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Teen Moms Presentation

Project Leaders: Delaney Johnson & Beth Powlison

Group Description: 3 Prenatal and 10 Parenting Teen

Location: Gateways High School, Springfield, OR

Teen Moms Presentation

Title: “Healthy Mouth for You and Your Child”

Audience: Teenage mothers, both pregnant and those
that already have young children

General Goal: Increase awareness of special oral health
considerations during pregnancy and educate young
mothers about oral health and its impact on them and
their young children.

Teen Moms Presentation


Briefly explain tooth anatomy and development

Educate about caries process

Explain about gingivitis and periodontitis

Teach home care for moms

Educate about Early Childhood Caries

Educate about proper nutrition for children

Teach home care for babies, toddlers, and young children

Educate about benefits of fluoride

Educate to recognize oral manifestations that may occur during pregnancy 

Inform about link between periodontal disease and complications in pregnancy

Inform of the dangers of alcohol and tobacco use during pregnancy

Inform of the proper nutrition they should be receiving as expectant mothers

Teaching Methods

We chose to use PowerPoint presentations to introduce
our information to this population since it was in a high
school setting and the students were familiar with this
style of learning.

We also used a typodont to demonstrate homecare
techniques, both sulcular brushing and c-shaped


Teen Moms Visual Aid


Teen Moms Visual Aid

Teen Moms Visual Aid

Teen Moms Visual Aid

Teen Moms Visual Aid

“Perimylolysis, acid
erosion of teeth, is
rare in pregnancy but
may occur if a woman
vomits repeatedly
from severe morning
sickness. Subsequent
mechanical abrasion
may occur when the
tongue or toothbrush
moves against the
teeth. Clients at risk
should rinse with
water immediately
after vomiting and
before brushing teeth.
An acid neutralizing
preparation of one
quart water mixed
with one teaspoon of
baking soda is
recommended for
mouth rinsing after


Teen Moms Visual Aid

gingivitis is most common
during the second trimester
of pregnancy when
hormonal changes cause
your gums to be more
sensitive to the bacteria in
plaque. Gums may appear
bright red and spongy while
the tissue may be smooth
and shiny and bleed easily,
and have increased
pocketing. This most often
occurs in the front teeth
first. “Pregnancyassociated gingivitis usually
reaches maximum severity
during the eighth month
and is less severe after
childbirth. However, tissues
may not return to a state
of health.” Maintaining
good oral hygiene is


Teen Moms Visual Aid

“Pregnancy granulomas
are single, tumor-like,
soft-tissue growths,
typically on the
interdental papilla (gums
between the teeth) with
intense red to deeppurple color. The
granulomas are painless
and may bleed readily.
These occur in less than
10% of all pregnancies
and are often related to
poor oral hygiene and
the general effects of
progesterone and
estrogen. Typically,
granulomas are removed
after delivery, however,
situations may dictate
immediate removal when
the granuloma is painful
to the client.

Pregnancy Granulomas

Teen Moms Visual Aid

Periodontal disease is
an inflammatory disease
that affects the soft and
hard structures that
support the teeth. In its
early stage, called
gingivitis, the gums
become swollen and red
due to inflammation,
which is the body’s
natural response to the
presence of harmful
bacteria. In the more
serious form of
periodontal disease
called periodontitis, the
gums pull away from
the tooth and
supporting gum tissues
are destroyed. Bone can
be lost, and the teeth
may loosen or
eventually fall out.


Teen Moms Visual Aid

Homecare Bags


We collected indices data to determine needs and oral health
knowledge of teen moms.

The participants were very engaged and they asked questions
continually during the presentation.

Some of the participants shared the oral hygiene tips and routines
they have found successful for their young children.

We provided a feedback survey for the class instructor to fill out
and return at the conclusion of the presentation.

