t¢mk∏v

al-Ømb kn\n-a-Ifn-eqsS Hcp bm{X
hnP-bI
- p-am¿ ªmØq¿

1966/{^m≥kv/{^©v B&W/95 an\p´v
kwhn-[m\w: tdm_¿´v s{_k≥ (Robert Bresson)

kn

\n-a-bnse hnip-≤-\mbn Icp-X-s∏-Sp∂ tdm_¿´v
s{_ks‚ lrZ-b-kv]¿in-bmb Hcp {]m¿Y-\-bmWv Au
hasard Balthzar F∂ {^©v kn\n-a. 1966¬ ]pd-Øn-d-ßnb
Cu ªm°v B‚ v ssh‰v kn\n-a-bn¬ _meyw apX¬
acWw hscbp≈ c≠p Pohn-X-ßsf \ap°v Im´n-Ø-cp∂p. _¬Ø-k¿ F∂ Igp-Xb
- p-sSbpw tacn F∂ s]¨Ip´n-bpsSbpw.
Im¿´q¨ kn\n-a-I-fn¬ \ap°v ]cn-Nn-X-amb lmkyar-K-a√ Cu kn\n-a-bnse _¬Ø-k¿. a\p-jysct∏mse
Nn¥n-°p-Ibpw (Nn-¥n-°m-Xn-cn-°p-I-bpw) kwkm-cn-°pIbpw I¿W-I-tTm-c-ambn ]m´p-]m-Sp-Ibpw kzbw hnUvVnbm-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ \m¬°m-en-b√
- . shdpw IgpX am{Xw.
Xs‚ \nb-{¥-W-Øn-e-√mØ Pohn-XsØ {]Xn-tj-[-ß-

tdm_¿´v s{_k≥

fn-√msX kzoI-cn-°p-Ibpw A\p-k-cn-°p-Ibpw kln-°pIbpw sNøp∂ km[p-ar-Kw.
a[pc kwKo-X-Øn-\n-S-bn¬ s]mSp-∂s\ Db-cp∂ IgpX-bpsS Aa-d¬ i_vZ-Øn-emWv kn\na ssS‰n-ep-Iƒ
Ah-km-\n-°p-∂-Xv. ]nd-∂p-hoW Hcp Igp-X-°p-™ns‚
s\‰n-Ø-S-Øn¬ Xtem-Sp∂ tacn-sb∂ s]¨Ip-´n-bpsS
ssIIƒ Im´n-s°m≠v kn\na Bcw-`n-°p-∂p. {^m≥knse Dƒ{Km-a-Ønse kvIqƒ A[ym-]-Is‚ aI-fmWv

