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Acme - The Transversal Motion Thread

Types of Acme Threads
General Purpose

ACME FORM BASIC DIMENSIONS

With clearance on all diameters for free movement,
general purpose Acmes are used for a wide variety of
parts including all types of vise and jack screws where
holding major diameter is not a critical consideration.

Threads
Per Inch.
1

Three classes of thread fit tolerances are available: 2G,
3G and 4G. Basic Acme dimensions are given in

16
14
12
10
8
6
5
4
3
2-1/2
2

accompanying tables.

Centralizing
Centralizing Acmes have limited clearance at the major
diameter of screw and nut and are used extensively for
feed screws. The limited clearance enables a bearing at
the major diameter to maintain alignment of the thread

Pitch P
2
Inch
0.06250
.07143
.08333
.10000
.12500
.16667
.20000
.25000
.33333
.40000
.50000

Depth of
Total depth
thread (basic) of thread
h=p/2
(all screws)
3
4
Inch
Inch
0.03125
0.0362
.03571
.0407
.04167
.0467
.05000
.0600
.06250
.0725
.08333
.0933
.10000
.1100
.12500
.1350
.16667
.1767
.20000
.2100
.25000
.2600

Thread
thickness
(basic,) t
5
Inch
0.03125
.03571
.04167
.05000
.06250
.08333
.10000
.12500
.16667
.20000
.2500

Root of nut1
Crest of Frn=0.3707pnut (basic),
0.259x
FCN=0.307p allowancea
6
7
Inch
Inch
0.0232
0.0206
.0265
.0239
.0309
.0283
.0371
.0319
.0463
.0411
.0618
.0566
.0741
.0689
.0927
.0875
.1236
.1184
.1483
.1431
.1853
.1802

Fillet radius at minor
diameter of
centralizing screws

45º chamfer, crest of
centralizing screws

Width of flat

Minimum
depth 0.05p
8
Inch
0.0031
.0036
.0042
.0050
.0062
.0083
.0100
.0125
.0167
.020
.025

Minimum
width of flat
0.0707p
9
Inch
0.0044
.005
.006
.007
.009
.012
.014
.018
.024
.028
.035

Maximum fillet
radius root of
centralizing
Minimum
tapped
classes 5 and 6 Maximum all
hole, 0.06p
only, 0.07p classes 0.10p
10
11
12
Inch
Inch
Inch
0.004
0.0044
0.0062
.004
.0050
.0071
.005
.0058
.0083
.006
.0070
.0100
.0075
.0088
.0125
.010
.0177
.0167
.012
.0140
.0200
.015
.0175
.0250
.020
.0233
.0333
.024
.0280
.0400
.030
.0350
.0500

1

Values tabulated in column 7 are for the general purpose nut only. The basic width of flat at the root screw. Frs is equal to value for Frn in column 7 minus .0259
times the pitch diameter allowance.
For allowance see table XII. 4, column 3 in Screw Thread Standards For Federal Services, Handbook H-28 (1957) Part III.

a

axis preventing wedging on the flanks and part sagging.
GENERAL PURPOSE AND CENTRALIZING ACME TOLERANCES

Five classes are used: 2C, 3C, 4C, 5C, and 6C. Classes
5C and 6C are designed to allow limited backlash,

Basic diameters
General purpose and centralizing
classes 2,3, and 4

Identification

Centralizing, classes 5 and 6

Thread data

though some backlash will be experienced with any of
these classes.
Differences between General Purpose and Centralizing
threads are found by referring to the limiting dimensions
and tolerances. For example, while a 1/2" diameter, 10
pitch Class 3 General Purpose thread has a .5000"
maximum major diameter and .4950" minimum for a
tolerance of .0050" - the similar Centralizing Acme has a
.5000" major O.D. and a minimum major of .4989" for a

General Purpose
Centralizing
Thread Designation
Stub Acme
Modified Stub Acme
M1/M2 Stub Acme Forms
Misc. Special Dia.

major diameter tolerance of just .0011". Tolerances for
the pitch and minor diameters are the same for both
General Purpose and Centralizing Acmes of the same
diameter and pitch.

