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Divisions of the Nervous

By: Kyle Gericke, Michael Stachelski, and David Woelkers

Central Nervous System

The central nervous system relays messages,

processes and analyzes information.
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Connective tissues called meninges protect
both the brain and spinal cord.
Cerebrospinal fluid bathes the brain and
spinal cord and acts as a shock protector.
The fluid also allows for the exchange of
nutrients and waste products between blood
and nervous tissue.

The Brain

The cerebrum, the largest and most important

part of the brain, is responsible for the voluntary
or conscious actions of the body.
The cerebellum is in the back of the skull and it
conducts muscles when and how to move.
The brain stem connects the brain to the spine.
The brain stem regulates the flow of info
through the body.
The thalamus and hypothalamus are between
the brain stem and the cerebrum. The thalamus
is a receiver of messages from the sense organs,
the hypothalamus is an analyzer.

The Spinal Cord

The spinal cord is the main communication

link between the brain and the rest of the
Thirty-one pairs of spinal nerves branch out
from the spinal cord.
Reflexes are processed directly in the spinal
cord. A reflex is a quick, automatic response
to a stimulus, such as sneezing and blinking.
Reflexes allow your body to quickly respond
to danger.

The Peripheral Nervous System

The peripheral nervous system receives info

from the environment and relays commands
from the central nervous system to organs and
It can be divided into the sensory division and
motor division.
The sensory division transmits impulses from
sense organs to the central nervous system.
The motor division transmits impulses from
the central nervous system to the muscles or
The motor division is divided further into the
somatic and autonomic nervous systems.

The Somatic Nervous System

The somatic nervous system regulates

activities that are under conscious control,
such as the movement of skeletal muscles.
Some somatic nerves are also involved
with reflexes and can act with or without
conscious control.
A rapid response to pain is possible
because receptors in your skin stimulate
sensory neurons, which carry the impulse
to your spinal cord.
The impulse sends a message which
causes your muscles to pull your body
from the pain.

The Autonomic Nervous System

The autonomic nervous system controls

activities that are involuntary, like your
heartbeat and digestion.
The autonomic nervous system can be
divided further into the sympathetic and
parasympathetic nervous systems.
Most organs are under the control of both of
these divisions, although they have opposite