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Designing a Photograph

Designing a Photograph

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Published by Tricia Sullivan
Quick and simple instrtuctions for composing great photos.
Quick and simple instrtuctions for composing great photos.

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Published by: Tricia Sullivan on Feb 12, 2010
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05/11/2014

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Designing a Photograph

Fundamentals of Composition

Concepts of Clear Visual Communication
• In general, good pictures result from careful attention to some basic elements of composition, together with appropriate lighting and an interesting subject. • There is, however, no "right" way to take a picture. • Three photographers recording the same scene may create equally appealing photographs with entirely different composition.
"What message do I want my picture to deliver?"

Subject/Ground
• Subject = the Center of Attention • Ground = the context w/i which the subject exist • A strong and well defined subject is essential • Rule of thumb – if you can’t clearly state what the subject of a photo is, instantly, then the composition may be weak

Subject/Ground

Subject/Ground (Bad)

Subject/Ground (Bad)

Techniques to Direct Focus
• • • • • Selective Focus Rule of Thirds Converging/Leading Lines Framing Simplicity

Selective Focus

Selective Focus

Rule of Thirds
• Creates visual motion • Where the lines intersect are the "power spots" • At least 90% of the time one can get a better image by moving the subject off center

Rule of Thirds

Advanced Rule of Thirds
• Another cool "Rule of Thirds" trick is to try to string your subject from one third of the frame to the opposite third • It gives it a nice flow and is almost a guarantee of a powerful image • You can usually do this just by changing camera position

Converging/Leading Lines
• Use lines to draw the viewer to your subject or create motion

Converging/Leading Lines

Converging/Leading Lines

Framing
• Framing can help enhance the importance of another element by drawing attention to it

Framing

Framing

Framing

Simplicity
• KISS it • Avoid distracting elements

Simplicity

Next Time…
• • • • • • • • • Perspective/Viewpoint Contrast Balance/Symmetry Movement Human Interest Repeating Shapes Continuation Move in Close/Get Down Movement

Proximity
• Watch out for unwanted groupings

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