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Regents Prep #3

Name:
1.

Date:

During the Progressive Era, support for a


graduated income tax was based primarily on the
A.

desire of corporations to reduce their taxes

B.

need to raise income from the lower classes

C.

belief that all people should be taxed the


same

3.

Base your answer(s) to the following question(s)


on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of
social studies.
The Protectors of Our Industries.

D. resentment over the unequal distribution of


wealth

Source: Bernhard Gillam, Puck, 1883 (adapted)

Which statement most accurately expresses the


main idea of this 1883 cartoon?

2.

President Theodore Roosevelt strengthened the


Monroe Doctrine by establishing the policy that
the United States would
A.

require Latin American nations to end trade


with Europe

B.

reduce Asian influence in Latin America

C.

intervene in Latin America to prevent


European interference

A.

Most workers in the United States can become


business owners.

B.

Business owners have achieved wealth through


their own hard work.

C.

Social classes arise from the natural


dierences in the abilities of individuals.

D. The wealthy are benefiting from the eorts of


the working class.

D. develop military alliances with Pacific naval


powers

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4.

The problem shown in the cartoon was addressed


during the late 1800s primarily by the

6.

A.

organization of labor unions

A.

taking control of meatpacking facilities

B.

implementation of the Populist Party platform

B.

C.

elimination of child labor

sending federal troops to end a strike by


meatpackers

C.

banning imported meat products

D. increase in immigrant workers

5.

In 1906, the federal government responded to the


situation shown in the cartoon by

D. authorizing government inspection of meat


processing plants

Base your answer(s) to the following question(s)


on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of
social studies.

7.

A NAUSEATING JOB,
BUT IT MUST BE DONE

Base your answer(s) to the following question(s)


on the passage below and on your knowledge of
social studies.
We intend to begin on the first of
February unrestricted submarine warfare.
We shall endeavor in spite of this to keep
the United States of America neutral. In
the event of this not succeeding, we make
Mexico a proposal or alliance on the
following basis: make war together, make
peace together, generous financial support
and an understanding on our part that
Mexico is to reconquer the lost territory in
Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona. . . .
Zimmerman telegram, 1917

Source: Utica Saturday Globe, 1906 (adapted)

The disclosure of this document contributed to

Which book was responsible for prompting the


investigation illustrated in this cartoon?
A.

The Octopus by Frank Norris

B.

The Jungle by Upton Sinclair

C.

The Shame of the Cities by Lincoln Steens

A.

a declaration of war against Mexico

B.

the entry of the United States into World


War I

C.

the passage of the Treaty of Versailles

D. a restriction on immigration from Latin


America

D. How the Other Half Lives by Jacob Riis

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Regents Prep #3

8.

10.

Harding Rejects Wilsons Foreign


PolicyWants Return to Normalcy

Coolidge Declares: The Chief Business of the


American People Is Business

What was a major result of President Herbert


Hoovers use of the military to drive the Bonus
Army out of the nations capital?

Hoover Calls for Rugged Individualism;


Rejects Paternalism and Socialism

A.

Army veterans widely approved President


Hoovers decision.

Which policy of Republican presidents in the


1920s is most consistent with the positions stated
in these headlines?

B.

President Hoovers reelection campaign was


damaged.

C.

Habeas corpus was suspended across the


country.

A.

The United States should assist unions and


provide old-age insurance.

B.

The United States should acquire and protect


an empire.

C.

The federal government should support the


poor and raise farm prices.

D. The Supreme Court declared the action


unconstitutional.

D. The federal government should assist business


and limit foreign commitments.

11.

9.

During the 1920s, which economic trend helped


cause the Great Depression?
A.

buying goods on credit

B.

saving rather than spending

C.

continuing shortages of consumer goods

Booker T. Washington and W. E. B. Du Bois


agreed that African Americans should
A.

use education to gain opportunities

B.

support a Back to Africa movement

C.

take part in boycotts to end segregation

D. adopt a gradual approach to gain the right to


vote

D. imposing low taris on imported products

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Regents Prep #3

12.

Base your answer(s) to the following question(s)


on the headlines below and on your knowledge of
social studies.

14.

The term muckraker was used during the


Progressive Era to describe
A.

dissatisfied workers who went on strike

B.

