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Regents Prep #2

Name:
1.

Date:

Which document was issued primarily to prevent


European nations from future colonization in Latin
America?

3.

Publication of The Liberator


Kansas-Nebraska Act
Dred Scott decision
The events listed above all contributed to the

A.

Jay Treaty (1795)

B.

Alien and Sedition Acts (1798)

A.

outbreak of the Civil War

C.

Embargo Act (1807)

B.

formation of the policy of Manifest Destiny

D. Monroe Doctrine (1823)

C.

passage of the Missouri Compromise

D. annexation of Texas

2.

A major reason for Commodore Matthew Perrys


1854 visit to Japan was to
A.

prevent Japanese domination of the Pacific


region

B.

open United States trade relations with Japan

C.

encourage immigration from Japan

D. establish a naval base in Japan

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4.

Base your answer(s) to the following question(s)


on the quotation below and on your knowledge of
social studies.

6.

Base your answer to the following question on the


passage below and on your knowledge of social
studies.

. . . In your hands, my dissatisfied fellow


countrymen, and not in mine, is the
momentous issue of civil war. The
government will not assail you. You can
have no conflict without being yourselves the
aggressors. You have no oath registered in
Heaven to destroy the government, while I
shall have the most solemn one to preserve,
protect, and defend it.. . .

All persons born or naturalized in the


United States, and subject to the jurisdiction
thereof, are citizens of the United States
and of the State wherein they reside. No
State shall make or enforce any law which
shall abridge the privileges or immunities of
citizens of the United States; nor shall any
State deprive any person of life, liberty, or
property, without due process of law; nor
deny to any person within its jurisdiction the
equal protection of the laws.

President Abraham Lincoln,


First Inaugural Address,
March 4, 1861

14th amendment, Section 1,


United States Constitution

President Lincoln made this statement in an eort


to

This amendment was adopted in 1868 primarily to

A.

urge Congress to spend money to buy the


freedom of slaves

A.

protect the rights of formerly enslaved persons

B.

convince Southerners that he posed no threat


to their way of life

B.

make it easier for immigrants to become


citizens

C.

oer to compromise his position regarding


territorial expansion of slavery

C.

extend surage to settlers on the Great Plains

D. require the federal government to pay the


costs of Reconstruction

D. persuade Americans that war between the


North and South was unavoidable

5.

When President Lincoln made this speech, which


step toward civil war had already taken place?
A.

The Emancipation Proclamation had been


issued.

B.

Union troops had invaded several Southern


states.

C.

General Robert E. Lee had led an attack on


Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.

D. Several Southern states had seceded from the


Union.

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Regents Prep #2

7.

Base your answer to the following question on the


poster below and on your knowledge of social
studies.

8.

During the late 1800s, the principles of Social


Darwinism and laissez-faire economics were most
closely associated with the interests of
A.

farmers

B.

coal miners

C.

organizers of labor unions

D. owners of big businesses

9.

What happened as a result of oers like the one


shown on this 1872 poster?

Congress passed the Interstate Commerce Act


(1887) and the Sherman Antitrust Act (1890) in
response to
A.

foreign influences on the United States


economy

B.

public demand for better roads


monopolistic practices that were harmful to
small businesses

A.

More Native American Indians on the Great


Plains were forced onto reservations.

C.

B.

The government began to restrict the number


of acres that people could buy.

D. the failure of federal banks to provide loans


to individuals

C.

The Great Plains states became the new


center for manufacturing.

D. Missouri and Nebraska became new territories.

10.

In the 1890s, calls for limiting immigration were


largely the result of
A.

nativist reactions toward southern and eastern


Europeans

B.

a desire to achieve cultural pluralism

C.

the influence of industrialists

D. the adoption of a constitutional amendment

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Regents Prep #2

11.

During George Washingtons presidency, the


authority of the federal government was
strengthened by the
A.

elimination of political parties

B.

suppression of the Whiskey Rebellion

C.

formation of a military alliance with England

12.

D. establishment of a national language

Under the leadership of Chief Justice John


Marshall (18011835), the Supreme Court
expanded the influence of the national government
by
A.

forcing states to grant relief from personal


debt

B.

authorizing the president to use troops without


congressional approval

C.

ending the importation of enslaved Africans

D. strengthening federal powers over interstate


commerce and banking

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Regents Prep #2

13.