"H lkmÀU _¯-kÀ'
Au hasard Balthazar

30 imkv{X-tI-cfw

al-Ømb kn\n-a-Ifn-eqsS Hcp bm{X

tacn. Ab¬∏-°sØ Ip´n-bmb Pm°p-samØv Ahƒ B
Igp-X-°p´nsb amtam-Znk NSßp \S-Øp-∂p-≠v. B IgpX-°p-´n°v Ahƒ _¬Ø-k¿ F∂ t]cn-Sp-Ibpw sNbvXp.
apXn¿∂p Ign-™m¬ Ifn-°q-´p-Im-c-\mb Pm°ns\ hnhmlw Ign-°p-sa∂v hm°p\¬Ip-∂p-≠v.
Pm°ns‚ AΩ AkpJw ]nSn-s]´v acn-®-Xn-s\-ØpS¿∂v hnim-e-amb Irjn-ÿew tacn-bpsS A—\v \S-Øn∏n\v \¬In, B IpSpw_w AhnSw hn´p-t]m-Ip-∂p. tacn
Pm°ns\ bm{X-bm-°p-∂Xv k¶-S-tØm-sS-bm-Wv.
_¬Ø-k¿ ]e bP-am-\-∑m¿s°m∏w Xs‚ IgpX
PohnXw XpS-cp-I-bm-Wv. \ne-ap-gpXp adn-°m\pw `mcw hen°m\pw h≠n hen-°m\pw Hs° Ahs\ D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂p-≠v. emSw Xd® Ipf-ºp-I-fp-ambn Ah≥ \S-∂p-sImt≠-bn-cp-∂p. Hcp Znhkw ssht°m-ep-ambn Cd-°-an-dßth thKX IqSn-b-Xn-\m¬ h≠n adn™v h≠n-°m-c\pw
]cn°p ]‰p-∂p. h≠n-°m-c≥ HmSn®p ]nSn-°m≥ {ian-°p∂-Xn-\n-S-bn¬ Ah≥ FØ-ns∏-Sp-∂Xv tacn-bpsS ho´n-emWv. Xs‚ ]gb Iq´p-Im-cs\ tacn Xncn-®-dn-bp-∂p. Im´p-]q°ƒ sIm≠v \n¿an® Hcp IncoSw AWn-bn-®mWv _¬Økdn-t\m-Sp≈ kvt\lw Ahƒ {]I-Sn-∏n-°p-∂-Xv.
tacn-bpsS Pohn-Xhpw kpJ-I-c-am-b√ \oßp-∂-Xv. \SØn-∏n-\mbn e`n® Irjn-bn-S-Øn¬ ]e-Xcw ]co-£-W߃ \S-Øp-I-bmWv Ah-fpsS A—≥. Akq-b-°m-cmb
Ab¬∏-°-°m¿ At±-l-sØ-°p-dn®v ]eXpw ]d-™p-XpS-ßn. hcp-am\w apgp-h\pw Abmƒ X´n-sb-Sp-°p-I-bm-sW∂pw a‰pw. A`n-am-\n-bmb At±lw Xs‚ kzØp-°-sfm-

s°bpw hn‰mWv IW-°p-Iƒ Xo¿°p-∂-Xv.
ÿesØ t_°-dn-°m-c-s‚ aI\pw sXΩm-Sn-°q-´Øns‚ Xe-h-\p-amWv sPdmƒUv F∂ sNdp-∏-°m-c≥.
I≈-°-SØpw a‰p-am-W-hs‚ sXmgn¬. tdmUn¬ {Kokv
Hgn®v h≠n-Iƒ sX∂n adn-®n-SpI B kwL-Øns‚ Xami- I - f n- s em- ∂ p- a m- { Xw. _¬Ø- k - d ns\ sPdmƒUns‚
A—≥ sdm´n-hn-X-cWw sNøm-\mbn kz¥-am-°p-∂p-≠v.
sPdmƒUmWv hoSp-Iƒ tXmdpw _¬Ø-k-dp-ambn Np‰nb-Sn-°p-I. hn‰p-In-´p∂ ]Ww A—-\-dn-bmsX Ah≥ tamjvSn-°p-Ibpw sNøpw. _¬Ø-k-dn-t\mSv hfsc {Iqc-ambmWv Ah≥ s]cp-am-dp-∂-Xv. ASn-°p-Ibpw sXmgn-°pIbpw sNøp-∂Xv t]mcm™v Hcp Znhkw Ahs‚ hmen¬
]{Xw sI´n-h®v Xo sImfp-Øp-∂p-ap-≠v. Xo]n-Sn® hmepambn thZ-\-tbmsS HmSp-∂Xv t\m°n-\n¬°p∂ sPdmƒUns\ sNIp-Øms‚ {]Xo-I-am-bn-Ø-s∂-bmWv s{_k≥
Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂-Xv.
BZy-sam-s° tacn-°v, sPdmƒUn-t\mSv shdp-∏m-bncp∂p. ]t£, Ahs‚ hio-I-c-W-Ønepw {]tem-`-\Ønepw Ahƒ hoWp-t]m-bn. tamt´m¿ ssk°nfpw seX¿ Pm°-‰p-ap≈ Ahs\ Ahƒ {]W-bn-®p-t]m-Ip-∂p.
hnhmlw sNø-sem-∂p-a-√m-bn-cp∂p sPdmƒUns‚ Dt±iyw. Ahsf ssewKn-I-ambn D]-tbm-Kn-°pI F∂-Xpam-{Xw.
Bcpw t\m°m-\n-√msX ac-Wm-k-∂-\mbn InS∂
_¬Ø-k-dns\ \m´nse Adn-b-s∏-Sp∂ aZy-]m-\n-bmb
A¿t\mƒUv Gs‰-Sp-°p-Ibpw Pohn-X-Øn-te°v aS-°nam¿®v ˛2014