Teen Mom Indices

Have dental home (mom)?
6 reported “Yes”
4 reported “No”

Have dental home (baby)?
5 reported “Yes”
5 reported “No”

Most recent dental visit (mom)?
0 reported “Never been to the dentist”
4 reported “Within the last year”
4 reported “1-3 years”
2 reported “3 or more years”

Current dental pain (mom)?
3 reported “Yes”
7 reported “No”

How often brush teeth (mom)?
0 reported “3 times a week or less.”
4 reported “Once per day”
6 reported “Two or more times per day”

How often parent wipes gums or
brushes child’s teeth?
0 reported “never”
3 reported “Once per day”
6 reported “Two or more times per day”
1 reported “After every

Baby sleep with bottle?
5 reported “Yes”
4 reported “No”
1 did not respond
(Of those that reported “yes, sleeps
with bottle,” the usual bottle contents
reported were water and milk)

Pregnant Teen Indices
There were three pregnant students present for the presentation on prenatal

many times a day do you brush your teeth?
Responses: “2x a day”
“I brush my teeth twice a day”
“I usually brush my teeth 2-3 times a day”


many times a day do you floss your teeth?
Responses: “2x”
“I don’t floss my teeth”
“Once a week > sometimes”


often do you receive regular dental care?
Responses: “Every month because of braces”
“I get regular dental care twice a year”
“1-2 times a year”


you have a dental office that you would consider your “dental
Responses: “No”
“There isn’t a dental office I don’t consider a dental home”

Pregnant Teen Indices cont.

Do you have a dental office that you would consider your “dental
Responses: “No”
“There isn’t a dental office I don’t consider a dental home”

Do you use any tobacco products (cigarettes, chew, etc)? If so, how
much or how often?
Responses: “No”
“I don’t use any tobacco products”

Do you consume any alcohol product? If so, how much and how
Responses: “No”
“I don’t drink alcohol”

Do you use any recreational drugs? If so, how much and how often?
Responses: “No”
“I don’t use any of that”

Questions asked by participants

How often should you brush your teeth?
Is it possible to brush too much?
How often should you floss?
What should you do if you have a visible cavity and pain?
Is early gum disease treatable?
Is mouthwash necessary?
What causes baby bottle decay?
Is watered down juice OK in the bottle?
What if my baby doesn’t like water?
What about Vitamin D milk in the bottle?
Is it OK to floss my baby’s teeth?
Is fluoride toothpaste OK for my child?
Is it OK to use fluoride toothpaste if my child takes fluoride
At what age should you take your baby to the dentist?

Presentation Feedback from
the Teacher

“Content was delivered at the appropriate level for them to
understand and be engaged!”

“Perfect amount of detail which kept girls’ attention and
encouraged them to ask questions.”

“Very well done and comprehensive for time allotment.”

Regarding interest in LCC dental hygiene students returning
to present to future classes: “Yes, Please! This was
wonderful. I cover the importance of oral care with them
but they seem to be much more engaged with guests!”


The indices data collected indicated a need for home
care instruction for mother and child, a need for a
dental home for about ½ of the mothers and children,
and education on early childhood caries.

We were encouraged by the number and variety of
questions the participants asked. They were very
engaged throughout the presentation.

The post presentation evaluation by the class instructor
was positive and indicated the presentation was well
received and effective for the target audience.

Evaluation/Reflection cont.

While the majority of the prenatal presentation was geared
toward pregnancy-specific oral conditions and treatment,
there were three slides on substance abuse. These were added
because the information was included in our dental hygiene
textbooks sections on prenatal care. The class instructor,
however, was disappointed that time was spent covering this
information, rather than more time on oral health for
children, because she had previously thoroughly covered it.
The indices demonstrated that none of these girls struggle
with substance abuse, however, we still stand by the decision
to include the brief information on substance abuse.

Based on the interaction with the participants and the
instructor feedback, the presentation was effective in
introducing oral health information to some participants,
reaffirming knowledge that some already had, and expanding
oral health awareness overall.