanos, water booles or lano wltbln 100 |eet o| tbese areas
- Prlme agrlcultural solls
- Unlque or prlme |orest solls
- Tbreateneo or enoangereo specles babltat
- Aqul|er recbarge areas
Locate tbe oevelopment on lano tbat ooes not bave:
- Steep slopes greater tban 15°
- 100-year Noooplalns
- Hlgbly eroolble solls
Lstabllsb a manoatory no-oevelopment bu||er at wetlanos,
Noooplalns, lakes, rlvers, ano estuarles
Locate tbe oevelopment on a slte tbat bas access to e×lstlng
roaos, water, sewers ano otber ln|rastructure ano ls wltbln or
contlguous to e×lstlng oevelopment
To tbe greatest e×tent posslble, locate tbe project on a greyñelo
(unoeruseo or abanooneo slte), brownñelo (unoeruseo
or abanooneo slte wltb real or percelveo envlronmental
contamlnatlon), or otber aoaptlve reuse/lnñll slte
Dlscourage oevelopment on sltes wbere prlvate septlc
systems wlll be requlreo, botb because o| tbe cots o|
malntenance ano typlcal system |allures, ano because o| tbe
large lot slze requlreo to servlce tbe systems
Locate tbe oevelopment on a slte tbat ls serveo by or
wltbln walklng olstance o| publlc translt or otber alternatlve
transportatlon, sucb as:
- 8us
- Traln (llgbt rall, beavy rall, tram)
- Ferry
- 8lke lanes ano oeslgnateo blke routes
- Car sbare
Preserve ano protect |armlano,
natural resources ano babltat
Protect envlronmentally
sensltlve areas
Lnbance ano protect tbe
ecology o| natural systems
Capltallze on
e×lstlng ln|rastructure
Peoevelop ano restore value o|
contamlnateo or unoer-utlllzeo
lano
Mlnlmlze rellance on prlvate
septlc systems
Lncourage translt ano otber
alternatlves to slngle
occupancy cars, reouce
total congestlon, veblcle
mlles traveleo, bousebolo
transportatlon costs, ano
greenbouse gas emlsslons
GU|DLL|NLS O8[ LCT|vLS
|/T||/| ||SC||C|S |||S||V/T| C|
||V| |C||||T/||Y S||S| T| V| /||/S ||CT|CT| C|
|×| ST| |C ||V||C||||T 8 | |||/ST||CT||| CC|||CT| C|S
T|/|S|C|T/T| C| /|| T|/|S| T SYST||S /CC|SS
PPOSPLPOUS SMAPT GPOWTH LOCAT|ONS
10 SMAPT GPOWTH GU|DLL|NLS FOP SUSTA|NA8LL DLS|GN & DLvLLOPMLNT
Locate tbe oevelopment on a slte tbat ls serveo by or ls
wltbln 15 mlnutes walklng olstance o| communlty-orlenteo
servlces, sucb as:
- Grocery store
- Convenlence store
- Clvlc, communlty ano eoucatlonal |acllltles
- Cultural ano entertalnment |acllltles
- Cbllo care
- [ob centers
- Healtb cllnlc (meolcal or oental)
- Post o|ñce
- Pbarmacy
- Launory/ ory cleaner
- Pollce or ñre statlon
- Place o| worsblp
- Publlc park ano recreatlonal |aclllty
Support communlty bealtb by
encouraglng walklng ano blklng
ano reouclng orlvlng
GU|DLL|NLS O8[ LCT|vLS
CC||||| TY-C|| ||T|| S||V| C|S ||C×| || TY
PPOSPLPOUS SMAPT GPOWTH LOCAT|ONS
11 SMAPT GPOWTH GU|DLL|NLS FOP SUSTA|NA8LL DLS|GN & DLvLLOPMLNT
|os|·ab|o oo|,|bo·|ooos t|at o¦¦o· a ,ooo ooa||tv
o¦ ||¦o aoo ¬a|ota|o |ast|o, va|oo ¦o· ·os|ooots a·o
oot oo|v |ocatoo |o coovoo|oot a·oas (soo o·ov|oos
soct|oo) bot a|so |oc|ooo .o||-oos|,ooo bo||o|o,s.
st·oots. aoo |o¦·ast·octo·o. Cooo oo|,|bo·|ooos
a·o sosta|oab|o aoo ¬a|ota|o oooo·|o, va|oo ¦o·
t|o|· |o|ab|taots. T|ov o·ov|oo ,ooo ooa||tv |oos|o,
oooo·too|t|os ¦o· oooo|o at a|| sta,os o¦ ||¦o. ¦·o¬
vooo, to o|o. aoo .|t| o|¦¦o·oot |oco¬o |ovo|s. Cooo
oo|,|bo·|ooos a·o ¬o¬o·ab|o aoo |avo c|oa·.
|ooot|¦ab|o booooa·|os. cooooct|oos to so··oooo|o,
o|acos. oa·'s aoo c|v|c soacos. a o|vo·s|tv o¦ osos aoo
|oos|o, tvoos. aoo c·oato a co|os|vo sooso o¦ o|aco.