16
14
12
12
10

Major
diameter,
3
Inch
0.2500
.3125
.3750
.4375
.5000

Pitch
diameter,
4
Inch
0.2188
.2768
.3333
.3958
.4500

Minor
diameter,
5
Inch
0.1875
.2411
.2917
.3542
.4000

Major
diameter,
6
Inch
----.4823

Pitch
diameter,
7
Inch
----.4323

Minor
diameter,
8
Inch
----.3823

Pitch
P
9
Inch
0.06250
.07143
.08333
.08333
.10000

Thread
thickness
at pitch
line, t
10
Inch
0.03152
.03571
.04167
.04167
.05000

5/8
3/4
7/8
1

8
6
6
5

.6250
.7500
.8750
1.0000

.5265
.6667
.7917
.9000

.5000
.5833
.7083
.8000

.6052
.7284
.8516
.9750

.5427
.6451
.7683
.8750

.4802
.5617
.6849
.7750

.12500
.16667
.16667
.20000

.06250
.08333
.08333
.10000

.06250
.08333
.08333
.10000

.0463
.0618
.0618
.0741

1-1/8
1-1/4
1-3/8
1-1/2

5
5
4
4

1.1250
1.2500
1.3750
1.5000

1.0250
1.1500
1.2500
1.3750

.9250
1.0500
1.1250
1.2500

1.0985
1.2220
1.3457
1.4694

.9985
1.2220
1.2207
1.3444

.8985
1.1200
1.0957
1.2194

.20000
.20000
.25000
.25000

.10000
.10000
.12500
.12500

.10000
.10000
.12500
.12500

.0741
.0741
.0927
.0927

1-3/4
2
2-1/4
2-1/2

4
4
3
3

1.7500
2.0000
2.2500
2.5000

1.6250
1.8750
2.0833
2.3333

1.5000
1.7500
1.9167
2.1667

1.7169
1.9646
2.2125
2.4605

1.5919
1.8396
2.0458
2.2938

1.4669
1.7146
1.8792
2.1272

.25000
.25000
.33333
.3333

.12500
.12500
.16667
.16667

.12500
.12500
.16667
.16667

.0927
.0927
.1236
.1236

2-3/4
3
4
5

3
2
2
2

2.7500
3.0000
4.0000
5.000

2.5833
2.7500
3.7500
4.7500

2.4167
2.5000
3.5000
4.5000

2.7085
2.9567
3.9500
4.9441

2.5418
2.7067
3.7000
4.6941

2.3752
2.4567
3.4500
4.4441

.33333
.50000
.50000
.50000

.16667
.25000
.25000
.25000

.16667
.25000
.25000
.25000

.1236
.1853
.1853
.1853

Nominal
sizes
(all classes)
1
Inch
1/4
5/16
3/8
7/16
1/2

Threads
Per Inch.
2

Basic depth of
Basic
thread
width of flat,
h=0.5p
F=0.3707p
11
12
Inch
Inch
0.03125
0.0232
.03571
.0265
.04167
.0309
.04167
.0309
.05000
.0371