31

t¢mk∏v

al-Ømb kn\n-a-Ifn-eqsS Hcp bm{X

s°m-≠p-h-cn-Ibpw sNøp-∂p-≠v. kvt\lambpw {Iqc-ambpw Hs° s]cp-am-dp-∂p-≠bmƒ. aZy-amWv Xs‚ F√m Ipg-∏-߃°pw ImcWw
F∂v Xncn-®-dn™v aZyw C\n ssIsIm≠v sXmSn√ F∂v
]d™v ]›m-Ø-]n-°p∂ A¿t\mƒUns\ \Ωƒ Hcp
Zriy-Øn¬ ImWp-∂p-≠v. ASpØ \nanjw \Ωƒ ImWp∂Xv a[p-im-e-bnse aZyw ]I¿∂p hmßp∂ Abm-sf-bmWv. Ahn-SsØ s]¨Ip´n tNmZn-°p∂ Hcp tNmZyhpw
"F¥n-s\-bmWv Xm¶ƒ°v G‰hpw `bw?' DØ-c-ambn
A¿t\mƒUv ]d-bp-∂Xv "`bsØ' F∂m-Wv.
A¿t\mƒUn-t\bpw sPdmƒUpw kwLhpw Gsd D]{Z-hn-°p-∂p-≠v.
A¿t\mƒUns‚ Acn-In¬ \n∂pw sXcp-hn-se-Øns∏´ _¬Ø-k¿ Ah-km\w Hcp k¿°kv IqSm-c-Ønse-Øp-∂p. Xs∂-t∏mse XS-hn-em-°-s∏´ arK-߃s°m∏w. ]t£, Ahs‚ Pohn-X-Øn¬ BZy-ambn Hcp AwKoImcw e`n-°p-∂Xv AhnsS \n∂m-Wv. IW°p Iq´m-\-dnbm-hp∂ _p≤n-am-\mb Igp-X-bm-bmWv Ahs\ {]Z¿in∏n-°p-∂-Xv. ]t£ B Pohn-Xhpw A[n-I-Imew \ofp-∂n√. Hcp Znhkw k¿°kv ImWm≥ A¿t\mƒUv FØpIbpw Ahs\ Xncn-®-dn™v IqsS sIm≠p-t]m-Ip-Ibpw
sNøp-∂p.
sPdmƒUn-s‚bpw kwL-Øn-s‚bpw A{I-a-ß-fn¬
Xf¿∂ A¿t\mƒUv AhnSw hn´v bm{X-bm-Ip-∂p. F{Xtbm bm{X-Iƒ°v km£n-I-fmb ssa¬°p-‰n-tbmSpw CeIv{Sn°v t]mÃn-t\mSpw bm{X ]d-™p-sIm≠v _¬Ø-kdns‚ apI-fn¬ \n∂v ac-W-Øn-te°v Abmƒ Du¿∂p hogpI-bm-bn-cp-∂p.
Ah-Im-in-I-fn-√m-Xmb
_¯-