T|oso oo|,|bo·|ooo-sca|o ,o|oo||oos coot·|boto
to c·oat|o, .a|'ab|o oo|,|bo·|ooos. oooost·|ao
¦·|ooo|v st·oots. aoo t|·|v|o,. o|vo·so. |oa|t|v
co¬¬oo|t|os. T|o·o a·o o×c|t|o, oooo·too|t|os
.|t||o t|oso ,o|oo||oos to bo c·oat|vo. C·ooo
oos|,o aoo oovo|oo¬oot st·ato,|os. soc| as t|oso
||stoo |o t||s ooco¬oot. cao bo osoo to c·oato
oo|,|bo·|ooos t|at a·o oov|·oo¬oota||v soos|t|vo
aoo v|b·aot. att·act|vo o|acos. |o· o×a¬o|o. t·oos
a|oo, st·oots a·o aost|ot|ca||v o|oas|o,. o·otoct
aoo s|aoo oooost·|aos. coo| t|o a¬b|oot a|·
to¬oo·ato·o. aoo s|o. aoo ·ota|o .ato· as oa·t o¦
a sto·¬.ato· ¬aoa,o¬oot svsto¬.
||| C¬3C|¬CC| ||/| -
||/C||/|| |C
Highlands' Garden Village, Co-housing - Denver, Colorado
[onatban Pose Companles
12
Gateway Crossing - Hagerstown, MD
1

Placemaklng ln Practlce
A |ormer nelgbborbooo o| lnoustrlal lanos ano publlc
bouslng sltes ln Western Marylano, tbls nelgbborbooo
revltallzatlon e||ort createo place by relnterpretlng
blstorlc work|orce bouslng tbat supporteo tbe rallroao
lnoustry at tbe turn o| tbe 20tb century. A serles o|
nelgbborbooo parks ano communlty centers were all
placeo wltbln 1/4-mlle walklng raolus.
Tbe ml×eo-lncome reoevelopment ls oeslgneo to
lntegrate well lnto an e×lstlng blstorlc nelgbborbooo,
wblle provlolng energy e|ñclent bomes tbat are LLLD
|or Home quallñeo. Due to tbe rocky soll conoltlons ln
tbls communlty along tbe |ootbllls o| tbe Appalacblan
Mountalns, tbe slte oevelopment balanceo oenslty wltb
large areas reserveo |or stormwater lnñltratlon ln |ront
yaros ano ln tbe parks.
+ \a||aco |obo·ts 8 Tooo. ||C
T|o ,o|oo||oos .o·' to,ot|o· to ac||ovo ||,|-
ooa||tv oo|,|bo·|ooo oos|,o |o t|oso a·oas.
· |o|,|bo·|ooo |ab·|c aoo Co¬oos|t|oo
· Co¬¬oo|tv St·oots
· |ato·o aoo Cooo Soaco
· |oo|tv. ||vo·s|tv. aoo /¦¦o·oab|||tv
13 SMAPT GPOWTH GU|DLL|NLS FOP SUSTA|NA8LL DLS|GN & DLvLLOPMLNT
|ncorporate a olverse ml× o| uses wltbln tbe oevelopment, or
locate bouslng wltbln a 15-mlnute walk o| commerclal ano
retall olstrlcts wltbln olverse, communlty-orlenteo servlces
L×ceeo e×lstlng oenslty patterns or requlrements |or a
resloentlal ano ml×eo-use oevelopment. Suggesteo mlnlmum
oensltles |or new resloentlal constructlon:
- Sl× (6) unlts per acre |or oetacbeo/seml-oetacbeo bouses
- Ten (10) unlts per acre |or townbomes
- Twenty (20) unlts per acre |or apartments
Deslgn car parklng areas so tbat tbey are not tbe prlmary
vlsual components o| tbe nelgbborbooo cbaracter by:
- Provlolng opportunltles |or sbareo parklng between
structures
- Peouclng parklng ratlo requlrements ln areas serveo by
publlc translt
- Provlolng pre|erreo or olscounteo parklng |or carpools,
vanpools ano low-emlttlng, |uel-e|ñclent veblcles
- Provlolng oeslgnateo street parklng |or car-sbarlng servlce
- Llmltlng ano screenlng parklng ano loaolng areas to tbe sloe
ano/or rear o| bullolngs
- Provlolng blke racks ano walklng amenltles (water |ountalns,
bencbes, etc) near entrances at polnts o| oestlnatlon
For new street blocks or bullolngs, take aovantage o| natural
solar beatlng ano coollng by orlentlng tbe longer sloe o| tbe
street grlo ano/or bullolngs along tbe east-west a×ls
Deslgn sa|e, peoestrlan-|rlenoly streets by lncluolng elements,
sucb as:
- Wloe sloewalks on botb sloes o| tbe street (4 |eet
mlnlmum wlotb on resloentlal blocks, 8 |eet mlnlmum wlotb
on non-resloentlal or ml×eo-use blocks)
- Street |urnlture (e.g., bencbes, street lamps)
- Trees ano otber lanoscaplng
- Street curb bulb-outs
- Aoequate space |or translt stops/sbelters
- Wooner[s (streets tbat glve legal prlorlty to peoestrlans
ano cycllsts)
- Narrower streets to reouce speeos ano lmpervlous sur|aces
Lncourage walklng ano reouce
veblcle mlles traveleo by ml×lng
uses ano oensltles
Ma×lmlze oenslty levels to
create optlmal nooes o| actlvlty
Mlnlmlze tbe negatlve lmpact
o| car parklng ano encourage
bealtby mooes o| transportatlon

Ma×lmlze opportunltles |or