Base your answer(s) to the following question(s) on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.
The Louisiana Purchase

Source: American Military History, Center of


Military History, United States Army, 1989
(adapted)

The map shows the exploration routes of Lewis and Clark and of Zebulon Pike. A valid conclusion based on this
map is that these expeditions
A.

faced few barriers from natural features

B.

avoided land claimed by other countries

C.

used river systems to help them on their journeys

D. took the most direct routes to reach the Pacific Ocean

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Regents Prep #2

14.

Between 1800 and 1830, the National Road and the


Erie Canal were built to connect which regions?
A.

Atlantic Coast and Midwest

B.

South and New England

C.

Pacific Coast and Gulf Coast

17.

D. Great Plains and Rocky Mountains

Slavery throughout the United States was


permanently abolished by the
A.

ratification of the Constitution of the United


States

B.

approval of the Republican Party platform of


1860

C.

issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation

D. adoption of the 13th amendment to the


Constitution

15.

During the 1840s, supporters of Manifest Destiny


favored
A.

closing the frontier to settlement

B.

ending the American System

C.

acquiring Texas and California

D. ceding the Oregon territory to Russia


18.

Since the Southern states never legally left the


Union, they should be restored to the Union as
soon as possible.
The position expressed in this statement is most
closely associated with the beliefs of

16.

Which constitutional principle was the main focus


of the NorthSouth conflicts that led to the Civil
War?
A.

States rights

B.

due process of law

C.

separation of powers

A.

Robert E. Lee

B.

Thaddeus Stevens

C.

Jeerson Davis

D. Abraham Lincoln

D. presidential veto power

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Regents Prep #2

19.

Base your answer(s) to the following question(s)


below on the poem excerpt below and on your
knowledge of social studies.

21.

Keep ancient lands, your storied


pomp! cries she
With silent lips. Give me your tired,
your poor,
Your huddled masses yearning to
breathe free,
The wretched refuse of your teeming
shore.
Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost
to me,
I lift my lamp beside the golden door!
Emma Lazarus, The
New Colossus, 1883

A.

acquired California from Spain

B.

gained control of the port of New Orleans

C.

ended border conflicts with British Canada

D. annexed Florida

Which attitude about immigration is reflected in


this poem, which is inscribed on the Statue of
Liberty?

22.

The decision in Marbury v. Madison (1803) was


significant because it established that the Supreme
Court

A.

People from all nations should be welcomed.

A.

had limited powers over state courts

B.

Educated professionals should be given


preference.

B.

had the power to choose its own members

C.

Quotas should be adopted to limit certain


ethnic groups.

C.

could declare a federal law unconstitutional

D. could impeach the president and other


government ocials

D. The influx of unskilled people should be


restricted.

20.

One result of the purchase of the Louisiana


Territory (1803) was that the United States

23.

A major result of the Spanish-American War


(1898) was that the United States
A.

adopted a policy of isolationism

B.

assumed a more prominent role in world


aairs

C.

gave up control of territories outside the


Western Hemisphere

The constitutional controversy that led directly to


the start of the Civil War concerned the right of
states to
A.

control tari rates

B.

sign treaties with foreign nations

C.

redraw congressional districts

D. secede from the Union

D. increased foreign aid to European allies

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Regents Prep #2

24.

Which group benefited most directly from the


Supreme Court decision in Dred Scott v. Sanford
(1857)?
A.

abolitionists

B.

C.

slave owners

D. enslaved persons

26.

Base your answer to the following question on the


passage from the trial transcript below and on
your knowledge of social studies.
. . . MISS ANTHONY: When I was brought
before your honor for trial, I hoped for a
broad and liberal interpretation of the
Constitution and its recent amendments, that
should declare all United States citizens
under its protecting aegis [shield]-that should
declare equality of rights the national
guarantee to all persons born or naturalized
in the United States. But failing to get this
justice-failing, even, to get a trial by a jury
not of my peers-I ask not leniency at your
hands-but rather the full rigors of the law. . .

immigrants

Source: United States v. Susan B. Anthony, 1873


The constitutional amendments referred to in this
statement were ratified to
25.

Which title best completes the partial outline


below?
I.

