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A STUDY ON STATUS OF WOMEN.

A STUDY ON STATUS OF WOMEN.

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Published by samimakhtar786
IF U EMPOWER THE WOMEN ,YOU EMPOWER THE PLANET.
IF U EMPOWER THE WOMEN ,YOU EMPOWER THE PLANET.

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Published by: samimakhtar786 on Feb 11, 2010
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10/18/2010

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EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT:A WOMAN’S PATH TO SELF MASTERY. By Abdul samim akhtar,L.L.

M Student, ORISSA

“If you empower a woman you will empower a family, if you empower the family then the state will be empowered, if you empowered the state the country will be empowered, if you empowered the country then you will empower the planet. “Said APJ Abdul Kalam. How true! A nation can grow only if its woman play their part in though and action. All talks about women being inferior to men are a myth surely not a fact. There are several episodes in our scriptures and history to substantiate this theory. History stands witness to the success of several women and mythology tells us stories about the guts and glory of women. One such woman with a tremendous will power was the legendary savitri. The story of savitri and Sathyavan is one of conjugal love conquering death. She is portrayed as a woman of truth, an embodiment of love and of strong will power that even the lord of Death “Yama” Himself has to accept defeat in the verbal battle that ensured between the two. Whether or not we believe this story is beside the point. All we are required to do is learn a lesson from this woman Savitri is a symbol, epitomizing the true strength and essence of women. Indian mythology has given a lot of importance to women and womanhood.

It is said that the Trimurti’s (Brahma, Bishnu, Shiva) themselves are governed by another supreme power “Goddess Shakti” who is this Goddess? She is the supreme power depicting “Truth and Love” Savitri was such an epitome of “Truth and Love” that even the mighty lord Yama himself had how before her. It’s her innate qualities of compassion endurance and sacrifice that has prompted nature to entrust her with the ability to give birth to a child, a task she does with ease. If she acts according to the dictates of her inner voice, then nothing can stop her from achieving what she aspires. This is exemplified by Savitri. Hence the demand that the be virtous and serve as a role model for her children. By kindling the innate virtues of love, patience, fortitude, compassion and sacrifice within her, she cans her old peace and harmony in the family. Then as said by our president, a happy family will lead to a happy planet won’t this herald the birth of a new era-an-era of peace and prosperity?

 No action can achieve success

unless education is accorded to all its citizens. It is the bounden duty of parents to rear their children to be staunch in their faith, for, every praiseworthy deed is born out of the light of religion and in the absence this, the child will not turn away from any evil. Will the students be brilliant and accomplished if the teacher is illiterate and ignorant?

In the early societies generally the males were playing an active role while the females play only the passive part? The societies were generally male dominated and the females were considered only a thing of enjoyment for men. However, there are contradictory views regarding the status of women in the ancient period. While one group has placed women as “equals of men”, the other are of the view that women were not only disrespected but were subject to cruelty and positive hatred also during those days.

During the Vedic period the women were said to be enjoying better status, power and freedom in all spheres of life. They were given all types of freedom and rights to act according to their own choice. During the rig Veda the entire responsibility of the household was vested in the hands of women and they were working and serving as guardians to the children and older members in the family.

Post Vedic period mainly refers to Brahmanic period, the puranic period and the Buddhist period. During this period the hierarchical system of four varnas firmly established itself and remained enduring for all times to come. During this period the status of women was lowered and certain societal evils came to rule the society badly affecting the dignity of women.

The medieval period include theRaj put period and Muslim Era. During This period the status of women was not that bad as was during the puranic period. In decision making rocessthe women were participated and regulated the administration thereby asserting their Political rights.During Muslim period the women were not respected. Facilities of education were denied to women and they were forced to remain under seclusion.

 During the fifteenth century some saints led by Ramnujacharya organized Bhakti movent which brings the new trends in the social and religious life of women. And during the later part of the eighth century Sankara charya, the famous Hindu saint was tring to revive the Hinduism and was also evolving methods in establishing the supremacy of Vedas again. As we know the Vedic period had given a high status to women. The saints like Chaitanya, Nanak, Kabir, Ram Das, Meerabai, Tulasi Das and Tukaram provide some sort of religious freedom to women.

 The Indian constitution is the most comprehensive and complete document containing the provisions of equality and justice which aims at protecting the dignity of each individual irrespective of class,caste,religion .This fundamental law of the land through various provisions particularly as laid down in the preamble,part-111 dealing with fundamental rights and in part-IV which deals with Directive principles of state policy thrive for securing gender justice thereby putting women at par with

men.

• Human Rights are inherent right and we enjoy it as because we are human beings. We must treat women equally along with men and hence their rights can never be delinked from human rights. So any violations of these rights in case of women should be treated severely. We may define human rights of women as "collective rights for a woman to be seen and accepted as a person with the capacity to decide or act on her own behalf and to have equal access to resources and equitable social, economic and political support to develop her full potential, exercise her right as a full human being and to support the development of others.The year 2001 was declared as the year of “Empowered Women “

• Industrialization. • Spread of education. • Initiation of social Movements. • Growth of Women’s organization. • Caste system Weakened. • Impact of social Legislation.

• Women work two-thirds of the world’s working hours. • Women earn only 10 percent of the world’s income. • Women own less than 1 percent of the world’s property. • Women make up two-thirds of the estimated 876 million adults worldwide

• According to last census held in 2001, the percentage of female literacy in the country is 54.16%.The literacy rate in the country has increased from 18.33% in 1951 to 65.38% as per 2001 census. The female literacy rate has also increased from 8.86% in 1951 to 54.16%. It is noticed that the female literacy rate during the period 1991-2001 increased by 14.87% whereas male literacy rate rose by 11.72%. Hence the female literacy rate actually increased by 3.15% more compared to male literacy rate.

• Gender based inequality. • Social discrimination and economic exploitation. • Occupation of girl child in domestic chores. • Low enrolment of girls in schools.

National Literacy Mission for imparting functional literacy . Universalisation for Elementary Education Non-Formal Education

 

 HEIGHTENED SOCIAL AWARENESS.  INCREASED SCHOOL ENROLMENT.   INCREASE IN SELF-CONFIDENCE PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT:

GENDER EQUITY AND WOMEN’S EMPOWERMENT. STATUS IN THE FAMILY . EDUCATIONAL EQUALITY . WOMEN AS ENTREPRENEURS . HEALTH AND HYGIENE

 Our state enact several laws for the protection and upliftment of women, but inspite of all women are fail to avail all such facilities because they are ignore about their rights. Only Education is the medium through which women get every right which are meant for her.and they bring themselves in comparasion to male person .

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