passlve solar beatlng ano coollng
Calm tra|ñc ano create oeslrable,
peoestrlan |rlenoly, sa|e streets
GU|DLL|NLS O8[ LCT|vLS
||| C¬3C|¬CC| |/3|| C /|| CC||CS| T| C|
CC||||| TY ST|||TS
NL|GH8OPHOOD PLAN - PLACLMAK|NG
14 SMAPT GPOWTH GU|DLL|NLS FOP SUSTA|NA8LL DLS|GN & DLvLLOPMLNT
Create a blke-|rlenoly envlronment wltb contlnuous, ano l|
posslble, separateo blke lanes tbat connect to a larger blke
network, blke parklng, ano easlly accesslble blke racks
Connect new streets, sloewalks ano blke lanes to tbe e×lstlng
street grlo ano surrounolng nelgbborbooos, olstrlcts, ano
transportatlon network
Support a peoestrlan-|rlenoly street pattern by:
- Orlentlng bullolngs towaro tbe street ano sloewalk wltb
|ront |acaoes ano entrances |aclng a publlc space but not a
parklng area
- Locatlng |ront bullolng |acaoes near tbe |ront property llne
- Zonlng |or peoestrlan-orlenteo uses at tbe grouno level
(e.g., retall, communlty servlces sucb as llbrarles ano
communlty centers, etc.,)
Lncourage tbe use o| green ln|rastructure practlces as
stanoaro practlce |or roaos ano publlc rlgbts-o|-way. For
e×ample, provloe street trees on botb sloes o| streets
between tbe street ano sloewalk. Use approprlate (orougbt
tolerant) tree specles ano ensure tbe trees bave tbe correct
solls ano root ano growtb space to tbrlve
Deslgn green open space so tbat lt ls connecteo to e×lstlng
green open space networks wltbln or aojacent to slte
bounoarles
Preserve ano restore natural resources tbrougb compact
conservatlon oeslgn
|ncluoe ano/or provloe olrect access to parks ano
recreatlonal areas
Provloe access to local |ooo ano opportunltles |or |ooo
proouctlon, by:
- Zonlng or CC&Ps (covenants, conoltlons ano restrlctlons)
tbat allow |or growlng proouce on resloentlal property
- Deolcatlng open space |or a communlty garoen ln tbe
oevelopment
- Locatlng tbe project near a |armers' market.
- Plantlng eolble lanoscapes as part o| lanoscaplng plans
Create blke-|rlenoly streets
Ma×lmlze nelgbborbooo
connectlvlty
Lnllven street |rontages
8eautl|y streets wltb trees ano
green ln|rastructure practlces
Create or enbance green open
space networks
Conserve natural resources
Ma×lmlze access to parks ano
recreatlonal areas
Ma×lmlze access to local |ooo
sources
GU|DLL|NLS O8[ LCT|vLS
CC||||| TY ST|||TS
|/T||| /|| C||| S|/C|
NL|GH8OPHOOD PLAN - PLACLMAK|NG
15
L×ceeo tbe a||oroablllty requlrements o| appllcable local ano/
or state programs, ano:
- |ncluoe a ml× o| bouslng types, tenures, lncome targetlng
ano oenslty patterns
- Lstabllsb zonlng regulatlons tbat allow accessory unlts
To tbe greatest e×tent posslble, lncorporate tbe |ollowlng
unlversal oeslgn strategles:
- One zero-step entrance, at tbe |ront, back or sloe o| tbe
bouse
- At least 32 lncbes o| clear passage space |or all maln Noor
ooors, lncluolng batbrooms
- At least a bal| batb, pre|erably a |ull batb, on tbe maln Noor
- |ncorporate unlversal oeslgn strategles ln tbe oeslgn o| tbe
resloentlal unlts (Unlversal Deslgn Pesources
1
,
2
)
+ Cooto· ¦o· |oc|os|vo |os|,o aoo |ov|·oo¬oota| /ccoss. |tto.//....ao.bo¦¦a|o.ooo/
|ooa/¬o¬o/|ooo×.aso
2 Cooto· ¦o· |o|,|bo·|ooo Toc|oo|o,v ¬oos|o, aoo T·aosoo·tat|oo /¦¦o·oab|||tv
|ooo×. |tto.//....cot.o·,/tco/|t
Lncourage bouslng type,
tenure, ano lncome olverslty
Create envlronments usable by
all people, to tbe greatest e×tent
posslble, wltbout tbe neeo |or
aoaptatlon or speclallzatlon
GU|DLL|NLS O8[ LCT|vLS
|C|| TY. || V||S| TY /|| /||C||/3| || TY
SMAPT GPOWTH GU|DLL|NLS FOP SUSTA|NA8LL DLS|GN & DLvLLOPMLNT
NL|GH8OPHOOD PLAN - PLACLMAK|NG
16 SMAPT GPOWTH GU|DLL|NLS FOP SUSTA|NA8LL DLS|GN & DLvLLOPMLNT
C·ooo bo||o|o, toc|o|ooos ¬a'o oo. aoo
o×|st|o, bo||o|o,s |oa|t||o·. ¬o·o oo·ab|o. aoo
¬o·o ooo·,v aoo .ato· o¦¦c|oot. 3o||o|o,s a·o
|oa|t||o· .|oo t|ov a·o oos|,ooo to |¬o·ovo
t|o |oooo· a|· ooa||tv. t|o·obv ·oooc|o, |oc|oooco
o¦ ast|¬a aoo ot|o· ·oso|·ato·v o|soasos. /|so.