A. California Gold Rush


(1849)
B. Homestead Act (1862)
C. Completion of
transcontinental railroad
(1869)

A.

Factors Encouraging Westward Settlement

B.

Government-Sponsored Transportation
Programs

C.

Recognition of Native American Indian Land


Rights

A.

end the importation of slaves

B.

increase federal revenue

C.

institute national Prohibition

D. provide legal rights to African Americans

27.

D. Actions Promoting the Conservation of


Natural Resources

Which statement best describes how the status of


African Americans in the South changed soon
after the end of Reconstruction in 1877?
A.

The Supreme Court consistently supported


civil rights for African Americans.

B.

Poll taxes and literacy tests were eliminated


for African Americans.

C.

Increasing numbers of African Americans


were elected to public oce.

D. African Americans faced increasing


discrimination and segregation.

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Regents Prep #2

28.

The theory of laissez-faire economics was used


during the late 1800s to

31.

A.

justify unregulated business growth

A.

judicial review

B.

call for more consumer protection

B.

the impeachment process for civil ocers

C.

support Progressive programs

C.

lifetime oces for justices

D. achieve equal distribution of income

29.

In Marbury v. Madison (1803), the Supreme Court


established a precedent for

D. treaty ratification procedures

Base your answer(s) to the following question(s)


on the speakers statements below and on your
knowledge of social studies.
Speaker A:
Speaker B:
Speaker C:
Speaker D:

The best way to prevent corruption in government is to allow citizens a


direct role in the legislative process.
Breaking up trusts and monopolies will increase business competition.

An important goal of the federal government should be the protection


of our natural resources.
Government will only improve when women are granted full surage.

Which speakers statement is most directly related


to the political concepts of initiative, referendum,
and recall?
A.

B.

C.

32.

D. D

The Lewis and Clark expedition (18031806) was


important because it
A.

determined the route of the first


transcontinental railroad

B.

opened an all-water route to the Gulf of


Mexico

C.

removed the British threat from the Northwest


Territory

D. increased understanding of the area included


in the Louisiana Purchase
30.

Which two speakers viewpoints reflect actions


taken by Theodore Roosevelt when he was
president (19011909)?
A.

A and B

B.

B and C

C.

C and D

D. D and A

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Regents Prep #2

33.

Base your answer to the following question on the


statement below and on your knowledge of social
studies.

34.

Base your answer(s) to the following question(s)


on the map below and your knowledge of social
studies

. . . The whole military force of the State is at


the service of a Mr. Suttle, a slaveholder
from Virginia, to enable him to catch a man
whom he calls his property; but not a soldier
is oered to save a citizen of Massachusetts
from being kidnapped! Is this what all these
soldiers, all this training, have been for these
seventy-nine years past [since the beginning
of the American Revolution]? Have they
been trained merely to rob Mexico and carry
back fugitive slaves to their masters?. . .
Henry David Thoreau,
Independence Day speech at
Framingham, Massachusetts

Which conclusion is most clearly supported by the


information in the map?

The author of this statement is expressing


dissatisfaction with a provision included in the

A.

The belief in laissez-faire prevented the


federal government from helping railroads.

A.

Treaty of Ghent (1815)

B.

B.

Oregon Treaty of 1846

The federal government promoted


transcontinental railroad construction.

C.

Compromise of 1850

C.

Western railroads generated little profit for


their owners.

D. Railroad companies had to buy the land they


needed for construction.

D. Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854)

35.

What was a result of the railroad construction


shown on the map?
A.

A national market developed in the United


States.

B.

Silver and gold mining opportunities


decreased.

C.

Railroad companies gave free land to settlers.

D. Steel factories relocated from the Great Lakes


region to the Rocky Mountain states.

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Regents Prep #2

36.

President Abraham Lincolns plan for


Reconstruction after the Civil War included
A.

restoring the social conditions that existed


before the war began

B.

conducting trials for former Confederate


leaders

C.

destroying the economic and social power of


the Southern planters

38.

Base your answer to the following question on the


cartoon below and on your knowledge of social
studies.

D. reuniting the nation as quickly as possible

37.

