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Published by Mian Umair "An Introduction to Phonetics"

Published by Mian Umair "An Introduction to Phonetics"

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Published by Mian Jibran Khalid
You could quench your thirst of about the study of Phonetic. In this book, the writer has very vividly explained all the aspects of Pronunciation. It is the updated one edition.

you can also find it helpful for the articulation of a word. It is the book with pictographic illusturation. A humble request to whosoever download this book; remember me in his or her prayers. Any question about this knowledge you could ask me. To the best of my knowledge I will try to answer you with arguments.

Thansk.

yours sincerely.
You could quench your thirst of about the study of Phonetic. In this book, the writer has very vividly explained all the aspects of Pronunciation. It is the updated one edition.

you can also find it helpful for the articulation of a word. It is the book with pictographic illusturation. A humble request to whosoever download this book; remember me in his or her prayers. Any question about this knowledge you could ask me. To the best of my knowledge I will try to answer you with arguments.

Thansk.

yours sincerely.

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Published by: Mian Jibran Khalid on Feb 13, 2010
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10/23/2011

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Manner of articulation refers to the nature of the obstruction of pulmonary air
flow. In order to fully appreciate the differences among speech sounds, as well
as indicating the place of articulation, it is necessary to determine the nature
and extent of the obstruction of airflow involved in their articulation. The type of
airflow obstruction is known as the manner of articulation. The manner of
articulation is particularly defined by four major factors: (a) whether there is
vibration of the vocal cords (voiced vs. voiceless), (b) whether there is

CHAPTER THREE

32

obstruction of the airstream at any point above the glottis (consonant vs.
vowel), (c) whether the airstream passes through the nasal cavity in addition to
the oral cavity (nasal vs. oral), and (d) whether the airstream passes through
the middle of the oral cavity or along the side(s) (non-lateral vs. lateral). An
example of this can be found by looking at the following words:

nine /naɪn/

dine /daɪn/

line /laɪn/

They all begin with voiced, alveolar consonants /n/, /d/, and /l/. Yet, they are all
clearly different in both sound and meaning. The kinds of constriction made by
the articulators are what make up this further dimension of classification. There
are two common kinds of constriction that often occur in English: plosive and
fricative. Also, there are other less common constrictions: nasal, affricate,
lateral, and approximant. Traditional phonetics, however, used three cover
terms to refer to all kinds of constriction: plosive, fricative, and affricate. In the
following sections, these manners of articulation will be discussed with greater
detail so that the reader can fully understand what they mean.

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