¬o·o oo·ab|o bo||o|o,s coos|oo· t|o ||¦ocvc|o
o¦ ¬ato·|a|s. so|oct|o, o¦¦c|oot. ·ocvc|oo. o·
·ocvc|ab|o coost·oct|oo aoo ¦o|s| ¬ato·|a|s aoo
os|o, coost·oct|oo ¬ot|oos t|at o×tooo t|o|·
¦ooct|ooa| ||¦o. ·oooco cost. aoo ·oooco .asto.
T|oso ¬ato·|a|s. aoo||aocos. aoo toc|o|ooos
oot oo|v cooso·vo ·osoo·cos. t|ov a|so ·oooco
|ooso|o|o ooo·,v aoo .ato· costs.
T|oso toc|o|ooos a·o .|t||o t|o ·oac| o¦ bot|
o×oo·|oocoo ,·ooo bo||oo·s aoo t|oso t|at a·o |ost
bo,|oo|o, to |oco·oo·ato sosta|oab|||tv. ooo·,v
o¦¦c|oocv. aoo co¬oact oos|,o |oto t|o|·
coost·oct|oo o·act|co aoo bos|ooss ¬ooo|. |o t|o
,o|oo||oos bo|o.. o×oo·|oocoo bo||oo·s ¬av
·oco,o|zo s|¬||a·|t|os .|t| ot|o· ,·ooo bo||o|o,
co·t|¦cat|oo o·o,·a¬s. soc| as t|o |oto·o·|so C·ooo
Co¬¬oo|t|os |·o,·a¬. t|o |.S. C·ooo 3o||o|o,
Coooc|| |||| o·o,·a¬s. aoo ||/'s ||||CY ST/|
·at|o,s ¦o· |o¬os. aoo||aocos. aoo ¦×to·os.
|o so¬o ¬oo|c|oa||t|os. oovo|ooo·s aoo bo||oo·s
¬av |avo va·v|o, |ovo|s o¦ caoac|tv o· 'oo.|oo,o
|o ,·ooo coost·oct|oo aoo oos|,o. o· ¬av bo
C|||| 3|| ||| |C
8 | |||/ST||CT|||
Othello $tation at New Holly - $eattle, WA
Wo||oce ßo5erts & 7odd, LLC w|th Wß7/So|omon L7C
17
|ocatoo |o a·oas .|t| ||¬|too accoss to ,·ooo
¬ato·|a|s. |o t|oso casos. t|oso C·ooo 3o||o|o,
aoo |o¦·ast·octo·o Co|oo||oos cao so·vo as a ||st o¦
sosta|oab|o coost·oct|oo ¬ot|oos aoo ¬ato·|a|s
to coos|oo·. |o||cv ¬a'o·s ¬|,|t oso t||s ||st
as a ,ooo sta·t|o, oo|ot |o .o·'|o, .|t| |oca|
bo||oo·s .|o ¬av |avo ||tt|o to oo o×oo·|ooco
|o ,·ooo bo||o|o, to bot| bo||o caoac|tv aoo
ostab||s| |o. cost. ||,| |¬oact. accoss|b|o ,·ooo
bo||o|o, ¬ot|oos. |o a·oas .|o·o bo||oo·s |avo
o×oo·|ooco aoo caoac|tv to oos|,o aoo coost·oct
,·ooo bo||o|o,s. oo||cv ¬a'o·s ¬|,|t sot ¬|o|¬o¬
staooa·os o· o·o,·a¬ co·t|¦cat|oos aoo o¦¦o·
|ocoot|vos to o·o|oct oovo|ooo·s t|at o×cooo t|o¬.
|s|o, cost-o¦¦oct|vo ¬ot|oos to c·oato ||,|-
oo·¦o·¬aoco bo||o|o, oovo|ooos aovaoco |oca|
,·ooo bo||o|o, caoac|tv aoo |o|o |ooso|o|os
to savo ¬ooov oo ooo·,v costs. T|o ¦o||o.|o,
st·ato,|os ¬av so·vo as a ¬ooo o¦ oot|oos t|at
cao bo |oco·oo·atoo |o va·|oos co¬b|oat|oos
|oto t|o oos|,o aoo coost·oct|oo st·ato,v ¦o·
bo||o|o, ,·ooo to |ooooooooot|v aoo co¬o|at|vo|v
|oc·oaso bo||o|o, aoo oo|,|bo·|ooo o¦¦c|oocv
aoo sosta|oab|||tv.
