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Theories of Learning

Learning when practice or experience causes a


relatively permanent change in an individuals
knowledge, behaviors, or attitudes (Hoy & Hoy, 2009).

Kayla Conely

Behavioral Learning Theory


Learning is a process of reacting to
external stimuli, (TeachThought,
2013).
Influenced by: B.F. Skinner

Advantages

Disadvantages

Easy to use or implement

Does not cultivate higher


level thinking

Puts behavior in students


control

Will only work for so long

Can raise test/assessment


scores

When reinforcements/
consequences stop,
behaviors tend to also stop

Behavioral Views of Learning


changes in behavior are brought about by experiences, (Hoy & Hoy, 2009).

*When teaching practical, everyday

(drill) skills
*For the acquisition of facts or
concepts
*To encourage or illicit motivation in
students
*To change a behavior

Appropriate Situations for


Behavioral Perspectives

Cognitive Learning Theory


Learning is a process of acquiring
and storing information,
(TeachThought, 2013).
Influenced by: ancient Greek
philosophy, Bruner, Piaget

Advantages

Disadvantages

Learning can appeal to many Emphasis on previously


parts of the brain
learned material
(TeachThought, 2013)
Develops students cognitive
abilities

De-emphasis on creativity

Well-grounded in old and


new theory

Does not address motor skills


or attitudes (TeachThought,
2013).

Cognitive Views of Learning


we plan our responses, use systems to help us remember, and organize the material
we are learning in our own unique ways, (Hoy & Hoy, 2009).

*Cooperative learning
*Long-term learning
*Learning complex material

Appropriate Situations for


Cognitive Perspectives

Constructivist Learning Theory


Knowledge is constructed through
personal understanding from
meaningful shared experiences,
(TeachThought, 2013).
Influenced by: Piaget, Vygotsky,
Kohler, Duncker, Bartlett, and
Bruner

Advantages

Disadvantages

Can be valuable for retention Can be demanding on


of learning
teachers or facilitators
Aids cooperative and
engaging learning

Student must be motivated

Builds active thinkers,


Can be cognitively
explainers, interpreters, and burdensome on some
questioners (Hoy & Hoy,
students, (TeachThought,
2009)
2013)

Constructivist Views of Learning


Learners are active in constructing their own knowledge; social interactions are
important to knowledge construction, (Hoy & Hoy, 2009).

*Socratic/Discussion-based learning
*Cooperative learning
*To connect to prior learning

Appropriate Situations for


Constructivist Perspectives

Work Cited
"A Visual Primer On Learning Theory."TeachThought. N.p., 11 Jan.
2013. Web. 09 June 2015.
Hoy, Anita Woolfolk, and Wayne K. Hoy.Instructional Leadership: A
Research-based Guide to Learning in Schools. Boston:
Pearson, 2009. Print.
Nerantzi, Chrissi. "DAPP141 Session 3: Designing for Learning &
Learning Theories in Prac..."Designing for Learning &
Learning Theories in Practice. Slideshare, 10 Feb. 2014. Web.
09 June 2015.