Northerners who went South following the


Civil War

C.

investigative journalists who exposed societal


problems

D. women who supported the Prohibition


movement

These 1898 headlines are best understood as an


example of

15.

The establishment of the Open Door policy


(18991900) and the response to the Boxer
Rebellion (1900) showed that the United States
wanted to

A.

political advertising

B.

yellow journalism

A.

curb Russian expansion

C.

public opinion polling

B.

gain access to Chinese markets

C.

build factories in the Far East

D. isolationist policies

D. limit Asian immigration to the United States

13.

16.

The purpose of these headlines was to build public


support for
A.

eorts to defend the Panama Canal

B.

the annexation of Cuba

C.

an end to the policy of imperialism

D. the war against Spain

Which statement best summarizes the perspective


of President Theodore Roosevelt concerning natural
resources?
A.

Decisions about conservation are best left to


the states.

B.

Corporations can be trusted to use natural


resources wisely.

C.

The federal government must protect the


nations lands from exploitation.

D. The free market should set the value of the


nations natural resources.

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Regents Prep #3

17.

Progressive Era reformers tried to reduce the gap


in wealth between the rich and the poor by

20.

A.

creating the Federal Reserve System

A.

B.

giving voters the power of referendum and


recall

financing the construction of apartments in


New York City

B.

gaining passage of civil rights legislation

C.

implementing a graduated income tax

C.

helping elect African Americans to high


political oces

D. establishing the Federal Trade Commission

18.

The Harlem Renaissance of the 1920s expanded


the influence of African Americans by

D. promoting the artistic contributions of African


Americans

During World War I, many African Americans


living in the South moved to northern cities
primarily because
A.

more workers were needed in industry

B.

prejudice had been eliminated in the North

C.

armative action programs provided better


training opportunities

D. the cost of living in the cities was lower

19.

Which event of the 1920s best reflects the conflict


in American society between science and religion?
A.

passage of the quota acts

B.

Scopes trial

C.

trial of Sacco and Vanzetti

D. Red Scare

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Regents Prep #3

21.

Base your answer(s) to the following queston(s)


on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of
social studies.

22.

The Rising of the Usurpers and the


Sinking of the Liberties of the People

Which individual is most closely associated with


creating the situation shown in the cartoon?
A.

William Jennings Bryan

B.

Booker T. Washington

C.

John D. Rockefeller

D. Giord Pinchot

23.

Maintaining trading opportunities in China for


United States businesses was the primary purpose
of
A.

the Open Door Policy

B.

the Roosevelt Corollary

C.

the Gentlemens Agreement

D. Dollar Diplomacy

Source: Thomas Nast, 1889 (adapted)

The cartoonist is commenting on the


A.

pollution in New York harbor

B.

excessive power of big business

C.

slum conditions in New York City

24.

D. limits placed on immigration

A major reason for the creation of the Federal


Reserve System (1913) was to
A.

regulate the supply of money in the economy

B.

lend money directly to consumers at low


interest rates

C.

finance public works projects

D. invest government money in private industries

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Regents Prep #3

25.

The clear and present danger principle stated by


the Supreme Court in Schenck v. United States
(1919) had the eect of
A.

prohibiting the president from implementing a


military draft

B.

preventing the wartime internment of citizens

C.

restricting the formation of defense alliances

28.

Electoral Vote, 1928 Presidential Election

rejection by President Woodrow Wilson of


internationalism

B.

fear of becoming involved in another European


war

C.

high financial cost of membership

National Atlas (adapted)

Which conclusion is most clearly supported by the


information provided by these maps?

Which factor was the basis of the United States


Senates opposition to the League of Nations after
World War I?
A.

Electoral Vote, 1936 Presidential Election

Source:

D. limiting freedom of speech during wartime

26.

Base your answer to the following question on


the maps below and on your knowledge of social
studies.

A.

The Great Depression altered American


political preferences.

B.

The Republican Party remained strong in the


deep South.

C.

The Democratic Party lost support in the


Northeast between the two elections.

D. Most voters believed in traditional approaches


to economic problems.

D. concern over communist control of


international organizations

27.

Radical Immigrants Deported


Bombs Explode on Wall Street
Palmer Raids Criticized by Congress
These post-World War I headlines are most closely
associated with the
A.