T|o Co|oo||oos ¦ocos oo ooo·,v aoo .ato·
o¦¦c|ooc|os. bot a|so |oc|ooo s|¬o|o ,·ooo bo||o|o,
¬ot|oos. T|o ||st |s oot a oota||oo sooc|¦cat|oo. oo·
ooos |t ·o¦oct ||/ oat|ooa| ,·ooo bo||o|o, ,o|oaoco
t|at |s oooo· oovo|oo¬oot. ||/'s ||||CY
ST/| Coa||¦oo ¬o¬os |·o,·a¬ coota|os ¬o·o
co¬o|oto |o¦o·¬at|oo. c|oc'||sts. bost o·act|cos aoo
toc|o|ca| ·osoo·cos ¦o· t|o oos|,o aoo coost·oct|oo
o¦ ooo·,v-o¦¦c|oot |o¬os. ||oaso ·o¦o· to t|o
|osoo·cos-Co·t|¦cat|oo |·o,·a¬ soct|oo o¦
t||s ooco¬oot to accoss t|oso ·osoo·cos. T|o
C·ooo 3o||o|o, aoo |o¦·ast·octo·o Co|oo||oos a·o
o·,ao|zoo as ¦o||o.s.
· ¬|,|-|o·¦o·¬aoco 3o||o|o,s
· C·ooo 3o||o|o, |ato·|a|s
· Sosta|oab|o aoo |oo|,oooos |aooscao|o,
· C·ooo |o¦·ast·octo·o
· C·ooo Coost·oct|oo 3ost |·act|cos
· C·ooo Coo·at|oos aoo |a|otooaoco
Highlands' Garden Village - Denver, CO
Green 8ullolng ln Practlce
Hlgblanos' Garoen vlllage, oevelopeo by [onatban Pose
Companles, ls a ml×eo-use translt orlenteo oevelopment
on tbe slte o| a |ormer amusement park. Tbe communlty's
range o| bouslng types ano prlce polnts oemonstrate
tbat smaller, lnñll sltes can accommooate olverslty, ano
also enbance economlc ano soclal vlablllty. 8y comblnlng
resloentlal wltb o|ñce ano nelgbborbooo servlng retall
uses, resloents bave tbe opportunlty to llve, work ano
sbop wltbln a |ew mlnutes walk o| eacb otber.
Tbe vlllage ls an early e×ample o| tbe e×tenslve use o| green
bullolng ano plannlng tecbnlques at tbe nelgbborbooo ano
bullolng scale. Tbe slngle-|amlly bomes e×ceeo LNLPGY
STAP program requlrements. All o| tbe bullolngs
lncorporate recycleo materlals, LOW-vOC prooucts,
ano energy e|ñclent wlnoows. Tbe nelgbborbooo's roao
beos are constructeo |rom concrete recycleo olrectly
on slte |rom tbe oemolltlon o| tbe amusement park. Tbe
lanoscaplng conslsts o| water-conservlng natlve plants
ano speclal e||orts were maoe to keep many o| tbe
slte's e×lstlng trees. All o| tbe communlty bullolngs are
powereo wltb alternatlve energy sources.
18 SMAPT GPOWTH GU|DLL|NLS FOP SUSTA|NA8LL DLS|GN & DLvLLOPMLNT
GPLLN 8U|LD|NG & |NFPASTPUCTUPL
Use ourable, water-e|ñclent ñ×tures, sucb as LPA WaterSense
labeleo prooucts
1

- Sbowerbeaos wltb a Now o| less tban 2 gallons per mlnute
(gpm)
- Slnk |aucets wltb a Now o| less tban 2 gpm
- Tollets tbat use less tban 1.6 gallons per Nusb (gp|)
- Urlnals tbat are waterless or use less tban 1 gp|
- Use Tecbnlcal Pesources: Guloellnes |or LNLPGY STAP
Ouallñeo New Homes
1
- |oentl|y LNLPGY STAP partners to oeslgn ano bullo tbe
bomes
1
- |oentl|y Home Lnergy Pater to verl|y LNLPGY STAP
cbeckllsts
1
- Complete Tbermal 8ypass |nspectlon Cbeckllst
- Complete Ouallty Framlng Cbeckllst
- |nstall LNLPGY STAP quallñeo or better wlnoows ano ooors
- Complete HvAC Ouallty |nstallatlon Contractor Cbeckllst
- Complete HvAC Ouallty |nstallatlon Pater Cbeckllst
- Specl|y ano lnstall LNLPGY STAP HvAC equlpment
- |nstall LNLPGY STAP quallñeo tbermostat (e×cept |or
zones wltb raolant beat)
- |nstall LNLPGY STAP celllng |ans
- Use oemano pumplng, manl|olo, or core layout bot water
olstrlbutlon system
- |nstall LNLPGY STAP re|rlgerators, olsbwasbers, ano