After the Civil War, freedmen in the South had


diculty improving their economic condition
because
A.

literacy for formerly enslaved persons was


prohibited

B.

migration of factory workers from Northern


cities had created competition for jobs

C.

the federal government confiscated their


40-acre grants

This cartoon is expressing support for


A.

the Populist crusade

B.

womans surage

C.

national Prohibition

D. protective taris

D. the system of sharecropping kept them in a


cycle of poverty

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Regents Prep #2

39.

In the second half of the 1800s, which development


led to the other three?
A.

expansion of political machines

B.

growth of American cities

C.

development of tenement housing

42.

Jackson Vetoes Bank Recharter Bill for


Political Reasons
Jackson Refuses to Enforce Worcester v.
Georgia Decision
Which conclusion about President Andrew Jackson
is most consistent with these headlines?

D. increase in crime

40.

The Roosevelt Corollary (1904) to the Monroe


Doctrine proclaimed the right of the United States
to
A.

intervene in the internal aairs of Latin


American nations

B.

impose trade restrictions on European imports

C.

promote democracy in Africa

Jackson Replaces Many Government Workers


With His Supporters

A.

He allowed Congress to decide controversial


issues.

B.

He expanded presidential powers.

C.

He demonstrated weakness in dealing with


domestic issues.

D. He relied on the Supreme Court to settle


disputes.

D. determine the border between Alaska and


Canada

43.

41.

Which event led directly to the secession of several


Southern states from the Union?

What was a major foreign policy goal of the


United States during the first half of the 1800s?

A.

violence in Kansas over the spread of slavery

B.

election of Abraham Lincoln as president

A.

forming defense alliances with European


nations

C.

publication of Uncle Toms Cabin

B.

establishing colonies in the Caribbean and


Latin America

C.

maintaining neutrality while increasing foreign


trade

D. raid by John Brown at Harpers Ferry

D. continuing the transatlantic African slave trade

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Regents Prep #2

44. After the Civil War, the purpose of adding


the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments to the
Constitution was to
A.

grant civil and political rights to Native


American Indians

B.

allow women to become full citizens

C.

guarantee African Americans equal treatment


under the law

46.

Base your answer to the following question on the


legislation below and on your knowledge of social
studies.
That the master of any vessel who shall
knowingly bring within the United States on
such vessel, and land or permit to be landed,
any Chinese laborer, from any foreign port
or place, shall be deemed guilty of a
misdemeanor, and on conviction thereof shall
be punished by a fine of not more than five
hundred dollars for each and every such
Chinese laborer so brought, and may be also
imprisoned for a term not exceeding one year.

D. extend constitutional rights to new territories

Section 2, Chinese Exclusion Act, 1882


Passage of this legislation was mainly a response
to
A.

economic and race-based opposition to


immigrants in the western United States

B.

demands by businesses for additional workers

C.

eorts of the American Federation of Labor


to recruit skilled workers

D. pressure from railroads to limit competition in


shipping
45.

Which form of agriculture was created and became


dominant in the South in the decades immediately
following the Civil War?
A.

homesteading

B.

sharecropping

C.

ranching

D. cooperative farming

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Regents Prep #2

47.

Base your answer to the following question on


the map below and on your knowledge of social
studies.

49.

Which Progressive Era muckrakers book led to


the passage of the Meat Inspection Act?
A.

Jacob Riiss How the Other Half Lives

B.

Lincoln Steenss The Shame of the Cities

C.

Upton Sinclairs The Jungle

D. Frank Norriss The Octopus


Source: Robert A. Divine et al., America Past and Present, Scott, Foresman and Co., 1987 (adapted)

The military districts shown on the map were


created during Reconstruction to
A.

create economic and social equality in the


South

B.

pay for the physical rebuilding of the South

C.

move Native American Indians to reservations

D. govern the former Confederate states

50.
48.

Settlement of the Great Plains


Creation of standard time zones
Establishment of the first federal regulatory
agency
Introduction of new methods of business
management and finance
These developments in the late 19th century show
the importance of
A.

railroads on the development of the United


States

B.

agrarian reformers in western states

C.

the labor union movement on the nation

During the Progressive Era, Presidents Theodore


Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, and Woodrow
Wilson broke with the policies of late 19th-century
presidents concerning
A.

colonial expansion

B.

federal ownership of railroads

C.

laissez-faire economic practices

D. civil rights for African Americans

D. the oil industry in increasing American power


in the world

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Regents Prep #2

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Regents Prep #2

06/01/2015

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