Volstead Act

B.

Ku Klux Klan

C.

Scopes trial

D. Red Scare

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Regents Prep #3

29.

The annual quota of any nationality shall be 2 per


centum of the number of foreign-born individuals
of such nationality resident in continental United
States as determined by the United States census
of 1890, but the minimum quota of any nationality
shall be 100.

31.

Section 11a, Immigration Act of 1924

The passage of this act reflects the American


publics perception that
A.

too many immigrants were coming into the


country

B.

dictatorships were emerging in western Europe

C.

fewer workers were needed in consumer goods


industries

In the early 20th century, muckrakers were able to


influence American society mainly by
A.

organizing demonstrations in large cities

B.

contributing to presidential election campaigns

C.

lobbying members of Congress

D. exposing corruption in business and


government

D. economic prosperity was dependent on


unskilled foreign labor

32.

30.

Which statement about President Theodore


Roosevelts Square Deal is an opinion rather than
a fact?
A.

During the early 20th century, W. E. B. Du Bois


was best known as a leader in the

The Square Deal included policies to increase


railroad regulation.

B.

Consumer protection was an element of the


Square Deal.

A.

creation of technical schools for African


Americans

C.

Square Deal policy made distinctions between


good and bad trusts.

B.

formation of the National Association for the


Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)

C.

development of the Back to Africa


movement

D. The Square Deal was superior to any other


presidents program.

D. eort to modernize farming in the South

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Regents Prep #3

33.

35.

Governor Defeated in Recall Election


Referendum Held on Term Limits
Conservationists Propose Initiative on National
Parks
These headlines are all examples of Progressive
Era reforms designed to
A.

place more power in the hands of the voters

B.

strengthen the power of state legislatures

C.

decrease States rights and increase federal


power

The Scopes trial and the Sacco and Vanzetti case


both involved
A.

disputes over the death penalty

B.

clashes over cultural values

C.

protests by temperance leaders

D. challenges to search and seizure protections

D. exclude specific ethnic groups from the


political process

36.
34.

During World War I, what was President Woodrow


Wilsons purpose in outlining the Fourteen Points?
A.

asking Congress for additional funding for the


war eort

B.

suggesting a peace plan to prevent future wars

C.

proposing war crimes trials for leaders of


enemy nations

The prosperity of the United States in the


mid-1920s resulted in part from
A.

increased demand for new consumer goods

B.

high-wage contracts negotiated by labor


unions

C.

record-high farm prices

D. increased government regulation of the


economy

D. calling for military alliances against aggressor


nations

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Regents Prep #3

37.

Base your answer to the following question on the


photograph below and on our knowledge of social
studies.

38.

Base your answer to the following question on the


cartoon below and on your knowledge of social
studies.

Bonus Army shacks burn on


Anacostia flats, Washington, D.C.,
after being attacked by military, 1932.
The capitol is in the background.

Many Americans responded to photographs such


as this by
A.

opposing government subsidies for low-income


housing

B.

petitioning Congress to decrease funding for


the Veterans Administration

C.

demanding legislation to increase the power


of the military

Which statement most accurately expresses the


viewpoint of the cartoonist?

D. criticizing the government for its treatment of


World War I veterans

A.

New Deal programs are endangering the


country.

B.

Most Americans support New Deal programs.

C.

Supreme Court decisions are overturning New


Deal programs.

D. New Deal programs emphasize health care


reforms.

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Regents Prep #3

39.

Base your answer(s) to the following question(s)


on the song lyrics below and on your knowledge
of social studies.

40.

Dust Storm Disaster


On the 14th day of April of 1935,
There struck the worst of dust storms that ever
filled the sky.
You could see that dust storm comin, the cloud
looked deathlike black,
And through our mighty nation, it left a dreadful
track. . . .

41.

It covered up our fences, it covered up our barns,


It covered up our tractors in the wild and dusty
storm.
We loaded our jalopies and piled our families in,
We rattled down that highway to never come back
again.
Woody Guthrie
Which region of the United States was most
directly aected by the situation described in this
song?
Southeast

B.

C.