clotbes wasbers/oryers
- Use LNLPGY STAP Aovanceo Llgbtlng Package, ano/or
lnstall LNLPGY STAP bulbs ln 80° o| sockets
1
- Use LPA's |nooor alrPLUS
1
- Complete |nooor Alr Ouallty Cbeckllst
- Complete Water-Manageo Constructlon Cbeckllst
Deslgn bullolngs uslng tbe ASHPAL Aovanceo Lnergy Deslgn
Guloes
1
+ Soo |osoo·cos soct|oo oooo· 'Co·t|¦cat|oo |·o,·a¬s'
Create blgb-per|ormance
resloentlal projects to reouce
bousebolo water consumptlon,
water utlllty costs, ano protect
natural water supply
Create blgb-per|ormance
resloentlal projects to
reouce bousebolo energy
consumptlon, energy utlllty
costs, ano greenbouse gas
emlsslons
Deslgn ano construct souno
bullolng envelope
Deslgn ano lnstall blgb-
per|ormance beatlng/
ventllatlon/alr conoltlonlng
system
Deslgn water e|ñclent
plumblng system
Specl|y ano lnstall energy
e|ñclent appllances ano llgbtlng
Specl|y constructlon metboos
tbat ensure bealtby lnooor alr
quallty
Create blgb-per|ormance
commerclal/ ml×eo-use
projects to reouce bousebolo
water consumptlon, water
utlllty costs, ano protect
natural water supply
GU|DLL|NLS O8[ LCT|vLS
¬| C¬-||||C||/|C| 3|| ||| |CS
19 SMAPT GPOWTH GU|DLL|NLS FOP SUSTA|NA8LL DLS|GN & DLvLLOPMLNT
GPLLN 8U|LD|NG & |NFPASTPUCTUPL
To tbe greatest e×tent posslble, use materlals tbat bave
mlnlmlzeo envlronmental ano bealtb lmpacts over tbelr
ll|ecycle:
- Use recycleo or recyclable bullolng ano ñnlsb materlals
- Use locally avallable, lnolgenous materlals ano/or prooucts
tbat bave been certlñeo unoer a trusteo green program
- Use bealtbler ano ourable materlals. Some Noorlng optlons
lncluoe:
- Llvlng Areas ano 8eorooms: Suggesteo materlals
lncluoe wooo barvesteo |rom a certlñeo sustalnably
manageo |orest, salvageo or reclalmeo wooos, cork (a
|ast growlng, renewable materlal), ano carpets certlñeo
to tbe NSF-140 stanoaro.
1
- Lntryway, Kltcben, Launory Poom, ano otber Wet
Areas: avolo molsture absorblng Noorlng. Suggesteo
materlals lncluoe ceramlc tlle, llnoleum, rubber, sealeo
concrete
- 8asement: avolo molsture absorblng
Noorlng. Suggesteo materlal lncluoes e×poseo slab wltb
low-vOC staln
- 8eorooms: Suggesteo materlals lncluoe tbose suggesteo |or
Llvlng Areas, natural ñber area rugs or Green Label carpet
- To |acllltate reuse at tbe eno o| a proouct or bullolng's
ll|e, consloer uslng nalls ano screws lnsteao o| aobeslves
wben practlcable.
- More envlronmentally pre|erable materlals ano metboos
can be |ouno ln tbe mooel green constructlon
speclñcatlons at: www.wbog.org/oeslgn/greenspec.pbp
- Llmlt tbe use o| tur| grass ano lnstall natlve, orougbt-
tolerant grouno cover or otber lanoscaplng to replace
lawns. Peouce areas malntalneo by greenbouse gas-
emlttlng malntenance equlpment
- Deslgn lanoscapes to be low malntenance ano requlre llttle
or no |ertlllzers, pestlcloes, or waterlng e×cept |or wben
tbey are ñrst establlsbeo
- Select ano lnstall plants tbat are approprlate to tbe slte's solls
ano mlcro-cllmate ano requlre llttle or mlnlmal lrrlgatlon,
|ertlllzatlon, ano cbemlcal management (pestlcloes). || lrrlgatlon
ls requlreo, oeslgn system to LPA WaterSense stanoaros.