What would a typical Stub Acme be used for? A standard 1-1/2 .16667 0. BASIC DIMENSIONS Threads Per Inch 1 16 14 12 10 9 8 Pitch.5L .259 x allowance 7 0. This describes a 2" major diameter (2).3C . h=0. the Stub Acme is generally used for applications where a coarse pitch thread of shallow depth must be used due to mechanical or metallurgical considerations.00000 0.0793 0.03000 0.0957 0. STANDARD STUB ACME THREAD FORM. or 1-1/2".06250 0.08333 0.0. 3 or 0.15000 0. Class 3 General Purpose type (3G).05000 0. double Acme thread (2NA). (Class 2G is the same as for the General Purpose Acme.4224p 6 0.06250 Crest of internal thread (basic). 0. but the amount of metal removal would reduce the minor diameter to the point where the torque would twist the part. Acme thread (NA).06000 0.1600 0.0433 0.08333 0.3G.0529 0.4172 .07143 0. Here is how to correctly describe a Stub Acme: 1/2" . Class 2 General Purpose type (2G).0326 0.2060 0.20000 0. the forms are identical.05556 0.37500 0.20000 0.0300 0. Class 3 Centralizing type (3C).25000 0. “Stub” Acme Originally derived from the General Purpose form.2112 0.5L).10000 0. Thread height for Standard Stub Acmes is equal to 0.1155 0.03750 Total height Thread hs=ht (basic).2764 0.50000 0.0845 0.10000 0. 5 pitch two start.1300 0. (C) 2 .1356 2-1/2 2 1-1/2 1-1/3 1 0.0850 0.300000 0. t=p/2 4 0.0370 0.0417 0.03125 0.12500 0.2G describes a 1-1/2" major diameter (1-1/2).04167 0.25 .22500 0.4NA .3571 0. 1/4 or 0.25 or 4 pitch (4).LH describes a 2-1/2" major diameter (2-1/2).33333 0.0652 0.03333 0.20000 0.01875 0.0400 0.25 pitch (4).4224 0.16667 0.1004 0.02143 0. left hand (LH).3333 pitch (3).28571 0. Acme thread (NA).1207 0.50 or 1/2 lead (0.2NA . while the height of a Standard Acme is 1/2 of the pitch.02500 0.0302 0.1100 0.The Transversal Motion Thread Designating General Purpose and Centralizing Acmes The correct manner to describe these threads is: (A) 1-1/2 .04285 0.Acme .3100 0.3p 3 0.0238 0. 0.1690 0. (B) 2-1/2 .05000 0.07500 0.1638 0.0704 0.11111 0. P 2 .4224p0. Class 2G.10000 0. t=p/2 5 0.0476 7 6 5 4 3-1/2 3 0.0700 0.14286 0.0469 0.75000 1.3 times the pitch.0475 Thread thickness (basic).2100 0.07143 0.12500 Height of thread (basic).1056 0.1408 0.0264 0.0528 Root of internal thread Frn=0.3NA .5P Acme is planned for a part.3116 0.0264 0.0600 0.12000 0.0276 0.40000 0. Otherwise.0603 0.2350 0.2G corresponds to 1/2" nominal size. F=0.0238 0.0.3168 0.10 Stub Acme .50000 0.2816 0.14286 0. 5 pitch Stub Acme.08571 0. The solution: use a 1-1/2".0551 0.0422 0.33333 0.25000 0.0352 0.66667 0. 10 pitch Stub Acme.

