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Lesson Cycle

Lesson Title/Topic: Cells
Target Concept: Prokaryote vs eukaryote
Standards/Rationale: TEKS 4C
Lesson Objectives: The student will be
able to identify the key differences and
features between prokaryotic cells and
eukaryotic cells on a handout quiz with
80% efficiency.

Exit ticket quiz

Materials: Vocabulary journal pages, large rubber bands, powerpoint presentation
Lesson Cycle: (Direct instruction)
The teacher will:

The student will:
Receive a brief overview of today’s lesson
objective from introductory video.

Teacher Input:
Introduce terms prokaryote, eukaryote cell
Structure: Parrot game - say the word
prokaryote, then ask all the students to say
it out loud at least once, then repeat with
the word eukaryote

Participate in parrot game, practice saying
and memorizing terms.

Call special attention to root words instruct
students to record root words in their
vocabulary journals under root words:
Pro- before
Eu- true
kary- nucleus
ote- singular object

Record key terms and root words with
definitions in their vocabulary journals

Discuss differences between two cell types.
Prokaryotes= bacteria,
Eukaryotes=plant, animal
Structure: paired heads together (shoulder
buddy). instruct students to discuss with

Participate in structure paired heads
together, discuss with shoulder

their shoulder buddy/buddies the terms,
what they mean and the types of organisms
each cell type are. Allow them to discuss
this among themselves for approximately
30-45 seconds. There are two examples
missing from the prokaryote side of the
table. Ask the students if they can figure
out (still with shoulder buddy) what at
least one of the missing organisms might
Introduce more specific differences
between the two cell types with brief table
(3 major points)
Discuss definition of organelle with class,
membrane bound internal structure of a
eukaryotic cell. Ask select members of the
class questions: Do prokaryotes have
organelles, _______? Why would you say
that? Do eukaryotes have organelles,
______? Can you make an educated guess
as to what kinds of functions these
organelles might serve in the cell?
Briefly discuss basic structure of DNA
molecule, describe chromosome of
prokaryote. Pass out large rubber bands as
a comparison. Continue with discussion of
eukaryote DNA.
Explain the outer membrane structure of a
prokaryote compared to a eukaryote:
presence and absence of carbohydrate
structures and sterols, what sterols are and
what they do - acceptor sites.
Structure: Rallyrobin, in groups of four,
discuss size differences between prokaryote
and eukaryote cells, diffusion dependence.
Ask students to think of objects in their
lives that are 10X larger than some other
objects (example marble and basketball).
Guided Practice:
Students are already grouped together at
this point, after a few minutes in last
discussion instruct the students to draw, to
scale, a simple model of a eukaryotic cell

buddy/buddies the terms and examples.

Quickly make note of table in their note
Consider questions and answer when called

Handle large rubber bands and consider
comparison between the chromosome of a
prokaryote and the chromosomes of a
Participate in Rallyrobin, discuss .
objects that are 10X smaller or larger than
other objects used commonly in everyday

As a group the students should construct
simple scale model drawings of a
eukaryotic cell and a prokaryotic cell with

and a prokaryotic cell with the simple
structures that we have discussed. (single
chromosome, nucleus, smooth outer
membrane, sterol membrane, organelles,
few small internal structures but no true
organelles). Check for understanding as
they work giving tips and correcting
Independent Practice:
Hand out short, timed quiz (5 minutes) and
instruct the students to work on it
independently for a grade. Completed
quizzes will be taken up by the teacher to
be graded and returned to the students the
following day.
After all quizzes have been taken up,
briefly go over a blank quizz and the
correct answers on the document camera
with entire class.
Discuss the specific internal structures of a
prokaryote and their functions.

Complete quiz and turn it in to the the
teacher after completion

Pay special attention to the answers, getting
input on areas that need further
practice/study individually.

Review textbook and vocabulary journal
entries to refresh the memory of the new
terms. Individual or group discussion if



Biology text book