32 imkv{X-tI-cfw

k-dns\ tee-Øn¬ sh°p-∂p. FÆ-bm´p an√ns‚ DSabpw ]nip-°-\p-amb Hcp hr≤≥ AXns\ hmßp-∂p. Xo‰
t]mepw \¬ImsX B km[p arK-sØ-s°m≠v cm∏-I¬
Abmƒ N°p-¥n-∏n-°p-∂p-≠v.
CXn-\n-S-bn¬ Pm°v Xncn-s®-Øp-∂p-≠v. Xs‚ ]gb
Ifn-°q-´p-Im-cnsb tXSn. Xs‚ kzØv kw_-‘n®v \m´pIm¿ ]d-bp∂ ]cm-Xn-I-fn-sem∂pw Ah≥ hniz-kn-°p-∂n√. tacnsb hnhmlw Ign-°m≥ Ah≥ Ct∏mgpw k∂-≤am-Wv. ]t£, tacn kΩ-Xn-°p-∂n-√. Ahƒ hoSp-hn-´ndßn°gn-™p.
ag s]øp∂ Hcp cm{Xnbn¬ Xe Nmbv°m≥ CS-an√msX Ahƒ _¬Ø-k-dns‚ ]pXnb bP-am-\s‚ ho´nemWv FØp-∂-Xv. Abm-fp-ambn icocw ]¶p-sh-°m≥
t]mepw Ahƒ k∂-≤a- m-Ip-∂p-≠v. XWp-Øp-d™v ]pdØv
ssht°m¬ Iq\-bn¬ \n¬°p∂ _¬Ø-k-dns‚ PohnXw tacn-bpsS Pohn-X-hp-ambn k‘n-°p-∂Xv Chn-sS-bmWv. Ahsf At\z-jn®v A—\pw AΩbpw FØp-∂-Xn\v
aptº tacn AhnSw hn´p-I-gn-™n-cp-∂p.
sPdmƒUpw Iq´p-Imcpw Ahsf ho≠pw D]-{Z-hn-°p∂p-≠v. _em-’wKw sNbvX tijw Ahsf \·-bm°n
Hcp apdn-bn-en´v ]q´n Ah¿ ÿew hnSp-∂p. ZpxJn-X\pw
\ncm-i-\p-amb Ah-fpsS A—≥ AtXmsS InS-∏n-em-IpIbpw acn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. ZpxJn-®n-cn-°p∂ AΩ-bpsS
Acn-In¬ Pm°v ho≠p-sa-Øp-∂p-≠v. F√mw Adn™n´pw tacnsb kzoI- c n- ° m≥
Xøm-dm-bn. ]s£,

al-Ømb kn\n-a-Ifn-eqsS Hcp bm{X

Ahƒ Ftßmt´m ho≠pw t]mbn-°-gn-™p. C\n Hcn°epw Xncn-®p-h-cmØ bm{X F∂p ]d-™p-sIm-≠v.
tacn-bpsS AΩ-bpsS Acn-In¬ sPdmƒUpw FØp∂p-≠v. Hcp Znh-k-tØ°v _¬Ø-k-dns\ Bh-iy-s∏´p-sIm-≠v. B IgpX am{X-amWv X\n-°n\n _m°n-bp-≈sX∂pw Gsd tPmen sNbvXp-I-gn™ AXns\ shdpsX hnSq F∂pw Ah¿ At]-£n-°p-∂p-≠v. _¬Ø-k¿
Hcp hnip-≤-\m-sW-∂pw Ah¿ Iq´n-t®¿°p∂p.
sPdmƒUpw kwLhpw cm{Xn Xncn-s®Øn _¬Øk-dp-ambn IS-∂p-I-f-bp-∂p. A]-I-S-I-c-amb I≈-°-SØn¬ Ahs\ D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂p. kz¿Whpw kpK-‘-hkvXp-°fpw `mfi-ß-fm°n Ah\v ]pdØv sI´n-h®v
AXn¿Øn IS-Øm≥ {ian-°p-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn¬ B ]mhw
Igp-Xbv°v IÃw-kp-Im-cpsS shSn-tb¬°p-∂p. sPdmƒUpw kwLhpw HmSn-c-£-s∏-Sp-∂p. B ae-ap-I-fn¬, a\pjy-cpsS ]m]w Gs‰-Sp-Øp-sIm≠v Ipcn-in-te-‰-s∏´ tbiphn-s\-t∏mse _¬Ø-k¿ InS-∂p. Hcp ]‰w BSp-Iƒ
Ahs\ Np‰n-\n-∂p. Ah-bn¬ Nneh Ahs\ DcpΩn IS∂p-t]m-bn. ]cm-Xnbpw ]cn-`-hhpw {]Xn-tj-[-hp-an-√msX
H∂p Ic-bp-I-t]mepw sNømsX IÆ-S-°p∂ _¬Ø-kdn¬ kn\na Ah-km-\n-®p.
]e-t∏m-gmbn I≠p-ap-´p-Ibpw ]n∂oSv ]ncn-bp-Ibpw
sNøp∂ _¬Ø-k-dn-s‚bpw tacn-bp-sSbpw PohnXw
tdm_¿´v s{_k≥ ]I¿Øn-°m-´p-∂Xv ]pXn-sbmcp Xcw
dnb-en-ÃnIv {So‰vsa‚ v hgn-bm-Wv. {]tem-`-\-߃°v hgns∏´p t]mIp-Ibpw hgn ]ng-®p-t]m-Ip-Ibpw ]m]w sNbvXh-fmbn IW-°m-°-s∏-Sp-Ibpw sNøp∂ \njvI-f¶ P∑amWv tacn-bp-tS-Xv. Ahƒ Icp-Xn-b-Xp-t]mse kz\n-b-{¥-

