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MS-DOS and command line overview
Below is a listing of each of the MS-DOS commands currently listed on Computer Hope and a brief explanation of what each of the commands do. The below commands are all MS-DOS commands, which means not all the below commands will work in your version of MS-DOS and/or Windows command line. Clicking on the command will open the help page for that command with full details about it.
Comman d ansi.sys
Description Defines functions that change display graphics, control cursor movement, and reassign keys. Causes MS-DOS to look in other directories when editing a file or running a command. Displays, adds, and removes arp information from network devices. Assign a drive letter to an alternate letter. View the file associations. Schedule a time to execute commands or programs. Lists connections and addresses seen by Windows ATM call manager. Display and change file attributes. Recovery console command that executes a series of commands in a file. Recovery console command that allows a user to view, modify, and rebuild the boot.ini Enable / disable CTRL + C feature. View and modify file ACL's. Calls a batch file from another batch file. Changes directories. Supplement the International keyboard and character set information. Changes directories.
Type File External External External Internal External Internal External Recovery Recovery Internal External Internal Internal External Internal
append arp assign assoc at atmadm attrib batch bootcfg break cacls call cd chcp chdir
MS DOS COMMANDS
chdsk chkntfs choice cls cmd color
Check the hard disk drive running FAT for errors. Check the hard disk drive running NTFS for errors. Specify a listing of multiple options within a batch file. Clears the screen. Opens the command interpreter. Easily change the foreground and background color of the MS-DOS window. Compares files. Compresses and uncompress files. Open Control Panel icons from the MS-DOS prompt. Convert FAT to NTFS. Copy one or more files to an alternate location. Change the computers input/output devices. View or change the systems date. Debug utility to create assembly programs to modify hardware settings. Re-arrange the hard disk drive to help with loading programs. Deletes one or more files. Recovery console command that deletes a file. Deletes one or more files and/or directories. List the contents of one or more directory. Recovery console command that disables Windows system services or drivers. Copy the contents of one disk and place them on another disk. Command to view and execute commands that have been run in the past. A GUI to help with early MS-DOS users. Enables overwrite of original device drivers. Displays messages and enables and disables echo. View and edit files.
External External External Internal
command Opens the command interpreter. comp compact control convert copy ctty date debug defrag del delete deltree dir disable External External External External Internal Internal Internal External External Internal Internal External Internal Recovery External External External External Internal Internal External
diskcomp Compare a disk with another disk. diskcopy doskey dosshell drivparm echo edit
edlin emm386 ename endlocal erase exit expand extract fasthelp fc fdisk find findstr fixboot fixmbr for format ftp ftype goto graftabl help if
View and edit files. Load extended Memory Manager. Recovery console command to enable a disable service or driver. Stops the localization of the environment changes enabled by the setlocal command. Erase files from computer. Exit from the command interpreter. Expand a Microsoft Windows file back to it's original format. Extract files from the Microsoft Windows cabinets. Displays a listing of MS-DOS commands and information about them. Compare files. Utility used to create partitions on the hard disk drive. Search for text within a file. Searches for a string of text within a file. Writes a new boot sector. Writes a new boot record to a disk drive. Boolean used in batch files. Command to erase and prepare a disk drive. Command to connect and operate on a FTP server. Displays or modifies file types used in file extension associations. Moves a batch file to a specific label or location. Show extended characters in graphics mode. Display a listing of commands and brief explanation. Allows for batch files to perform conditional processing. Network command to view network adapter settings and assigned values. Change layout of keyboard. Change the label of a disk drive. Load a device driver in to high memory. Recovery console command that displays the services and drivers.
External External Recovery Internal Internal Internal External External External External External External External Recovery Recovery Internal External External Recovery Internal External External Internal External External External External Internal Recovery
ifshlp.sys 32-bit file manager. ipconfig keyb label lh listsvc
loadfix loadhigh lock logoff logon map md mem mkdir mode more move msav msd msdex nbtstat net netsh netstat nlsfunc nslookup path pathping pause ping popd power print prompt
Load a program above the first 64k. Load a device driver in to high memory. Lock the hard disk drive. Logoff the currently profile using the computer.
External Internal Internal External
Recovery console command to list installations and enable administrator Recovery login. Displays the device name of a drive. Command to create a new directory. Display memory on system. Command to create a new directory. Modify the port or display settings. Display one page at a time. Move one or more files from one directory to another directory. Early Microsoft Virus scanner. Diagnostics utility. Utility used to load and provide access to the CD-ROM. Displays protocol statistics and current TCP/IP connections using NBT Update, fix, or view the network or network settings Configure dynamic and static network information from MS-DOS. Display the TCP/IP network protocol statistics and information. Load country specific information. Look up an IP address of a domain or host on a network. View and modify the computers path location. View and locate locations of network latency. Command used in batch files to stop the processing of a command. Recovery Internal External Internal External External Internal External External External External External External External External External Internal External Internal
Test / send information to another network computer or network device. External Changes to the directory or network path stored by the pushd command. Internal Conserve power with computer portables. Prints data to a printer port. View and change the MS-DOS prompt. External External Internal
pushd qbasic rd ren rename rmdir route runas scandisk scanreg set setlocal setver share shift smartdrv sort start subst switches sys telnet time title tracert tree type undelete
Stores a directory or network path in memory so it can be returned to at any time. Open the QBasic. Removes an empty directory. Renames a file or directory. Renames a file or directory. Removes an empty directory. View and configure windows network route tables. Enables a user to run a program as a different user. Run the scandisk utility. Scan registry and recover registry from errors. Change one variable or string to another. Enables local environments to be changed without affecting anything else. Change MS-DOS version to trick older MS-DOS programs. Installs support for file sharing and locking capabilities. Changes the position of replaceable parameters in a batch program. Create a disk cache in conventional memory or extended memory. Sorts the input and displays the output to the screen. Start a separate window in Windows from the MS-DOS prompt. Substitute a folder on your computer for another drive letter. Remove add functions from MS-DOS. Transfer system files to disk drive. Telnet to another computer / device from the prompt. View or modify the system time. Change the title of their MS-DOS window. Visually view a network packets route across a network. View a visual tree of the hard disk drive. Display the contents of a file. Undelete a file that has been deleted.
Internal External Internal Internal Internal Internal External External External External Internal Internal External External Internal External External External Internal External Internal External External Internal Internal External External Internal External
shutdown Shutdown the computer from the MS-DOS prompt.
unformat unlock ver verify vol xcopy
Unformat a hard disk drive. Unlock a disk drive. Display the version information. Enables or disables the feature to determine if files have been written properly. Displays the volume information about the designated drive. Copy multiple files, directories, and/or drives from one location to another.
External Internal Internal Internal Internal External
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