Great Plains

D. Pacific Northwest

A.

sharecroppers in the South

B.

migrant farm workers on the West Coast

C.

fishermen in New England

D. coal miners in the Ohio River valley

The storm took place at sundown, it lasted through


the night,
When we looked out next morning, we saw a
terrible sight.
We saw outside our window where wheat fields
they had grown
Was now a rippling ocean of dust the wind had
blown.

A.

These song lyrics were written about people who


became

The term muckraker was used in the early 1900s


to describe writers who
A.

supported limits on government regulation

B.

exposed abuses in American society

C.

wanted the United States to ban all


immigration

D. promoted racial integration eorts

Great Lakes

42.

In the early 1900s, the United States proposed the


Open Door policy to
A.

gain new colonies in the Pacific

B.

win support for building the Panama Canal

C.

improve relations with Europe

D. secure access to markets in China

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Regents Prep #3

43.

Which title best completes the partial outline


below?
I.

45.

Base your answer(s) to the following question(s)


on the map and on your knowledge of social
studies.
Labors Struggle for Justice, 18801920

A. No government without
consent of the governed
B. High cost of defending
territories outside the
United States
C. United States tradition of
noninvolvement

A.

Americas New Immigration Policy

B.

Reasons for Overseas Expansion

C.

Causes of the Spanish-American War

Source: Gary B. Nash, American


Odyssey: The United States in The
Twentieth Century, Glencoe, 1994 (adapted)

D. Arguments Opposing Imperialism

Which generalization about labor unions in


the United States is most clearly supported by
information on the map?

authorize Congress to set interest rates

B.

regulate the nations money supply

C.

allow the government to own the nations


banks

The federal government supported labor union


activities.

B.

Strikes by labor unions were often suppressed


by government actions.

C.

Labor union membership was limited to mine


workers.

D. State governments oered to arbitrate labor


disputes.

44. The Federal Reserve System was created in 1913


to
A.

A.

46.

D. take over the responsibility of printing money

Which was the first labor strike to end with the


president intervening on behalf of the workers?
A.

1886 Haymarket Aair

B.

1894 Pullman Strike

C.

1902 Anthracite Coal Strike

D. 1912 Textile Strike

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Regents Prep #3

47.

Base your answer to the following question on the


posters below and on your knowledge of social
studies.

49.

Base your answer to the following question on


the chart below and on your knowledge of social
studies.
Depression Era Unemployment Statistics
Year
1929
1930
1931

A.

increase military enlistments

B.

reduce the use of consumer goods

C.

invest in the war eort

11,340,000

1937

8.9

24.1

12,830,000

25.2

10,610,000

20.3

9,030,000
7,700,000

22.0
17.0

14.3

1938

10,390,000

1940

8,120,000

14.6

2,660,000

4.7

1939

9,480,000

1941

5,560,000

1943

1,070,000

1942

D. conserve scarce resources for the military

16.3

1934

1936

The United States government published these


World War I posters to encourage Americans to

8,020,000

4,340,000

12,060,000

1935

Library of Congress

1,550,000

Percentage
of Civilian
Labor Force
3.2

1932
1933
Source:

Number of
Unemployed

1944
1945

670,000

1,040,000

19.1
17.2
9.9
1.9
1.2
1.9

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census


Which conclusion is most clearly supported by the
information in the chart?

48.

After World War I, one way in which the Red


Scare, the passing of the Quota Acts, and the
growth of the Ku Klux Klan were similar is that
they all
A.

exploited fears about people who were


considered un-American

B.

encouraged the assimilation of new immigrants


into American society

C.

supported the goals of the surage movement

A.

President Herbert Hoovers economic policies


expanded job opportunities.

B.

The United States unemployment rate reached


its highest level in 1938.

C.

President Franklin D. Roosevelts New Deal


programs failed to address the unemployment
crisis.

D. World War II ended the high unemployment


rates of the Great Depression.

D. exhibited prejudice against African Americans

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Regents Prep #3

50.

As part of the New Deal, the Securities and


Exchange Commission (SEC) and the Federal
Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) were
created to
A.

allow for a quick recovery of stock prices

B.

provide direct loans to businesses

C.

protect individual investors from stock fraud


and bank failure

D. allow banks and companies to invest in the


stock market

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Regents Prep #3

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Regents Prep #3

06/01/2015

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