W-Øn-em-bn-cpt∂m Ah-fpsS PohnXw? _¬Ø-k-dns‚
Pohn-X-Øns‚ h¿Ø-am-\hpw `mhnbpw H∂pw Ahs‚
Xocp-am-\-ß-f-√. A\p-k-cn-°p-Ibpw ]n¥p-S-cp-Ibpw sNøm≥ am{Xw A\p-hm-Z-ap≈ Hcp \nco-£-I≥ am{X-am-Wh≥. kzPo-hn-X-Øn¬ icn-sX-‰p-Iƒ Fs¥∂v Xocp-am-\n°m-\p≈ Hc-[n-Im-c-hp-an-√mØ, F√m {Iqc-X-Ifpw ]oU-\ßfpw G‰p-hm-ßp∂ hy¿Y P∑w!
Ccp-h-cp-sSbpw PohnXw \c-I-Xp-ey-am-°p-∂-Xnepw AhcpsS Poh≥ Ih-cp-∂X
- nepw sPdmƒUn\v ]¶p≠v (ta-cn-bpsS A¥y-sØ-°p-dn®v kqN-\I
- ƒ kn\n-ab
- n-en-s√-¶n-epw).
aX-]-c-amb kqN-\-Ifpw Nn”-ßfpw Bflo-b-X-sb°p-dn-®p≈ Aen-K-dn-Ifpw D]-tbm-Kn-®p≈ hyXy-kvX-amb
Hcp Ah-X-cW coXn-bn-eqsS kwhn-[m-b-I≥ Cu kn\n-abn¬ hfsc Kl-\-amb N¿®-Iƒ°p≈ Hcp ]cn-kcw
krjvSn-°p-∂p≠v. ]cn-io-e\w e`n® \S-∑msc kn\n-a°v
Bh-iy-an√ F∂ ]£-°m-c-\mWv s{_k≥. A`n-\-bn°m≥ am{Xw H∂pw kn\n-a-bn-en-s√∂pw. hfsc km[m-cW-°m-cmb Bfp-I-sf-bmWv Cu kn\n-a-bn¬ At±lw
D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂-Xv. _¬Ø-k-dmb Igp-Xsb F∂-t]mse
Xs∂. \n¿hn-Im-chpw kP-e-ß-fp-amb Xnf-ßp∂ IÆp-Ifp-ambn B IgpX Nne t\m´-ß-fpw, \S-Ø-ßfpw \n¬∏pIfpw sNhn-bm-´-ep-Ifpw sIm≠v Hmtcmtcm Bkzm-ZI¿°pw hyXy-kvX-amb \nc-h[n A¿Y-߃ hmbn-s®-Sp°m≥ Bhpwhn[w Cu kn\n-a-bn¬ "A`n-\-bn-°pI'bmsW∂v Ifn-bmbn ]d-bp-Ibpw sNøp-∂p-≠v.
\ΩpsS Pohn-XsØ \n¿W-bn-°p-∂-Xn¬ \ap-s°-{Xam{Xw ]¶p≠v F∂ hfsc Kl-\-amb tNmZyw _¬Øk-dns‚ IÆp-I-fn¬ ]t£ B¿°pw hmbn-s®-Sp-°mw.
ß
am¿®v ˛2014

33