0672 6 0.0457 0.1767 0.03750 0.14286 0. For special designs.33333 0.0272 0.01563 0.03572 0.01786 0.8333 0. allowances and tolerances can be taken directly from the Standard Stub Acme threads.3265 0.1088 0.4353p Inch 0.Acme .1612 2-1/2 0.0229 0.11111 0.25 pitch.33333 0. P 0.10000 0.50000 0.0363 0. Modified Form 1 Stub Acme thread with basic height of 0. Handbook H-28. For Modified Form 2.3023 1-1/3 0.10000 0.12500 0.25000 0.75000 1.1100 0.07500 0. .1350 0.0363 0.1741 0.1343 3 0. (M1) . the major diameter and basic thread thickness at the pitch line for both external and internal Threads Per Inch.06250 0.025000 0.0448 9 0.06250 0.0544 0. hs=h=1/2 h=0. t=p/2 Fcn=0.0933 0.2902 0. Modified Stub Acmes are designated as follows: diameter and pitch combinations (with corresponding tolerances for special applications) is available from Landis Threading Systems.250p allowancea Inch Inch 0.1451 0.2600 0.0806 5 0. threads will be the same as those for Standard Stub Acmes.03571 0.75000 1.375 pitch. 3.07143 0. part III. Fcn=0.07143 0.g. Changing M1 to M2 changes the designation to a Modified Form 2 thread. n Inch Inch Inch 0.05357 0.0311 0.0284 0.08333 0.16667 0.40000 0.0318 0.02344 0.05556 0.16667 0.05556 0.LH) changes the designation from a right to a left hand thread.0517 0.28571 0.4030p per inch.05000 0.20000 0.07143 0.the pitch and minor diameters will be smaller than similar values for the standard form.0252 16 0.1350 0.37500 0.2913 0.08333 0.09375 0.12500 0.03125 0.0206 0. 1/2 .0484 0.7143 0.1038 0.40000 0.16667 0. information on a wide range of special For Modified Form 1.00000 Total height Height of of thread thread (basic).2687 1-1/2 0.03125 0.0258 0.14286 0.04688 0.28125 0.0336 12 0.03571 0.12500 0.0435 0.10000 0.0600 0.20000 0.10714 0.3850 Width of flat at crest Thread of internal thickness thread (basic).0413 0.0725 0.0403 10 0. Adding LH after M1 or M2 (e.18750 0.25000 0.0504 8 0.03125 0.375p allowancea Inch Inch 0.06250 0.0622 0. 1/2" -20 Stub Acme M1 indicates a Modified Form 1 right hand thread.10000 0. n Inch 16 14 12 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3-1/2 3 2-1/2 2 1-1/2 1-1/3 1 Pitch. column 4 in Screw-Thread Standards for Federal Services.37500 0.The Transversal Motion Thread M1 AND M2 STUB ACME THREAD FORMS.14286 0. t=p/2 Inch 0.06250 0.12500 0.15000 0.02778 0.66667 0.25000 0. the tolerances and allowances for General Purpose threads can be used to determine limiting dimensions for mating threads.0350 0.33333 0.08333 0.02083 0.1244 0.33333 0.1151 3-1/2 0.06250 0.4030 1 Pitch P Inch 0.0725 0.1008 4 0.2600 Thread thickness (basic).0871 0.0475 0. Where a fit with less backlash is needed.04167 0. Threads (basic).5000 0.18750 0.03125 0.4353 *Allowance is shown in table XIII.2177 0.50000 0.0850 0.0517 0.08333 0.14286 0.0288 14 0.0636 0.0726 0.04167 0. Acmes larger than 4" can also be threaded if finer pitches are involved.00000 Total height Height of of thread thread (basic). Special Diameter/Pitches Pitch and minor diameters will vary from the data While standard series for Acme threads have been shown in Table IV for the following: established.05000 0.10000 0. Modified Form 2 Stub Acme thread with basic height of 0.02500 0.1171 0.06250 0. hs=h+1/2 h=0.16667 0.16667 0.20 Stub Acme M1 .25000 0.the pitch and minor diameters will be larger than the values for the standard form.0378 0.25000 0.20000 0.50000 Width of flat at crest of internal thread (basic). Always use the Standard Stub Acme form in preference to the Modified forms where it is practical.02679 0.1975 0.50000 0. BASIC DIMENSIONS Modified Stub Acme Threads Recognizing that the Standard Stub Acme does not always provide an accepted thread for all applications.1975 0.12500 0.20000 0.66667 0. basic data for two other commonly used forms have been tabulated.0814 0.28571 0.0576 7 0.07143 0.37500 0.11111 0.12500 0. (M2) .1600 0. Standard Acmes can be produced with a die head on diameters ranging from 1/2 to 4". Therefore.04167 0.04167 0. These are designated Modified Forms 1 and 2.0569 0.2015 2 0.