1
+ Soo |osoo·cos soct|oo oooo· 'Co·t|¦cat|oo |·o,·a¬s'
Use materlals ano prooucts
tbat are envlronmentally
pre|erable ano sa|er |or
occupant bealtb
Peouce malntenance
requlrements ano costs, water
consumptlon, ano negatlve
envlronmental lmpacts
GU|DLL|NLS O8[ LCT|vLS
C|||| 3|| ||| |C |/T||| /|S
S|ST/| |/3|| 8 | ||| C||C|S |/||SC/|| |C
20 SMAPT GPOWTH GU|DLL|NLS FOP SUSTA|NA8LL DLS|GN & DLvLLOPMLNT
GPLLN 8U|LD|NG & |NFPASTPUCTUPL
- Use green ln|rastructure ano low-lmpact oevelopment
tecbnlques to manage runo|| on-slte, sucb as bloswales,
pervlous pavement, green roo|s, tree plantlngs, blo-ñltratlon,
clsterns, ano stream oayllgbtlng
- To tbe e×tent practlcable, mlnlmlze lmpervlous sur|aces by
uslng gravel, permeable pavers, open grlo pavers, ano slmllar
pervlous sur|aces |or orlveways, parklng lots, ano otber
areas tbat woulo usually be paveo
- Lncourage green ln|rastructure practlces ln lanoscaplng
|eatures, sucb as communlty garoens, raln garoens ano large
canopy trees
- Locate oeclouous trees ano otber plant materlals to
provloe sbaolng ln summer ano solar access ln wlnter,
as well as to provloe stormwater management |or any
lmpervlous areas on slte
- Use LNLPGY STAP quallñeo or otber blgbly reNectlve roo|
prooucts
- Use pavlng materlals wltb blgb solar reNectance
- Select ano lnstall street trees, ano/or preserve e×lstlng
trees, to sbaoe sloewalks ano baro sur|ace areas
- |mplement local or state eroslon ano seolmentatlon
controls ourlng constructlon uslng LPA's Stormwater 8est
Management Practlces
1
- Conouct an envlronmental assessment tbat meets tbe
requlrements o| tbe local or state envlronmental
protectlon agency. || appllcable, employ LPA's Green
Pemeolatlon 8est Management Practlces
1
- Use LPA Steps to Leao-Sa|e Penovatlon, Pepalr ano
Palntlng
1
- Wbenever posslble, use bullolng tecbnologles, materlals ano
ñnlsbes tbat mlnlmlze ñnlsblng on-slte
- Place recycllng blns on constructlon slte |or recyclable/
reusable waste materlals tbat can be olverteo |rom lanoñlls
+ Soo |osoo·cos soct|oo oooo· 'Co·t|¦cat|oo |·o,·a¬s'
|ncorporate stormwater
management practlces as
part o| nelgbborbooo oeslgn
|eatures ano amenltles
Mltlgate beat lslano lmpacts
Control soll eroslon ano
seolmentatlon
Peoevelop brownñelo sltes
uslng ecologlcally lnnovatlve
ano responslble envlronmental
remeolatlon ano abatement
practlces
Peouce e×cess constructlon
waste ano make recycllng easy
GU|DLL|NLS O8[ LCT|vLS
C|||| | |||/ST||CT|||
C|||| CC|ST||CT| C| 3|ST ||/CT| C|S
21 SMAPT GPOWTH GU|DLL|NLS FOP SUSTA|NA8LL DLS|GN & DLvLLOPMLNT
GPLLN 8U|LD|NG & |NFPASTPUCTUPL
- |nstall non-pollutlng, renewable energy generatlon
tecbnologles sucb as solar, wlno, or geotbermal
- Alternatlvely, consloer oeslgnlng ano wlrlng tbe
oevelopment to accommooate renewable energy sources,
sucb as pbotovoltalc cells, ln tbe |uture
- Purcbase bousebolo energy |rom renewable resources tbat
may be avallable |rom tbe local utlllty/energy provloer
- 8ullolng malntenance manual
1
- Homeowner / Penter green guloe
1
- Homeowner / Penter green orlentatlon
1
+ Soo |osoo·cos soct|oo oooo· 'C·ooo |ovo|oo¬oot. |o|,|bo·|ooo. aoo 3o||o|o,
|osoo·cos'
Lncourage on-slte proouctlon
ano use o| renewable energy
sources
Lnbance on-slte energy
proouctlon wltb o||-slte
renewable energy sources
Lnsure tbat ongolng operatlons
ano malntenance practlces
promote green ano bealtby
llvlng by oeveloplng operatlons
ano orlentatlon manuals
GU|DLL|NLS O8[ LCT|vLS
C|||| ||||CY ||C||CT| C| 8 S||||Y
C|||| C|||/T| C|S 8 |/| |T||/|C|
22
T||s soct|oo o·ov|oos a ·o¦o·ooco ||st o¦ co·t|¦cat|oo
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Federal Agencies
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|o|ooo .|t| ||/ aoo |CT |o t|o |a·too·s||o ¦o·
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o|aoo|o, to |o|o /¬o·|cao ¦a¬|||os ,a|o botto·
accoss to a¦¦o·oab|o |oos|o,. ¬o·o t·aosoo·tat|oo
oot|oos. aoo |o.o· t·aosoo·tat|oo costs.
So¬o 'ov ¦ooo·a| a,ooc|os a·o.
