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Guide to Re Orientating Urban Planning Towards Local Agenda 21 - EC WHO - 1999

Guide to Re Orientating Urban Planning Towards Local Agenda 21 - EC WHO - 1999

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Published by: PublicHealthbyDesign on Feb 11, 2010
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Box 10.
Copenhagen’s city health plan for 1994–1997: proposals for a
healthy city

Copenhagen’s city health plan covers prevention of illness and health promotion
activities in the entire City of Copenhagen (Denmark). The report covers:

•challenges for Copenhagen as a healthy city
•the principles of health promotion
•analysis of the health situation
•the priorities for health promotion
•networks for health
•health promotion settings
•themes for health promotion
•appropriate target groups for health care
•the support functions needed to achieve the plan
•implementation of the proposals.

Source: Healthy city plan of the City of Copenhagen, 1994–1997 (17)

This phase concentrates on
implementation and monitoring. Even the
best action plan does not guarantee that
problems will be solved and needs will be
met or that life in a city will be healthier or
more sustainable. Citizens and service
users are often sceptical about planning
and plans. The failure of local


Towards a new planning process

governments to implement plans is often
attributed to a lack of will on the part of
local government institutions and officials.
The ultimate outcome of a plan should not
be the plan itself but institutional reform
followed by action. The results of the plan
should be integrated into the local
administrative practices, including
budgetary priorities, investment and
development decisions. In addition, the
people who have conceived the plan
should be able to transform the
organizational structures they used for
planning into organizational structures that
have specific responsibilities and
capabilities for implementation. This phase
can lead to the creation of effective

structures for jurisdictional reform,
decentralization, interdepartmental
coordination and the establishment of
effective planning links. Finally, monitoring
should be realized through internal auditing
and reform of procedures, rules and
standards (25).

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