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CHAPTER 3

This chapter briefly presents the different methods and procedures used by the

researcher in doing his investigation. It consists of the research design, the research

locale, and the subjects. It also includes the instruments used in the collection and

gathering of data, as well as the statistical tools used in processing and analyzing the data.

Research Method

This study utilized the descriptive correlational design. Sanchez (1998) stated

that descriptive research includes all studies that purport to present facts concerning the

conditions, a class of events, a system of thought or any other kind of phenomena which

one may wish to study. In this study, the nature and status of the Medical Technology

The study also employed a correlational design in order to determine the extent to

which the different variables are related to each other in the population of interest.

Through this method, the researcher was able to ascertain how much variation is caused

by each of the independent variables to the dependent variable. The magnitude and

direction of the relationship was determined and was used for further computations to

Technology graduates, was measured and the formers’ predictive value determined.

44

The subjects of the study were the medical technology graduates of Angeles

University Foundation who graduated from 1995 – 2000. Each of the subjects should

have taken the licensure examination on the same year as their graduation, that is, they

should have graduated March and have taken the board examination on September of the

year they graduated regardless of whether the former passed or not. All graduates who

have re-enrolled a failed subject from a school other than Angeles University Foundation

were disqualified. There were a total of one hundred sixty nine (169) medical technology

Dean’s Office of College of Allied Medical Professions, the Office of the University

Morayta, Manila.

The College of Allied Medical Professions opened its doors to the first batch of

students for both Medical Technology and Physical Therapy on June 1990 and has since

been in the pursuit of academic excellence. The academic programs cited were given the

stamp of approval by the Professional Regulation Commission and were later granted

government recognition on June 15, 1992 and August 25, 1993 respectively.

Commission as the college ranked 3rd among 68 schools offering Medical Technology 8th

45

Research Instruments

The researcher gathered data by examining, verifying and analyzing the grading

sheets from the College of Allied Medical Professions and of the Registrar’s Office. The

Upon approval of the request letter, the researcher gathered the grading sheets of

A data matrix table was prepared to encode all the data needed in the study. The

data matrix was used together with a data-coding manual. The data encoded on the

matrix table included the year the students graduated, their names, academic ratings in

the different subject areas, their internship grades, seminar grades, and board examination

performance which is inclusive of all ratings per subject taken and the general weighted

average.

Data Collection

The initial phase of the study was the gathering of data pertaining to the medical

Professions from academic year 1995 – 2000. A letter was sent to the Dean of CAMP to

seek permission to review the records of the 1995 to 2000 graduates. The researcher

Commission and to the Registrar so that records of the medical technology graduates’

46

board examination performance as well as the academic, clinical and seminar ratings can

be availed of respectively.

An endorsement letter from the Dean of CAMP presented to the Registrar enabled

the researcher to access the grading sheets of the subjects for their grades in the different

Medical Technology subject areas. Comparison was made between the data obtained

For the medical technology graduates’ board examination ratings, the researcher

presented the endorsement letter of the Dean of CAMP to the section chief of the

Educational Task Force of the Professional Regulation Commission. All data collected

A. The data gathered were tallied, tabulated, analyzed and interpreted. The data for the

academic, clinical and seminar ratings were grouped based on the following (CAMP

Bulletin 2000):

97 – Excellent

91 – 96 – Very Good

82 – 90 – Good

77 – 81 – Satisfactory

75 – 76 – Passed

below 75 – Failed

To analyze and describe the data obtained, the researcher made use of a computer

program called Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS version 9.05). The

47

1. Frequency Distribution

was employed to describe the board examination ratings and scores in each of the

subject areas given during the licensure examination which includes Clinical

clinical ratings were not described using this statistical tool since the CAMP

2. Percentage Distribution

data. This statistical tool characterized all variables under study, which includes

the academic, clinical, and seminar ratings as well as the board examination

total number of respondents

3. Mean

the score scale which is equal to the sum of scores divided by the number of

48

respondents (Cassens, 1987). Subjected to these tests were the academic, seminar

and clinical ratings as well as the board examination performance of the Medical

Technology graduates.

X = Σ Xifi

N

Where:

X = mean

Xi = midpoint

fi = frequency

N = number of cases

3. Standard Deviation

The standard deviation is the positive square root of the variance (Reyes,

1996). It is the most useful measure of dispersion (Cassens, 1987) and was used

to describe the variation and scatter of values of the variables academic, clinical,

and seminar ratings. This statistical tool also described the degree of dispersion

1983):

2 2

s= NΣ X – (Σ X)

√ N (N-1)

Where:

s = standard deviation

N = number of cases

X = value for the observation

Σ = summation symbol

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B. To test the null hypothesis, the following inferential statistics were employed:

1. Pearson r

each of the following variables and the board examination ratings were

A. Academic Ratings

B. Seminar Ratings

C. Clinical Ratings

Formula:

NΣ XY – (Σ X) (Σ Y)

Where:

N = number of cases or observations

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Value Interpretation

0 No correlation

After the correlation coefficients are computed, the algebraic signs, either

(-) = Inverse relationship where the variables move in opposite direction. When

2. Predictive Value

multiplying it by 100.

2

Predictive value = r x 100

51

how strongly two variables relate to each other (both magnitude and direction),

linear regression will answer the question by how much will y (dependent

obtained, which shows the way in which y changes as a result of change in x. The

Y = a + bx

The value for the intercept or constant, which is a, may be computed as follows

(Reyes, 1996):

a = X – bY

where:

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a = value for the constant or intercept and makes the mean of the

actual or observed values equal to the predicted values of Y

b = value for the slope of the line and indicates the amount of

change in Y per unit change in X.

b= nΣ XY - Σ XΣ Y

2 2

nΣ X – (Σ X)

Where:

4. Multiple Regression.

variables) are related to another (called the dependent or criterion variable), this

method is made use of. This technique is able to give information on the ways in

which the independent variables combined relate to the dependent variable, and

how each of the variables relate to the dependent variable, separately (Dancey,

1999).

53

as follows:

The independent variables academic, clinical and seminar ratings were the

variable.

was used to determine the rejection or acceptance of the null hypotheses. This

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