|.S. |ov|·oo¬oota| |·otoct|oo /,oocv (||/)
www.epa.gov
||SC||C|S
$ite Planning Detail -$outh Windsor, CY
Wo||oce ßo5erts & 7odd, LLC
23 PLSOUPCLS
C¦¦co o¦ /o¬|o|st·ato·. C¦¦co o¦ |o||cv |cooo¬|cs
aoo |ooovat|oo. S¬a·t C·o.t| |·o,·a¬
www.epa.gov/smartgrowtb
C¦¦co o¦ /|· aoo |ao|at|oo
www.epa.gov/oar/
C¦¦co o¦ |ov|·oo¬oota| |ost|co
www.epa.gov/compllance/envlronmental
justlce/lnoe×.btml
C¦¦co o¦ So||o \asto aoo |¬o·,oocv |osoooso
www.epa.gov/swerrlms/
C¦¦co o¦ \ato·
www.epa.gov/OW/
|.S. |ooa·t¬oot o¦ |oo·,v (|C|)
www.energy.gov
|.S. |ooa·t¬oot o¦ |oo·,v Cooto· o¦ |×co||ooco
¦o· Sosta|oab|o |ovo|oo¬oot
www.smartcommunltles.ncat.org
|.S. |ooa·t¬oot o¦ ¬oos|o, aoo |·bao
|ovo|oo¬oot (¬||)
www.buo.gov
|.S. |ooa·t¬oot o¦ ¬oos|o, aoo |·bao
|ovo|oo¬oot (¬||) ÷ Co¬¬oo|tv ||aoo|o, aoo
|ovo|oo¬oot C·ooo ¬o¬os aoo Co¬¬oo|t|os
bttp: / / www. buo. gov/ o| | l ces/ cpo/ about/
conplan/greenbomes.c|m
|.S. |ooa·t¬oot o¦ T·aosoo·tat|oo (|CT)
www.oot.gov
|.S. |ooa·t¬oot o¦ T·aosoo·tat|oo (|CT) ÷
|ooo·a| T·aos|t /o¬|o|st·at|oo T·aos|t aoo
|ov|·oo¬oota| Sosta|oab|||tv
bttp://www.|ta.oot.gov/plannlng/plannlng_
envlronment_8510.btml
|.S. |ooa·t¬oot o¦ T·aosoo·tat|oo (|CT) ÷
|ooo·a| T·aos|t /o¬|o|st·at|oo T·aos|t-C·|ootoo
|ovo|oo¬oot
bttp://www.|ta.oot.gov/plannlng/plannlng_
envlronment_6932.btml
|.S. |ooa·t¬oot o¦ /,·|co|to·o (|S|/)
www.usoa.gov
|.S. |ooa·t¬oot o¦ /,·|co|to·o ÷ Sosta|oab|o
|ovo|oo¬oot
bttp://www.usoa.gov/oce/sustalnable/|unolng.
btm
Cooto·s ¦o· ||soaso Coot·o| aoo |·ovoot|oo (C|C)
www.coc.gov
Cooto·s ¦o· ||soaso Coot·o| aoo |·ovoot|oo
(C|C) ÷ ¬oa|t|v Co¬¬oo|t|os |·o,·a¬
bttp://www.coc.gov/bealtbycommunltles
program/
Regional Organizations
|ot·ooo||tao ||aoo|o, C·,ao|zat|oos (||C)
aoo |o,|ooa| Coooc|| o¦ Covo·o¬oots t|at o|ao.
·osoa·c|. aoo soooo·t s¬a·t ,·o.t| aoo ,·ooo
oovo|oo¬oot oatto·os a·o o¦too soo·cos o¦
|o¦o·¬at|oo. T|o·o¦o·o. |t |s |¬oo·taot to |oa·o
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/ssoc|at|oo o¦ |o,|ooa| Coooc||s aoo/o· t|o
/¬o·|cao |ot·ooo||tao ||aoo|o, C·,ao|zat|oos.
|o· ¬o·o |o¦o·¬at|oo oo t|oso ,·ooos o· to ¦oo
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/¬o·|cao |ot·ooo||tao ||aoo|o, C·,ao|zat|oo
www.ampo.org
|at|ooa| /ssoc|at|oo o¦ |o,|ooa| Coooc||s
www.narc.org
24 PLSOUPCLS
Professional Associations
|·o¦oss|ooa| assoc|at|oos a·o o×co||oot ·osoo·cos
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as ootoot|a| o|aoo|o, aoo oos|,o ,·aot oooo·too|t|os.
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/¬o·|cao ||aoo|o, /ssoc|at|oo
www.plannlng.org
/¬o·|cao |ost|toto o¦ /·c||tocts
www.ala.org
3o||o|o, C.oo·s aoo |aoa,o·s /ssoc|at|oo
|oto·oat|ooa|
www.boma.org
|at|ooa| /ssoc|at|oo o¦ ¬o¬obo||oo·s
www.nabbgreen.org
|·bao |aoo |ost|toto
www.ull.org
Associations for
Public Agencies and OfBcials
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www.lclel.org
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www.lgc.org
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www.naco.org
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bttp://www.nga.org/portal/slte/nga
|.S. Coo¦o·ooco o¦ |avo·s ÷ |avo·s C||¬ato
|·otoct|oo Cooto·
www.usmayors.org/cllmateprotectlon
CertiBcation Programs
C·ooo co·t|¦cat|oo aoo ·at|o, o·o,·a¬s o·ov|oo
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||||CY ST/| |·o,·a¬ ÷ / |o|ot |·o,·a¬ o¦ t|o
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www.energystar.gov/lnoe×.c|m?c=new_bomes.
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bttp://www.energystar.gov/lnoe×.c|m?c=
ñ×tures.alp_consumers
25 PLSOUPCLS
|.S. |ov|·oo¬oota| |·otoct|oo /,oocv (||/)
www.epa.gov
||/ |oooo· a|·|||S
www.epa.gov/lnoooralrplus/
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www.epa.gov/WaterSense
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www.epa.gov/smartgrowtb/scorecaros/lnoe×.
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www.enterprlsegreencommunltlesonllne.org/
|oto·o·|so C·ooo Co¬¬oo|t|os To¬o|atos
www.greencommunltlesonllne.org/tools/
resources/lnoe×.asp#t1
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