Alexander Hamilton

• influential delegate to the U.S. Constitutional Convention • principal author of the Federalist Papers • first and most influential Secretary of the Treasury

As Secretary of State
• establishing the First Bank of the United States • public credit • foundations for American capitalism and stock and commodity exchange

Alexander Hamilton
• is often regarded as the founding father who advocated the principles of a strong centralized federal government that would become the hallmark of the early Republic. • This was due to his support of
– – – – strong national defense, strong business institutions laissez-faire capitalism commitment to economic growth

Federalist Papers
• series of 85 articles arguing for the ratification of the United States Constitution • first published serially in New York City newspapers

Thomas Jefferson
• 3rd President of the United States (1801–1809) • author of the United States Declaration of Independence (1776) • Secretary of State for Washington • Considered one of the most influential Founders of the United States

• The Federalist movement gradually showed
– broad-construction, – nationalistic tendencies

• Anti-Federalist movement favored
– strict-constructionist – advocated popular rights against the asserted aristocratic

Contrasting Views on the Federal Government
Hamilton Jefferson
• Concentrating power in federal government • Fear of mob rule • Republic led by welleducated Elite • Loose interpretation of the Constitution
• Sharing power with state and local governments; limited national government • Fear of absolute power or ruler • Democracy of virtuous farmers and trades people

The Demise of Hamilton The Duel

• On July 11, 1804, the enemies met outside of Weehawken, New Jersey • When the duel began, Hamilton and Burr fired within seconds of one another. Hamilton's shot went wild, but Burr shot and fatally wounded Hamilton. • Burr was serving as Thomas Jefferson’s Vice President at the time. • Burr was later charged with murder in New York and New Jersey, but was never tried in either jurisdiction.

• Hamilton or Jefferson?
– http://www.wccusd.k12.ca.us/elcerrito/history/j eff&ham.htm

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